Timeline of the Introduction of Color Television in Countries
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Timeline of the Introduction of Color Television in Countries
Introduction of color television in countries by decade.

This is a list of when the first color television broadcasts were transmitted to the general public. Non-public field tests and closed-circuit demonstrations are not included.

Countries and territories which never had black and white television (i.e. the first broadcasts were in color), such as Antigua and Barbuda, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Dominica, Eswatini, Faroe Islands, Fiji, The Gambia, Grenada, Guyana, Laos, Liechtenstein, Macau, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tonga, Vanuatu and Zanzibar are not included in this list.

Country Year Network or channel Color system Notes
 Afghanistan 1983 RTA PAL First experimental color broadcasts in late 1977 and stalled in 1979 due to the Soviet War in Afghanistan.
 Albania 1981 RTSH PAL Color broadcasts had been available from Yugoslavia since 1971 and Italy since 1977. Frequencies have been occasionally jammed due to censorship of some programs in Albania in that time.
 Algeria 1979 RTA PAL RTA was transmitted in the older French 819-line standard System E, until 1973 when it started broadcasting in 625-line standard System B.[1]
 American Samoa 1969 KVZK-2 NTSC KVZK-2 was a National Educational Television affiliate.
 Angola 1983 TPA PAL
 Argentina 1978 LS 82 Canal 7 PAL-N Introduced for the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Regular full color transmission began at midnight on Thursday 1 May 1980. Canal 13 undertook non-public experimental transmissions in NTSC in 1969, but the project was cancelled due to lack of government approval.
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic Armenian SSR 1973 Armenia 1 SECAM/PAL First transmission was the May Day Parade in Yerevan. Full-time color transmissions since Christmas Eve 1978.
 Australia 1967 ATV-0 (now ATV-10). PAL Permanent color telecasts since Saturday, March 1, 1975. First color test broadcast on Thursday, June 15, 1967 with live coverage of the Pakenham races.[2] Many television shows were produced and broadcast in color between 1972-1974, with limited color telecasts from mid-1974 on.
 Austria 1969 ORF PAL First transmission was the Eurovision broadcast of New Year Concert from Vienna on Wednesday, January 1, 1969. Full-time color transmissions since January 15, 1975.
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic Azerbaijan SSR 1978 AzTV SECAM/PAL First color broadcasts in Azerbaijan started in 1973 using the SECAM standard. Full color service started in 1978.
 Bahamas 1983 ZNS-TV NTSC Color transmissions had been available from Miami since 1954 (WTVJ) and West Palm Beach since the late-1950s[3]
 Bahrain 1972 Bahrain TV PAL
 Bangladesh 1980 BTV PAL
 Barbados 1971 CBC NTSC
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Byelorussian SSR 1961 Belteleradio SECAM The first Soviet Bloc country and first country in Europe to introduce color television in 1961. Full color service came around 1979.
 Belize 1984 Channel 7 NTSC Color broadcasts have been available from Mexico since 1967.
 Benin 1982 OTRB PAL
 Belgium 1971 RTB/BRT PAL Color broadcasts from France (SECAM), Germany and The Netherlands (PAL) were available since 1967. Early receivers were very costly owing to multiple standards: PAL/SECAM/625 lines and monochrome/819 lines
 Bermuda 1968 ZBM-TV NTSC ZBM was an affiliate of the U.S. network CBS.
 Bolivia 1980 TV Boliviana NTSC Experimental color broadcasts began in 1977. Full-time color arrived in 1980. Color broadcasts have been available from Brazil since 1970, but were PAL.
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 1971/1972/1973-1978 Televizija Sarajevo PAL First color transmission came from Belgrade in 1971, local service began in 1972 and in 1973.
