The Tokyo College of Commerce
Get The Tokyo College of Commerce essential facts below. View Videos or join the The Tokyo College of Commerce discussion. Add The Tokyo College of Commerce to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
The Tokyo College of Commerce
Hitotsubashi University
The seal of Hitotsubashi University
MottoCaptains of Industry
TypePublic (National)
Established1920 (Origins 1875)
PresidentSusumu Yamauchi
Academic staff
ColorsCrimson Red (DIC-2489)     

Hitotsubashi University (?, Hitotsubashi daigaku) is a national university specialised in the social sciences in Tokyo, Japan. The university has campuses in Kunitachi, Kodaira, and Kanda.

Hitotsubashi is considered one of the most prestigious universities and the best in economics and commerce related subjects in Japan, consistently ranking amongst the top universities in Japanese university rankings.[1][2] It was ranked 25th in the world in 2011 by Mines ParisTech: Professional Ranking of World Universities.[3]

Hitotsubashi has strong relationships with overseas universities. There are about 590 international students and 450 researchers from abroad under academic exchange agreements with 83 universities and research institutions, including University of Chicago, the University of Oxford and the University of California.

The university's symbol is inspired by Mercury, Roman mythology's god of commerce.[4]


When founded by Arinori Mori in 1875, Hitotsubashi was called the Institute for Business Training (|Sh?h? K?shujo), where it nurtured businessmen to modernize Japan after the collapse of the feudal Tokugawa Sh?gunate. There were talks about a merger with The University of Tokyo, but alumni and students objected--the merger was not fulfilled. This is known as the "Shinyu Incident".[5]

From the university web page: "For 130 years Hitotsubashi graduates have played leading roles in Japanese business, hence the university's motto 'captains of industry.' Today, our former students are also prominent in finance, government, politics and the media. The quality of our research has been recognized internationally, and Hitotsubashi scholars maintain strong ties to industry and government. Hitotsubashi is an excellent base for visiting researchers, offering a well-stocked library, a beautiful campus (and in the case of ICS a location in the heart of Tokyo), and a friendly atmosphere."

  • 1875: Arinori Mori established Institute for Business Training (|Sh?h? K?sh?jo) at Ginza-owarich?, Tokyo.
  • 1884: became a national school under the direct supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce of Japan, and changed its name to the Tokyo Commercial School (|Tokyo Sh?gy? Gakk?).
  • 1885: came under the control of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan, and absorbed the Tokyo Foreign Language School. The school then relocated to the site of the latter institution in an education district called Hitotsubashi, Tokyo in the vicinity of the Imperial Palace.
  • 1887: the status of the Tokyo Commercial School was raised to that of the Higher Commercial School (|K?t? Sh?gy? Gakk?).
  • 1897: established affiliated institutions for foreign-language education.
  • 1899: separated affiliated institutions for foreign-language education as Tokyo School of Foreign Languages (now Tokyo University of Foreign Studies).
  • 1902: changed its name to the Tokyo Higher Commercial School (| T?ky? K?t? Sh?gy? Gakk?) due to the establishment of another such school in Kansai district (now Kobe University).
  • 1920: raised to and became the Tokyo College of Commerce (| T?ky? Sy?ka Daigaku).
  • 1927: moved to Kunitachi and Kodaira, Tokyo, its present location, on account of the Great Kanto earthquake.
  • 1944: changed its name to the Tokyo College of Industry (| T?ky? Sangy? Daigaku) under the order of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan.
  • 1947: changed its name back to the Tokyo College of Commerce (| T?ky? Sy?ka Daigaku).
  • 1949: adopted the new system and the name of Hitotsubashi University (?| Hitotsubashi Daigaku) through a student ballot, when the American education system was introduced as part of the postwar education reforms, and established Faculties of Commerce, Economics, and Law & Social Sciences.
  • 1951: separated Faculty of Law & Social Sciences into Faculty of Law and Faculty of Social Science.
  • 1996: established the Graduate School of Language and Society.
  • 1998: established the Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy (ICS).
  • 2004: established Law School due to the introduction of Law School system in Japan.
  • 2005: established School of International and Public Policy.

Faculties and graduate schools

Kanematsu auditorium on the Kunitachi Campus

Hitotsubashi University has about 4,500 undergraduate and 2,100 postgraduate students with some 630 faculty members.

Undergraduate programs

  • Commerce (275)
  • Economics (275)
  • Law (175)
  • Social Sciences (235)

Graduate programs

  • Commerce (Master Program: 108, Doctor Program: 30)
  • Economics (Master Program: 70, Doctor Program: 30)
  • Law (Master Program: 15, Doctor Program: 26 Juris Doctor Program: 100)
  • Social Sciences (Master Program: 87, Doctor Program: 44)
  • Language and Society (Master Program: 49, Doctor Program: 21)
  • International Corporate Strategy (ICS) (including MBA Program)
  • International and Public Policy (55)

Parentheses show the numbers of admitted students per year.[6]

Research institutes and centers

Library on the Kunitachi Campus
  • Institute of Economic Research
    • Research Center for Information and Statistics of Social Science
    • Center for Economic Institutions[7]
    • Center for Intergenerational Studies[8]
  • Research and Development Center for Higher Education
  • Information and Communication Technology Center
  • Center for Student Exchange[9]
  • International Joint Research Center
  • Institute of Innovation Research[10]
  • Center for Historical Social Science Literature[11]

Academic exchange agreements overseas

As of 2007, Hitotsubashi University had academic exchange agreements with 84 overseas universities and research institutions, including those between departments and departments, as follows:[12]

Academic rankings

University rankings
Toyo Keizai National[13]General 7
WE National[14]Employment 1
NBP Greater Tokyo[15][16]Reputation 5
Shimano National[17]Selectivity SA
ENSMP World[18]Alumni 25

Program rankings
Social Sciences & Humanities


Asahi National[19]Research 7
BE Success National[20]Qualification 8
BE Pass rate National[21]Qualification 2


RePec National[22]Research 5


Eduni MBA National[23]General 3
Eduni MBA World[24]General 100
CPA Success National[25]Qualification 6

Hitotsubashi University is considered as one of the most prestigious universities in Japan, consistently ranking amongst the top universities in Japanese university rankings. It is one of the highest ranked national universities that is not one of the National Seven Universities.

Hitotsubashi is a specialized institution only in social science, thus it is not as well known as other big universities such as University of Tokyo and Kyoto University. Although it has only social science departments and the place in the university rankings is always underrated, the reputation is very high. Consequently, its outstanding position in Japan can be seen in the several rankings below.

General rankings

The university was ranked 7th out of 181 major universities in 2011 in the ranking called "Truly strong universities (?)" by Toyo Keizai.[26] In this ranking, Hitotsubashi is 1st in average graduate salary.

According to QS World University Rankings, Hitotsubashi was ranked 314th, 314th, 420th, 378th and 365th in the world during 2005-2009. It has been ranked 114th, 101st, 99th and 178th during 2007-2010 in its social science ranking.[27]

Research performance

The Weekly Diamond reported that Hitotsubashi has the 4th highest research standard in Japan in research funding per researcher in COE Program.[28] In the same article, it is ranked seventh in quality of education by GP funds per student.

The economics department especially has a high research standard. According to the Asahi Shimbun, Hitotsubashi was ranked 4th in Japan in economic research during 2005-2009.[29] More recently, Repec in January 2011 ranked Hitotsubashi's Economic Department as Japan's 5th best economic research university.[30] Currently three researchers in Hitotsubashi are listed as top 10% economists in its world economist rankings.[31] Hitotsubashi has provided seven presidents of the Japanese Economic Association in its 42-year history; this number is the second largest.[32]

Asahi Shimbun summarized the amount of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Hitotsubashi was ranked 7th during 2005-2009.

Graduate school rankings

Hitotsubashi Law School is considered as one of top law schools in Japan, as it was ranked No. 1 in the passing rate of Japanese Bar Examination in 2006, 2008 and 2009.[33]

Hitotsubashi Business School is ranked 2nd in Japan by Nikkei Shimbun.[34]Eduniversal ranked Japanese business schools and Hitotsubashi was ranked 3rd in Japan (100th in the world).[35] In this ranking, Hitotsubashi is one of three Japanese business schools categorized in "Universal business schools with major international influence". It is one of the few Japanese business schools teaching in English.

Alumni rankings

Hitotsubashi alumni are distinctively successful in Japanese industries such as shown below.

According to the Weekly Economist 2010 rankings and the President's article on October 16, 2006, graduates from Hitotsubashi have the best employment rate in 400 major companies; the average graduate salary is the second best in Japan.[36][37]Mines ParisTech : Professional Ranking World Universities ranks Hitotsubashi University as 25th in the world in 2011 in the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies, although Hitotsubashi is small compared to other Japanese universities in the ranks.[3]

The university is ranked 8th in Japan for the number of alumni holding executive positions in the listed companies of Japan, and this number per student (probability of becoming an executive) is 2nd in Japan.[38][39]

Popularity and selectivity

Hitotsubashi is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered as one of the top with University of Tokyo, Kyoto University and Tokyo Institute of Technology among 180 national and public universities.Japanese people call them as "tokyoikko(?)" They are one of the most difficult universities for Japanese people to enter them. Universities in Japan are ranked based on a hensachi score. This tells how far from the statistical mean a typical student admitted to a university scores on a test. A score of 50 is at the mean. It's generally believed that the best universities have the highest hensachi score.These universities are ranked 1st to 4th place. So high school students have to get highest hensachi score to enter them.


Notable faculty

Famous alumni

Josui Kaikan

The university's alumni association is called Josuikai () and its main building (Josui Kaikan) is next to the building where Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy (ICS) is in Kanda, Tokyo.



Judges, bureaucrats





  1. ^ "Japanese universities: Introduction". Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ Makoto IKEMA, "Hitotsubashi University, 1875-2000: A Hundred and Twenty-five Years of Higher Education in Japan" Palgrave Macmillan 2000
  3. ^ a b Classements de l'école d'ingénieurs - MINES ParisTech Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. (2012-10-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  4. ^ "". Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "History|About Us|Hitotsubashi University". Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ ?/? Archived 2009-03-18 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Center for Economic Institutions". Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Center for Intergenerational Studies". Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ Hitotsubashi University. "? ". Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "|?". Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ Center for Historical Social Science Literature, Hitotsubashi University Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Hitotsubashi University Data 2008 Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Truly Strong Universities" (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  14. ^ "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  16. ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  17. ^ "GBUDU University Rankings" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  18. ^ "ENSMP World University Rankings" (PDF). École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  19. ^ Asahi Shimbun University rankings 2010 "Publification rankings in Law (Page 4)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ "Bar Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ "Bar Exam Pass rate rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  22. ^ "Top 25% Institutions and Economists in Japan, as of January 2011". REPEC. 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  23. ^ "Business School Ranking in Japan". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  24. ^ "University and business school ranking in 5 palms (Top100)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
    "University and business school ranking in 4 palms (Top101-300)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
    "University and business school ranking in 3 palms (Top301-696)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
    "University and business school ranking in 2 palms (Top697-896)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  25. ^ "CPA Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Yutaka Honkawa. 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  26. ^ 2010100-5? | | | Archived 2012-03-13 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  27. ^ All Study Destinations Archived 2011-08-19 at the Wayback Machine. Top Universities. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  28. ^ "" ? 2010/2/27
  29. ^ "University rankings 2011" Asahi Shinbun
  30. ^ Within Country and State Rankings at IDEAS: Japan. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  31. ^ Economist Rankings at IDEAS. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  32. ^ Japanese Economic Association - JEA Global Site. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  33. ^ ?3? Archived 2009-04-08 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Recent News | Hitotsubashi University ICS - MBA Japan Archived 2011-05-29 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  35. ^ University and business school ranking in Japan. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  36. ^ Yomiuri Weekly 2005/7/10
  37. ^ ?(2006?10?16):. (1999-02-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  38. ^ (in Japanese).
  39. ^ 30. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  40. ^ Private universities apply different kind of exams. Thus it's only comparable between universities in the same category.
  41. ^ E.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-22. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ In this ranking for example, Hitotsubashi Law course has the entrance difficulty of 90%, which is the top with University of Tokyo, and Economics course in Hitotsubashi as 2nd with 89%.
  43. ^ Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 11 scales) in Japan. 2012 (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011.
  44. ^ "Tenure Offered To Ramseyer". Retrieved 2015.
  45. ^ "Als die Sonne vom Himmel fiel" (in German). Festival del film Locarno. Retrieved .
  46. ^ Connor, R. E. "How That Road Got Its Name." Houston Post, Sunday May 2, 1965. Spotlight, Page 3. - Available on microfilm at the Houston Public Library Central Library Jesse H. Jones Building

External links

Coordinates: 35°41?37?N 139°26?42?E / 35.69374°N 139.44509°E / 35.69374; 139.44509

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes