1 April 2016 - 31 March 2023
|Main route(s)||North West England, Yorkshire and Humber, North East England, Scotland|
|Fleet size||61 units|
|National Rail abbreviation||TP|
TransPennine Express (legally known as First Transpennine Express Ltd) , often abbreviated to TPE, is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup operating the TransPennine Express franchise. It runs regional and intercity rail services between the major cities of Northern England and Scotland.
The franchise operates all its services to and through Manchester covering three main routes. The service provides rail links for major towns and cities such as Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Sheffield, Hull, Leeds, York, Scarborough, Middlesbrough and Newcastle.
TransPennine Express runs trains 24 hours a day, including through New Year's Eve night. Trains run between York, Leeds and Manchester Airport at least every three hours every night of the week. The franchise operates 51 three-carriage Class 185 diesel units and 10 four-carriage Class 350 electric units. It is planned most of the fleet will be replaced by 44 new-built five-carriage units by the end of 2019, in addition to retaining a number of Class 185 DMUs.
The TransPennine Express brand was launched in the early 1990s by British Rail's Regional Railways sector. It became part of Regional Railways North East and on 2 March 1997 was privatised with Northern Spirit and its successor, Arriva Trains Northern maintaining the brand.
In 2000, the Strategic Rail Authority announced that it planned to reorganise the North West Regional Railways and Regional Railways North East franchises operated by First North Western and Arriva Trains Northern. A TransPennine Express franchise would be created for the long-distance regional services, the remaining services being operated by a new Northern franchise.
In July 2003, the TransPennine franchise was awarded to a joint venture between FirstGroup and Keolis, and the services operated by Arriva Trains Northern and First North Western were transferred to First TransPennine Express on 1 February 2004. On 11 November 2007, the services from Manchester to Edinburgh and Glasgow via the West Coast Main Line formerly operated by Virgin CrossCountry were transferred to First TransPennine Express.
In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced FirstGroup, Keolis/Go-Ahead and Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the next franchise. In December 2015, FirstGroup was awarded the franchise with TransPennine Express taking over on 1 April 2016. The franchise will run until 31 March 2023 with an option to extend for two years.
As part of a recasting of the franchise map by the Department for Transport, services from Manchester Airport to Blackpool North, Manchester Airport to Barrow in Furness and Oxenholme to Windermere were transferred to the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016.
The TransPennine Express routes are subdivided into three operations:
Details of each route, including maps and timetables, are on the TransPennine Express official website (see External links, below). In May 2018, following the transfer of the Manchester to Huddersfield Northern stopping service to TPE, regular services ceased between some of the intermediate Pennine stations, most daytime services either stopped at Mossley and Slaithwaite, or Greenfield and Marsden. Following the December 2018 timetable change, however, regular services resumed between Marsden and Slathwaite.
The following services run regularly, Mondays to Saturdays (Sunday service is similar except where noted), with frequencies in trains per hour (tph):
|Manchester Airport to Middlesbrough||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Dewsbury, Leeds, York, Thirsk, Northallerton, Yarm, Thornaby||185|
|Manchester Airport to Newcastle||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Leeds, York, Darlington (1tp2h), Durham||185 or 802|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Newcastle||1||Newton-le-Willows, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Leeds, York, Northallerton, Darlington, Durham, Chester-le-Street (1tp2h)|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Scarborough||1||Lea Green, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Leeds, York, Malton, Seamer||185 or 68 & Mark 5A|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Hull||1||Stalybridge, Mossley, Huddersfield, Dewsbury, Leeds, Garforth, Selby, Brough||185|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Huddersfield||1||Stalybridge, Mossley (irregular), Greenfield, Marsden, Slaithwaite|
|Huddersfield to Leeds||1||Deighton, Mirfield, Ravensthorpe, Dewsbury, Batley, Morley, Cottingley|
|Manchester Airport to Cleethorpes||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Stockport, Sheffield, Meadowhall Interchange, Doncaster, Scunthorpe, Barnetby, Habrough (1tp2h), Grimsby Town
Trains reverse at Manchester Piccadilly.
|TransPennine North West & TransPennine Scotland|
|Manchester Airport to Glasgow Central||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Bolton[a], Preston, Lancaster, Oxenholme Lake District[b], Penrith[b], Carlisle, Lockerbie[b], Motherwell
||350 or 397|
|Manchester Airport to Edinburgh Waverley||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Bolton[a], Preston, Lancaster, Oxenholme Lake District[b], Penrith[b], Carlisle, Lockerbie[b], Haymarket.|
Trains from Liverpool-Newcastle will extend to Edinburgh via the East Coast Main Line, calling at Morpeth and giving 2tph from Leeds-Edinburgh together with an hourly CrossCountry service from December 2019.
Direct Liverpool to Glasgow services via the West Coast Main Line are expected to be reintroduced at the December 2019 timetable change. Also at the December 2019 timetable change, the current Manchester Airport to Middlesbrough service will be extended to run to and from Redcar Central on an hourly basis.
TransPennine Express inherited a fleet of four Class 170 and 51 Class 185 DMUs as well as ten Class 350/4 EMUs from First Keolis TransPennine Express, although the Class 170s left for Chiltern Railways to be converted to Class 168s shortly afterwards. After the new rolling stock has been delivered, 22 Class 185 units will be returned to Eversholt Rail Group, whilst the Class 350s are due to transfer to West Midlands Trains after the Class 397 units enter service in late 2019.
All new trains in the Nova fleet have now entered service. The Nova 3 sets (Class 68 + Mark 5A coaches) were the first of do this on 24 August 2019. This was followed by the Nova 1 sets (Class 802 units) on 28 September 2019 and finally the Nova 2 sets (Class 397 units) on 30 November 2019. TPE officially launched the Nova fleet on 22 November at Liverpool Lime Street station.
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Routes operated||Built|
|Diesel multiple units|
|Class 185 Desiro||DMU||100||160||51||3||North TransPennine & South TransPennine||2005–06|
|Electric multiple units|
|Class 350/4 Desiro||EMU||110||177||6||4||TransPennine North West||2013–14|
|Class 397 Civity/
|EMU||125||200||12||5||Transpennine North West||2017–|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|Class 68||Diesel locomotive||100||160||14||5||
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|Class 802/2 AT300/
Former units operated by TransPennine Express include:
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Notes||Built||Left Fleet|
|170/3 Turbostar||DMU||100||160||4||2||Transferred to Chiltern Railways||2000||2016|
|350/4 Desiro||EMU||110||177||4||4||Transferred to West Midlands Trains||2013||2019|
TransPennine Express services run over a large area of northern England and southern Scottish Lowlands. Many of the largest stations they serve are managed by other train operating companies or Network Rail.
Some stations from the former TransPennine Express franchise (First Keolis) were transferred to Northern. These include Arnside, Barrow-in-Furness, Birchwood, Burneside, Carnforth, Grange-over-Sands, Kendal, Staveley, Ulverston, Warrington Central and Windermere.
Siemens maintains the Class 185 and 350 fleets at Ardwick depot in Manchester with a smaller facility in York. Scottish stabling points for both stock include Corkerhill C.S.M.D. (Glasgow) and Craigentinny T.&R.S.M.D. (Edinburgh). Hitachi will maintain the AT300 fleet at Doncaster Carr and Craigentinny. The new EMUs and loco-hauled sets will be maintained by Alstom, on behalf of TransPennine Express, at Longsight (Manchester), Edge Hill (Liverpool) and Polmadie (Glasgow).
TransPennine Express have depots for its train crews at Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Airport (conductors), York, Newcastle, Scarborough, Hull, Cleethorpes, Sheffield, Preston, Liverpool and Glasgow Central.