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Tamika Catchings is one of three women who recorded a quintuple-double in high school.
In basketball, a double-double is a single-game performance in which a player accumulates ten or more in two of the following five statistical categories: points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots. The first "double" in the term refers to the two (double) categories and the second "double" refers to accumulating ten or more (typically double digits) in that category. Similarly, a player records a triple-double, quadruple-double, and quintuple-double when accumulating ten or more in three, four, or all five of the statistical categories, respectively. While double-doubles and triple-doubles occur regularly each NBA season, only four quadruple-doubles have ever officially been recorded in the NBA, and a quintuple-double has never officially been recorded at the professional, collegiate, or even high school boys' level. A similar coined term is the five-by-five, is the accumulation of at least five in all five statistical categories.
A double-double is a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit total in two of five statistical categories--points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots--in a game. The most common double-double combination is points and rebounds, followed by points and assists. During the 2008-09 NBA season, 69 players who were eligible for leadership in the main statistical categories recorded at least 10 double-doubles during the season.
Special double-doubles are rare. One such achievement is sometimes called a 20-20, double double-double or double-20, when a player accumulates 20 or more in two statistics in a game. Another similar feat is a 30-30. The only player in NBA history to record a 40-40 is Wilt Chamberlain, who achieved the feat eight times in his career, four of which were in his rookie season.
Longest continuous streak of double-doubles: According to the Elias Sports Bureau, Wilt Chamberlain holds the record with 227 consecutive double-doubles from 1964 to 1967. Chamberlain also holds the second- and third-longest continuous streaks of double-doubles with 220 and 133. This record is before the ABA-NBA merger in 1976. The longest streak of double-doubles since the merger was 53 games, achieved by Kevin Love, then of the Minnesota Timberwolves.
Youngest player: Tracy McGrady (Toronto Raptors), aged 18 years and 175 days, logged a double-double on November 15, 1997, versus the Indiana Pacers. He had 10 points and 11 rebounds.
Oldest player: Dikembe Mutombo (Houston Rockets), aged 42 years and 289 days, logged a double-double on April 10, 2009, versus the Golden State Warriors. He had 10 points and 15 rebounds.
A triple-double is a single-game performance by a player who accumulates a double-digit number total in three of five statistical categories--points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots--in a game. The most common way for a player to achieve a triple-double is with points, rebounds, and assists, though on occasion players may record 10 or more steals or blocked shots in a game. The origin of the term "triple-double" is unclear. Some sources claim that it was coined in the NBA by former Los Angeles Lakers public relations director Bruce Jolesch in the 1980s in order to showcase Magic Johnson's versatility, while others claim that it was coined by then Philadelphia 76ers media relations director Harvey Pollack in 1980.
Oscar Robertson has the most NBA career regular season triple-doubles with 181, and was the first of two players to average a triple-double over an entire season.
Magic Johnson has the most NBA career postseason triple-doubles with 30, and is also third in regular season triple-doubles with 138.
Wes Unseld was the first player to have recorded a perfect triple-double (no missed shots and no missed free throws) in NBA history
The triple-double became an officially recorded statistic in the NBA during the 1979-80 season. That season, there were 32 triple-doubles, 12 more than the previous season. From the 1979-80 to the 1990-91 season, the NBA recorded a total of 543 triple-doubles, or 45.25 triple-doubles per season. This can be largely attributed to Magic Johnson, who was responsible for 137 of this time-span's triple-doubles, or about 25.23% of them. After Johnson retired in 1991, the number of triple-doubles in the league declined. From the 1991-92 to the 2014-15 seasons, there were only 841 triple-doubles, or about 35.04 triple-doubles per season. Jason Kidd recorded the most triple-doubles in this timespan with 107, which was 68 more than second placed LeBron James. However, in the 2015-16 season, the number of triple-doubles recorded in the NBA grew from 46 to 75. From the 2016-17 to the 2018-19 season, the NBA recorded 352 triple doubles, which was approximately 117.33 triple-doubles per season. Over those three years, Russell Westbrook recorded 101 triple-doubles--28.69% of all triple-doubles in that timespan.
There has been occasional controversy surrounding triple-doubles made when a player achieves the feat with a late rebound. Players with nine rebounds in a game have sometimes been accused of deliberately missing a shot late in the game in order to recover the rebound; a few have even gone so far as shooting off their opponent's basket trying to score a triple-double. To deter this, NBA rules allow rebounds to be nullified if the shot is determined not to be a legitimate scoring attempt.
