|Predecessor||Arriva Trains Wales|
Keolis Amey Operations (Welsh: Gweithrediadau Keolis Amey), trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services (TfW Rail Services) is a Welsh train operating company owned by Keolis (60%) and Amey (40%) that operates the Wales and Borders franchise.
The government body Transport for Wales (commercially separate from the train operating company) awarded the contract for the Wales and Borders franchise to Keolis Amey in 2018 which commenced rail operations on 14 October 2018. Keolis Amey uses the brand names Transport for Wales and TfW Rail (Welsh: Trafnidiaeth Cymru and TrC Trenau), which are owned by the Welsh Government, for day-to-day operations.
In October 2017, Arriva withdrew from the bidding process, followed in February 2018 by Abellio, after the collapse of its partner Carillion. In May 2018, the franchise was awarded to Keolis Amey Wales Cymru. It commenced on 14 October 2018 and runs for 15 years.
As of January 2020 Keolis Amey has been fined £2.3 million by the Welsh government for poor performance of rail services. The company is also expected to be criticised by the Welsh Language Commissioner later in 2020 for reportedly breaking legislation on Welsh language provision six times since taking over the franchise in 2018. TfW Rail told the BBC that it did not believe any rules had been broken. Complaints included that Welsh was given lesser treatment on self-service machines, websites, and on the mobile app, that correspondence was not issued fully in Welsh, that train tickets were printed only in English, and that station and train announcements were not always made bilingually.
Typical TfW weekday off-peak service is as follows:
|North Wales Coast Line|
|Cardiff Central to Holyhead||8tpd||Newport, Cwmbran, Pontypool & New Inn, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster (3tpd), Ludlow (7tpd), Craven Arms (7tpd), Church Stretton (7tpd), Shrewsbury, Gobowen (7tpd), Chirk (7tpd), Ruabon (7tpd), Wrexham General, Chester, Shotton (4tpd), Flint, Prestatyn (7tpd), Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn (3tpd), Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy (3tpd), Penmaenmawr (3tpd), Llanfairfechan (3tpd) Bangor (7tpd), Llanfairpwll (7tpd), Bodorgan (5tpd), Ty Croes (5tpd), Rhosneigr (5tpd) and Valley (5tpd)
0534 from Holyhead and 1716 from Cardiff Central is Premier Service which calls at fewer stops and has 1st class accommodation available with meals included.
Only 7 tpd terminate in Holyhead as one turns off at Llandudno Junction and terminates at Llandudno, calling at Deganwy en route.
|Cardiff Central to Holyhead (Premier Service)||1tpd||Newport, Cwmbran (Holyhead-bound only), Pontypool (Holyhead-bound only), Abergavenny (Holyhead-bound only), Hereford, Ludlow (Cardiff-bound only), Shrewsbury, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Bangor||67|
|Birmingham International to Holyhead||0.5||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Gobowen, Chirk, Ruabon, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan and Bangor||158|
|Manchester Airport to Llandudno||1||East Didsbury, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Warrington Bank Quay, Runcorn East, Frodsham, Helsby, Chester, Shotton, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy
6 inter-peak trains each day begin/end at the airport, 1 early morning and 2 late evening trains do too, not calling at East Didsbury. Other trains begin at Manchester Piccadilly.
|Crewe to Chester||1||shuttle||150, 158|
|Chester to Liverpool Lime Street||1||Helsby, Frodsham, Runcorn, Liverpool South Parkway|
|South Wales - Manchester|
|Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly||0.5||Johnston, Haverfordwest, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Shrewsbury, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport||175|
|Carmarthen to Manchester Piccadilly||0.5||Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembury & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport|
|Fishguard Harbour to Manchester Piccadilly||1tpd||Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembury & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominister, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow, Stockport||150|
|Birmingham International / Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth||0.5 / 1||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction and Borth
Trains run joined to Pwllheli trains Birmingham - Machynlleth
|Birmingham International / Shrewsbury to Pwllheli||0.5||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction, Penhelig, Aberdovey, Tywyn, Tonfanau, Llwyngwril, Fairbourne, Morfa Mawddach, Barmouth, Llanaber, Talybont, Dyffryn Ardudwy, Llanbedr, Pensarn, Llandanwg, Harlech, Tygwyn, Talsarnau, Llandecwyn, Penrhyndeudraeth, Minffordd, Porthmadog, Criccieth, Penychain and Abererch |
Trains run joined to Aberystwyth trains Birmingham - Machynlleth
|Heart of Wales Line|
|Carmarthen to Llandovery||1||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog and Llanwrda||150, 153|
|Llandrindod to Crewe||1||Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich|
|Swansea to Shrewsbury and Crewe||4||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog, Llanwrda, Llandovery, Cynghordy, Sugar Loaf, Llanwrtyd, Llangammarch, Garth, Cilmeri, Builth Road, Llandrindod, Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms and Church Stretton |
2tpd extend to/from Crewe, calling at Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
|Shrewsbury to Crewe||5||Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich |
creates an every-2-hours service alongside trains beginning further south
|Conwy Valley Line|
|Blaenau Ffestiniog to Llandudno||6||Roman Bridge, Dolwyddelan, Pont-y-Pant, Betws-y-Coed, Llanrwst, North Llanrwst, Dolgarrog, Tal-y-Cafn, Glan Conwy, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy||150|
|Wrexham Central to Bidston||1||Wrexham General, Gwersyllt, Cefn-y-Bedd, Caergwrle, Hope, Penyffordd, Buckley, Hawarden, Shotton, Hawarden Bridge, Neston, Heswall and Upton||150|
|West Wales Locals|
|Pembroke Dock to Swansea||0.5||Pembroke, Lamphey, Manorbier, Penally, Tenby, Saundersfoot, Kilgetty, Narberth, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, and Llanelli||150, 153, 158|
|Fishguard Harbour to Swansea||0.25||irregular service usually calling at Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Whitland and Llanelli|
|Swansea to Cardiff Central||0.5||Llansamlet, Skewen, Neath, Briton Ferry, Baglan, Port Talbot Parkway, Pyle, Bridgend, Pencoed and Pontyclun||150, 153, 158|
|West Wales-Gloucestershire Line|
|Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa||1 (Alternates with the Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester Service)||Maesteg (Ewenny Road), Garth, Tondu, Sarn, Wildmill, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow, Lydney and Gloucester
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Cheltenham Spa
|150, 153, 158, 170, 175|
|Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester||4tpd||Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey and Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea railway station, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow and Lydney
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Gloucester
|Ebbw Valley Railway|
|Bridgend/Cardiff Central to Ebbw Vale Town||1||Pencoed, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Pye Corner, Rogerstone, Risca & Pontymister, Cross Keys, Newbridge, Llanhilleth and Ebbw Vale Parkway||150, 153, 158, 170, 175|
|Penarth/Cardiff Central to Bargoed/Rhymney||4||Dingle Road, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath High Level, Llanishen, Lisvane & Thornhill, Caerphilly, Aber, Energlyn & Churchill Park (2tph), Llanbradach, Ystrad Mynach, Hengoed, Pengam, Gilfach Fargoed (1tph), Bargoed, Brithdir (1tph), Tir-Phil (1tph) and Pontlottyn (1tph)||142, 143, 150|
|Merthyr & Vale of Glamorgan Lines|
|Bridgend to Aberdare||1||Llantwit Major, Rhoose Cardiff International Airport, Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach||142, 143, 150|
|Barry Island to Aberdare||1||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach|
|Barry Island to Merthyr Tydfil||2||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest Estate, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Quakers Yard, Merthyr Vale, Troed-y-rhiw and Pentre-bach|
|Cardiff Central to Treherbert||2||Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Trehafod, Porth, Dinas Rhondda, Tonypandy, Llwynypia, Ystrad Rhondda, Ton Pentre, Treorchy and Ynyswen||142, 143, 150|
|City & Coryton Lines|
|Radyr to Coryton||2||Danescourt, Fairwater, Waun-gron Park, Ninian Park, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath Low Level, Ty Glas, Birchgrove, Rhiwbina and Whitchurch||142, 143, 153|
|Butetown Branch Line|
|Cardiff Bay to Cardiff Queen Street||5||shuttle||142, 143, 150, 153|
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North Wales and North West England
South East Wales
TfW Rail inherited a fleet of Class 142, 143, 150, 153, 158 and 175 diesel multiple units and Mark 3 carriages from Arriva Trains Wales, which had been refurbished starting from 2011 and had been fitted with WiFi in 2017. It has since acquired some Class 170 units (from September 2019 to February 2020) and more Class 153 units (in April 2019 and December 2019 to January 2020) from some English operators to work alongside and with the ex-ATW fleet, to add capacity and support new services.
