Tony Robinson
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Tony Robinson

Tony Robinson
Tony Robinson.jpg
Robinson in March 2009
Anthony Robinson

(1946-08-15) 15 August 1946 (age 73)
Homerton, London, England
OccupationActor, comedian, author, presenter, political activist
Years active1971-present
  • Barbara Henshall
    (m. 1969; div. 1973)
  • Louise Hobbs (m. 2011)
Mary Shepherd
(c. 1970s; sep. 1992)

Sir Anthony Robinson (born 15 August 1946) is an English actor, comedian, author, presenter and political activist. He played Baldrick in the BBC television series Blackadder and has hosted several historical documentaries including the Channel 4 programmes Time Team and The Worst Jobs in History. Robinson was a member of the Labour Party and has served on its National Executive Committee. He has also written 16 children's books.

Early life

Robinson attended Woodford Green Preparatory School and Wanstead County High grammar school.[2][3] He passed four O-levels (English Language, English Literature, History, and Geography) and went on to study for A-levels, but did not complete them and decided to study at a drama school instead.[4] Too young to attend the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Robinson enrolled at the Central School of Speech and Drama in 1963, graduating in 1966[5]

Robinson had his first acting role at the age of 13, as a member of Fagin's gang in the original production of the musical Oliver!, including a stint as the Artful Dodger when the boy playing the role failed to turn up.[4][6][7] Over the next five years, he appeared in a number of West End shows, in film, and on television. Tony has Jewish ancestry.[8][9][10]

Acting career

Early career

After drama school, he spent four years in repertory theatre[11] most notably at the West Yorkshire Playhouse in Leeds. Robinson won an Arts Council bursary to work as a director at the Midlands Arts Centre, Birmingham, and founded the Avon Touring Company, a Bristol-based community theatre company, with writer David Illingworth.[11] He played a small role as student doctor Grace in the 1972-73 series of Doctor In Charge.

Robinson appeared in the 1974-75 season at Chichester Festival Theatre, as Angel Chicago in the nativity musical Follow The Star. In the 1975 season, he appeared as Hovstad in Henrik Ibsen's Enemy of the People. In 1976, he appeared as Feste in Twelfth Night, and as Majorin in Monsieur Perrichon's Travels.[11]

In 1972, Robinson starred in the children's educational programme Sam on Boffs' Island and was later a presenter on Play Away.[12] He also appeared in the award-winning Horizon documentary Joey, and in the title role in the BBC production of The Miracle of Brother Humphrey. He also had a minor part in the film Brannigan starring John Wayne.[11] He was also one of the team in the Channel 4 comedy/satirical series Who Dares Wins in the early/mid-1980s.

Blackadder period (1983-89)

Robinson came to prominence in 1983 for his role in the British historical sitcom Blackadder, as Edmund Blackadder's dogsbody Baldrick. In the first series, broadcast as The Black Adder, he was quite astute, while his master was an idiot. Later series (Blackadder II, Blackadder the Third, Blackadder Goes Forth) moved the duo through history and switched the relationship: the Edmund Blackadder of Blackadder II was a brilliant schemer, whereas Baldrick had devolved into a buffoon whose catchphrase was "I have a cunning plan" (which he rarely had).

In addition to his acting on Blackadder, Robinson also wrote and narrated several Jackanory-style children's programmes, encouraged by Richard Curtis.[13] Programmes in this style included Tales From Fat Tulip's Garden (continued in Fat Tulip Too), Odysseus: The Greatest Hero of Them All (a retelling of the Iliad and the Odyssey) and Blood and Honey (tales from the Old Testament, filmed on location).

Robinson also performed within the BBC Radio 4 comedy Delve Special (1984-87), written by Tony Sarchet.

After Blackadder (1989-99)

After Blackadder, Robinson became the narrator and one of the lead actors for the British animated series Nellie the Elephant, based on the song of the same name. The series ran from 1989-91 and was screened on Children's ITV.

He also provided voice-over for the cartoon short Free-Ranger, an English child-scripted arts-funded production in 1989. Robinson also presented the early-Saturday evening series Stay Tooned for BBC 1, which featured a selection of classic Warner Brothers and MGM cartoons. In 1989, after attending a pantomime at Tyndale Baptist Church, Bristol, which was based on the Robin Hood story but featuring Maid Marian as the lead role, he created the children's comedy series Maid Marian and her Merry Men, a loose retelling of the legend of Robin Hood in which he appeared as the Sheriff of Nottingham. Four series were broadcast on BBC1 from 1989-94. In 1990 he appeared as "Shlomo Denkoviz" in an episode of Bergerac, entitled "My Name's Sergeant Bergerac" (Series 8, Episode 2).

Also in 1994, Robinson played a minor part in an episode of the television series Minder, called "One Flew Over the Parents' Nest" and in which he played a character called "Willie the Weed".


In 1999, Robinson returned to star as Baldrick in a one-off short film in the Blackadder series, made to celebrate the new millennium. Entitled Blackadder: Back & Forth, it was screened in the Millennium Dome throughout 2000 and was later aired on BBC One in 2002.

Robinson also contributed the voiceover for the television series Airline screened from 1999 and focusing on the daily routine of EasyJet staff at a selection of airports. The series was made for ITV and is often repeated today on Sky Real Lives, Sky 1, Sky 2, Sky 3 (now Pick TV) and ITV2. Robinson worked as the narrator for six of the remaining nine series until 2006 when it ended.

Tony Robinson's Cunning Night Out, a largely improvised stage show, followed in early 2005 and included a mix of the many themes from his career for which Robinson is famous.

In addition to telling his own stories, Robinson narrated the abridged audiobook versions of Terry Pratchett's Discworld novels. Nigel Planer, Celia Imrie and Stephen Briggs narrated the unabridged versions. He also provided the voicing for several characters in the videogame Discworld. He followed on this Discworld work by playing a role in the live action television dramatisation of Hogfather, broadcast on Sky over the Christmas season in 2006.

Robinson also presented Classic FM's Friendly Guide to Classical Music which aired on a Sunday at 4pm. The whole 16-episode series was repeated on 26 December 2006. He revealed on the BBC Radio 2 feature "Tracks of My Years" that his favourite songs are: "I Can Help" by Billy Swan, "Bleeding Love" by Leona Lewis, "Chasing Cars" by Snow Patrol, "Beautiful" by Christina Aguilera, "Unfinished Sympathy" by Massive Attack, "Tangled Up In Blue" by Bob Dylan, "Shoulda Woulda Coulda" by Beverley Knight, "This Woman's Work" by Maxwell, "He's So Fine" by the Chiffons and "Falling Slowly" by the Frames.

In 2007, Robinson narrated television advertisements for Honda, in the humorous style of Tales From Fat Tulip's Garden. The advertisements feature plastic cars with expressive faces (similar to Thomas the Tank Engine). He also did voiceovers for cleaning products Domestos and Vanish from 2007-09. Also in 2007, Robinson visited 30 towns in Britain and Ireland with his one-man show, A Cunning Night Out. This was later released on DVD.

In July 2009, he appeared in the light-hearted BBC1 series Hotel Babylon as a sly hit-man named Arthur Barnes. The character is knocked unconscious by a flying bottle expertly lobbed by the hotel manager during a showdown in the lobby.[14]


In September 2013, Sir Jonathan Miller directed the Gala Performance of William Shakespeare's King Lear at the Old Vic in London, in which Robinson played the Fool.[15]

In 2014, he played the title role in a touring production of The Hypochondriac, Richard Bean's new translation of Molière's Le malade imaginaire, directed by Lindsay Posner.[16]

History presenter

Beginnings and Time Team (1994-2001)

Tony Robinson (left), Mick Aston and Guy de la Bédoyère on a Time Team shoot in 2007.

In 1994, Robinson began presenting Time Team, a TV programme devoted to archaeological investigations limited to three days (the outcome was never guaranteed, varying from spectacular to disappointing). The series spanned 20 years, and included 59 one-off specials, which paved the way for his later history presenting career. In 2005, Exeter University conferred an honorary doctorate on Robinson, and honorary professorships on principal presenter Mick Aston and producer Tim Taylor, to reflect its great appreciation for what Time Team has done for the public understanding of archaeology in the UK.[17] In the 2011 episode "Hitler's Island Fortress", Robinson described himself as an amateur archaeologist.

Broader history presenting (2001-2012)

From 2001, Robinson branched out into other history documentary series, including the series Fact or Fiction (which debunked historical myths and gave the true story), followed by Romans in 2003 and the highly successful The Worst Jobs in History in 2006, researching and re-enacting some of the more horrible jobs of the past millennium. He also took this show on tour around the country along with an autobiographical question and answer session. This first series was followed by The Worst Christmas Jobs in History in December 2005 and then a second series of The Worst Jobs in History on Channel 4 in April 2006.

Following this, he presented one-off specials such as Britain's Real Monarch (2004) and The Real Da Vinci Code (2005).