Oscar Robertson leads the all-time NBA list for career triple-doubles with 181 and is, along with Russell Westbrook, one of only two players ever to average a triple-double for a season. Westbrook currently holds the record for most triple-doubles in a season with 42 and is the only player to average a triple-double for three consecutive seasons.
Averaging a triple-double in a single season: Oscar Robertson and Russell Westbrook are the only players in NBA history to achieve this feat. During the 1961-62 season, Robertson averaged 30.8 points, 12.5 rebounds, and 11.4 assists per game. Although Robertson only achieved the feat for a full season once, his cumulative stats over his first 5 seasons gave him an average of 30.3 points, 10.4 rebounds, and 10.6 assists per game. Westbrook is the only player to achieve this feat multiple times, doing so in three consecutive seasons. Westbrook finished the 2016-17 season averaging 31.6 points, 10.7 rebounds, and 10.4 assists, and followed it up in 2017-18 with averages of 25.4 points, 10.1 rebounds, and 10.3 assists. In the 2018-19 season, Westbrook averaged 22.9 points, 11.1 rebounds and 10.7 assists per game.
Most triple-doubles in a single season: In 2016-17, Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) recorded 42 triple-doubles.
Most triple-doubles in road games in a single season: Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) recorded 17 of 42 triple-doubles in away games.
Most 50-point triple-doubles in a single season: Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) recorded three 50-point triple-doubles in the 2016-17 season. James Harden (Houston Rockets) is the other player to record multiple 50-point triple-doubles in the same season, with two in the 2016-17 season and two in the 2018-19 season.
Most triple-doubles in a rookie season: Oscar Robertson (Cincinnati Royals) recorded 26 triple doubles in the 1960-61 season. Ben Simmons (Philadelphia 76ers) is in second with 12 in the 2017-18 season.
Most triple-doubles in NBA Finals: LeBron James recorded 10 Finals triple-doubles over his career. Magic Johnson is second with 8.
Averaging a triple-double in an NBA Finals: LeBron James (Cleveland Cavaliers), in the 2017 Finals, averaged 33.6 points, 12.0 rebounds, and 10.0 assists per game.
Youngest player: Markelle Fultz (Philadelphia 76ers), aged 19 years and 317 days, logged a triple-double on April 11, 2018, versus the Milwaukee Bucks. He had 13 points, 10 rebounds, and 10 assists.
Oldest player: Karl Malone (Los Angeles Lakers), aged 40 years and 127 days--the only 40-year-old player to do so--logged a triple-double on November 28, 2003, versus the San Antonio Spurs. He had 10 points, 11 rebounds, and 10 assists.
Fastest triple-double: Nikola Joki? (Denver Nuggets), holds the record for the fastest triple-double. On February 15, 2018, Joki? recorded the mark 14 minutes and 33 seconds into the game against the Milwaukee Bucks. The previous fastest triple-double had held for almost 63 years, as on February 20, 1955 Jim Tucker (Syracuse Nationals), in his rookie year, recorded the mark in just 17 minutes, with 12 points, 10 rebounds and 12 assists in a 104-84 win over the New York Knicks.
Fewest minutes in 30-point triple-double: Luka Don?i? (Dallas Mavericks) On November 20, 2019, Don?i? recorded 35 points, ten rebounds and 11 assists while playing just 25:30 in a 142-94 win against the Golden State Warriors.  Don?i? has two of the five fastest 30-point triple-doubles in NBA history and the only player to have more than one in 30 minutes or less.
Most points scored in a triple-double: James Harden (Houston Rockets) holds the record for the most points scored in a triple-double with 60 points, 10 rebounds, and 11 assists on January 30, 2018, against the Orlando Magic. The previous record was 57 points by Russell Westbrook.
Most rebounds recorded in a triple-double: Maurice Stokes (Rochester Royals) and Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia 76ers) are tied for the most rebounds recorded in a triple-double with 38. Maurice Stokes recorded 26 points, 38 rebounds, and 12 assists on January 14, 1956 against the Syracuse Nationals. Wilt Chamberlain achieved this feat twice, recording 24 points, 38 rebounds, and 13 assists on March 2, 1967 against the San Francisco Warriors, and 10 points, 38 rebounds, and 10 assists in a playoff game on April 16, 1967 against the San Francisco Warriors.
Triple-double not including points: The only such triple-double occurred on February 10, 2017, when Draymond Green (Golden State Warriors) scored only 4 points, but collected 12 rebounds, 10 assists, and 10 steals against the Memphis Grizzlies. Green also recorded five blocked shots in the game.