In April 2019 TfW Rail added 5 153s acquired from Great Western Railway to the 8 it previously had. Four of these entered service the following month, and the fifth returned from works on 5 October 2019 as the first 153 on the whole GB rail network with PRM (Persons with Reduced Mobility) modifications, and entered service on 21 October 2019.
In October 2019, Porterbrook Leasing Company announced that they will lease a further 9 Class 153 units to TfW for use on a short term basis. These comprise 5 153s from Greater Anglia which were delivered in December 2019 and started to enter service in January 2020, and 4 153s from East Midlands Railway which were delivered in January 2020 and started to enter service in February 2020.
In September 2019 Transport for Wales took delivery of the first 3 of 12 total Class 170 Turbostar DMUs from Greater Anglia, with 3 more of the units following in November 2019, a further 4 in December 2019 and the last two in January and February 2020 respectively. Driver training had taken place from September 2019, and in April 2020, the last unit to enter service (3-car 170206) finally did so.
On 12 December 2019, 3-car 170202 worked TfW Rail's first Class 170 passenger services (between Bridgend and Ebbw Vale Town via Cardiff Central), and five units (three 3-car and two 2-car) were in passenger service on 16 December 2019. The units had been refurbished under Greater Anglia and are initially being used by TfW Rail cosmetically unchanged (other than the different operator logos), but as they will be retained for the duration of the franchise, it is planned that they will later receive further refurbishment to TfW Rail specification.
As of April 2019, all of TfW Rail's Class 142 & 143 'Pacer' railbus DMUs, which were intended to be withdrawn and replaced by the 1 January 2020 PRM deadline but will now continue in service until July 2020 under dispensation from law, have had advertising vinyls applied, with the messages 'The start of a new journey', 'The journey is almost over for old trains', and 'These trains will terminate soon', stating rolling stock, infrastructure and service improvements. The Mark 3 carriages for the locomotive-hauled trains have had Transport for Wales logos applied to the ex-Arriva Trains Wales livery, as they will be withdrawn and replaced in 2020.
The rest of TfW Rail's rolling stock (the Class 150, 153, 158 and 175 DMUs), which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2023 (except the 9 "shorter-term" 153s which will be withdrawn by the end of 2020), is in the process of undergoing several changes. These include the application of Transport for Wales livery, and TfW Rail specification interior refurbishment (including new seat moquette, floor coverings and table surfaces, as well as AC and USB power sockets).
In addition, the 150s/153s/158s staying until 2022-23 are receiving PRM-TSI 2020 (Persons with Reduced Mobility - Technical Specifications for Interoperability) modifications (the 175s exceed the RVAR 1998 they were built to and are accepted without modification).
|Trainset||Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||3||1988|
|Diesel multiple units|
|153 Super Sprinter||75||121||1||22||
|158/0 Express Sprinter||90||140||2||24||
|Alstom Coradia||175/0 & 175/1||100||161||2||11||Regional services between North West England, North and South Wales||1999-2001|
TfW Rail's current fleet is stored and maintained at the following depots.
Due to space limitations, Chrysalis Rail currently allows TfW Rail to store any unallocated units or carriages at its Landore TMD in Swansea, even if they are not being worked on. This arrangement has been in place since late 2019.
Train types formerly operated by Transport for Wales Rail Services include:
From June 2019 to March 2020, TfW Rail hired two Class 37-hauled Mark 2 sets to temporarily operate rush-hour services between Cardiff and Rhymney to add capacity. From January 2020 they were operating under PRM non-compliance dispensation, but were withdrawn in March due to decreasing reliability and replaced with trains formed of multiple Class 153 railcars coupled together, with many more of those now in the fleet.
|Trainset||Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
All of TfW Rail's ATW-inherited and extra temporary fleet is due to be replaced by 2023 (with the exception of the Class 67 locomotives).
Nine Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units were due to be delivered by 2019, following conversion from Class 319 electric multiple units which were previously in service with Thameslink, by fitting diesel generators and extra electronic equipment to some previously unused below-solebar space. This work has been delayed for a number of operators who wished to run the Flex units, including Great Western Railway and Northern. The expected delivery date of May was not achieved, and in July 2019 TfW confirmed that regulatory issues with the units were preventing their introduction. As of 16 March 2020, only 4 769s have been delivered, though test runs on the Rhymney Line commenced on the same day. These units are currently expected to enter service sometime in 2020.
