Tranatocetus
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Tranatocetus

Tranatocetus
Temporal range: Late Miocene, 9.6-8 Ma
Tranatocetus argillarius.jpg
Tranatocetus argillarius holotype at the Geological Museum in Copenhagen
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Infraorder: Cetacea
Family: +Tranatocetidae
Genus: +Tranatocetus
Gol'din and Steeman, 2015
Type species
+Tranatocetus argillarius
(Roth, 1978)
Synonyms

Mesocetus argillarius Roth, 1978

Tranatocetus is an extinct genus of mysticete from the late Miocene (Tortonian) of Jutland, Denmark. The type and only species is Tranatocetus argillarius.

Description

Skull of the holotype specimen

Tranatocetus is similar to "Aulocetus" latus, "Cetotherium" megalophysum, "Cetotherium" vandelli, Mesocetus, and Mixocetus in having rostral bones that override the frontals and contact the parietals, nasals dividing the maxillae on the vertex, a dorsoventrally bent occipital shield with a more horizontal anterior portion and more vertical posterior portion, and a tympanic bulla with short, narrow anterior portion with rounded or squared anterior end and wider and higher posterior portion that is particularly swollen in the posteroventral area. Like other tranatocetids, the skull vertex of Tranatocetus is X-shaped in dorsal view. However, Tranatocetus differs in having a wide skull with laterally expanded squamosals, straight ascending processes of maxillae which extend parallel to each other (rather than tapering and converging posteriorly), small lateral projection of the posterior meatal crest on the posterolateral side of the postglenoid process and paroccipital processes extending far posterior to the occipital condyles.[1]

Classification

Tranatocetus was originally classified as a member of the thalassothere family Tranatocetidae, which includes a number of mysticetes more closely related to Balaenopteroidea than to Cetotheriidae.

When first described, Tranatocetus was erected as a new species of Mesocetus, M. argillarius.[2] However, a detailed redescription of this species found it to be generically distinct from Mesocetus proper, necessitating its recognition as a new genus.[1]

The phylogenetic analysis conducted by Marx et al. (2019) recovered Tranatocetus deeply nested within the family Cetotheriidae, as sister taxon to Metopocetus.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Gol'din, Pavel; Steeman, Mette Elstrup (2015). "From Problem Taxa to Problem Solver: A New Miocene Family, Tranatocetidae, Brings Perspective on Baleen Whale Evolution". PLOS ONE. 10 (9): e0135500. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135500. PMC 4558012. PMID 26331471.
  2. ^ Roth, Flemming (1978). "Mesocetus argillarius sp.n. (Cetacea, Mysticeti) from Upper Miocene of Denmark, with Remarks on the Lower Jaw and the Echolocation System in Whale Phytogeny". Zoologica Scripta. 7 (1-4): 63-79. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.1978.tb00589.x.
  3. ^ Felix G. Marx; Klaas Post; Mark Bosselaers; Dirk K. Munsterman (2019). "A large Late Miocene cetotheriid (Cetacea, Mysticeti) from the Netherlands clarifies the status of Tranatocetidae". PeerJ. 7: e6426. doi:10.7717/peerj.6426. PMC 6377596. PMID 30783574.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Tranatocetus
 



 



 
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