The Witch (2015 Film)
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The Witch 2015 Film
The Witch
The Witch poster.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Eggers
Produced by
  • Rodrigo Teixeira
  • Daniel Bekerman
  • Lars Knudsen
  • Jodi Redmond
  • Jay Van Hoy
Written byRobert Eggers
Starring
Music byMark Korven
CinematographyJarin Blaschke
Edited byLouise Ford
Production
company
  • Parts and Labor
  • RT Features
  • Rooks Nest Entertainment
  • Maiden Voyage Pictures
  • Mott Street Pictures
  • Code Red Productions
  • Scythia Films
  • Pulse Films
  • Special Projects
Distributed by
Release date
  • January 27, 2015 (2015-01-27) (Sundance)
  • February 19, 2016 (2016-02-19) (United States)
Running time
93 minutes[1]
Country
LanguageEarly Modern English
Budget$4 million[5]
Box office$40.4 million[6]

The Witch: A New England Folktale, or simply The Witch (stylized as The VVitch) is a 2015 period supernatural horror film written and directed by Robert Eggers in his feature directorial debut. The film stars Anya Taylor-Joy, Ralph Ineson, Kate Dickie, Harvey Scrimshaw, Ellie Grainger and Lucas Dawson. The Witch follows a Puritan family who encounter forces of evil in the woods beyond their New England farm.[7]

An international co-production of the United States and Canada, the film premiered at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival on January 27, 2015, and was widely released by A24 on February 19, 2016. The film received positive reviews and was a box office success, grossing $40 million against a budget of $4 million.[6]

Plot

In 1630s New England, English settler William and his family--wife Katherine, daughter Thomasin, son Caleb, and fraternal twins Mercy and Jonas--are banished from a Puritan Plymouth Colony over a religious dispute. The family builds a farm near a large, secluded forest and Katherine bears her fifth child, Samuel. One day, when Thomasin is playing peekaboo with Samuel, the baby abruptly disappears. It is soon revealed that a witch has stolen the unbaptized Samuel, killing him and using his remains to make a flying ointment.[8]

Katherine, devastated by Samuel's disappearance, spends her days crying and praying. While hunting with William, Caleb questions if Samuel's unbaptized soul will reach Heaven. William later reveals to Caleb that he traded Katherine's silver cup for hunting supplies. That night, Katherine questions Thomasin about the disappearance of her cup and suspects her to be responsible for Samuel's abduction. The children overhear their parents discuss sending Thomasin away to serve another family.

Early the next morning, Thomasin finds Caleb preparing to check a trap in the forest and forces him to take her with him by threatening to awaken their parents. In the woods, they spot a hare, which sends their horse into a panic. Their dog Fowler gives chase to it, in which Caleb pursues them. The horse throws Thomasin, knocking her unconscious, and runs away. Caleb becomes lost in the woods and stumbles upon Fowler's disemboweled body. He finds a hovel where a beautiful young woman seduces him. The woman's arm becomes old and decrepit and grabs Caleb.

William finds Thomasin and takes her home. Katherine angrily chastises Thomasin for taking Caleb into the woods. William reluctantly admits that he sold Katherine's cup. Later that night, Thomasin discovers Caleb outside the home in the rain, naked, delirious, and mysteriously ill. The next day, the twins converse and sing songs with Black Phillip, the family's billy goat, and accuse Thomasin of witchcraft; Thomasin's attempts to milk the nanny goat produce only blood. When Caleb awakens, he expels an apple with a bite mark from his mouth. Katherine urges the family to pray, but the twins claim to forget the words and become unresponsive. Caleb passionately proclaims his love to Christ before he dies.

William, believing Thomasin is a witch, tells her she will be put on trial when the family returns to town. Thomasin points out William's sins and accuses the twins in retaliation. Enraged, William seals Thomasin and the twins inside the goat house. Thomasin denies being a witch, but the twins do not answer when she asks if they have truly spoken to the goat. Thomasin overhears William break down and confess to God that he has been prideful and made his family leave their old village out of stubbornness rather than sincere religious devotion. Later in the night, the children awaken in the goat house to see an old woman drinking milk from the nanny goat. Katherine awakens to a vision of Caleb holding Samuel. Caleb offers Samuel to Katherine and asks if she will look at a book. She chooses to breast feed the baby, but it is actually a raven that pecks at her breast, leaving her bloody in the morning.

William awakens and finds the stable destroyed, the goats eviscerated, the twins missing and an unconscious Thomasin lying nearby with blood-stained hands. As Thomasin awakens, Black Phillip gores and kills William before her eyes. An unhinged Katherine, now blaming Thomasin for the tragedies and misfortunes and accusing her of trying to seduce William and Caleb, attacks her, who kills her mother with a bill hook in self-defense.

Alone, Thomasin hears chiming and enters the stable, where she urges Black Phillip to speak to her. The goat responds by asking if Thomasin would like to "live deliciously" and materializes into a tall, handsome, black-clad man. He orders Thomasin to remove her clothes and to sign her name in a book that appears before her. Thomasin follows Black Phillip into the forest, where she joins a coven of witches holding a Witches' Sabbath around a bonfire. The coven begins to levitate and a laughing Thomasin joins them, ascending above the trees.

Cast

  • Anya Taylor-Joy as Thomasin
  • Ralph Ineson as William
  • Kate Dickie as Katherine
  • Harvey Scrimshaw as Caleb
  • Ellie Grainger as Mercy
  • Lucas Dawson as Jonas
  • Julian Richings as The Governor
  • Bathsheba Garnett as The Witch-Old
  • Sarah Stephens as The Witch-Young
  • Charlie as Black Phillip (goat form)[9]
  • Wahab Chaudhry as Black Phillip (voice, human form)
  • Axtun Henry Dube and Athan Conrad Dube as Samuel

Production

Development

Eggers, who was born in New Hampshire, was inspired to write the film by his childhood fascination with witches and frequent visits to the Plimoth Plantation as a schoolboy. After unsuccessfully pitching films that were "too weird, too obscure", Eggers realized that he would have to make a more conventional film.[10] He said at a Q&A, "If I'm going to make a genre film, it has to be personal and it has to be good."[10] The production team worked extensively with British and American museums, as well as consulting experts on 17th-century British agriculture.[11] Eggers wanted the set constructed to be as historically accurate as possible, and therefore brought in a thatcher and a carpenter from Virginia and Massachusetts respectively who had the proper experience building in the style of that period.[12]

Eggers wanted to film the picture on location in New England but the lack of tax incentives meant he had to settle for Canada.[10] This proved to be something of a problem for Eggers, because he could not find the forest environment he was looking for in the country.[10] They had to go "off the map", eventually finding a location (Kiosk, Ontario) that was "extremely remote"; Eggers said that the nearest town "made New Hampshire look like a metropolis".[10]

The casting took place in England, as Eggers wanted authentic accents to represent a family newly arrived in Plymouth.[13]

Filming

In order to give the film an authentic look, Eggers shot only "with natural light and indoors, the only lighting was candles". Eggers also chose the spelling of the film's title as "The VVitch" (using two V instead of W) in its title sequence and on posters, stating that he found this spelling in a Jacobean era pamphlet on witchcraft, along with other period texts.[14]

In December 2013, costume designer Linda Muir joined the crew, and consulted 35 books in the Clothes of the Common People in Elizabethan and Early Stuart England series to plan the costumes. The costumes were made with wool, linen, or hemp. Muir also lobbied for a larger costume budget.[15]

Music

Mark Korven wrote the film's score, which aimed to be "tense and dissonant", while focusing on minimalism. Eggers vetoed the use of any electronic instruments and "didn't want any traditional harmony or melody in the score", and so Korven chose to create music with atypical instruments, including the nyckelharpa and the waterphone. He knew that the director liked to retain a degree of creative control, so he relied on loose play centered on improvisation "so that [Eggers] could move notes around whenever he wanted".[16][17]

Themes

According to analysts, the film transcends the traditional horror flick genre and enters a potential new category, nicknamed "elevated horror."[18] Its impact is delivered not through scares, but by the effect of ambience and scenography.[19] This is stylistically represented by the film's usage of expressionist lightning, the usage of different kinds of camera to draw thematic limits, the edition employed to hide horror from the main sight, and the soundtrack's sonic dissonance accompanying instrumental scenes.[18] Samuel's physically impossible disappearance at the beginning of the film introduces the viewer to the film's atmosphere.[18]

Linda maestra by Francisco de Goya, 1799.

The film's plot orbits around a psychological conflict, portrayed by the repressive, patriarchal stricture of Puritan society and the dark, murderous liberation of the witches.[18] The main female character, Thomasin, harbors worldly desires that differ from those of her conventionally Christian family,[20] yearning for independence,[18][19]sexuality,[21]acceptance[19][21] and power.[21] However, while her father and the Christian God fail to fulfill her needs, Satan instead speaks personally to her, offering her earthly satisfaction.[20] Therefore, with the demise of her family and the rejection of the Puritan society, Thomasin joins Satan and the witches, her only alternative, in order to find her long desired control over her own life.[21] Her nudity in the last scene reflects her act of casting out the bonds of her previous society.[19]

The difference between both options, nevertheless, is rendered blurred in an evocation of equal religious extremism.[20][21] This is first felt in the architecture of the family's own home, which ironically resembles an archetypal witch's cottage itself, hinting the gradual reveal that evil is already installed in them.[19][20] On the opposite side, Satan's temptation of Thomasin also acquires traits of ideological grooming, slowly alienating her from her family in a way that has been compared to Islamic online grooming of jihadi wives.[21] At the end, despite her newfound cause and ecstatic laugh at the coven, Thomasin has not escaped her previous religiosity, but merely changed its direction, turning to murder in exchange for freedom.[19][20]

The symbolic conflict between civilization and nature is also present in all the aspects of the film.[19] The family lives next to a dark forest, a place tied to witchcraft in their culture, which underlines the conflict between their civilized, patriarchal religion and the Gothic, wild natural world that surrounds them.[19] The state of nudity is associated to monstrosity, to the untamed wilderness where the forbidden sexuality emerges.[18][19][21] Accordingly, Caleb returns nude after being seduced by the witch, the witches themselves perform their acts while naked, and Thomasin eventually adopts this code upon joining them.[19][20] At the end of the film, nature triumphs over its adversary, with the Pan-like Black Phillip goring the axe-wielding William in a metaphor of man being consumed by the wild.[19]

Release

The film had its world premiere at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival, on January 27, 2015.[22][23] The film was also screened in the Special Presentations section of the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival, on September 18, 2015.[24][25]A24 and DirecTV Cinema acquired distribution rights to the film.[26] The film received very positive reactions in advance screenings, so the studios decided to give the film a wide theatrical release in the United States, on February 19, 2016.[27][28]

The film was released on Blu-ray and digital HD on May 17, 2016, in the United States.[29] The discs' extras include outtakes, audio commentary, a documentary--The Witch: A Primal Folktale, which summarizes the cast and crew's making of the film--and a 30-minute question-and-answer session filmed in Salem, Massachusetts featuring director Eggers, lead actress Anya Taylor-Joy, and historians Richard Trask and Brunonia Barry.[30] A 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray was released on April 23, 2019.[31]

Reception

Box office

The Witch grossed $25.1 million in the United States and Canada and $15.3 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $40.4 million.[6]

In North America, pre-release tracking suggested that the film would gross $5-7 million from 2,046 theaters in its opening weekend, trailing fellow newcomer Risen ($7-12 million projection) but similar to opener Race ($4-7 million projection).[32] The film grossed $3.3 million on its first day and $8.8 million in its opening weekend, finishing fourth at the box office behind Deadpool ($56.5 million), Kung Fu Panda 3 ($12.5 million) and Risen ($11.8 million).[33]

Critical response

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 90% based on 317 reviews, with an average rating of 7.77/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "As thought-provoking as it is visually compelling, The Witch delivers a deeply unsettling exercise in slow-building horror that suggests great things for debuting writer-director Robert Eggers."[34]Metacritic reports a weighted average score of 83 out of 100, based on 46 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[35] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "C-" on an A+ to F scale, while PostTrak reported filmgoers gave it a 55% overall positive score and a 41% "definite recommend".[33]

Writing in Variety, Justin Chang commented that "A fiercely committed ensemble and an exquisite sense of historical detail conspire to cast a highly atmospheric spell in The Witch, a strikingly achieved tale of a mid-17th-century New England family's steady descent into religious hysteria and madness."[36] Yohana Desta of Mashable stated that The Witch is a "stunningly crafted experience that'll have you seeking out a church as soon as you leave the theater".[37]Peter Travers, in his Rolling Stone review, gave the film 3​ stars, and wrote of the film: "Building his film on the diabolical aftershocks of Puritan repression, Eggers raises The Witch far above the horror herd. He doesn't need cheap tricks. Eggers merely directs us to look inside."[38] Stephanie Zacharek summarized the movie in Time as "a triumph of tone", writing that "Although Eggers is extremely discreet--the things you don't see are more horrifying than those you do--the picture's relentlessness sometimes feels like torment."[39] Gregory Wakeman, writing for CinemaBlend, rated it five stars, writing that "[its] acting, lighting, music, writing, production design, cinematography, editing, and direction all immediately impress. While, at the same time, they combine to create an innately bewitching tale that keeps you on tenterhooks all the way up until its grandiose but enthralling finale."[40] Ann Hornaday wrote in The Washington Post that the film joins the ranks of horror films such as The Exorcist, The Omen, and Rosemary's Baby, saying that The Witch "comports itself less like an imitator of those classics than their progenitor... a tribute to a filmmaker who, despite his newcomer status, seems to have arrived in the full throes of maturity, in full control of his prodigious powers."[41] Jay Bauman of RedLetterMedia named the film his favorite film of 2016, labelling it "a masterpiece".

However, some critics as well as audiences were less pleased with the film; Ethan Sacks, of the New York Daily News, wrote that while the film does not suffer from the cinematography, acting, or setting, early on it "seems that The Witch is tapping a higher metaphor for coming of age...or religious intolerance...or man's uneasy balance with nature...or something. It doesn't take long into the film's hour and a half running time, however, to break that spell."[42] Critics have noted that the film has received backlash from audiences regarding the film's themes and slow approach to horror;[43] Lesley Coffin criticized A24, saying it was "a huge mistake" to market The Witch as a terrifying horror film:

Not because it doesn't fit into the genre of horror, but because of the power of expectations. The less you know about this movie the better your experience will be, but everyone who saw it opening weekend probably walked in with too much knowledge and hype to really get as much out of it as they could have if the film had the veil of mystery.[44]

HitFix writer Chris Eggertson was critical of mainstream Hollywood; he said that The Witch "got under [his] skin profoundly", though he argued that it "did not have the moment-to-moment, audience-pleasing shocks that moviegoers have become accustomed to thanks to movies like Sinister and The Purge and Paranormal Activity and every other Blumhouse and Platinum Dunes title in the canon."[45]

Horror authors Stephen King and Brian Keene both reacted positively towards the film; King tweeted significant praise for the film, stating, "The Witch scared the hell out of me. And it's a real movie, tense and thought-provoking as well as visceral",[46] while Keene, on social media, stated, "The Witch is a gorgeous, thoughtful, scary horror film that 90% of the people in the theater with you will be too stupid to understand."[47] Jason Coffman expressed his "frustration" toward viewers who felt The Witch was "boring", saying:

[T]hese detractors have targeted [these] films that work within the genre but are also examples of how genre cinema can explore concepts and themes in ways that less fantastic stories cannot. In short, the rejection of these films appears to people outside of horror fandom as a rejection of cinema as an art form.[48]

Religious

Julia Alexander of Polygon states that The Witch "asks people to try and understand what life would have been like for a family of devout Christians living in solitude, terrified of what may happen if they go against the word of God".[49] In The Atlantic, Alissa Wilkinson stated that many films featured at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival--The Witch, along with Last Days in the Desert, Don Verdean, and I Am Michael--reveal a "resurgence of interest in the religious" and described The Witch as "a chilling circa-1600 story of the devil taking over a devout, Scripture-quoting family".[50]Eve Tushnet commented in an article in TAC, which was also published in First Things, that The Witchs view of witchcraft is "not revisionist" and further states that the film is "pervaded by the fear of God. There are occasional references to His mercy but only as something to beg for, not something to trust in".[51][52]

A review by Adam R. Holz on Plugged In, a publication of the conservative Christian organisation Focus on the Family, heavily criticised the film, stating that:

William is absolutely devoted to leading his family in holiness and the ways of the Lord, which should be a good thing. But the fruit of William's rigorous focus on dogmatic piety isn't a lifting of burdens, which we're told should happen in Matthew 11:30, or a joyful celebration of living life to the fullest, as is referenced in John 10:10; rather it is deep fear and morbid meditations on hell, damnation and the forces of spiritual darkness.[53]

Josh Larsen of Think Christian, however, offered a Christian explanation of the conclusion of the film, stating that in "encountering evil, the family in the film veers wildly back and forth between 'triumphalism' and 'defeatism,' two theological extremes" and "in refusing to allow for grace, they become easy pickings for the witch".[54]

Emily VanDerWerff of Vox stated that:

A24 could have just as easily courted the approval of, say, theologians who have a fondness for Calvinism. The VVitch takes place in Colonial America, and it unfolds from the perspective of period Christians who genuinely believe the woods around their tiny farm contain some sort of evil, supernatural being--and are ultimately proved correct.[55]

Accolades

List of awards and nominations
Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result
Austin Film Critics Association December 28, 2016 Best First Film The Witch Won [56][57]
Breakthrough Artist Award Anya Taylor-Joy Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics December 11, 2016 Best New Filmmaker Robert Eggers Won [58]
Bram Stoker Awards April 29, 2017 Superior Achievement in a Screenplay Robert Eggers Won [59]
Chicago Film Critics Association December 15, 2016 Best Art Direction The Witch Nominated [60]
Most Promising Filmmaker Robert Eggers Won
Critics Choice Awards December 11, 2016 Best Sci-Fi/Horror Movie The Witch Nominated [61]
Empire Awards March 19, 2017 Best Horror The Witch Won [62]
Best Female Newcomer Anya Taylor-Joy Won
Fangoria Chainsaw Awards October 2, 2017[63] Best Film The Witch Won [63]
Best Actress Anya Taylor-Joy Won
Best Supporting Actor Ralph Ineson Nominated
Best Score Mark Korven Nominated
Golden Tomato Awards January 12, 2017 Best Horror Movie 2016 The Witch Won [64]
Golden Trailer Awards May 4, 2016 Best Horror "Family" Won [65]
Best Horror TV Spot "Life" Nominated
Best Sound Editing in a TV Spot "Paranoia" Won
Gotham Awards November 28, 2016 Breakthrough Actor Anya Taylor-Joy Won [66]
Bingham Ray Breakthrough Director Award Robert Eggers Nominated
Independent Spirit Awards February 25, 2017 Best First Screenplay Robert Eggers Won [67]
Best First Feature Robert Eggers, Daniel Bekerman, Jay Van Hoy, Lars Knudsen, Jodi Redmond and Rodrigo Teixeira
London Film Critics' Circle January 22, 2017 Young British/Irish Performer of the Year Anya Taylor-Joy (also for Morgan and Split) Nominated [68]
London Film Festival October 18, 2015 Sutherland Award Robert Eggers Won [69]
Festival international du film fantastique de Gérardmer January 31, 2016 Prix du jury SyFy The Witch Won [70]
New York Film Critics Online December 11, 2016 Best Debut Director Robert Eggers Won [71]
Online Film Critics Society January 3, 2017 Best Picture The Witch Nominated [72]
San Diego Film Critics Society December 12, 2016 Breakthrough Artist Anya Taylor-Joy Nominated [73][74]
San Francisco Film Critics Circle December 11, 2016 Best Production Design Craig Lathrop Nominated [75][76]
Saturn Awards June 28, 2017 Best Horror Film The Witch Nominated [77]
Best Performance by a Younger Actor Anya Taylor-Joy Nominated
Seattle Film Critics Society January 5, 2017 Best Picture of the Year The Witch Nominated [78][79]
Best Director Robert Eggers Nominated
Best Cinematography Jarin Blaschke Nominated
Best Costume Design Linda Muir Nominated
Best Youth Performance Anya Taylor-Joy Won
Harvey Scrimshaw Nominated
Best Villain Charlie and Wahab Chaudary (as Black Phillip) Nominated
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association December 18, 2016 Best Horror/Science-Fiction Film The Witch Won [80]
Sundance Film Festival February 1, 2015 Directing Award Robert Eggers Won [81]
Grand Jury Prize Robert Eggers Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association December 11, 2016 Best First Feature The Witch Won [82]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association December 5, 2016 Best Youth Performance Anya Taylor-Joy Nominated [83]
Best Art Direction Craig Lathrop Nominated

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Witch (15)". British Board of Film Classification. February 18, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "The Witch". Sundance institute. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Grierson, Tim (January 24, 2015). "The Witch". Screen Daily. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Record-breaking year for Canada at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival". Telefilm Canada. January 14, 2015. Archived from the original on August 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "2016 Feature Film Study" (PDF). Film L.A. Inc. May 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "The Witch (2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Wickman, Forrest (February 23, 2016). "All The Witch's Most WTF Moments, Explained: A Spoiler-Filled Interview With the Director". Slate. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ Wickman, Forrest; Eggers, Robert (February 23, 2016). "All The Witch's Most WTF Moments, Explained: A Spoiler-Filled Interview With the Director". Slate. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ Abramovitch, Seth (March 2, 2016). "Black Phillip: The Real Story Behind the Breakout Goat From 'The Witch'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e Anielski, Ryan (October 21, 2015). "How Robert Eggers Combined History and Childhood Horrors in 'The Witch'". IndieWire. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Bitel, Anton (March 11, 2016). "Voices of the Undead: Robert Eggers on The Witch". Sight & Sound. British Film Institute. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ Crucchiola, Jordan (February 20, 2016). "How The Witch's Director Made His Film So Terrifying". Wired. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ Smith, Nicola (March 18, 2016). "New Hampshire Director Sifts His Home Soil". Valley News. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ Bloom, Jessica (March 15, 2016). "Designer-Turned-Director Robert Eggers Discusses His Horror Film 'The Witch'". Format. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ Ankenbauer, Sam (May 27, 2016). "Dressing The Witch: An Interview with Costume Designer Linda Muir". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ Barkan, Jonathan (February 26, 2016). "We Interviewed Composer Mark Korven About His Terrifying Score for 'The Witch'". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ Fusco, Jon (September 16, 2016). "How Mark Korven Avoided the Temptations of Temp Music to Score 'The Witch'". No Film School.com. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Hart, Adam Charles (2019). Monstrous Forms: Moving Image Horror Across Media. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190916268.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Parker, Elizabeth (2020). The Forest and the EcoGothic: The Deep Dark Woods in the Popular Imagination. Springer Nature. ISBN 9783030351540.
  20. ^ a b c d e f Bacon, Simon (2019). Dracula as Absolute Other: The Troubling and Distracting Specter of Stoker's Vampire on Screen. McFarland. ISBN 9781476675381.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Fry, Carol L. (2019). Primal Roots of Horror Cinema: Evolutionary Psychology and Narratives of Fear. McFarland. ISBN 9781476635316.
  22. ^ "Sundance Institute Announces Films in Premieres and Documentary Premieres for 2015 Sundance Film Festival". Sundance Institute. December 8, 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "The Witch". Sundance Film Festival. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ Punter, Jennie (August 18, 2015). "Sandra Bullock's 'Our Brand Is Crisis,' Robert Redford's 'Truth' to Premiere at Toronto". Variety. Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ "The Witch". TIFF.net. Archived from the original on January 24, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 24, 2015). "Sundance: A24, DirecTV Buy Robert Eggers' 'The Witch' (Updated)". TheWrap. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ Lang, Brent (February 17, 2016). "Box Office: 'Deadpool' Still a Juggernaut; 'The Witch' Generating Heat". Variety. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ D'Alessandro, Alexander (February 19, 2016). "'Deadpool' Destroying Rivals With $56M Weekend; 'Risen' Burning 'Witch'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ "The Witch". DVDsReleaseDates.com. Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ Serafino, Jason (May 17, 2016). "Review: 'The Witch' Blu-Ray Adds Historical Context To One Of The Most Unique Horror Films In Years". Tech Times. Retrieved 2016.