 Brazil 1972 Bandeirantes/Globo PAL-M First transmissions (unofficial and just for specific programs) were made between 1962 and 1963 in the city of São Paulo by Rede Tupi and also by Rede Excelsior, both using NTSC. Tests for the regular transmissions began in 1970 with the Mexico's FIFA World Cup, and the first official transmission was the coverage of the 12th Caxias do Sul Grape Festival on February 19, 1972. Limited color transmissions from 1973 to 1978. Full-time color transmissions since 1978.
 Bulgaria 1970 BNT SECAM Full color transmissions achieved by 1977.
 Burma 1984 MRTV NTSC The last country in Southeast Asia to introduce color television.
 Burundi 1983 RTNB SECAM
 Kampuchea 1981 National Television of Kampuchea SECAM/
PAL
Full-time color transmissions started in 1985, switched to PAL from 1991.
 Canada 1966 (CBC, SRC), CTV NTSC Officially launched in both English and French at 12:01 a.m. on July 1, 1966, at the beginning of Canada's 100th year as a nation. Color broadcasts from the United States had been available since the mid-1950s. A mandatory transition to color for all transmitters took place between 1969 and 1976 on all English and French channels. CBC began full-time color broadcasts in 1974. Full-time color officially achieved between 1976-1977.
 Central African Republic 1982 RTC SECAM
 Chad 1982 Télé Tchad SECAM
 Chile 1978 TVN, Canal 13 NTSC First transmission in color was in the 13th Viña del Mar Festival, but only for export until the 18th edition. First nationwide color show transmitted was Esta noche fiesta of Canal 13 on Monday, April 10, 1978.[4] First news report in color was shown at Teletrece on April 12, 1978.[5] Full-time color transmissions since mid 1979.
 China 1973 CCTV PAL Full-time color transmissions since 1984.
 Colombia 1979[6]/1982 Cenpro Televisión, Inravisión NTSC Test broadcasts in SECAM were held in 1966.[7] Test for the regular transmissions began in 1971 with the coverage of that year's Pan American Games held in Cali. In October 1973, when programadora Cenpro Televisión made a colour broadcast during an education seminar with Japanese-made equipment. In 1974, the inauguration of West Germany's FIFA World Cup was aired in color in closed circuit at two colosseums in Bogota and Cali.[8] Regular color transmissions since Saturday, December 1, 1979.[6] Full-time color transmissions since 1982.
 Congo (Brazzaville) 1975 TeleCongo SECAM
 Costa Rica 1973 TICA-TV NTSC
Socialist Republic of Croatia Croatia 1972 Televizija Zagreb PAL
 Cuba 1958 Tele-Color, S.A.
Tele Rebelde (1975)
NTSC Ended in 1959 as a result of the Cuban Revolution; returned in 1975.
 Cyprus 1976 CyBC SECAM
 Czechoslovakia/ Czech Republic 1973 ?ST SECAM PAL Regular colour broadcasts started on May 9, 1973 on second channel and on May 9, 1975 on first channel. Full color transition in late 1970's, switched to PAL broadcasting in 1993. ?ST started color experiments in late 60's in PAL. After Russian invasion in 1968 SECAM was chosen for broadcasting, but not for production. TV studios worked in PAL and than it was transcoded for SECAM broadcasting till 1993.
 Denmark 1968[9] Danmarks Radio PAL First introduced for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France.[9] The national broadcaster's programming transitioned to color throughout 1969 and "color tests" were officially ended on Wednesday, April 1, 1970.[9] Color broadcasts had been available from Germany since 1967.
 Djibouti 1974 RTD SECAM
 Dominican Republic 1969 Color Visión NTSC
 Ecuador 1974 Ecuavisa
Teleamazonas
NTSC
 Egypt 1973 ETV PAL
 Equatorial Guinea 1976 RNGE SECAM
 El Salvador 1973 YSU-TV NTSC
Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic Estonian SSR 1967 ETV SECAM/
PAL
First color broadcasts came from Moscow; first local color program was transmitted on Saturday, December 30, 1972. Transitioned from SECAM to PAL 1992-1999.
 Ethiopia 1979 ETV PAL
 Finland 1969 YLE/MTV PAL First test broadcast in color was the President Urho Kekkonen's New Year speech in 1969. First experimental color broadcast in 1970. Full-time color broadcasts since 1977. Color Broadcasts have been available from the Åland Islands since 1969 where there is a Sveriges Television AB (Sweden Television) transmitter on the islands, and the Soviet Union since 1967 but transmissions were in SECAM.
 France 1967 ORTF SECAM Introduced on La Deuxième Chaîne at 2:15pm (14:15) on Sunday, October 1, 1967. The first channel TF1 remained B&W for years due to being transmitted in the older 819-line standard: its transition to color 625-line began on Thursday, January 1, 1976 and the full nationwide color coverage was only achieved in 1983.[10]
 French Polynesia 1971 RFO (Télé Tahiti, now Polynésie la Première) SECAM
 French Guiana 1974 RFO (Guyane RFO TV) SECAM
 Gabon 1973 RTG SECAM
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic Georgian SSR 1984 GPB SECAM Early color broadcasts came from Moscow since at least 1975 and 1976 during certain events. Georgia became the last country to introduce color television during an episode of an unidentified program.
 East Germany 1969 DFF SECAM Introduced on Friday, October 3, 1969 on the new second television channel launched for that purpose with a symbolic launch button pressed by Walter Ulbricht on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the GDR on Tuesday, October 7. The television tower in East Berlin was also opened that day.
 West Germany 1967 ARD/ZDF PAL Introduced on both channels simultaneously at 9:30am on Friday, August 25, 1967 with a symbolic launch button pressed by Willy Brandt on the International Radio and Television Fair in West Berlin.
 Ghana 1980 GTV PAL
 Gibraltar 1969 GBC PAL
 Greece 1976 ERT SECAM Test color broadcasts began in 1976. Full color broadcasts started from 1977 to 1979. ERT switched to PAL in 1992.
 Greenland 1984 KNR PAL Color broadcasts from Canada had been available since 1972, but were NTSC. Private transmitters were built to receive TV signals from Canada long before Greenland had their native TV service which came into broadcast in 1982. Full-time color service came in 1984, remote areas continued to broadcast in black and white until c. 1987-1990.
 Guadeloupe 1972 RFO (Guadeloupe 1ère) SECAM
 Guinea 1971 RTG PAL Color broadcasts from the Ivory Coast had been available since 1970, but were SECAM.
 Guinea-Bissau 1981 RTGB PAL
 Guatemala 1970 RTG NTSC First Central American country to introduce color television; color broadcasts available from Mexico since 1967.
 Guam 1970 KUAM-TV NTSC KUAM was a primary NBC affiliate that also carried some programming from ABC and CBS.
 Haiti 1971 Télé Haïti[11] SECAM
 Honduras 1973 Canal 3 Honduras NTSC
 Hong Kong 1969 TVB PAL Introduced for the Festival of Hong Kong in December 1969. Full-time color broadcasts since 1975.
 Hungary 1971 Magyar Televízió SECAM Full color broadcasts introduced in 1975.
 Iceland 1973 RÚV (Sjónvarpið) PAL Full-time color broadcasts since 1974 to 1976.
 India 1978 Doordarshan PAL Experimental color broadcasts began in 1978. Color broadcasts from Pakistan had been available since 1977. Full color broadcasts were introduced in 1982.
 Indonesia 1979 TVRI PAL Full-time color broadcasts began on Tuesday 24 August 1982.
 Iran 1973 NIRT SECAM
 Iraq 1968 RTI SECAM First Muslim country to introduce color television.
 Ireland 1971 RTÉ PAL Introduced for the Eurovision Song Contest 1971 in Dublin on Saturday, April 3, 1971; color broadcasts from United Kingdom available since 1967-69.

Full-time color broadcasts began in 1976.

