Troy Aikman
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Troy Aikman

Troy Aikman
refer to caption
Aikman in 2011
No. 8
Personal information
Born: (1966-11-21) November 21, 1966 (age 55)
West Covina, California, U.S.
Height:6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)
Weight:220 lb (100 kg)
Career information
High school:Henryetta (OK)
NFL Draft:1989 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Pass attempts:4,715
Pass completions:2,898
Passing yards:32,942
Passer rating:81.6
Player stats at · PFR

Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966) is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 12 seasons with the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at the University of Oklahoma and UCLA, and was drafted first overall by the Cowboys in the 1989 NFL Draft. Aikman was named to six Pro Bowls during his career while helping lead Dallas to a period of dominance in the 1990s. The longest-tenured quarterback in Cowboys franchise history, Aikman won three Super Bowl titles with the team and was the MVP of Super Bowl XXVII. He was inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2006[1] and the College Football Hall of Fame in 2008.[2]

Since retiring in 2000, Aikman has served as a television sportscaster for the Fox network. Since 2018, Aikman has worked Thursday Night Football games for NFL Network with Joe Buck. He was also a former joint owner of the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series racing team Hall of Fame Racing, along with fellow former Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach, and was a part-owner of the San Diego Padres in Major League Baseball (MLB).[3][4]

Early life

Aikman was born on November 21, 1966. He spent the first part of his childhood in West Covina, California. At the age of 12, Aikman's family moved to Henryetta, Oklahoma, where he played football and baseball at Henryetta High School, where he would earn All-State honors.[5] Aikman also won the 1983 Oklahoma high school state championship in typing.[6]

College career

Oklahoma Sooners (1984-1985)

The New York Mets offered Aikman a contract out of high school, but instead of playing baseball he chose to pursue football and attended the University of Oklahoma under head coach Barry Switzer.[7]

In 1984, he became the first freshman to start at quarterback for Oklahoma since World War II. In 1985, his first full season as a collegiate starter,[7] Aikman led the Sooners to victories over Minnesota, Kansas State, and #17 Texas in the Red River Shootout before losing to the Miami Hurricanes as he left the game with a broken ankle. He also lost to his future teammate, Michael Irvin and future head coach, Jimmy Johnson, who had also scouted him when he was the head coach of Oklahoma State.[8]

On October 19, Miami's Jerome Brown broke through the offensive line, sacked Aikman on the Sooner 29-yard line and broke Aikman's ankle. Aikman, who had been six of eight passing for 131 yards, would be lost for the season. Switzer and offensive coordinator Jim Donnan were forced to switch back to the wishbone offense under freshman quarterback Jamelle Holieway. The team went on to win the 1985 National Championship. With Holieway established as the starting quarterback at OU, Aikman decided to transfer to UCLA.[9]

UCLA Bruins (1986-1988)

Barry Switzer oversaw Aikman's transfer to UCLA, a program under Terry Donahue that was more conducive to a passing quarterback. He had to sit out one year due to college transfer rules but went on to lead the Bruins to a 20-4 record over two seasons.[7][9]

As a junior, Aikman earned the Pac-10 Offensive Player of the Year. He led the Bruins to a 10-2 record and the 1987 Aloha Bowl, where they beat the Florida Gators 20-16.[7][10][11]

As a senior, Aikman won the 1988 Davey O'Brien Award as the nation's top quarterback, a first for UCLA.[7] He was a Consensus All-American, the UPI West Coast Player of the Year, the Washington DC Club QB of the Year, a finalist for the 1988 AFCA "Coaches Choice" Player of the year award, and finished third in voting for the 1988 Heisman Trophy. UCLA matched the victory total from the previous season under Aikman, going 10-2 and losing only to USC and Washington State. The 1988 season culminated with a 17-3 Bruins victory over the Arkansas Razorbacks in the 1989 Cotton Bowl Classic, which was played in Dallas.[7] The Dallas media spent most of the Cotton Bowl Classic week promoting Aikman as the "next quarterback of the Cowboys," and much was made of Cowboys head coach Tom Landry watching Aikman practice during the Bruins' workouts at Texas Stadium. Aikman finished his career as the number two career passing leader in UCLA history.[10][11]

In 2008, Aikman was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame.[12] On November 28, 2014, UCLA retired his #8 jersey at halftime against Stanford.

Professional career

Dallas Cowboys (1989-2000)

Aikman was the first overall pick in the 1989 NFL Draft, by the Dallas Cowboys.[7] On February 25, 1989, new owner Jerry Jones fired Tom Landry and replaced him with Jimmy Johnson. A few months later, in the NFL's supplemental draft, Johnson drafted Steve Walsh, who played for Johnson at the University of Miami. Aikman won the starting quarterback job, and Walsh was traded early in the 1990 season.

Aikman played his first NFL preseason game on August 26, 1989, against the Denver Broncos.[13] His NFL debut started with a 28-0 loss to the New Orleans Saints. The following week, Aikman threw his first touchdown pass, a 65-yard completion to Michael Irvin, but the Atlanta Falcons intercepted two passes and won. In a game against the Arizona Cardinals, he threw for 379 yards to set an NFL rookie record.[7] Aikman finished 1989 with a 0-11 record as a starter, completing 155 of 293 passes for 1,749 yards, 9 touchdowns and 18 interceptions.

Following Aikman's rookie season, Dallas selected Florida Gators running back Emmitt Smith in the first round of the 1990 NFL Draft. With Smith and Irvin, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 7-7 record in the 1990 season, but was injured in the 15th game, against the Philadelphia Eagles. The Cowboys would go on to lose that game and the following week against the Atlanta Falcons with backup quarterback Babe Laufenberg, missing the final playoff wild card spot by one game.

In 1991, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 6-4 record in the first 10 games and had the Cowboys ahead in week 12 against undefeated Washington Redskins when he was injured. Steve Beuerlein replaced Aikman, and Dallas finished the season 5-0 and earned the #5 playoff seed. Beuerlein went on to lead the Cowboys to a road upset over the #4 seed Chicago Bears in the Wild Card round. With the Cowboys trailing 17-6 at halftime the following week against the Detroit Lions in the NFC Divisional Playoff game, Aikman was inserted to start the third quarter, but was unable to provide a spark as the Cowboys lost, 38-6. Aikman was selected to the first of six consecutive Pro Bowls.[7]

In 1992, Aikman set career highs in completions (302), passing yards (3,445) and touchdown passes (23), and led the Cowboys to a team record 13 regular-season victories and the second-best record in the NFC. During the playoffs, Aikman broke Joe Montana's record of 83 passes without an interception by throwing 89.[7] The Cowboys defeated the Eagles at home in the Division Playoffs and squared off against the 49ers in the NFC Championship, a matchup that featured the two best teams in the NFC. The Cowboys won, 30-20, with Aikman completing two game-changing completions to send the Cowboys to their first Super Bowl appearance since 1979. In Super Bowl XXVII against the Buffalo Bills, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 52-17 victory (coincidentally the game was played in his alma mater's home stadium, the Rose Bowl).[7] Aikman was named Super Bowl MVP after completing 22-of-30 passes for 273 yards and 4 touchdowns.[7]

Troy Aikman jersey worn in the 1995 season, exhibited at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, OH

In 1993, Dallas finished 12-4, the best record in the NFC. In the playoffs, Aikman again guided Dallas to home playoff victory, this time over a young, upstart Green Bay Packers squad led by quarterback Brett Favre, who was in his first full season as a starting quarterback. Aikman then shredded the 49ers secondary in the NFC Championship 38-21, before leaving the game with a concussion after 49ers defensive tackle Dana Stubblefield's knee hit Aikman's head.[14] Aikman now says he has no memory of playing in the game.[15] In Super Bowl XXVIII, Aikman was kept out of the end zone, but a combination of key turnovers by the Bills offense and the running of Emmitt Smith helped lead to a 30-13 victory for the Cowboys.

Head coach Jimmy Johnson left the team on March 29, 1994, and Jerry Jones hired Barry Switzer, Aikman's former college coach at Oklahoma. The Cowboys finished with the second-best record in the NFC, (behind the 49ers) and Aikman again missed playing time due to injuries. Dallas won their Divisional Playoff game against Green Bay 35-9, but fell to the 49ers in the NFC Championship, 38-28.

In 1995, Aikman passed for over 3,300 yards as the Cowboys once again finished with the best record in the NFC, with the 49ers having the second-best record. Aikman was knocked out of a highly anticipated rematch between Dallas and San Francisco when 49ers' Stubblefield landed on Aikman, forcing his knee to hit the turf. After a playoff loss at home by the 49ers to the Packers, the Cowboys hosted the Packers in the NFC Championship and, for the third straight season, knocked the Packers out of the playoffs, this time by a 38-27 score, to earn their third Super Bowl appearance in four years. Dallas won Super Bowl XXX against the Pittsburgh Steelers 27-17, with Aikman throwing one touchdown pass.

In 1996, despite offensive troubles, Aikman again helped lead Dallas to another NFC East Division title and a home game for the Wild Card playoff round, a 40-15 drubbing of the Minnesota Vikings. The following week, Dallas fell in the Divisional Playoffs to Carolina, 26-17.

In 1997, Aikman became the first quarterback in Cowboys' history to have three straight 3,000-yard seasons, but the team finished 6-10 and missed the playoffs for the first time since 1990. Switzer suffered the first losing season of his career, and resigned at the end of the season.

1998 was a rebound year for Aikman and Cowboys, and despite missing five games, Aikman again helped lead Dallas back to the NFC East title and the playoffs. Dallas was stunned at home in the Wild Card game as the #6 seed Arizona Cardinals won, 20-7.

The 1999 season started off with a bang for Aikman and the Cowboys as they squared off against the Redskins. Aikman fired a career-high five touchdown passes, including the game winner in overtime to beat Washington. 1999 also marked the final playoff appearance for Aikman, and the final season the trio of Aikman, Irvin and Emmitt Smith would play together. Dallas finished 8-8 and lost in the Wild Card playoff game at Minnesota, 27-10.

The 2000 season was Aikman's final season as a professional football player. Aikman suffered from several concussions during the season, and a revolving door at quarterback took place between Aikman and former Eagles quarterback Randall Cunningham. Aikman's final game was at home against the Washington Redskins. He was hit by linebacker LaVar Arrington and suffered the tenth and final concussion of his career.

During the 2001 offseason, Aikman was waived a day before he was due a $70 million/7-year contract extension, and ultimately announced his retirement on April 9, after failing to find another team. He ended his career as the Cowboys' all-time leading passer (32,942 yards). 90 of his 94 career wins were in the 1990s and were the most by any quarterback in any decade until Peyton Manning surpassed him in the 2000s with 115 wins. Presently, Aikman is third on that list, also trailing Tom Brady (122 in the 2010s).[7][16]

During a late December 2013 radio interview, Aikman said the real reason he retired was due to persistent back issues he had in his final season. Aikman explained that he had back surgery in the offseason following Super Bowl XXVII with no complications but by the time he reached his final season he was constantly getting treatment for back pain. While the hit by Arrington ended his 2000 season, he claims it was the back pain and not that concussion that ended his career.[17] In a January 2020 interview, Aikman said he wanted to sign with the San Diego Chargers after being released by the Cowboys in the 2001 offseason to play for Norv Turner, but they signed Doug Flutie instead and Aikman chose to retire. He said Andy Reid called him after Eagles' starting quarterback Donovan McNabb suffered a broken ankle in week 11 of the 2002 season to offer him the starting position, but Aikman declined. In 2003, Aikman agreed to play for the Miami Dolphins with Turner as their offensive coordinator and began training again, but the team decided against signing him to a contract.[18]

Career statistics

College statistics

NCAA Collegiate Career Stats
Season Passing Rushing
Cmp Att Yards Pct TD Int Rtg Att Yds Avg TD
Oklahoma Sooners
1984 6 20 41 30 0 3 17.2 12 18 1.5 1
1985 27 47 442 57.4 1 1 139.2 49 93 1.9 0
UCLA Bruins
1986 Did Not Play - Transfer
1987 178 273 2,527 65.2 17 8 157.6 79 -87 -1.1 2
1988 228 354 2,771 64.4 24 9 147.4 78 83 1.1 1
NCAA Career 439 694 5,781 63.3 42 21 142.3 218 107 0.5 4

NFL statistics

Won the Super Bowl
Selected to Pro Bowl
Super Bowl MVP
NFL record
Bold Career high

Regular season

NFL career statistics
Year Team GP Cmp Att Pct Yds Avg TD Int Lng Rtg
1989 DAL 11 155 293 52.9 1,749 6.0 9 18 75 55.7
1990 DAL 15 226 399 56.6 2,579 6.5 11 18 61 66.6
1991 DAL 12 237 363 65.3 2,754 7.6 11 10 61 86.7
1992 DAL 16 302 473 63.8 3,445 7.3 23 14 87 89.5
1993 DAL 14 271 392 69.1 3,100 7.9 15 6 80 99.0
1994 DAL 14 233 361 64.5 2,676 7.4 13 12 90 84.9
1995 DAL 16 280 432 64.8 3,304 7.6 16 7 50 93.6
1996 DAL 15 296 465 63.7 3,126 6.7 12 13 61 80.1
1997 DAL 16 292 518 56.4 3,283 6.3 19 12 64 78.0
1998 DAL 11 187 315 59.4 2,330 7.4 12 5 67 88.5
1999 DAL 14 263 442 59.5 2,964 6.7 17 12 90 81.1
2000 DAL 11 156 262 59.5 1,632 6.2 7 14 48 64.3
Career 165 2,898 4,715 61.5 32,942 7.0 165 141 90 81.6


NFL playoff statistics
Year Team GP Cmp Att Pct Yds Avg TD Int Lng Rtg
1991 DAL 1 11 16 68.8 114 7.1 0 1 25 63.0
1992 DAL 3 61 89 68.5 795 8.9 8 0 70 126.4
1993 DAL 3 61 82 74.4 686 8.4 5 3 35 104.0
1994 DAL 2 53 83 63.9 717 8.6 4 4 94 87.3
1995 DAL 3 53 80 66.3 717 9.0 4 1 47 106.1
1996 DAL 2 37 65 56.9 343 5.3 1 4 23 51.0
1998 DAL 1 22 49 44.9 191 3.9 1 3 19 37.0
1999 DAL 1 22 38 57.9 286 7.5 0 1 45 70.7
Career 16 320 502 63.7 3,849 7.7 23 17 94 88.3

Super Bowl

Super Bowl Statistics
Game Opp. Cmp Att Pct Yds Avg TD Int Rtg Result
XXVII BUF 22 30 73.4 273 9.1 4 0 140.7 W 52-17
XXVIII BUF 19 27 70.4 207 7.7 0 1 77.2 W 30-13
XXX PIT 15 23 65.3 209 9.1 1 0 108.8 W 27-17
Totals 56 80 70.0 689 8.6 5 1 111.9 W-L 3-0

Post-retirement activities

After his retirement from professional football as a player, Aikman joined Fox's NFC telecasts as a color commentator for the 2001 season. A year later, he was named to the network's lead announcing crew, teaming with Joe Buck and (from 2002 to 2004) Cris Collinsworth.[19] Aikman received an Emmy Award nomination for his television work in 2004 and has helped broadcast six Super Bowls (XXXIX, XLII, XLV, XLVIII, LI, and LIV) to date. It was revealed in 2016 that in 2004, Aikman nearly came out of retirement to sign a one-year deal with the Miami Dolphins but the Dolphins ended up not signing him.

Aikman in 2016

Aikman also hosts a weekly sports radio show which airs on Thursday from 7 to 8 p.m. ET on Sporting News Radio, and appears weekly during the football season on the Dunham & Miller morning show on Dallas sports talk radio station 1310 The Ticket. He was a public spokesman for Acme Brick throughout his career. He is also the chairman of the Troy Aikman Foundation, a charity to benefit children that has recently focused on building playplaces for children's hospitals. The Agency Sports Management & Marketing handles Aikman's marketing activities, where Jordan Bazant is his lead agent.

Aikman, who in 1999 was ranked No. 95 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players, has been the official Wing Stop spokesman for several years. He appeared in the Simpsons episode "Sunday, Cruddy Sunday" alongside former Miami Dolphins quarterback Dan Marino. He also participated in the 2001 and 2011 videos honoring Billy Graham's 83rd and 93rd birthdays. Aikman said he was going to appear in Dancing with the Stars in front of TMZ cameras.[20][21] However, he revealed he was only joking about it and won't appear on the show.[22][20][21]

On September 19, 2005, at halftime of the Cowboys-Redskins game (broadcast on Monday Night Football), Aikman was inducted into the Dallas Cowboys Ring of Honor with his longtime teammates Michael Irvin and Emmitt Smith. On August 5, 2006, Aikman was one of six players inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

At another halftime ceremony, this one on February 7, 2009, at the UCLA-Notre Dame basketball game, Aikman's induction into the College Hall of Fame was honored. Aikman announced he had completed course work to finish his degree in sociology. He participated in UCLA's 2009 Sociology Department commencement ceremony with current quarterback Kevin Craft and former linebacker Marcus Reece, who also came back to finish his college education. Former UCLA quarterback John Sciarra was keynote speaker at the ceremony.[23]

On February 9, 2010, Aikman became a member of the National Football Foundation Board of Directors.

As of fall 2010, Aikman is a co-spokesman for Rent-a-Center, along with Hulk Hogan.

In fall 2011, Aikman became a part of the Oxford Preparatory Academy Charter School Advisory Board in Southern California.

In November 2013, Aikman was named as a 2014 recipient of the NCAA Silver Anniversary Award, given annually to six former college athletes 25 years after the end of their college athletics careers.[24]

In March 2014, Aikman was announced as a partner and spokesman for IDLife.

Prior to a 2020 NFL broadcast between the Packers and Buccaneers in Tampa, Aikman and his partner Joe Buck were caught on a hot mic questioning the necessity of a military flyover when only 15,000 fans were allowed in Raymond James Stadium for the game. Aikman most notably said "That's a lot of jet fuel just to do a little flyover" and "That stuff ain't happening with a Kamala-Biden ticket, I'll tell you that right now, partner." An Armed Forces spokesperson later said there is no additional cost to conduct the flyovers. Meanwhile, Buck and Aikman faced accusations of being unpatriotic.[25][26]

Hall of Fame Racing

In late 2005, Aikman together with another former Cowboys quarterback, Roger Staubach, established Hall of Fame Racing with Terry Labonte and Tony Raines co-driving the #96 DLP HDTV Chevrolet in the NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series in 2006 (the race car's number was derived by multiplying Aikman's Cowboy jersey number 8 by Staubach's jersey number 12). Raines drove for Aikman full-time in 2007, and J.J. Yeley and Brad Coleman drove the car in 2008. He has invited some of the current and former Dallas Cowboys players Drew Bledsoe, Terry Glenn, Roy Williams, and others to test drive NASCAR race cars at Texas Motor Speedway.

Personal life

Aikman, once named the most eligible bachelor in Dallas by Texas Monthly, dated country singer Lorrie Morgan.[27] He married former Cowboys publicist Rhonda Worthey on April 8, 2000, in Plano, Texas.[28] Worthey has a daughter from a previous marriage, named Rachel. Worthey and Aikman have two daughters.[29] The couple announced their separation on January 24, 2011.[30] Their divorce became final April 12, 2011.[31] On June 2, 2017, Aikman announced his engagement to high-end fashion retailer Catherine "Capa" Mooty[32] on Instagram.[33] Mooty has two sons by her ex-husband, lawyer Jerry Mooty,[34] who is the nephew of Cowboys' owner Jerry Jones.[35] On September 1, 2017, Troy Aikman and Catherine Mooty married at the Biltmore Four Seasons in Montecito, California.[36]