  31. ^ https://www.blu-ray.com/movies/The-Witch-4K-Blu-ray/231318/
  32. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (February 17, 2016). "'Deadpool' Still Cool In Weekend 2 With Superhero Set To Pass $200M - Box Office Preview". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2019.
  33. ^ a b D'Alessandro, Anthony (February 21, 2016). "'Deadpool' Strong With Second Weekend Of $55M; 'Risen' Takes $11.8M, 'Witch' At $8.7M". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ "The Witch (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ The Witch at Metacritic
  36. ^ Chang, Justin (January 23, 2015). "Sundance Film Review: 'The Witch'". Variety. Retrieved 2015.
  37. ^ Desta, Yohana (February 18, 2016). "'The Witch' is a film so f*cked up, Satan would see it twice". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2016.
  38. ^ Travers, Peter (February 18, 2016). "'The Witch' Movie Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016.
  39. ^ Zacharek, Stephanie (February 16, 2016). "'The Witch' Movie Review: A Supercreepy New England Folktale". TIME. Retrieved 2016.
  40. ^ Wakeman, Gregory (January 2015). "The Witch". Cinemablend. Retrieved 2016.
  41. ^ Hornaday, Ann (February 18, 2015). "17th-century horror film 'The Witch' creeps you out long after credits roll". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016.
  42. ^ Sacks, Ethan (February 17, 2016). "'The Witch' casts a spell on critics though it's not good". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2016.
  43. ^ "Is The Witch Really a Horror Movie?". MoviePilot.com. February 18, 2016. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  44. ^ Coffin, Lesley (February 22, 2016). "The Witch Review: Beware of High Expectations". The Mary Sue. Retrieved 2016.
  45. ^ Eggertsen, Chris (February 22, 2016). "Why do so many horror fans hate The Witch?". Hitfix.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  46. ^ Miska, Brad (February 16, 2016). "'The Witch' Scared the Hell Out of Stephen King!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 2016.
  47. ^ Keene, Brian [@BrianKeene] (February 21, 2016). "THE WITCH is a gorgeous, thoughtful, scary horror film that 90% of the people in the theater with you will be too stupid to understand" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.
  48. ^ Coffman, Jason (February 19, 2016). "This is why we can't have nice things: "The Witch" and horror fandom's gatekeepers". Medium.com. Retrieved 2016.
  49. ^ Alexander, Julia (February 17, 2016). "The Witch review: A terrifying tale of depravity". Polygon. Retrieved 2016.
  50. ^ Wilkinson, Alissa (March 18, 2015). "Can Indie Filmmakers Save Religious Cinema?". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2016. Last Days in the Desert was the obvious "Bible film" at this year's Sundance. But the festival's lineup revealed a resurgence of interest in the religious: In Don Verdean, an affectionately satirical comedy, Sam Rockwell stars as a "Biblical archaeologist" who becomes a pawn in a war between two rival local ministers. The Witch, a pristine horror debut from writer/director Robert Eggers, is a chilling circa-1600 story of the devil taking over a devout, Scripture-quoting family. I Am Michael, executive produced by Gus Van Sant, tells the true story of Michael Glatze (played by James Franco), a former gay activist who denounced homosexuality and became a Christian pastor. Other films like Z for Zachariah and Me, Earl, and the Dying Girl subtly draw on questions and motifs that animate Biblical narratives and questions.
  51. ^ Tushnet, Eve (February 26, 2016). "Out in the Fields with God". The American Conservative. Retrieved 2016.
  52. ^ Tushnet, Eve (March 4, 2016). "First Links -- 3.4.16". First Things.com. Retrieved 2016.
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