Thomas Galbraith, 1st Baron Strathclyde
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Thomas Galbraith, 1st Baron Strathclyde

The Lord Strathclyde

Thomas Dunlop Galbraith, 1st Baron Strathclyde.jpg
Chairman of the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board

Late 1950s - May 1967
Lord Cooper
Tom Fraser
Minister of State for Scotland

7 April 1955 - 23 October 1958
Anthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
The Earl of Home
The Lord Forbes
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland

22 October 1959 - 8 November 1962
Harold Macmillan
Jack Browne
Richard Brooman-White

4 November 1951 - 5 April 1955
Winston Churchill
John Robertson
Jack Browne

26 May 1945 - 26 July 1945
Winston Churchill
Allan Chapman
George Buchanan
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal

4 May 1955 - 12 July 1985
Hereditary Peerage
Peerage created
The 2nd Lord Strathclyde
Member of Parliament for
Glasgow Pollok

30 April 1940 - 4 May 1955
Sir John Gilmour
John George
Personal details
Born20 March 1891
Partick, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died12 July 1985(1985-07-12) (aged 94)
Mauchline, Ayrshire

Thomas Dunlop Galbraith, 1st Baron Strathclyde, PC (20 March 1891 - 12 July 1985) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician.[1]

After serving in the Royal Navy, he became a chartered accountant and practised, 1925-70. He was elevated to the peerage in 1955 as Lord Strathclyde (of Barskimming in the County of Ayr), and died three decades later. As his eldest son, Sir Tam Galbraith, died in 1982, the barony was inherited by his grandson Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde.

Early life and education

Galbraith was born into Clan Galbraith, which traces its roots to 12th-century laird Gilchrist Bretnach, the 15x great-grandfather of King George I. He was one of eight children born to surgeon William Brodie Galbraith (1855-1942) and Annie Jack Dunlop (sister of Sir Thomas Dunlop, 1st Baronet). He had an older brother, Walter, and younger brothers William, David, Norman, Robert, and Alexander, and a younger sister, Annie.[2]

Galbraith was educated at Glasgow Academy, Eastman's, Southsea; Royal Naval College, Osborne and Royal Naval College Dartmouth.[2]

Royal Navy

Galbraith joined the Royal Navy in 1903. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1913[3] and served aboard the battleships HMS Audacious  and HMS Queen Elizabeth  during the First World War. Three of his younger brothers were killed in the war while serving in the Highland Light Infantry: Capt. William Brodie Galbraith (1892-1915), David Boyd Galbraith (1894-1915) and Norman Dunlop Galbraith (1896- 1918). He left the Royal Navy in 1922 and formally retired in 1925.[1][2]

When the Second World War began, Galbraith joined the Scottish Naval Command. He was later sent to Washington, D.C. to represent the Admiralty, which was negotiating supplies prior to the enactment of Lend-Lease in 1941.[1]

Political career

Galbraith's political career began in local government where he served as a councillor on Glasgow Corporation from 1933 until 1940.[2] For part of that time he was vice-chair of the Progressive Party.[4] He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Glasgow Pollok from 1940 to 1955, being originally elected at a by-election and then at the 1945, 1950 and 1951 general elections. He served as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland in Winston Churchill's caretaker government from May to July 1945.

He was made a peer on 4 May 1955,[5] shortly before the 1955 general election, and served as a Minister of State at the Scottish Office until 1958. By 1964, Strathclyde was serving as chairman of the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board.[6]

He was awarded the Freedom of Dingwall in 1965 and the Freedom of the City of Aberdeen in 1966.[1]

Marriage and children

On 2 December 1915, Strathclyde married Ida Jane Galloway, daughter of Thomas Galloway of Auchendrane House, Ayrshire. They had seven children, five of whom served in the Royal Navy. Their second son was killed during the Second World War in the English Channel while captaining the French submarine chaser Chasseur 6 that was hit by a German torpedo boat.[7][1][2]

  • Hon Sir Thomas Galloway Dunlop Galbraith (10 March 1917 - 2 January 1982)
  • Lt. William Brodie Galloway Galbraith (20 September 1918 - KIA 12 October 1940)
  • Hon James Muir Galloway Galbraith (27 September 1920 - 4 October 2003)
  • Hon Ida Jean Galloway Galbraith (21 January 1922 - 9 February 2018)
  • Hon Norman Dunlop Galloway Galbraith (24 January 1925 - 24 June 2013)
  • Hon David Muir Galloway Galbraith (born 8 March 1928 - 12 August 2006)
  • Hon Heather Margaret Anne Galloway Galbraith (born 27 February 1930)

Baroness Ida Strathclyde died in June 1985. A month later, Strathclyde died at his estate at Barskimming, in Mauchline, Ayrshire, in 1985, and the barony passed to his grandson.[1]

Titles, Styles, Honours and Arms

  • 1891-1940: Mr Thomas Dunlop Galbraith
  • 1940-1953: Mr Thomas Dunlop Galbraith MP
  • 1953-1955: The Right Honourable Thomas Dunlop Galbraith MP
  • 1955-1985: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde PC
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Strathclyde Escutcheon.png
Crest
A Bear's Head erased Gules muzzled Argent
Escutcheon
Gules three Bears' Heads erased Argent muzzled Azure within a Bordure indented Or charged with three Mullets of the Third a Crescent of the Second for difference.
Supporters
Two Bears Gules muzzled Argent
Motto
Ab obice suavior ('Gentler because of the obstruction', alluding to the muzzled bear's head of the Clan Galbraith crest)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Lord Strathclyde: Expert on Scottish Affairs". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 15 July 1985. p. 10.
  2. ^ a b c d e Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 3774-3776. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  3. ^ "No. 28747". The London Gazette. 19 August 1913. p. 5932.
  4. ^ The Times House of Commons 1951. London: The Times Office. 1951. p. 191.
  5. ^ "No. 40470". The London Gazette. 6 May 1955. p. 2619.
  6. ^ Preston, Peter (5 August 1964). "Bringing electricity to the Scottish Highlands". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Kindell, Don. "Naval Events: October 1940". British and Other Navies in World War 2 Day-by-Day. Retrieved 2017.

External links


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