With Channel 4 Robinson presented Tony Robinson's Crime and Punishment, Catastrophe and Man on Earth focusing on humanity's struggle with climate change in the past 200,000 years. Unexplained with Tony Robinson was first broadcast on Channel 4 in December 2008. In this series, Robinson investigates paranormal phenomena combining the fields of archaeology, parapsychology, history and spiritualism to investigate paranormal evidence. He also presented The Doomsday Code in 2008.

From 1 September 2010, Robinson hosted a series on the National Geographic Channel called Birth of Britain which was repeated on Channel 4 beginning in January 2011.[18] In 2011 he also presented Gods and Monsters.

Tony Robinson Explores Australia was first broadcast in the first half of 2012. Filmed in High Definition, the series roughly follows a chronology from the earliest sightings of Terra Australis Incognita through to the present with each era defined by a theme rather than equal blocks of time.[19]

From 10 September 2012, Robinson hosted a series on History Channel called Tony Robinson's Time Walks. The series uncovers stories that shaped the character of various cities and suburbs around Australia, including Fremantle, Melbourne, Hobart, Woolloomooloo, Bendigo, Newcastle, Carlton, Brisbane, St Kilda, Adelaide, Canberra, Kalgoorlie, Townsville and Launceston. He also went to Christchurch, New Zealand.[20] In 2015, Robinson continued his history presenting in Australia with "Tour of Duty", again on History Channel.

During October 2012, it was announced that Time Team would be cancelled after nearly 20 years on television. Tara Conlan from The Guardian called the show "television history". When talking about the successful run of the show, Robinson said "Not many performers are given the privilege of featuring in two iconic TV series--but I've been lucky." The show's ratings were falling, causing Channel 4 to pursue an alternative "innovative" approach to historical documentary programming.[21]

Post-Time Team and historical walking shows (2012-present)

Between 2012 and 2014, Robinson presented a series of programmes for Channel 4 called Walking Through History. It featured Robinson hiking through iconic British landscapes, including the Cairngorms, the Jurassic Coast and Stonehenge. At least 16 hour-long episodes were aired, in four series.[22] A further three-part series called Britain's Ancient Tracks with Tony Robinson was shown on Channel 4 in 2016. A second four-part series of Britain's Ancient Tracks aired in 2017.[23]

In 2014, Robinson presented a history of The Great War titled Tony Robinson's World War 1. He also presented The Real Mill, revealing the true history to the Channel 4 series, The Mill.[24]

In 2015, Robinson presented an hour-long programme for Discovery TV, Tony Robinson's Wild West, in which he attempted to uncover the reality of America's Wild West in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Featuring such key figures as Wyatt Earp, Geronimo and Buffalo Bill,[25] it included artefacts and stereographic images. Also in 2015 he hosted a short-lived programme Time Crashers.

In 2016 he hosted Hidden Britain By Drone, exploring parts of Britain only accessible by drone. A second series ran in 2018.[26]

In February 2017, Robinson hosted his self-titled Channel Five programme Tony Robinson: Coast to Coast.[27]

In 2018 Robinson continued his work with Channel Five presenting Britain's Great Cathedrals where he uncovers the history behind six of Britain's best cathedrals.[26] He also presented a two-part series on Ancient Egypt called Egyptian Tomb Hunting.[28]

In March 2019 he premiered Around the World by Train with Tony Robinson on Channel 5 where he travelled to Australia and Asia by rail.[29][30] In June 2019, Robinson presented a four-part series on Channel 5 titled The Thames: Britain's Great River with Tony Robinson where he walks the River Thames from source to the mouth.[31][32]

Politics and charity work

From 1996 to 2000, Robinson was vice-president of the actors' union Equity, helping with a huge restructuring programme which turned a £500,000 deficit into a small surplus.[33] He continues to work within Equity. In 2000 he was elected to the Labour Party's National Executive Committee, a position he held to 2004.[13]

Robinson was also active in the "Make Poverty History" campaign during early 2005, in the lead-up to the G8 summit in Scotland, and is the patron for UK-based charity Street Child Africa.

In March 2011, Robinson participated in the "March for the Alternative" protests in Central London, which opposed the Conservative led Coalition UK Government's spending cuts programme.[34]

Robinson is honorary president of the Young Archaeologists' Club of the Council for British Archaeology.[35] Robinson has shown his support for the Burma Campaign UK, an NGO that aims to highlight human rights violations in Myanmar under the State Peace and Development Council.