  1. ^ "Hall of Famers". Pro Football Hall of Fame. 2006.
  2. ^ "Aikman enshrined into College Football Hall of Fame". Dallas Morning News. July 18, 2009.[dead link]
  3. ^ Page, Eric S. (July 17, 2009). "New Padres Owners Take the Field". NBC San Diego. Retrieved 2010.
  4. ^ Center, Bill (August 6, 2012). "Padres sold to group headed by O'Malley heirs". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Enterprises, Aikman. "Aikman Enterprises > Home".
  6. ^ "How Troy Aikman Became Oklahoma's 1983 High School Typing Champion". Dallas Morning News. September 25, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Jensen, Jeffry (2002) [1992]. Dawson, Dawn P (ed.). Great Athletes. 1 (Revised ed.). Salem Press. pp. 20-22. ISBN 978-1-58765-008-6.
  8. ^ Addicted To Documentary (March 24, 2018), A Football Life - Troy Aikman, archived from the original on June 1, 2020, retrieved 2018
  9. ^ a b "Troy Aikman Official College Football Site". 2007. Archived from the original on February 22, 2007.
  10. ^ a b " Season Statistics". 2007.
  11. ^ a b " Aikman Page". 2007.
  12. ^ "Cannon, Aikman, Holtz lead 15 into Hall of Fame". May 1, 2008.
  13. ^ "RARE 1989 Dallas Cowboys ? Broncos Ticket Stub TROY AIKMAN 1st NFL Game PSA 5 - eBay". eBay.
  14. ^ Breslow, Jason M. (October 2, 2013). "How One Client's Concussion Shook the Real 'Jerry Maguire'". Frontline. PBS. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ Bonesteel, Matt (February 3, 2017). "Troy Aikman says he has no memory of playing in the 1994 NFC championship game". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ "Hall of Famers » TROY AIKMAN". Retrieved 2010.
  17. ^ Archer, Todd (December 27, 2013). "Aikman offers cautionary tale for Romo". Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ Farmer, Sam (January 4, 2020). "Troy Aikman almost signed with Chargers after Cowboys released him". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2020.
  19. ^ "Troy Aikman". Fox Sports PressPass. Retrieved 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Troy Aikman isn't dancing with stars". July 29, 2010. Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ a b "Appearance on 'Dancing with the Stars' a joke by Troy Aikman". Dallas News. July 29, 2010. Retrieved 2020.
  22. ^ "Troy Aikman: I was only joking about going 'Dancing with the Stars'". Reality TV World. Retrieved 2020.
  23. ^ Brian Dohn, "Former Bruin Aikman gets another completion -- his degree" Archived August 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Los Angeles Daily News, February 5, 2009
  24. ^ "NCAA names 2014 Silver Anniversary Award winners" (Press release). NCAA. November 14, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  25. ^ "Broadcasters Joe Buck and Troy Aikman caught on hot mic appearing to mock military flyovers as wasteful". October 21, 2020.
  26. ^ "Fox's Troy Aikman backtracks after hot-mic criticism of NFL anthem flyover". October 20, 2020.
  27. ^ "Split Formation: Singer, Cowboys Quarterback Part". Orlando Sentinel. January 21, 1994.
  28. ^ Crissey, Mike. "Cowboy quarterback, former staffer, are wed". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  29. ^ "The Real Housewives of Dallas". WordPress Newspaper. March 15, 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  30. ^ Troy Aikman and wife separate Archived January 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, January 25, 2011, Includes video of television news report. Retrieved February 6, 2011. Archived October 1, 2009, at WebCite
  31. ^ "Troy Aikman". TMZ Sorts. Retrieved 2013.
  32. ^ "Sophisticated Shopping on Wheels? You Bet. Meet LuxeLiner" (November 26, 2012) D Magazine July 1, 2017
  33. ^ Grosbard, Adam (June 2, 2017). "Cowboys great Troy Aikman pops the question on vacation in Italy". Dallas News.
  34. ^ "Relationship Goals! Capa Mooty Is Officially Engaged to Boyfriend Troy Aikman" July 1, 2017
  35. ^ "Troy Aikman Engaged To Girlfriend Capa Mooty" (June 3, 2017) July 1, 2017
  36. ^ "Troy Aikman Marries His New Wife Capa Mooty In Beautiful Wedding". Retrieved 2018.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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