|University of Cambridge|
Trinity Hall's Front Court
Arms of Trinity Hall
Arms: Sable, a crescent ermine a bordure (engrailed) of the last
|Location||Trinity Lane (map)|
|Full name||The College or Hall of the Holy Trinity in the University of Cambridge|
|Founder||William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich|
|Named after||The Holy Trinity|
It is the fifth-oldest surviving college of the university, having been founded in 1350 by William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich, to train clergymen in Canon law following their decimation during the Black Death.
Historically, Trinity Hall taught law; today, it teaches the sciences, arts, and humanities.
Notable alumni include theoretical physicists Stephen Hawking and Nobel Prize winner David Thouless, Australian Prime Minister Stanley Bruce, Canadian Governor General David Johnston, philosopher Marshall McLuhan, Conservative cabinet minister Geoffrey Howe, Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, writer J. B. Priestley, and Academy Award-winning actress Rachel Weisz.
The devastation caused by the Black Death plague of the 1340s included the loss of nearly half of the English population; Bishop Bateman himself lost nearly 700 of his parish priests, and so his decision to found a college was probably centred on a need to rebuild the priesthood. The site that Bateman chose was the original site of Gonville Hall, which had been founded three years earlier, but was financially struggling. Bateman's clerical aim for the Hall is reflected in the foundation of 1350, when he stated that the college's aim was "the promotion of divine worship and of canon and civil science and direction of the commonwealth and especially of our church and diocese of Norwich." This led the college to be particularly strong in legal studies, a tradition that has continued over the centuries.
At first all colleges in Cambridge were known as "Halls" or "Houses" and then later changed their names from "Hall" to "College". However, when Henry VIII founded Trinity College, Cambridge next door, it became clear that Trinity Hall would continue being known as a Hall. The new foundation's name may have been a punishment for the college's master, Stephen Gardiner, who had opposed the king's remarriage and had endured much of the college's land being removed. It is incorrect to call it Trinity Hall College, although Trinity Hall college (lower case) is, strictly speaking, accurate. A similar situation had existed once before when Henry VI founded King's College (in 1441) despite the existence of King's Hall (founded in 1317). King's Hall was later incorporated in the foundation of Trinity College in 1546.
Trinity Hall, in addition to having a chapel, also had joint usage of the Church of St John Zacharias with Clare Hall, until the church was demolished to enable the construction of King's in the 15th century. After this, the college was granted usage of the nearby Church of St Edward, King and Martyr on Peas Hill, a connection which remains to this day.
In 2019 and 2020, the College experienced controversy and placed in international headlines due to a series of sexual misconduct scandals involving Dr Jeremy Morris, the Master, Dr William O'Reilly, the former Acting Senior Tutor, and Dr Peter Hutchinson, a former fellow.
In 2015, ten students submitted formal complaints of verbal sexual harassment by Dr Hutchinson. In response Dr Hutchinson was asked to withdraw permanently from further teaching and from attending social events at which students might be present. However, due to an alleged error by the College in 2017, Dr Hutchinson was invited to a college event, which was also open to students. His attendance was in breach of the prior agreement and resulted in an outcry among students and alumni.
Subsequently, in 2019, a formal agreement as to what events Dr Hutchinson could attend was approved by the Governing Body. Despite this, he was allowed to remain an Emeritus Fellow of the College. This resulted in further backlash from students and alumni as well as more widespread coverage. Human rights barrister Dr Charlotte Proudman stated "The College has given fellows a licence to abuse their power with impunity. Women students are not safe in their own colleges.", while The Guardian called it "a gross betrayal to the students" and "a dangerous environment for women students to study". The matter was highly divisive both to the student body, and to the fellows. It was reported in November 2019 that Dr Hutchinson had elected to resign as a result of the controversy.
In February 2020, a Tortoise Media investigation alleged that Dr O'Reilly seriously mishandled a disciplinary process involving three women's experience of sexual assault by a student he had a "close relationship" with. The article said that amongst other things, Dr O'Reilly himself had given witness testimony on behalf of the student at the disciplinary hearings into the assaults.