Robinson is a patron of older people's charity Alive, saying that the organisation is "at the forefront of promoting stimulating activities which help improve the quality of life of people in care". Alive work to transform the residential care sector, so that older people's mental, social and emotional wellbeing is prioritised alongside their physical care.

On 23 June 2018 Robinson appeared at the People's Vote march in London to mark the second anniversary of the referendum to leave the European Union. People's Vote is a campaign group calling for a public vote on the final Brexit deal between the UK and the European Union.[36]

On 3 May 2019, Robinson announced that he had left the Labour Party.[37]

Personal life

Robinson was first married in 1969 to Barbara ("Bardy") Henshall,[38] and divorced four years later. His partner from the late 1970s until 1992 was Mary Shepherd, with whom he had two children (Laura and Luke). He married his second wife, Louise Hobbs, in 2011.

He is a fan of EFL Championship club Bristol City F.C.[39] Robinson is a fan of the rock band Genesis and provided sleeve notes for the reissue of the album The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway as part of the Genesis 1970-1975 box set.[40]

Robinson was knighted in the 2013 Birthday Honours for public and political service.[41][42]

In 2006 he appeared in Tony Robinson: Me and My Mum, a documentary surrounding his decision to find a nursing home for his mother, and the difficulty he had doing so. The documentary showed his mother's death in the home. It also featured stories from other families in similar situations. It appeared as part of Channel 4's short series of programmes titled The Trouble with Old People.

In late 2009, he was invited to be guest speaker at the Pride of Craegmoor Awards, where he gave a speech about his time with his mother and finding a care home. He then went on to give the prizes to Craegmoor's Shining Star and Leading Light. In January 2016, he described Alzheimer's as "one of the last great medical terrors" and announced he would be leaving money to the Alzheimer's Society in his will.[43]

Honours and awards

Selected filmography


  • Odysseus: The Greatest Hero of Them All (1986) co-written by Richard Curtis [children's book]
  • Maid Marian and Her Merry Men (1989) [children's book]
  • Odysseus Superhero (1996) co-written by Amanda Robinson and Richard Curtis [children's book]
  • The Hutchinson Book of Kings and Queens of England (1999) illustrated by Posy Simmonds, Babette Cole and Nicholas Allan [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's History of Australia: From Hew Holland to Neighbours (2001) [travel book]
  • Tony Robinson's Kings and Queens (2001) illustrated by Tony Robinson [children's book]
  • Archaeology is Rubbish: A Beginner's Guide (2002) co-written by Michael Aston
  • In Search of British Heroes (2003) [biography]
  • The Worst Jobs in History (2005) illustrated by Mike Phillips [children's book]
  • Bad Kids: The Worst-Behaved Children in History (2009) illustrated by Mike Phillips [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Bad Kids: The Naughtiest Children in History (2011) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! Romans (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! Egyptians (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! British (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders! Greeks (2012) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders - World War II (2013) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders: Inventions: A World Book Day Book (2013) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Skulduggery (2014) illustrated by Jamie Smith [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders: Pets (2015) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]
  • Tony Robinson: No Cunning Plan (2016) [autobiography]
  • Tony Robinson's Weird World of Wonders Joke Book (2017) illustrated by Del Thorpe [children's book]


