|Truth or Consequences|
Actress Buff Cobb as part of a 1949 stunt for the radio program.
|Created by||Ralph Edwards|
|Presented by||Ralph Edwards (1940-57)|
Jack Bailey (1954-56)
Bob Barker (1956-75)
Steve Dunne (1957-58)
Bob Hilton (1977-78)
Larry Anderson (1987-88)
|Country of origin||United States|
|Running time||30 minutes (per episode)|
|Original network||CBS (1950-54)|
Syndicated (1966-74, 1977-78, 1987-88)
|Original release||March 23, 1940 -|
Truth or Consequences is an American game show originally hosted on NBC radio by Ralph Edwards (1940-1957) and later on television by Edwards (1950-1954), Jack Bailey (1954-1956), Bob Barker (1956-1975), Steve Dunne (1957-58), Bob Hilton (1977-1978) and Larry Anderson (1987-1988). The television show ran on CBS, NBC and also in syndication. The premise of the show was to mix the original quiz element of game shows with wacky stunts.
The daily syndicated show was produced by Ralph Edwards Productions (later Ralph Edwards/Stu Billett Productions), in association with and distributed by Metromedia Producers Corporation (1966-1978) and Lorimar-Telepictures (1987-1988). Current rights are owned by Ralph Edwards Productions and FremantleMedia.
On the show, contestants received roughly two seconds to answer a trivia question correctly (usually an off-the-wall question that no one would be able to answer correctly, or a bad joke) before "Beulah the Buzzer" sounded. On the rare occasions that a contestant did answer correctly, the host would reveal that the question had multiple parts. Failing to complete this "truth" portion meant that the contestant had to face "consequences," typically by performing a zany and embarrassing stunt. Contestants' involvement in these stunts and the audience's reaction led Edwards to state about himself and his producers "Aren't we devils?" From the start, most contestants preferred to answer the question wrong to perform the stunt. Edwards said, "Most of the American people are darned good sports."
A popular segment on many episodes of was an emotional surprise for a contestant, such as being reunited with a long-lost relative or with an enlisted son or daughter returning from military duty overseas, particularly Vietnam. Sometimes, if a military member was based in California, his spouse or parents were flown in for a reunion.
During Barker's run as host, a side game, "Barker's Box", was played at the end of the show. Barker's Box had four drawers; three contained money, while a pop-up "surprise" was in the fourth. The contestant chose one drawer at a time and won the money in each. The game ended if the contestant found the surprise, while avoiding it awarded a bonus prize.
Barker traditionally ended each episode with the phrase, "Hoping all your consequences are happy ones." In one 1994 episode of The Price Is Right, he started to deliver that closing, but caught his mistake and covered it by saying "hoping all your...prices are right!", instead of the familiar "Have your pets spayed or neutered" line he was best known for using at the time.
Ralph Edwards stated he got the idea for a new radio program from a favorite childhood parlor game, "Forfeits". The show premiered on NBC Radio on March 23, 1940, and was an instant hit with listeners.
Truth or Consequences was the first game show to air on broadcast television, airing as a one-time experiment on the first day of New York station WNBT's commercial program schedule on July 1, 1941. However, the series did not appear on TV again until 1950, when the medium had caught on commercially.
The program originated as a prime time series, airing on CBS from Sept. 7, 1950, to May 31, 1951, hosted by Edwards. Three years later, it returned on NBC with Jack Bailey (of Queen for a Day fame) as host, this time running from May 18, 1954, to September 28, 1956. Only three months after its demise, NBC launched a new daytime version on Dec. 31 of that year, with radio personality Bob Barker at the helm. This run not only marked the start of a hugely successful television career for Barker, but also became the longest-running incarnation of Truth or Consequences yet, airing until September 24, 1965. During Barker's run, another prime time version was attempted, this one with actor Steve Dunne emceeing, which ran on NBC from December 13, 1957, to June 6, 1958.
Edwards pioneered several technologies for recording live television programs. When Truth or Consequences established a permanent presence on TV in 1950, Edwards arranged to have it be recorded on 35mm film, using multiple cameras simultaneously--the first TV program recorded before a live audience to do so. A similar process was then adapted by Desilu for I Love Lucy the following year. On January 22, 1957, the show, which was produced in Hollywood, became the first program to be broadcast in all time zones from a prerecorded videotape. This technology, which had only been introduced the previous year, had previously been used only for time-delayed broadcasts to the West Coast.
In 1966, Truth or Consequences became the first successful daily game show in first-run syndication (as opposed to reruns) to not air on a network, having ended its NBC run one year earlier. This version continued through 1975.
In the fall of 1977, a syndicated revival titled The New Truth or Consequences premiered. Because Bob Barker had already agreed to take over The Nighttime Price Is Right from Dennis James, he was unavailable and Bob Hilton took over hosting. However, this version did not click in the ratings and was cancelled after a single season.
A decade later, Truth or Consequences returned in syndication for the 1987-88 season, this time with actor Larry Anderson as host, assisted by Murray Langston (better known as "The Unknown Comic" of The Gong Show fame). This effort also failed to attract audiences and was gone after one season.
On May 22, 1948, Truth or Consequences broadcast live nationwide from the newly founded Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Host Ralph Edwards surprised 12-year-old cancer patient Einar Gustafson by scheduling team players from the Boston Braves to visit Gustafson in his room. Edwards introduced Gustafson with the pseudo name "Jimmy" to protect his identity. The broadcast launched The Jimmy Fund and the long-standing relationship with the Boston Red Sox as their official charity beginning in 1953.
In 1949, Hot Springs, New Mexico agreed to host an episode of the radio program in exchange for changing its name to Truth or Consequences. It continues to use that name today, as well as hosting an annual Truth or Consequences festival, which series creator/producer Ralph Edwards participated in for many years.
Truth or Consequences, New Mexico is a setting featured in a two-part episode of the British science fiction series, Doctor Who, "The Zygon Invasion" and "The Zygon Inversion", first broadcast in 2015. In the storyline, the origin of the town's name is discussed, with the game show referenced, and the concept of "truth or consequences" is a major plot element.
Released in 1950, the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes theatrical cartoon short The Ducksters features Porky Pig on a radio quiz show called Truth or AAAAHHH!!, a somewhat macabre parody of Truth or Consequences (but with potentially lethal consequences) hosted by Daffy Duck.
In October 2012, The Gurin Company bought the license of the show from Ralph Edwards Productions to make an updated version along with the possible reboot of Treasure Hunt and shopped for networks to buy it. Phil Gurin says that "Truth or Consequences is a great collection of game, stunt, hidden camera, reunions, surprises, strange talents and unique guests" as "It's just a really fun show. We're taking the original show and making it bigger". In addition, he says that "What's amazing, looking at older episodes, is that most people would answer the 'truth' questions incorrectly in order to subject themselves to the consequence." He also said that "People want to perform the stunt, which always makes for good TV. Add an unexpected reunion with a family member, or a surprise from someone in the past, and the show tugs at your heart strings".