 Israel 1977 IBA/IETV PAL Introduced for the coverage of the Egyptian president's visit to Israel in November 1977, then reintroduced for the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 in Jerusalem on Saturday, March 31, 1979. Gradual transition to full-time color transmissions from 1980 to 1983. Full-time color transmissions since February 1983. Color broadcasts from Jordan and Egypt had been available since 1974 and Lebanon since 1975. Since color TVs were considered more expensive, the government ordered removing the color signals, in the name of public equality. Engineers have managed to produce a device that extrapolates the colors from programs that were originally shot in color, and such devices were sold to the thousands. Major television networks in Israel have been filming programs in color for foreign audiences since at least 1974.
 Italy 1972 RAI PAL Introduction temporarily stalled by political turmoil. Color broadcasts from France (SECAM) had been available since 1967, from Austria (PAL) since 1969, and from Yugoslavia (PAL) since 1971. Privately operated transmitter chains made these signals available as far as Rome. The first color test was in 1972 Summer Olympic Games. The Sanremo Music Festival began to be broadcast in color in 1973, as well as, in the same year, the Jeux Sans Frontières. Full-time color transmissions started on Tuesday, February 1, 1977.
 Ivory Coast 1970 RTI SECAM
 Jamaica 1975 JBC NTSC Color broadcasts have been available from Haiti since 1971.
 Japan 1960 NHK/NTV
TBS
YTV
ABC
NTSC-J The first Asian country to introduce color television, on Saturday, September 10, 1960.
 Jordan 1974 JTV PAL
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic Kazakh SSR 1977 Kazakhstan SECAM/
PAL
Full color transmissions introduced in the 1980s.
 Kenya 1978 KBC PAL
 North Korea 1974 KCTV PAL Full color broadcasts were introduced from 1977 to 1980.
 South Korea 1975 KBS/MBC NTSC Test color broadcasts began in 1975. Full-time color broadcasts since 1981. Color broadcasts have been available from North Korea since 1974.
 Kuwait 1974 KTV PAL
Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic Kirghiz SSR 1981 KTRK SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic Latvian SSR 1968 LTV SECAM/
PAL
First color broadcasts came from Moscow. First local color program was transmitted on Monday, January 28, 1974. Switched from SECAM to PAL on February 2, 1998.
 Lebanon 1975 CLT/Télé Liban SECAM In 1967, CLT became the third television station in the world after the Soviet Union and France to broadcast in color, utilizing the French SECAM technology. [12]
 Liberia 1975 LBS PAL
 Libya 1976 Al-Libyah TV PAL
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Lithuanian SSR 1968 LRT SECAM/
PAL
Used SECAM as part of the USSR 1968-1990, and 1990-1997. PAL has been in use since 1997.
 Luxembourg 1972 Compangnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion PAL
SECAM
The then only channel for audiences in Luxembourg, France and Belgium originally used the French/Belgian 819-line B&W standard. After Belgium and France opted for different color systems, Luxembourg broadcast two versions of the same channel. All later RTL channels aimed at French-, German- and Dutch-speaking audiences in Europe adopted the standards of their target markets.
Socialist Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 1974 Televizija Skopje PAL
 Madagascar 1977 MBS SECAM
 Malaysia 1978 RTM PAL Introduced in Peninsular Malaysia on Thursday 28 December 1978 and in Sabah and Sarawak on Sunday 31 August 1980. Color had been available from Southern Thailand since 1972 and Singapore since 1974. Full-time color broadcasts began from 1979 to 1981 to Friday 1 January 1982.
 Maldives 1984 TVM PAL Color had been available from India since 1982.
 Mali 1984 ORTM SECAM
 Malta 1978 TVM PAL Color broadcasts from Italy had been available since 1977, regular test transmissions from Wednesday, 1 January 1975, full-time color transmissions began in 1981.
 Martinique 1969 RFO (Martinique 1ère) SECAM
 Mauritania 1984 TV de Mauritanie PAL
 Mauritius 1978 MBC SECAM Color television arrived on a full-time schedule in 1978.