The same investigation also claimed that a fourth student had complained to Dr Morris as Master that they had been sexually assaulted by Dr O'Reilly, an allegation Dr O'Reilly denied. The article reported that Dr Morris allowed Dr O'Reilly to continue teaching un-investigated for a further five months until he was eventually investigated by police, during which time he was permitted to continue overseeing the disciplinary process involving the student with whom he was close. Tortoise alleged that as of the date of publication, no formal investigation had been made into this complaint, and no safeguarding measures had been put in place.
Trinity Hall did not deny the allegations made in the Tortoise article. In February 2020, Dr Morris, and Dr O'Reilly agreed to "step back" from their roles in college pending investigation. In March 2020, the Governing Body authorised an immediate external inquiry into the College's handling of all allegations raised and matters referred to in the Tortoise article, to be led by Gemma White QC.
The College site on the Cam was originally obtained from Bateman's purchase of a house from John de Crauden, Prior of Ely, to house the monks during their study, with Front Court being built within the college's first few decades. The medieval structures remain unaltered, but with their façade altered to a more baroque style during the Mastership of Sir Nathaniel Lloyd in 1710-45.
The Chapel was licensed in 1352 and was built by August 1366, when Pope Urban V granted the College permission to celebrate eucharist there. Its present decor stems from its 1729-1730 renovation; Lloyd had pre-existing graves removed to the Ante-Chapel, and the walls decorated with wainscoting and the ceiling with past Masters' crests. The Chapel was extended east in 1864, during which the original piscina was discovered and hidden behind a secret door. The painting behind the communion-table is Maso da San Friano's Salutation, loaned from the Fitzwilliam Museum in 1957, replacing an earlier painting by Stella.
The Dining Hall was rebuilt under Lloyd along similar lines to the Chapel, with rendered walls replaced by wainscoting and medieval beams by baroque carvings. A large portrait of Lloyd dominates the wall behind High Table; Lloyd supposedly made it irremovable from its wainscot surroundings, such his representation can never be erased from the College.
The college library was built in the late 16th century, with the permission of Elizabeth I and probably during the mastership of Thomas Preston, and is now principally used for the storage of the college's manuscripts and rare books; it is one of the few remaining chained libraries left in the country. The new Jerwood Library overlooking the river was opened by Lord Howe in 1999, and stores the college's modern book collection.
The college also owns properties in the centre of Cambridge, on Bateman Street and Thompson's Lane, and on its Wychfield site next to Fitzwilliam College, where most of the college's sporting activity takes place.
Trinity Hall has active Junior, Middle and Senior Combination Rooms for undergraduate, postgraduate and senior members of the college community respectively. The Middle Combination Room is located in Front Court, while the Junior Combination Room is adjacent to the college bar in North Court. Both the MCR and JCR have highly active committees and organize popular socials for their members across the term.
Trinity Hall's oldest and largest society, the Boat Club was founded in 1827, and has had a long and distinguished history; notably from 1890 until 1898, when the college stayed Head of the Mays for 33 consecutive days of rowing, which remains to this day the longest continuous defence by a single club of the bumps headship. The college won all but one of the events in the 1887 Henley Royal Regatta, making it the most successful Cambridge college in Henley's history. The current boathouse, built in 1905 in memory of Henry Latham, is on the River Cam, a short walk from the college.
Trinity Hall's Christian Union comprises several dozen Christians in the college who meet regularly to study the Bible, pray and enjoy fellowship together. Its members seek to explain the Christian faith to the other members of College through a variety of inclusive events, notably regular "Text-a-Toastie" events. The Christian Union was founded in 1877, making it the second oldest JCR-listed society, and is part of the broader Cambridge Inter-Collegiate Christian Union.
The current Dean is the Revd Dr Stephen Plant. The role of Dean incorporates that of Chaplain in other colleges.
J. B. Priestley, novelist, playwright and broadcaster
Marshall McLuhan, Canadian philosopher
Andrew Marr, journalist and broadcaster