Toden Arakawa Line
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Toden Arakawa Line
Toden Arakawa Line
Tokyo Sakura Tram symbol.svg
Toei 8809 Arakawa-shako-mae 2014-09-08.jpg
A Toei 8800 series tram at Arakawa-shakomae in September 2014
Overview
Other name(s)Tokyo Sakura Tram
Native name
TypeLight rail and streetcar
LocaleTokyo
TerminiWaseda
Minowabashi
Stations30
Operation
Opened1974
OwnerTokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei)
Technical
Line length12.2 km (7.6 mi)
Track gauge Scotch Gauge
Electrification600 V DC overhead catenary

The Toden Arakawa Line (, Toden Arakawa-sen), branded as the Tokyo Sakura Tram (, T?ky? Sakura Toramu),[1] is a hybrid light rail/tram line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei). The Arakawa Line is the sole survivor of Tokyo's once-extensive Tokyo Toden streetcar system, but it is not the only tram line in Tokyo, as the privately owned Tokyu Setagaya Line is also classified as a streetcar (?, romen densha).

Station list

All stations are located in Tokyo.

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
SA-01 Minowabashi ? - 0.0 H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (Minowa: H-19) Arakawa
SA-02 Arakawa-itchumae 0.3 0.3  
SA-03 Arakawa-kuyakushomae 0.3 0.6  
SA-04 Arakawa-nichome 0.4 1.0  
SA-05 Arakawa-nanachome 0.4 1.4  
SA-06 Machiya-ekimae ? 0.4 1.8
SA-07 Machiya-nichome 0.4 2.2  
SA-08 Higashi-ogu-sanchome 0.3 2.5  
SA-09 Kumanomae 0.6 3.1 NT Nippori-Toneri Liner (NT04)
SA-10 Miyanomae 0.4 3.5  
SA-11 Odai 0.3 3.8  
SA-12 Arakawa-yuenchimae 0.3 4.1  
SA-13 Arakawa-shakomae 0.5 4.6  
SA-14 Kajiwara 0.4 5.0   Kita
SA-15 Sakaecho 0.5 5.5  
SA-16 Oji-ekimae ? 0.5 6.0
SA-17 Asukayama 0.5 6.5  
SA-18 Takinogawa-itchome 0.4 6.9  
SA-19 Nishigahara-yonchome 0.4 7.3  
SA-20 Shin-koshinzuka ? 0.4 7.7 I Toei Mita Line (Nishi-sugamo: I-16) Toshima
SA-21 Koshinzuka 0.2 7.9  
SA-22 Sugamoshinden ? 0.5 8.4  
SA-23 Otsuka-ekimae ? 0.5 8.9 JY Yamanote Line (?tsuka: JY12)
SA-24 Mukohara 0.5 9.4  
SA-25 Higashi-ikebukuro-yonchome 0.6 10.0 Y Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line (Higashi-ikebukuro: Y-10)
SA-26 Toden-zoshigaya 0.2 10.2  
SA-27 Kishibojimmae 0.5 10.7 F Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (Zoshigaya: F-10)
SA-28 Gakushuinshita ? 0.5 11.2  
SA-29 Omokagebashi 0.5 11.7   Shinjuku
SA-30 Waseda 0.5 12.2  

Rolling stock

Former rolling stock

History

A tram near Asukayama Station in 1985.

The line was originally constructed by the Oji Electric Tram Company (, ?ji-denki-kid?) as a part of their extensive network, with the oldest section still operating today opened in 1913. The line was at threat of being shut down along with the rest of Tokyo's streetcar system in the 1960s, but concerted opposition from residents prevented this and parts of lines 27 (Minowabashi-Akabane) and 32 (Arakawa-Waseda) were merged to form the line as it is today. The line was sold to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation in 1974, which renamed it the Toden Arakawa Line.

The Toden Arakawa Line operates between the terminals at Minowabashi Station and Waseda Station. It runs along Meiji Street between Asuka-yama Station and Oji Eki-mae Station. Otherwise, it operates on its own tracks. Presently, single driver-operated cars make the 12.2 km trip in 50 minutes. The gauge is . The line is fully double-track, and draws 600 V electrical supply.

Two Toden Arakawa trams (one in revenue service, the other undergoing brake testing) collided on June 13, 2006 near the Minowabashi terminus, injuring 27 people.

Sights

A Toden Arakawa line tram, near Kishibojinmae Station

The Toden Arakawa Line operates in northern and eastern Tokyo outside the main tourist areas. The terminus at Minowabashi is near the historical site of Edo's red-light district Yoshiwara which features a completely covered shopping street, several blocks long, in the once common "Ameyoko" style (a sh?tengai).

In literature

In Haruki Murakami's novel Norwegian Wood, protagonist Toru Watanabe takes the line to near ?tsuka Station: "I sat in the last seat and watched the ancient houses passing close to the window. The tram almost touched the overhanging eaves.... The tram snaked its way through this private back-alley world." [5]

References

L.W. Demery, R. Forty, R. DeGroote and J.W. Higgins, Electric Railways of Japan (Interurbans- Tramways-Metros) Vol.1: Tokyo and Northern Japan. Light Rail Transit Association, 1983.

  1. ^ ! (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ 7701? [Car 7701 enters service on Toden Arakawa Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ 8900 [8900 series enter service on Toden Arakawa Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 19 September 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ ?7000? 60? [farewell to Toden Arakawa Line 7000 series - closing the curtain on 60 years of service]. Nifty News (in Japanese). Japan: Nifty Corporation. 12 June 2017. Archived from the original on 12 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ p. 84, Vintage Books edition.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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