Longest continuous streak of triple-doubles: Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) currently holds the record for the most consecutive triple-doubles with 11. His streak began on January 22, 2019 and ended February 14, 2019. The previous record was 9 by Wilt Chamberlain from March 8 to 20, 1968, when Chamberlain was a member of the Philadelphia 76ers.
Triple-doubles by teammates: Has occurred 12 times in NBA history. The following is a list of all NBA teammate triple-doubles, with playoff triple-double pairs highlighted in italics.
Oladipo and Carter-Williams were both rookies when accomplishing the feat, marking the first and only time in NBA history that two rookies have recorded triple-doubles in the same game. These were the first career triple-doubles for both players. The last time that two players had recorded their first career triple-doubles in the same game was when Donnie Butcher and Ray Scott (Detroit Pistons) did it on March 14, 1964 (they were not rookies).
Triple-doubles have been far more rare in the WNBA than in the NBA; the games are shorter in the WNBA (40 minutes vs 48), there are fewer teams and fewer games in a season (34 vs 82), and the playing style in the WNBA is more a team game than relying on star players. As of the 2019 season, nine triple-doubles have been recorded in the WNBA--eight in the regular season and one in the playoffs.
The following is a list of all WNBA triple-doubles, with the playoff triple-double highlighted in italics. The feat is rare in the WNBA; indeed, nine years passed in 2005-2014 between two triple-doubles.
Although BYU was forced to vacate all but one of its wins in the 2015-16 season due to improper benefits provided by boosters to another BYU player, Collinsworth's triple-double record was not affected.
Two women are the only NCAA players of either sex in any division to have recorded three consecutive triple-doubles. The first was Carson in the 1985-86 season. She began by recording 12 points, 10, rebounds, and 12 assists against Akron on November 29, 1985. The following day, she recorded 20 points, 12 rebounds, and at least 20 assists against Kent State (her exact assists total in that game is unknown). Finally, on December 2 against Cleveland State, Carson recorded 26 points, 15 rebounds, and 14 assists. Barrs matched the feat in the 2018-19 season. She began with 17 points, 10 rebounds, and 12 steals on January 9, 2019 against New Orleans. Next, on January 12, Barrs had 10 points, 11 rebounds, and 10 assists against Central Arkansas. Finally, on January 16, Barrs recorded 15 points, 10 rebounds, and 11 assists against Southeastern Louisiana.
Most triple-doubles in a single season:
Men's: Kyle Collinsworth (BYU), with six - performed twice: in the 2014-15 season, and again in 2015-16.
Women's: Sabrina Ionescu (Oregon), with eight in the 2018-19 season.
The NCAA first recorded individual assists in men's basketball in 1950-51, but stopped doing so after the 1951-52 season, and did not resume keeping track of assists until 1983-84. Blocks and steals were first recorded in 1985-86. Thus, the NCAA officially records nine tournament triple-doubles. However, many tournaments had included assists, steals and blocks in their official boxscores prior to that time, so unofficially this has occurred 17 times. Only three pre-1986 triple-doubles are included below.
In women's basketball, the NCAA began keeping track of assists in 1985-86, then blocks and steals in 1987-88, so officially this has occurred 14 times. However, many tournaments had included assists, steals and blocks in their official boxscores prior to that time, so unofficially this has occurred 17 times. All three triple-doubles that preceded the NCAA's official inclusion of the relevant statistics are included below.
Kalara McFadyen of Memphis achieved perhaps the most unusual triple-double in history, and she did it without scoring a point or even attempting a shot from either the field or the free-throw line. On February 3, 2002, in a women's Division I game against Charlotte, she had 12 assists, 10 steals, and 10 rebounds.
FIBA European Champions Cup and EuroLeague
Nick Calathes is the most recent EuroLeague player to record a triple-double, doing so in 2019, and the first to record one since 2006.
Much like the WNBA, there are a few reasons why triple-doubles are far more rare in the EuroLeague than in the NBA. The games are 40 minutes long--8 minutes shorter than in the NBA--there are 30 games in a season compared to the NBA's 82, and various rules--such as those on assists--are stricter than that of the NBA. As of 2019, only seven triple-doubles have been recorded in Euroleague history, and only three in the modern era of Euroleague basketball (since 2000). The following is a list of all seven of these triple-doubles:
CenterDavid Robinson is the most recent NBA player to accomplish the feat of a quadruple-double by recording at least 10 points, rebounds, assists, and blocks in a game.
A quadruple-double is a single-game performance by a player who accumulates ten or more in four of five statistical categories--points, rebounds, assists, steals and blocked shots--in a game. These do not include turnovers or fouls, but triple-doubles with 10 or more turnovers or fouls have occurred (14 with turnovers, 1 with fouls). This feat is extremely rare: only four players have officially recorded a quadruple-double in National Basketball Association (NBA) history. The first American male player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Nate Thurmond, who achieved this feat in 1974 while playing for the NBA's Chicago Bulls. The first American female player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Ann Meyers, who achieved this feat in 1978 while playing for the UCLA Bruins, when women's college sports were under the auspices of the AIAW.
The first male player in NCAA Division I history to record a quadruple-double was Lester Hudson in 2007. The first Division I women's player to have officially recorded a quadruple-double since the NCAA began sponsoring women's sports in 1981-82 was Veronica Pettry of Loyola-Chicago in 1989. Only three other women have done so since, and the only player to have recorded a quadruple-double since 1993 is Shakyla Hill of Grambling State, who accomplished the feat in 2018 and 2019. An earlier player, Jackie Spencer of Louisville, accomplished the feat against Cincinnati during the 1984-85 season, but the NCAA did not record assists and steals throughout Division I women's basketball at that time. The Metro Conference, then home to both schools, did officially record these statistics, but the NCAA did not start doing so until 1985-86 for assists and 1987-88 for steals.
Quadruple-doubles have only been possible since the 1973-74 season, when the NBA started recording both blocked shots and steals. It is often speculated by observers that other all-time greats, namely Oscar Robertson (all time triple-doubles leader with 181),Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell and Jerry West could conceivably have had quadruple-doubles. West's biography at NBA.com claims that he once recorded an unofficial quadruple-double with 44 points, 12 rebounds, 10 assists and 10 blocks. A biography of Wilt Chamberlain claims that he also recorded an unofficial quadruple-double in Game 1 of the 1967 Eastern Division Finals against the Boston Celtics, when he had 24 points, 32 rebounds, 13 assists and 12 blocks.
The reason why [the quadruple-double] is such a hard thing to accomplish is because it requires a player to be completely dominant on both ends of the court without being too selfish--so he can get the assists--and without fouling out trying to block every shot or grab every rebound. A lot of guys can get the points, rebounds and assists, but it's the defensive stuff that messes everybody up. You have to love defense to get a quadruple-double. There's no way around it.
The four players listed below are the only players who have officially recorded a quadruple-double in an NBA game. Except for Thurmond, who retired before the award was established in 1983, all of them have won NBA Defensive Player of the Year at least once. Robertson is the only player who was not a center to accomplish the feat, doing so with steals rather than blocks.
Only seven other players (Drexler did it twice) have managed to finish with triple-doubles and a total of 9 in a fourth statistical category (statistical categories in which they fell short are in bold):
a Bird sat out the entire fourth quarter. After three quarters, head coach K. C. Jones informed Bird that he was one steal away from a quadruple-double and asked if he wanted to stay in the game. Bird declined, saying that he "already did enough damage."
b Olajuwon was credited with 9 assists in the original box score. However, after Rockets officials reviewed the game tape and discovered what they believe was an uncredited assist in the first quarter, they revised the box score, crediting Olajuwon with 10 assists and the third quadruple-double in NBA history. NBA's director of operations, Rod Thorn, requested to review the tape. After reviewing the tape, the league disallowed Olajuwon's quadruple-double and announced that his original line--with 9 assists--is official.
c This is the only quadruple-double in French National League history.
d This is the only quadruple-double in National Basketball League history.
e This is the only quadruple-double in NCAA Division I men's basketball history. The opponent, Central Baptist, plays in the NAIA.
Mostly accurate as of February 2019[update]. NCAA records are complete for Divisions I and II, but not for Division III; specifically, entering the 2018-19 season, there have been a total of eight quadruple-doubles in Division III play, and one player, Suzy Venet of Mount Union (1994-1998), had two in her career, both in the 1996-97 season. NAIA records are also incomplete.
^The NCAA does not consider Spencer's quadruple-double to be official. Although the Metro Conference, then home to both teams involved in this game, kept records in all of the relevant statistical categories in the 1984-85 season, the NCAA did not. Assists were not recorded throughout Division I women's basketball until 1985-86, and steals were not so recorded until 1987-88.
^ abcdefDuring the 2003-2004 1. deild kvenna season, Helena averaged a quadruple-double with 37.6 points, 13.3 rebounds, 11.6 assists and 10.2 steals. Out of the 16 games she played, she posted a quadruple-double in six of them.