 Mexico 1963 Canal 5 Telesistema Mexicano (now Televisa) NTSC Launched Friday, February 8, 1963 with the program Paraiso Infantil. Color had been available previously in a few border cities from the United States, on a limited basis. Full-time color transmissions started with the 1968 Summer Olympic Games. Curiously, Mexico had its own system of color television, invented by Guillermo González, prior to NTSC adoption, which would be used for the 1964 Summer Olympic Games.
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic Moldavian SSR 1978 TeleRadio-Moldova SECAM/
PAL
 Monaco 1973 TMC PAL /
SECAM
Color broadcasts from France had been available since 1967.
 Mongolia 1975 MNB SECAM
Socialist Republic of Montenegro Montenegro 1974 JRT/Televizija Titograd (now TV CG 1) PAL
 Morocco 1973 RTM SECAM First test transmission was in 1972.
 Mozambique 1984 TVM PAL
 Netherlands 1967 NPO PAL Introduced on both national channels on Thursday, September 21, 1967.
 Netherlands Antilles 1973 TeleCuraçao NTSC
 New Caledonia 1972 RFO (France Ô - Nouvelle Calédonie) SECAM New Caledonia began to broadcast in color for the 1972 Summer Olympic Games, full color broadcasts became official in 1978.[]
 New Zealand 1973 NZBC PAL Introduced in November 1973, as part of preparations for the 1974 British Commonwealth Games, held in Christchurch in February 1974.[13] Full-time color was achieved by December 1975.[14]
 Nicaragua 1973 Televicentro Canal 2 NTSC
 Niger 1979 Télé Sahel SECAM Color broadcasts had been available from Nigeria from 1974, but were PAL.
 Nigeria 1974 WNTV (now called the NTA) PAL
 Norway 1972 NRK PAL Experimental color broadcasts introduced for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France. Regular test transmissions from Saturday, January 1, 1972. Full-time color broadcasts since Wednesday, January 1, 1975. Color broadcasts had been available from Sweden since 1970, in parts of Norway and Finland since 1969.
 Oman 1984 Oman TV PAL
 Pakistan 1976 PTV PAL Full-time color transmissions since 1982.
 Panama 1972 NTP NTSC
 Paraguay 1979 TV Cerro Corá PAL-N
 Peru 1978 TV Perú
América Televisión
Panamericana Televisión
NTSC First color test transmission was done in 1967 by Panamericana Televisión for a soap opera but for economic and political reasons the project was canceled. Channel 7 made test broadcasts with their own content since 1977 that became official on January 17, 1978 when color standard adopted and official broadcasts were authorised. The first color broadcast was the coverage of the 1978 election. América Televisión and Panamericana Televisión began their regular color broadcasting with the broadcast of the 1978 Argentina's FIFA World Cup. Transition completed on October 1, 1980.
 Philippines 1966 ABS-CBN NTSC First color test transmission was in 1963. Commercial launch in June 1966 using RCA color; and full-time color transmissions began in 1971 when color sets became more widespread in the Manila area and suburbs.
 Poland 1971 TVP SECAM First time color program was broadcast on March 16, 1971 & regular broadcasting began on December 6, 1971 for 6th PUWP congress. The 1972 Summer Olympic Games used color in SECAM. Transitioned to PAL on January 1, 1994 for all TVP channels except for TVP1 which transitioned on January 1, 1995. Color broadcasts from Belarus had been available since 1961.
 Portugal 1979 RTP PAL First experimental broadcasts for the coverage of the 1976 election and The 1976 Montreal Olympic Games. Introduced for the Portuguese version of Jeux Sans Frontières on Wednesday, September 5, 1979; color broadcasts from Spain available since 1972. Full-color transmissions started March 7, 1980.[15]
 Qatar 1974 QBS PAL Color broadcasts from Bahrain had been available since 1973.
 Réunion 1972 RFO (1ère Réunion) SECAM Introduced for the 1972 Munich Summer Olympics.