In addition, at least three Class 67 locomotives have been adapted to work with 12 (4 each) Mark 4 carriages and 3 (1 each) Mark 4 DVTs from London North Eastern Railway, which will replace the Mark 3 stock currently used on locomotive-hauled services. These were able to cascade as a result of the introduction of Class 800s on the East Coast Main Line. Testing and training of these sets commenced on 28 January 2020, and they are expected to enter service by mid-2020. The Mark 4 Coaches will retain the Virgin Trains East Coast livery, but with Transport for Wales labels attached. The Mark 4 Driving Van Trailers will be repainted into the New Transport for Wales livery.
The first "new" trains will also join the fleet during 2020 in the form of 5 Class 230 D-Train diesel-battery-electric multiple units, which are being built in England from former London Underground D78 Stock aluminium bodyshells by start-up rolling stock manufacturer Vivarail. The first Class 230 units were delivered to London Northwestern Railway in April 2019, on the Marston Vale Line. The five-month delay for introduction of these services indicated however that the units will also be delayed on the North Wales mainline (they were supposed to be introduced in 2019). On 9 September 2019, a test unit that was reconfigured to the same configuration as the TfW Rail units commenced test runs in the manufacturer's area, and on 10 April 2020, 230006 was the first TfW Rail unit to undergo testing there. The units are currently expected to enter service sometime in 2020.
For the longer term fleet replacement, 148 brand new trains have been ordered.
A total of 77 Class 197 CAF Civity diesel multiple units have been ordered, which are due to be assembled in Wales at CAF's new UK factory in Llanwern, Newport. These trains will have end gangways. The first Class 197 Driving Motor carriage vehicle bodyshell was assembled, welded and painted in Spain by 12 February 2020; the bodyshells will be shipped to Newport for fitment of all components.
Also, a total of 35 Stadler FLIRT units have been ordered (consisting of 24 Class 756 tri-modes and 11 Class 231 diesel-electrics) along with 36 Class 398 Stadler Citylink tram-trains. These will be manufactured at the Stadler factory in Szolnok, Hungary and assembled at their plant in Bussnang, Switzerland. The addition of these trains to the fleet, from 2021-24 but mostly in 2022-23, will allow the 109 (total) Class 150, 153 (13 by then), 158, 175 and 769 units to be withdrawn.
Alongside the brand new fleet, the 170s will be retained for the duration of the franchise but will work different routes (including, but not limited to, West Wales services), with the 230s and Mark 4 sets also being retained and remaining on the routes they will work from their date of introduction on TfW Rail services.
|Trainset||Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built||In Service|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|InterCity 225||Mark 4||Coach||140||225||-||12||North to south inter-city service: Holyhead-Cardiff Central||1989-1992||2020|
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||-||3|
|Diesel multiple units|
|CAF Civity||197||DMU||100||161||2||51||From 2020 to TBC||2021-23|
|Diesel-electric multiple units|
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|769/0 & 769/4 Flex||BMU||100||161||4||9||Valley Lines||2017-19||2020[nb 1]|
|Tri-mode multiple units|
|Stadler FLIRT||756||TMU||100||161||3||7||Services between Caerphilly/Coryton to Penarth||TBC||2023|
|4||17||Services between Rhymney to Barry Island/Bridgend via VoG|
|Stadler Citylink||398||Tram-train||TBC||3||36||Services to Treherbert, Aberdare and Merthyr Tydfil||TBC||2022-23|
Company number: 11389531
Darganfod hyd a lled rhwydwaith Trafnidiaeth Cymru. [Find out the full extent of the Transport for Wales network].
Four bidders have been selected to progress to the next stage in the procurement process to operate rail services in Wales and the Borders from October 2018 as well take forward key aspects of the next stage of Metro.
The firm that runs most of Wales' rail network has pulled out of the contest to continue running it from 2018. Arriva has said Arriva Trains Wales was "no longer participating in the Wales and Borders competition", adding it had "not been an easy decision".
One of the three remaining bidders for the next Wales and Borders rail franchise has pulled out. Abellio Rail Cymru (ARC) said it had been unable to overcome the collapse of its partner construction company, Carillion. Its exit from the process leaves just MTR and Keolis Amey bidding to run the franchise, which will operate the South Wales Metro.
A £5bn contract to run Wales' rail service for the next 15 years has been awarded to two European firms, who will run it jointly. France's Keolis and Spanish-owned Amey's bid triumphed over a rival offer from Hong Kong's MTR commuter railways. It will also drive forward the south Wales Metro in Cardiff and the valleys.
overhead electric, battery and diesel