  1. ^ "Tony Robinson". Desert Island Discs. 3 July 2011. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ Sutton, Dominic (17 June 2013). "86-year-old keep fit instructor recognised in Queen's Birthday Honours list". East London and West Essex Guardian. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ Wanstead High, history of our school. Retrieved 16 May 2015
  4. ^ a b "Biography". Unofficial Tony Robinson Website. Retrieved 2010.
  5. ^ Scott, James (9 February 2017). "Sir Tony Robinson digs deep for Royal Central School of Speech and Drama ground-breaking ceremony". Ham & High Education.
  6. ^ Mayer, Chloë. "Exclusive interview: Tony Robinson on his Hackney past".
  7. ^ "Credits for Oliver! (Original London Production, 1960) - 11 O'Clock Number". Archived from the original on 21 December 2016.
  8. ^ Tony Robinson - NNDB Robinson. Born: 15-Aug-1946. Birthplace: London ... Occupation: Actor. Nationality: England Executive ... Jewish Ancestry. TELEVISION My Wonderful Life ...
  9. ^ BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The history bloke Jun 29, 2006 - Tony Robinson talks about family history and life after Baldrick. ... "In my own case, people have always said that I looked Jewish, and my dad was beaten up by the Fascists ... If they'd had ancestry websites in Nazi Germany in the 1930s, ... "By the time I started the first Blackadder I'd already been acting for ...
  10. ^ 'Whoever would have thought that archives could be sexy?' - Telegraph Apr 24, 2006 - Tony Robinson has discovered a family history colourful enough for the plot of ... The actor, unearthed first as Baldrick in Blackadder, but now ... the internet genealogy company and Nick Barratt, The ... "And another thing: people have always said to me throughout my life 'Are you Jewish?'
  11. ^ a b c d Chichester Festival Theatre programme 1976
  12. ^ Cult Classics, BBC TV
  13. ^ a b "Tony Robinson's Cunning Plan". BBC News. 26 May 2000. Retrieved 2010.
  14. ^ "BBC1 Programmes - Hotel Babylon Episode 3: 'The team joins a treasure hunt around the hotel.'". Retrieved 2010.
  15. ^ "The Old Vic | King Lear". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ "The Hypochondriac--What's On--Theatre Royal Bath". Theatre Royal Bath. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Honorary degree for Time Team's Tony Robinson Archived 31 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Exeter University, conferral 25 July 2005
  18. ^ "Birth of Britain". Channel 4. 31 January 2011.
  19. ^ * Tony Robinson Explores Australia Archived 16 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Tony Robinson's Time Walks". History Channel on Foxtel. 10 September 2012. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013.
  21. ^ Conlan, Tara (19 October 2012). "Channel 4 consigns Time Team to TV history". The Guardian. London.
  22. ^ "Walking through history". Retrieved 2014.
  23. ^ "Britain's Ancient Tracks with Tony Robinson: Britain's Ancient Tracks with Tony Robinson - Episode Guide".
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Tony Robinson rides the real Wild West: The badlands are extraordinary". Radio Times. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ a b c "Hidden Britain by Drone: Hidden Britain by Drone".
  27. ^ Knox, Constance (27 March 2017). "Actor Sir Tony Robinson on Channel 5's Coast To Coast". Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ a b
  29. ^ "Knight joins cunning plan to release turtle". 9 October 2018.
  30. ^
  31. ^ "The Last Word with Tony Robinson". 4 August 2018.
  32. ^ a b
  33. ^ "Tony Robinson". Absolute Speakers. Archived from the original on 8 April 2005. Retrieved 2010.
  34. ^ "Hundreds from borough rally for central London march on Saturday (From Times Series)". 30 March 2011. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012.
  35. ^ "Young Archaeologists' Club". 22 March 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  36. ^ Staff writer (23 June 2018). "'At least 100,000' march for vote on final Brexit deal". Sky News. Retrieved 2018.
  37. ^ Stone, Jon (3 May 2019). "Baldrick actor Tony Robinson quits Labour over 'complete s***' Corbyn'". The Independent. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ Robinson, Tony (15 June 2017). No Cunning Plan. Pan Macmillan. pp. 71, 76, 108. ISBN 978-1-5098-1549-4.
  39. ^ "Bristol City: Blackadder's Sir Tony Robinson smiling at Robins success". BBC Sport. 16 April 2015.
  40. ^ "The famous fans of Genesis". The Times. London. 2 November 2008.
  41. ^ "No. 60534". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 June 2013. p. 2.
  42. ^ "Birthday Honours: Adele joins Blackadder stars on list". BBC. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  43. ^ "Sir Tony Robinson: 'Don't let dementia decide your family's future...'". Alzheimer's Society. Retrieved 2018.
  44. ^ "Tony Robinson awarded honorary Master of Arts from". UEL. 1 November 2002. Archived from the original on 22 November 2007. Retrieved 2010.
  45. ^ "Tony Robinson honoured by Open University". Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  46. ^ "Doctorate for Time Team presenter". BBC News. 15 July 2005. Retrieved 2010.
  47. ^ "Honorary graduates for 2006". 31 August 2006. Archived from the original on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 2010.
  48. ^ "Tony Robinson is receiving a Doctor of Science". 4 November 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  49. ^ 2013 Birthday honours list The Independent, 14 June 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2019
  50. ^ Petrie, Calum. "Sir Tony Robinson collects honorary degree from Aberdeen University". Press and Journal. Retrieved 2019.
  51. ^ "Fact or Fiction".
  52. ^ "The Worst Jobs in History".
  53. ^ "Tony Robinson: Coast to Coast".
  54. ^ "Britain's Great Cathedrals with Tony Robinson".
  55. ^ "Around The World By Train With Tony Robinson". Channel 5. Retrieved 2019.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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