|012 – The Romans|
|Doctor Who serial|
The Doctor, Vicki and Ian relaxing in a Roman villa.
|Directed by||Christopher Barry|
|Written by||Dennis Spooner|
|Script editor||Dennis Spooner (uncredited)|
|Produced by||Verity Lambert|
Mervyn Pinfield (associate producer)
|Incidental music composer||Raymond Jones|
|Length||4 episodes, 25 minutes each|
|First broadcast||16 January 1965|
|Last broadcast||6 February 1965|
Set during the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero at the time of the Great Fire of Rome, the serial has the First Doctor (William Hartnell) and his new travelling companion Vicki (Maureen O'Brien) investigating intrigue surrounding the death of a lyre player who was on the way to perform at the palace of Nero (Derek Francis) in Rome. At the same time, Ian Chesterton (William Russell) travels to Nero's palace to save his fellow schoolteacher Barbara Wright (Jacqueline Hill), who had been sold to Nero's wife Poppaea (Kay Patrick) as a slave.
The story is notable for its use of humour.
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With the TARDIS stuck at the bottom of a cliff, the First Doctor, Ian, Barbara and Vicki have installed themselves in an unoccupied Roman villa. As the Doctor and Ian recline, Barbara and Vicki walk to a nearby Roman village. They are spotted by two slave traders, Didius and Sevcheria. When they return to the villa the Doctor announces that he is off to Rome, some miles away, and will travel there with Vicki. Later that evening Barbara and Ian, now alone, are relaxing when the two slavers burst in upon them. They are overpowered and taken prisoner. Ian is sold to one slave owner, while Barbara is to be traded with another and sent to Rome.
The Doctor and Vicki are en route for Rome when they find the murdered body of a lyre player named Maximus Pettulian. The Doctor is holding the man's lyre when a centurion arrives and mistakes him for the dead man who is late for an engagement in Rome. The centurion accompanies them to Assisium. Once there, the centurion contacts the assassin Ascaris, who killed the real Pettulian, and instructs him to kill the Doctor.
The Doctor overpowers the assassin and drives him away. The centurion has fled, and the Doctor concludes the soldier was in league with the assassin. He decides to maintain his alias as Pettulian and head to Rome. Barbara is already there and is sold to Tavius, who is highly placed in the court of the Emperor Nero. She is to be a handmaiden to Nero's second wife, the Empress Poppaea Sabina.
The Doctor and Vicki arrive at Nero's court and encounter Tavius, who seems to imply to the Doctor that Pettulian is part of a secret network in which he is also a player. They find the body of the centurion who imperilled them earlier.
Ian has been confined to a galley in the Mediterranean but the craft runs into rough seas and is broken up. He is washed up on the nearby shore and found by another survivor of the galley, Delos. They agree to head for Rome in search of Barbara. When they arrive they are captured by centurions and taken to the arena to be trained as gladiators.
It becomes apparent to the Doctor that Tavius had the centurion murdered. Nero organizes a banquet in his honour at which he must play the lyre. He also takes a shine to Barbara much to the anger of Poppaea, who decides to have her poisoned at the Pettulian banquet. However, Vicki switches the poison goblet. Barbara has just left the banquet chamber when the Doctor arrives, warning Nero that his wine is poisoned.
The Doctor picks up his lyre with the warning that only those with the most sensitive and perceptive hearing will be able to discern its subtle melody. He then creates absolutely no sound but no-one wishes to make themselves out to be philistines by not appreciating the music. Nero is not convinced and decides to have Pettulian fed to the lions.
At the arena Ian and Delos are set to fight each other. However, they decide to fight their way out of the arena; Ian shouts to Barbara that he will be back to rescue her. The Emperor calls off his soldiers, planning to have him killed when he returns to rescue Barbara.
The Doctor has found the architectural plans for Nero's new Rome, and deduces that since the year is 64 AD that the Emperor is planning to destroy the city. Tavius arrives and warns the Doctor that the Emperor is planning to kill him too, advising him to complete his mission and kill Nero soon - Pettulian was an assassin all along. The Doctor accidentally sets fire to Nero's plans. Nero notices this and gets the idea for the Great Fire of Rome, thanks the Doctor and decides to spare his life. A rabble are bribed into starting the blaze and Ian is helped into the palace by Tavius, who reunites him with Barbara. Under Tavius' eye the two are allowed to escape and make their way back to the villa. The Doctor and Vicki also escape the city, watching it burn from a nearby hill. All four leave in the TARDIS but have barely begun to travel when a strange force starts dragging the ship to an unknown location.
Barry Jackson later played Garvey in Galaxy 4 and "Mission to the Unknown" (1965). He also played Drax in The Armageddon Factor (1979). Edward Kelsey later played Resno in The Power of the Daleks (1966) and Edu in The Creature from the Pit (1979). Gertan Klauber later played Ola in The Macra Terror (1967). Kay Patrick later played Flower in The Savages (1966).
|Episode||Title||Run time||Original air date||UK viewers|
|1||"The Slave Traders"||24:14||16 January 1965||13.0||16mm t/r|
|2||"All Roads Lead to Rome"||23:14||23 January 1965||11.5||16mm t/r|
|3||"Conspiracy"||26:18||30 January 1965||10.0||16mm t/r|
|4||"Inferno"||23:09||6 February 1965||12.0||16mm t/r|
The BBC's test audience had a strong negative reaction to the story, complaining that it was unrealistic, "so ridiculous that it's a bore", and "suitable only for morons". Despite these criticisms, many later critics have praised the story's use of humour to contrast with the darker elements of the piece.
On the day of episode two's transmission, The Romans was praised as "flawless" by The Times newspaper's special correspondent on broadcasting, as part of a feature on children's television. "The strongest weapon in the BBC armoury... remains Dr Who," wrote the reviewer. "The departure of the Daleks has broken tiny hearts all over the country, but the new series, with Miss Jacqueline Hill and Mr. William Russell in the hands of the slave traders, promises well. Miss Verity Lambert's production is once again flawless."
Retrospective reviews have also been positive. In a 2008 review for Radio Times, Mark Braxton praised Spooner's insertion of "playful" comedy into a story with dark elements, noting that the story was "well-rounded and neatly structured" even if it "may not get it exactly right". He also praised Hartnell's acting and his interactions with Vicki, as well as the moments between Ian and Barbara. Christopher Bahn of The A.V. Club noted that the story was less interested in historical accuracy but succeeded in comedy. He particularly praised the characterisation of the Doctor and Nero, who he felt was "played to the hilt by Francis" by balancing the character's darker and lighter sides.DVD Talk's Stuart Galbraith praised the serial for being ambitious and different, writing that it was "unusual for its darkly humorous tone". Den of Geek wrote that "The Romans does comedy well" with "witty dialogue, character moments, slapstick, and drama".Dreamwatch gave The Romans a score of 9 out of 10, calling it a "genuine treasure" in which Hartnell displayed his comedic side.
|Cover artist||Tony Masero|
|Series||Doctor Who book:|
|16 April 1987 (Hardback) 19 September 1987 (Paperback)|
A novelisation of this serial, written by Donald Cotton, was published by Target Books in April 1987. It is unique among Doctor Who novelisations in that it is an epistolary novel, written in the form of transcripts of letters and ancient documents.
The Romans was released on VHS with The Rescue on 5 September 1994. In May 2008, its soundtrack was released on Audio CD, with linking narration by William Russell. The story was released on DVD on 23 February 2009, again with The Rescue. The Region 1 release followed on 7 July.