Tianhe in Guangzhou
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|o Total||96.33 km2 (37.19 sq mi)|
|o Density||16,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Guangdong Romanization||Tin1ho4 Kêu1|
|Hanyu Pinyin||T?anhé Q?|
|Alternative Chinese name|
Tianhe District (Chinese: ) is one of the eleven districts of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. In Chinese, the name Tianhe literally means "a river in the sky/heavens", which is also a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Pearl River.
Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of Dongshan District (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and retained a suburban or even rural atmosphere. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields. Tianhe has since developed into one of the most desirable areas in Guangzhou.
Symbolic landmarks of Guangzhou located in Tianhe District are: Citic Plaza, Guangzhou International Finance Center, Guangzhou Opera House, and the Guangdong Museum. The 6th and 9th of The National Games of the People's Republic of China, and the 2010 Asian Games were also held in Tianhe District, Guangzhou.
Prehistoric population settled in what is now Longdong Subdistrict () in the Neolithic Period.Eastern Han tombs were discovered in Tianhe. During the Song Dynasty, Tianhe area was called Dashuixu (; 'large river town'). The area of modern Tianhe District was part of Panyu County for more than two thousand years. The area was gradually put under Guangzhou's administration between 1937 and 1958. By the liberation of Guangzhou (October 1949), there were two districts in Tianhe area, namely Shahe () and Shipai (). In 1951 both districts were merged into the newly established Baiyun District, while five years later Baiyun was further merged with Huangpu and Xinjiao Districts to form suburban district (). In 1960 Jiaoqu was dissolved and the area consisting of modern Tianhe became Huangpu District, however it was reestablished two years later. In 1985 part of Jiaoqu was split, and Tianhe District was established then.
In 1987 Tonghe Town () was put into Baiyun District. In 1992 Yangji Cun was put into Dongshan District. By 1994, Kemulang (), Yushatan (), and Fenghuang () Farms along with Shadongcun () and Erduicun were placed under Tianhe's jurisdiction. In 2000, former Xintang (), Mubei (), Lingtang (), and Yushu () Farms were also placed under Tianhe and the farms gradually became subdistricts.
|Name||Simplified Chinese||Pinyin||Guangdong Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Changxing Subdistrict||?||Chángx?ng Ji?dào||cêng4 hing1 gai1 dou6||66,098||13.21|
|Chebei Subdistrict||?||Ch?b?i Ji?dào||cé1 béi1 gai1 dou6||102,787||5.60|
|Fenghuang Subdistrict||?||Fènghuáng Ji?dào||fung6 wong4 gai1 dou6||19,534||22.99|
|Huangcun Subdistrict||?||Huángc?n Ji?dào||wong4 qun1 gai1 dou6||29,501||6.17|
|Liede Subdistrict||?||Lièdé Ji?dào||lib6 deg1 gai1 dou6||22,522||3.10|
|Linhe Subdistrict||?||Línhé Ji?dào||lam4 wo4*2 gai1 dou6||59,732||3.80|
|Longdong Subdistrict||?||Lóngdòng Ji?dào||lung4 dung6*2 gai1 dou6||70,055||11.70|
|Qianjin Subdistrict||?||Qiánjìn Ji?dào||qin4 zên3 gai1 dou6||59,700||4.90|
|Shadong Subdistrict||?||Sh?d?ng Ji?dào||sa1 dung1 gai1 dou6||29,522||2.16|
|Shahe Subdistrict||?||Sh?hé Ji?dào||sa1 ho4*2 gai1 dou6||42,814||1.26|
|Shipai Subdistrict||?||Shípái Ji?dào||ség6 pai4 gai1 dou6||177,198||4.30|
|Tangxia Subdistrict||?||Tángxià Ji?dào||tong4 ha6 gai1 dou6||177,864||7.42|
|Tianhenan Subdistrict||Ti?nhénán Ji?dào||tin 1ho4 nam4 gai1 dou6||62,912||2.08|
|Tianyuan Subdistrict||?||Ti?nyuán Ji?dào||tin1 yun4 gai1 dou6||54,769||4.03|
|Wushan Subdistrict||?||W?sh?n Ji?dào||ng5 san1 gai1 dou6||131,795||10.59|
|Xiancun Subdistrict||?||Xi?nc?n Ji?dào||xin2 qun1 gai1 dou6||51,284||4.07|
|Xinghua Subdistrict||?||Xìnghuá Ji?dào||hing1 wa4 gai1 dou6||68,139||4.28|
|Xintang Subdistrict||?||X?ntáng Ji?dào||sen1 tong4 gai1 dou6||41,207||14.95|
|Yuancun Subdistrict||?||Yuánc?n Ji?dào||yun4 qun1 gai1 dou6||81,831||5.37|
|Yuangang Subdistrict||?||Yuáng?ng Ji?dào||yun4 gong1 gai1 dou6||30,610||3.23|
|Zhuji Subdistrict||?||Zh?jí Ji?dào||ju1 ged1 gai1 dou6||52,552||10.01|
The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave way to residential complexes called xiaoqu (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings - some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings - a lot of land was needed and thus converted.
The building of Guangzhou East railway station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km (6.2 mi) to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.
South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.
Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.
Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:
International schools in the district include:
Former international schools:
Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro: