Trpimirovi%C4%87 Dynasty
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Trpimirovi%C4%87 Dynasty
Trpimirovi?
Seal of King Peter Kre?imir IV
The seal of King Kre?imir, written on it is Sigillum Regis Cresimir Ri Dalmat Chroat
CountryDuchy of Croatia
Kingdom of Croatia
Founded845
FounderTrpimir I
Final rulerStephen II
TitlesKing of Croatia
Duke of Croatia
Ban of Slavonia
Dissolution1091
Cadet branchesKre?imirovi?
Svetoslavi?

Trpimirovi? dynasty (Croatian: Trpimirovi?i) was a native Croatian dynasty that ruled in the Duchy and later the Kingdom of Croatia, with interruptions by the Domagojevi? dynasty from 845 until 1091. It was named after Trpimir I, the first member and founder. The most prominent rulers of the Trpimirovi? Dynasty include Tomislav (first king of Croatia), Petar Kre?imir IV and Demetrius Zvonimir. The house gave four dukes, thirteen kings and a queen.

Since its mid-9th century foundation, the house reached independent rule at some later point and dissolved at the end of 11th century. During that time, the state had slight territorial changes, most notably in Bosnia and southern Dalmatia, where the wars against Venetians and others were waged.

Dukes and Kings of Croatia

The Trpimirovi? dynasty was a ruling dynasty of Croatia from the 9th to the 11th century. The ruling estate (Latin: terra regalis) of the Trpimirovi? dynasty was located in the area between Trogir and Split (today Ka?tela, Solin area and Klis from where they ruled), and Split and Omi? and later in other parts of the land.

After the death of Duke Trpimir I, the power was temporarily assumed by Domagoj, a member of the Domagojevi? dynasty (most likely). In 878, Trpimir I's son Zdeslav overthrew Domagoj, and then around 892, Zdeslav's brother Muncimir became duke.

The rulers of the dynasty initially ruled as vassals of the Franks. They fought with the Venetian Republic and Byzantine Empire for control of the coast, and at the end of the 9th century achieved greater autonomy.

In the first half of the 10th century, the first King of Croatia, Tomislav united Pannonia (Pannonian Croatia) and Dalmatian Croatia and created the Kingdom of Croatia. According to scarce and disputed historical sources, Croatia was a powerful state under his rule. King Tomislav maintained an alliance with the pope and successfully defended Croatia from the invading Hungarians, while at the local level he participated at the Church Councils of Split in 925 and 928. The struggle with the Byzantines and the Venetians over Dalmatian coastal cities continued after his death.

Tomislav's successors failed to maintain a stable kingship and the country was affected by a dynastic crisis in the middle of the 10th century. Even Pribina, the Croatian ban (viceroy), got involved in the dispute between brothers Miroslav and Michael Kre?imir II. Pribina took the side of Michael Kre?imir which resulted in the murder of King Miroslav in 949.

Political and social recovery of Croatia occurred during the reign of King Stephen Dr?islav. Split chronicler Thomas the Archdeacon (1200-1268) wrote that Stephen Dr?islav had received royal honours and that since then, Croatian rulers were verifiably referred to as the "Kings of Dalmatia and Croatia".

After the death of King Stephen Dr?islav in 997, he was succeeded by three sons: Svetoslav Suronja, Kre?imir III and Gojslav. The two younger brothers rebelled against Svetoslav Suronja, which started a new dynastic conflict that ended with the dethroning of Svetoslav. On thus the rulership was jointly taken over by Kre?imir III and Gojslav. From Svetoslav and his offspring the Svetoslavi? branch was created. The descendants of Kre?imir III were part of the Kre?imirovi? branch that continued to rule Croatia.

The dynasty reached its peak during the reign of King Petar Kre?imir IV, who consolidated and expanded the kingdom.

The dynasty ended in 1091 with the death of Petar Kre?imir IV's nephew Stephen II, the successor to King Demetrius Zvonimir who did not leave a male heir.

Rulers

Dukes of Croatia

Kings of Croatia

Family tree

 
 
 
 
 
 
Trpimir I
Duke of Croatia
(845-864)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Petar
 
Zdeslav
Duke of Croatia
(878-879)
 
Muncimir
Duke of Croatia
(892-910)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tomislav
Duke of Croatia
(910-925),
King of Croatia
(925 - March 11th, 928)
 
 
 
 
 
Trpimir II
King of Croatia
(928-935)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kre?imir I
King of Croatia
(935-945)
 
 
 
 
 
Petar,
Prince of Doclea
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Miroslav
King of Croatia
(945-949)
 
Jelena of Zadar
Regent
(969 -975)
 
Michael Kre?imir II
King of Croatia
(949-969)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stephen Dr?islav
King of Croatia
(969-997)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Svetoslav Suronja
King of Croatia
(997-1000)
 
Kre?imir III
King of Croatia
(1000-1030)
 
Gojslav
( co- ) King of Croatia
(1000-1020)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stjepan Svetoslavi?
Ban of Slavonia
(northern Croatia)
 
Joscella (Hicela) Orseolo
of Venice
 
Stephen I
King of Croatia
(1030-1058)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peter Kre?imir IV
"The Great",
King of Croatia
(1058-1074)
 
?astimir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Demetrius Zvonimir
King of Croatia
(1075 - April 20th,1089)
 
Jelena Lijepa
of the Árpád dynasty
(married 1063, died 1091)
 
Neda (or Nada)
 
Stephen II
King of Croatia
(1089-1091)
last male Trpimirovi?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Radovan
died at an early
age (before 1089)
 
Klaudija
 
 

See also

References

  • Hrvatski leksikon (1997, A-?, 2 volume, in Croatian
  • Intervju - ? ? . Special Edition 12, 16 June 1989.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Trpimirovi%C4%87_dynasty
 



 



 
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