A five-by-five is a performance in which a player accumulates a total of five in five statistical categories--points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocks--in a single game. Statistics for steals and blocks were not kept in the NBA until the 1973-74 season, so all NBA five-by-fives are known only from that season onward. Hakeem Olajuwon (six times) and Andrei Kirilenko (three times) are the only players to have recorded multiple five-by-fives (based on records since the 1984-85 season). Both are also the only players to record six-by-fives (at least six in all five statistical categories). Only twice has a five-by-five coincided with a triple-double (both by Olajuwon, one of which was 1 assist shy of a quadruple-double) and only three times has a player recorded a five-by-five without registering at least a double-double (two by Kirilenko and one by Marcus Camby).
Greatest five-by-fives (most of each stat): Hakeem Olajuwon, on March 10, 1987, became the first in NBA history to record a six-by-five (at least 6 each of all five statistics: points, rebounds, assists, blocks, steals). It took nearly twenty years for the second official occurrence in NBA history. Andrei Kirilenko, on January 3, 2006, recorded a six-by-five against the Lakers. Though his numbers were not quite as impressive as Olajuwon's, Kirilenko performed the feat in regulation.
Most five-by-fives in a career: Hakeem Olajuwon leads all players with 6 career five-by-fives. Andrei Kirilenko, with 3, is the only other player with more than one career five-by-five.
Most five-by-fives in the same season: Only twice has a player recorded two five-by-fives in a season. Olajuwon in the 1993-94 season, and Kirilenko in the 2003-04 season.
Quickest pair of five-by-fives: Kirilenko performed a five-by-five on December 3, 2003, and completed another just a week later, on December 10, 2003. The second-quickest five-by-fives were completed by Olajuwon on November 5, 1993, and another, 55 days later, on December 30, 1993.
Youngest player: Kirilenko's first NBA five-by-five came on December 3, 2003, making him the youngest to record a five-by-five at age 22 years, 288 days.
Oldest player: Olajuwon is the oldest player to record a five-by-five. His last career five-by-five came on December 30, 1993, at which time he was 30 years, 343 days old.
Six-by-fives: Olajuwon and Kirilenko are the only players to achieve this feat in NBA history.
^McAllister, Mike (February 28, 2003). "Around the NBA". Knight Ridder Tribune News Service. p. 1. Kevin Garnett has a league-leading 47 double-doubles this season - all of them from the points-rebounds combination. With double-digits rebounds easier to acquire than double-digit assists, the majority of NBA double-doubles are through the points-rebounds combination
^DuPree, David (April 10, 1997). "Hill the leader in triple-double versatility". USA Today. p. 10.C. The most common triple-double is points, rebounds and assists. Of the 41 triple-doubles recorded this season (through Tuesday's games), all but three have been acquired that way.
^ abcAdande, J.A. (April 20, 2002). "They're Vintage Triple-Doubles". Los Angeles Times. p. D.4. Archived from the original on March 10, 2011. Retrieved 2009. The term "triple-double" was coined by Bruce Jolesch, the former Laker public relations director who needed a way to summarize Johnson's penchant for recording double figures in points, rebounds and assists.
^Weir, Tom (December 1, 1999). "20th Century This Day in Sports". USA Today. p. 3.C.
^Springer, Steve (November 11, 2002). "Magical Statistic Reborn; Triple-double that Johnson made famous serves Bryant well". Los Angeles Times. p. D.1.
^Gelston, Dan (April 18, 2008). "Philly's Pollack has kept track of NBA from the start". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved 2010. Magic Johnson's amazing games made Pollack realize he needed a catchy title for double digits in points, rebounds and assists. The triple-double was born. ... "I walked up to Magic and said, 'You know, without me you wouldn't even be here today,"' Pollack said. "He says, 'What do you mean?' I said, 'Who do you think coined the name triple-double and made you famous for doing it?' Now it's a regular stat. He thanked me."
^"Brigham Young University Public Infractions Decision"(PDF). NCAA. November 9, 2018. Retrieved 2018. The individual records of the ineligible student-athlete shall also be vacated. However, the individual finishes and any awards for all eligible student-athletes shall be retained. (p. 15)
^"2018-19 Division III Women's Basketball Records"(PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 2019. See especially "Individual Records: Miscellaneous", p. 3, which notes Venet's two career quadruple-doubles, and "Individual Career Records: Quadruple-Doubles", p. 16, which lists all players who have recorded a quadruple-double.