Tianhe District
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Tianhe District


Zhujiang New Town
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}   Tianhe in Guangzhou
  Tianhe in Guangzhou
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Sub-provincial cityGuangzhou
 o Total96.33 km2 (37.19 sq mi)
 o Total1,506,100
 o Density16,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)020

Tianhe District (Chinese: ) is one of the eleven districts of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. In Chinese, the name Tianhe literally means "a river in the sky/heavens", which is also a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Pearl River.

Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of Dongshan District (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and retained a suburban or even rural atmosphere. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.[] Tianhe has since developed into one of the most desirable areas in Guangzhou.[2]

Symbolic landmarks of Guangzhou located in Tianhe District are: Citic Plaza, Guangzhou International Finance Center, Guangzhou Opera House, and the Guangdong Museum. The 6th and 9th of The National Games of the People's Republic of China, and the 2010 Asian Games were also held in Tianhe District, Guangzhou.


Prehistoric population settled in what is now Longdong Subdistrict () in the Neolithic Period.[3]Eastern Han tombs were discovered in Tianhe. During the Song Dynasty, Tianhe area was called Dashuixu (; 'large river town').[4] The area of modern Tianhe District was part of Panyu County for more than two thousand years. The area was gradually put under Guangzhou's administration between 1937 and 1958. By the liberation of Guangzhou (October 1949), there were two districts in Tianhe area, namely Shahe () and Shipai (). In 1951 both districts were merged into the newly established Baiyun District, while five years later Baiyun was further merged with Huangpu and Xinjiao Districts to form suburban district (). In 1960 Jiaoqu was dissolved and the area consisting of modern Tianhe became Huangpu District, however it was reestablished two years later. In 1985 part of Jiaoqu was split, and Tianhe District was established then.

In 1987 Tonghe Town () was put into Baiyun District. In 1992 Yangji Cun was put into Dongshan District. By 1994, Kemulang (), Yushatan (), and Fenghuang () Farms along with Shadongcun () and Erduicun were placed under Tianhe's jurisdiction. In 2000, former Xintang (), Mubei (), Lingtang (), and Yushu () Farms were also placed under Tianhe and the farms gradually became subdistricts.

Administrative divisions

Name Simplified Chinese Pinyin Guangdong Romanization Population (2010)[5] Area (km2)
Changxing Subdistrict ? Chángx?ng Ji?dào cêng4 hing1 gai1 dou6 66,098 13.21
Chebei Subdistrict ? Ch?b?i Ji?dào cé1 béi1 gai1 dou6 102,787 5.60
Fenghuang Subdistrict ? Fènghuáng Ji?dào fung6 wong4 gai1 dou6 19,534 22.99
Huangcun Subdistrict ? Huángc?n Ji?dào wong4 qun1 gai1 dou6 29,501 6.17
Liede Subdistrict ? Lièdé Ji?dào lib6 deg1 gai1 dou6 22,522 3.10
Linhe Subdistrict ? Línhé Ji?dào lam4 wo4*2 gai1 dou6 59,732 3.80
Longdong Subdistrict ? Lóngdòng Ji?dào lung4 dung6*2 gai1 dou6 70,055 11.70
Qianjin Subdistrict ? Qiánjìn Ji?dào qin4 zên3 gai1 dou6 59,700 4.90
Shadong Subdistrict ? Sh?d?ng Ji?dào sa1 dung1 gai1 dou6 29,522 2.16
Shahe Subdistrict ? Sh?hé Ji?dào sa1 ho4*2 gai1 dou6 42,814 1.26
Shipai Subdistrict ? Shípái Ji?dào ség6 pai4 gai1 dou6 177,198 4.30
Tangxia Subdistrict ? Tángxià Ji?dào tong4 ha6 gai1 dou6 177,864 7.42
Tianhenan Subdistrict Ti?nhénán Ji?dào tin 1ho4 nam4 gai1 dou6 62,912 2.08
Tianyuan Subdistrict ? Ti?nyuán Ji?dào tin1 yun4 gai1 dou6 54,769 4.03
Wushan Subdistrict ? W?sh?n Ji?dào ng5 san1 gai1 dou6 131,795 10.59
Xiancun Subdistrict ? Xi?nc?n Ji?dào xin2 qun1 gai1 dou6 51,284 4.07
Xinghua Subdistrict ? Xìnghuá Ji?dào hing1 wa4 gai1 dou6 68,139 4.28
Xintang Subdistrict ? X?ntáng Ji?dào sen1 tong4 gai1 dou6 41,207 14.95
Yuancun Subdistrict ? Yuánc?n Ji?dào yun4 qun1 gai1 dou6 81,831 5.37
Yuangang Subdistrict ? Yuáng?ng Ji?dào yun4 gong1 gai1 dou6 30,610 3.23
Zhuji Subdistrict ? Zh?jí Ji?dào ju1 ged1 gai1 dou6 52,552 10.01


The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave way to residential complexes called xiaoqu (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings - some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings - a lot of land was needed and thus converted.

The building of Guangzhou East railway station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km (6.2 mi) to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.

South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.

Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.


Diplomatic missions

The Consulate General of the United States, Guangzhou is in Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District.[14]


Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:

International schools in the district include:

Former international schools:


Besides the Guangzhou East railway station (referred to by locals as simply "East Station"), Tianhe is also the terminus for several Guangzhou Metro lines, and one line goes through it:


Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:

Notable buildings

  • CITIC Plaza, an 80-story, 391 m (1,283 ft) skyscraper completed in 1997, situated between Tianhe Sports Center and Guangzhou East Railway Station. It was the tallest building in China then, and now it ranks as the 3rd tallest building in Guangzhou, 8th in China, 11th in Asia, and 16th worldwide.
  • Pearl River Tower, a skyscraper in Zhujiang New Town, which is the first zero-energy building in China. It is owned by China Tobacco.[21]
  • Guangzhou International Finance Center, a 435 m (1,427 ft) skyscraper. It was built between 2005 and 2010.
  • Guangzhou CTF Finance Center, Currently it is the tallest building in Guangzhou.
  • The famous shopping mall, TeeMall, a very big shopping centre, the Chinese from Guangzhou even call it the biggest shopping mall in Asia (although the biggest mall in Asia is actually the Golden Resources Mall in Beijing).

See also


  1. ^ 2014? (in Chinese). Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ Ilaria Maria Sala (May 10, 2016). "Shenzhen - from rural village to the world's largest megalopolis". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Cai Wei Ming () (1992). [The Annals of Cultural Relics in Tianhe, Guangzhou] (in Chinese). [Tianhe District Bureau of Culture].
  4. ^ Chen Dazhen (); Lv Guisun (). Dàdé Nánh?i zhì (in Chinese).
  5. ^ Population Census Office, State Council; Department of Population and Employment Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics of China (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian renkou pucha fen xiang, zhen, jiedao ziliao 2010 [Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township] (in Chinese) (1 ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tongji chubanshe. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  6. ^ "Life of Guangzhou - Master Plan of Guangzhou Science City". www.lifeofguangzhou.com. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "Company Overview of Kungfu Catering Management Co., Ltd." Businessweek. Retrieved on August 17, 2014. "16Floor, Gaosheng Building No.109 Tiyu West Road Tianhe District Guangzhou, 637399 China"
  8. ^ Home page. Jinyi Cinemas. Retrieved on January 3, 2015. " :?8?4? :510623"
  9. ^ "CHOW SANG SANG: Shining Return after 62 Years" (Archive). City of Guangzhou. Retrieved on May 9, 2014.
  10. ^ "Google locations." Google. Retrieved on May 25, 2016. "Google Guangzhou L30, Unit 3007, Teemtower, Teemmall, 208 Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620"
  11. ^ "ANA City offices Asia." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on August 13, 2011. "Guangzhou Office [Until May 2nd, 2011] 2605 CITIC PLAZA 233 Tianhe North Road, Tianhe Ward, Guangzhou [From May 3rd, 2011] Room 1403, Tower A, Victory Plaza, No.103, TiyuXi Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620"
  12. ^ "Contact Us." Renren Corporate. Retrieved on November 19, 2012. "Room A4001, China Shine Plaza, Linhexi Rd, Tianhe District, Guangzhou" - Chinese: "?9A?40?4001-4003"
  13. ^ "?." 56.com. March 23, 2006. Retrieved on November 18, 2012. "?:?89?B?601?"
  14. ^ "Security Message about Recent Protests at Emei Mountain (July 8, 2014)" (Archive). U.S. Consulate in Chengdu. Retrieved on May 17, 2015. "43 Hua Jiu Road, Zhujian New Town Tianhe District Guangzhou 510623"
  15. ^ "Japanese School of Guangzhou." City Weekend. Retrieved on January 12, 2015. "No.10, Fengxin Road, Tianhe District 10?"
  16. ^ "Home." Huamei-Bond International College. Retrieved on September 28, 2015. ":23?"
  17. ^ "Contact Us." Guangzhou Nanfang International School. Retrieved on September 28, 2015. "ADD: No.1 South Industrial Park, Yinglong Rd, Longdong, Tianhe District, Guangzhou :? PC:510520" - Card for taxi drivers stating name and address in Chinese
  18. ^ " ? ." Xingye Real Estate Agency (?). Retrieved on September 16, 2016. "?:?(The Greenery)?" (Archive) - Neighborhood is stated as "" - Address: "55-79? "
  19. ^ Home page. American International School of Guangzhou. September 1, 2000. Retrieved on September 16, 2016. "55 Hua Yang Street, Ti Yu Road East, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620, People's Republic of China"
  20. ^ "Présentation." École Française Internationale de Canton. Retrieved on January 17, 2015. "Adresse : Favor View, Wushan, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510641, China" - Map
  21. ^ "The winds of change", World Architecture News

External links

Coordinates: 23°7?37.737?N 113°21?21.95?E / 23.12714917°N 113.3560972°E / 23.12714917; 113.3560972

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