Theological Markup Language
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Theological Markup Language

The Theological Markup Language (ThML) is a "royalty-free" XML-based format created in 1998[1] by the Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL) to create electronic theological texts. Other formats such as STEP and Logos Library System (LLS) were found unacceptable by CCEL as they are proprietary, prompting the creation of the new language.[2] The ThML format borrowed elements from a somewhat similar format, the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI).

As of September 19, 2006, CCEL had 650 documents in this format.[3] The advantage of using an XML-based format is that a ThML text can be converted into HTML by using an XSLT stylesheet. Also, standard XML tools can convert to PDF and RTF.

As of November 8, 2012, the last Document Type Definition of the format - version 1.04[4] - was released on January 20, 2003.[5]


See also


  1. ^ Plantinga 2003, Introduction, ¶7: '...the first version of ThML was designed in the summer of 1998...'
  2. ^ Plantinga 2003, Introduction, ¶4: 'Commercial formats, including STEP and the Logos Library System (LLS), are not designed for integration with the Internet, and preparing texts for these systems requires expensive software, beyond the means of most individuals. Publication in one of these formats may also be controlled by the company or consortium in question. As a result, few public-domain or on-line texts are available in these formats.'
  3. ^ "The Vision". CCEL. Christian Classics Ethereal Library. 2006-09-19. Retrieved . There are 650 XML documents
  4. ^ Theological Markup Language (ThML), CCEL, ThML Definition [v. 1.04].
  5. ^ Plantinga 2003, Header: 'Version 1.04, January 20, 2003'


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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