 Romania 1983 TVR PAL Introduced for the 39th anniversary of King Michael's Coup in 1983. Unlike the other Warsaw Pact countries, Romania chose to adopt PAL rather than SECAM. Full-time color broadcasts introduced between 1984 and 1990.
 Rwanda 1982 ORINFOR SECAM
 Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla 1982 ZIZ-TV NTSC This former British colony is the current Saint Kitts and Nevis. Color broadcasts have been available from Guadeloupe since 1972, but were SECAM.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1971 RFO (1eré SPM TV; Previously known as ORTF) SECAM Color transmissions had been available from Newfoundland and Labrador since 1967, but were NTSC. There are transmitters in SPM that can carry a signal from Newfoundland and Labrador which converts it to SECAM from NTSC and in some cases, In Fortune, Newfoundland, 1eré is converted to NTSC by a transmitter that is placed there.
 Saudi Arabia 1973 SAGTS SECAM
 Senegal 1975 RTS SECAM
 Sierra Leone 1978[16] SLBS PAL
 Singapore 1974 Radio Television Singapore (RTS) PAL Test transmissions began for the 1974 Asian Games and officially introduced on 8 July for the 1974 World Cup Final. Full-time color broadcasts began on 1 November 1975 and from 1976 to 1977.
Czechoslovakia Slovakia 1970/1973 ?ST SECAM PAL First color transmission in 1970 during World Ski Championship which was broadcast in PAL. Adopted SECAM in 1973 with full color transition in the late 1970s. Switched to PAL in 1993.
Socialist Republic of Slovenia Slovenia 1976 Televizija Ljubljana PAL First test transmissions began for the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada with full-time color transition in 1977.
 Spain 1972 RTVE PAL Color broadcasts had been available from France since 1967, but were SECAM. First color test was in 1972. Full-time color broadcasts since 1977, although monochrome commercials continued to be made until 1978. The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 in Madrid was a color production, but it was televised in black-and-white to the local audience.
 Sudan 1976 Sudan TV PAL
 Suriname 1977 STVS NTSC
 Sweden 1970 Sveriges Radio TV PAL Test transmissions started on Wednesday, December 14, 1966. Regular color service and color license fee introduced Wednesday, April 1, 1970.
  Switzerland 1968 SBC PAL Switzerland used PAL to broadcast the 1968 Mexico City Olympic Games, color transmissions had been available from France and Germany since 1967.
 Syria 1980 STV PAL
 Taiwan 1975 CTV NTSC Full-time color transmissions since 1975.
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic Tajik SSR 1982 TVT SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
 Thailand 1969 Channel 7 PAL Although television in Thailand originally employed a 525-line screen (System M, US standard at the time), the country opted for PAL color, which necessitated a conversion to system B (625 lines), starting with Channel 7 in November 1967. Regional stations converted between 1972 and 1975.
 Togo 1979 TVT SECAM
 Trinidad and Tobago 1969 TTT NTSC
 Tunisia 1976 RTT SECAM Color broadcasts have been available from Italy since 1972 and Malta since at least 1975.
 Turkey 1981[17] TRT PAL Test transmissions started with the New Year's Eve celebrations on Thursday, December 31, 1981 and 1 January 1982; full color television did not start until Thursday, March 15, 1984. Color broadcasts from Greece had been available since 1976 and Bulgaria since at least 1971.
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic Turkmen SSR 1970 Turkmen Television SECAM First Central Asian country to introduce color television. Introduced on Saturday, October 31, 1970 in preparation for the start of Ramadan.
 Uganda 1975 UTV PAL
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR 1968 UT-1 SECAM/
PAL
First transmission came from Moscow in 1967, Ukraine uses SECAM in for the 1968 Mexico City Olympic Games. Local color broadcasts began in 1968 and 1969 to 1975.
 United Arab Emirates 1974 UAE-TV PAL
 United Kingdom 1967 BBC 2 (1967) BBC 1 (1969) ITV (1969) PAL Introduced on BBC 2 for Wimbledon coverage on Saturday, July 1, 1967. The launch of the BBC 2 "full" color service took place on December 2, 1967. Some British TV programs, however, had been produced in color even before the introduction of color television in 1967, for the purpose of sales to American, Canadian, and Filipino networks. Full-time color broadcasts since 1969.[18] Full nationwide color broadcasting achieved in 1976, when BBC East (Norwich) became the last region to adopt colour for regional broadcasts and locally-produced programmes.
 United States 1950 CBS CBS Field-sequential color system; experimental; ended 1951.[19] The first country with black and white transmission to introduce color television.
 United States 1953 NBC
CBS
NTSC Dot sequential system.[20] The US began a gradual transition to color in late 1953. The first color TV sets were very expensive and the audience for color was accordingly very small, so only specials and a handful of regularly scheduled shows aired in color during the 1950s. Market penetration slowly increased as more affordable sets and more color programming became available. A tipping point came in 1965, when the commercial networks first aired the majority of their prime-time shows in color. By the end of 1966, prime-time was all-color, but an ever-dwindling number of daytime, local and educational programs continued in black-and-white for a few more years.
Alaska United States - Alaska 1966 KENI-TV (now KTUU) NTSC First program in color, on Monday, September 19, 1966, was the premiere episode of That Girl, an ABC show. KENI was a primary affiliate of both NBC and ABC. Transitioned to full color service by 1972.
Hawaii United States - Hawaii 1965 KONA-TV, now KHON-TV; KHVH-TV, now KITV; KGMB NTSC KHVH was an ABC affiliate, KGMB was CBS, and KONA was NBC. Transitioned to full color service around 1969.
 Soviet Union
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russia
1967 Soviet Central Television (Now Channel One (Russia)) SECAM Introduced specifically for the 50th Golden Jubilee Anniversary of the October Revolution. Full-time colorcasts began with the Revolution's 58th anniversary, in 1975. Test color broadcasting started in Moscow as early as January 1960 using OSKM system (625 lines version of NTSC), but lasted only several months. This system was rejected. Only circa 4000 TV sets were build for this system (Raduga, Temp 22, Izumrud 201/203). Some parts of the USSR received color from Alaska since 1966 in some circumstances when signals were not jammed in some parts and was received by contraband receivers to pick up signals.
 Upper Volta 1976 Volta Vision SECAM This country is now known as Burkina Faso.
 Uruguay 1981 CXB-10 PAL-N Introduced for the 1980 Mundialito but locally broadcast in B&W. Local color broadcasting started in 1981.
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Uzbek SSR 1984 MTRK SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics. The last Central Asian country to introduce color television.
 Venezuela 1972 RCTV
Venevision
NTSC Color tests were made during the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, West Germany. Color television arrived on a full-time schedule on Monday 1 January 1973 and 1974 to Saturday 1 December 1979 by TVN5. Transition completed on Sunday 1 June 1980. Color broadcasts have been available from Trinidad and Tobago since 1969.
 Vietnam 1977 VTV SECAM/
PAL
The first color television program aired on T?t.[21] Color televisions were available only in big cities until the late 1980s. Switched to PAL from 1990.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 1968 WBNB-TV NTSC WBNB was a CBS affiliate whose first color broadcasts took place during the 1968 Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City, Mexico. This station was destroyed by Hurricane Hugo in 1989.
 North Yemen 1979 NYRTC PAL
 South Yemen 1981 SYRTC PAL Color broadcasts had been available from North Yemen since 1979.
 Yugoslavia
Socialist Republic of Serbia Serbia
1971 JRT/Televizija Beograd (now RTS1) PAL Introduced on the launch of the second TVB channel (TVB 2), as it was the first Yugoslav channel to start in color. From the late 1970s, TVB 1 switches to color, thus making all channels broadcast in color. (both TVB 1 and TVB 2, as they were only the channels available in that time) Full-time color broadcasts in SR Serbia began on May 25, 1979.
 Zaire 1980 OZRT SECAM
 Zambia 1977 ZNBC PAL
 Zimbabwe 1984[22] ZBC PAL The last country in Africa to introduce color television. Color broadcasts have been available from Zambia since 1977 and South Africa since 1976.

See also

Timeline of the introduction of television in countries

References

  1. ^ Cheurfi, Achour (September 2010). Radio et télévision : histoire d'un monopole. La presse algérienne : génèse, conflits et défis (in French). Algiers: Casbah Éditions. p. 88-p. 148.
  2. ^ The Age- Thursday June 15, 1967- Page 23- Pakenham Races Form Guide (First colour television test transmission in Australia), Flickr
  3. ^ rogersimmons.com: "West Palm Beach TV Station Ads"
  4. ^ Llegada del color a canal 13 en Esta noche Fiesta (1978)
  5. ^ La llegada de la televisión en colores (The beginning of color television), video in Youtube
  6. ^ a b "Desde mañana TV en color. By Gonzalo Guillen. El Tiempo, Nov 30, 1979".
  7. ^ Universidad y Medios Masivos, Del Estado de Bienestar Al Mercado. By Milcíades Vizcaíno Gutiérrez. Page 37
  8. ^ Luís Ángel Arango Library, Las primeras imágenes a color 1974 Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine, Historia de la televisión en Colombia, accessed 6 July 2011
  9. ^ a b c 40 år med farve-tv fra DR
  10. ^ Television history: the French exception?, INA, accessed 21 January 2011
  11. ^ http://www.memoireonline.com/01/14/8596/m_Television-hatienne-par-cble-et-couleur-locale--la-tele-Hati-15.html
  12. ^ Harb 2011, pp. 93-95.
  13. ^ "Technology Changes Television | INSIDE TVNZ | tvnz.co.nz". Television New Zealand. Retrieved .
  14. ^ Television One listings in the Otago Daily Times in November and December 1975 clearly show all but the occasional television show being broadcast in color.
  15. ^ RTP, RTP, Rádio e Televisão de Portugal -. "Emissões a cores da RTP começaram há 32 anos" (in Portuguese). Retrieved .
  16. ^ World Broadcasting: A Comparative View, Alan Wells, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, page 173
  17. ^ HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING IN TURKEY
  18. ^ "Color Television Chronology". Archived from the original on 27 October 2010., British TV History.
  19. ^ "Color Television Enchants Viewers at Its Public Debut", The Washington Post, January 13, 1950, p. B2. "CBS Color Television To Make Public Debut In N.Y. Next Week," The Wall Street Journal, November 9, 1950, p. 18. "CBS Color Preview Seen By 2,000 in Philadelphia", The Wall Street Journal, December 16, 1950, p. 10. "Commercial Color TV To Have Its 'Premiere' Over CBS Monday", The Wall Street Journal, June 22, 1951, p. 14. "All Color TV Put on Shelf Indefinitely", The Washington Post, October 20, 1951, p. 1.
  20. ^ "NBC Launches First Publicly-Announced Color Television Show", The Wall Street Journal, August 31, 1953, p. 4. "First Home Reception of Color TV Proves Effective in Operatic Field," The New York Times, November 1, 1953, p. 1. "Radio-TV Notes," The New York Times, November 20, 1953, p. 32. "F.C.C. Rules Color TV Can Go on Air at Once", The New York Times, December 19, 1953, p. 1.
  21. ^ "New Year quiet in South Vietnam". The Citizen. 134 (193). Ottawa. Associated Press. February 17, 1977. p. 47. South Vietnam ... announced Thursday that it will broadcast the country's first color television program for this year's Tet holiday.
  22. ^ A Concise Encyclopedia of Zimbabwe, Donatus Bonde, Mambo Press, 1988, page 410

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