The Hindu
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The Hindu

The Hindu
NewsPaperTheHindu.png
The 16 March 2005 front page of The Hindu
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)The Hindu Group, and
Kasturi and Sons Limited
Founder(s)G. Subramania Iyer
PublisherN. Ravi
EditorSuresh Nambath[1]
Founded20 September 1878; 141 years ago (1878-09-20)
Language
HeadquartersChennai, Tamil Nadu, India
CountryIndia
Circulation1,550,424 daily[2] (as of July-December 2018)
ISSN0971-751X
OCLC number13119119
Websitewww.thehindu.com
www.hindutamil.in

The Hindu is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Hindu Group, headquartered in Chennai. It was started as a weekly in 1878 and became a daily in 1889.[3] It is one of the Indian newspapers of record[4][5] and the second most circulated English-language newspaper in India, after The Times of India. As of March 2018, The Hindu is published from 21 locations across 11 states.[6]

History

The Hindu was founded in Madras on 20 September 1878 as a weekly newspaper, by what was known then as the Triplicane Six consisting of 4 law students and 2 teachers:- T. T. Rangacharya, P. V. Rangacharya, D. Kesava Rao Pantulu and N. Subba Rao Pantulu, led by G. Subramania Iyer (a school teacher from Tanjore district) and M. Veeraraghavacharyar, a lecturer at Pachaiyappa's College.[7] Started in order to support the campaign of Sir T. Muthuswamy Iyer for a judgeship at the Madras High Court and to counter the propaganda against him carried out by the Anglo-Indian press, The Hindu was one of the many newspapers of the period established to protest the policies of the British Raj. About 100 copies of the inaugural issue were printed at Srinidhi Press, Georgetown on one rupee and twelves annas of borrowed money. Subramania Iyer became the first editor and Veera Raghavacharya, the first managing director of the newspaper.[]

The paper was initially printed from Srinidhi Press but later moved to Scottish Press, then to The Hindu Press, Mylapore. Started as a weekly newspaper, the paper became a tri-weekly in 1883 and an evening daily in 1889. A single copy of the newspaper was priced at four annas. The offices moved to rented premises at 100 Mount Road on 3 December 1883. The newspaper started printing at its own press there, named "The National Press," which was established on borrowed capital as public subscriptions were not forthcoming. The building itself became The Hindus in 1892, after the Maharaja of Vizianagaram, Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju, gave The National Press a loan both for the building and to carry out needed expansion.[]

The Hindu was initially liberal in its outlook and is now considered left leaning. Its editorial stances have earned it the nickname, the 'Maha Vishnu of Mount Road'.[8] "From the new address, 100 Mount Road, which was to remain The Hindu's home till 1939, there issued a quarto-size paper with a front-page full of advertisements--a practice that came to an end only in 1958 when it followed the lead of its idol, the pre-Thomson Times [London]--and three back pages also at the service of the advertiser. In between, there were more views than news."[9] After 1887, when the annual session of Indian National Congress was held in Madras, the paper's coverage of national news increased significantly, and led to the paper becoming an evening daily starting 1 April 1889.[]

The partnership between Veeraraghavachariar and Subramania Iyer was dissolved in October 1898. Iyer quit the paper and Veeraraghavachariar became the sole owner and appointed C. Karunakara Menon as editor. However, The Hindus adventurousness began to decline in the 1900s and so did its circulation, which was down to 800 copies when the sole proprietor decided to sell out. The purchaser was The Hindus Legal Adviser from 1895, S. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar,[10] a politically ambitious lawyer who had migrated from a Kumbakonam village to practise in Coimbatore and from thence to Madras.[]

Modern history

In the late 1985s, when its ownership passed into the hands of the family's younger members, a change[] in political leaning was observed. Worldpress.org lists The Hindu as a left-leaning independent newspaper.[11] Joint managing director N. Murali said in July 2003, "It is true that our readers have been complaining that some of our reports are partial and lack objectivity. But it also depends on reader beliefs."[12] N. Ram was appointed on 27 June 2003 as its editor-in-chief with a mandate to "improve the structures and other mechanisms to uphold and strengthen quality and objectivity in news reports and opinion pieces", authorised to "restructure the editorial framework and functions in line with the competitive environment".[13] On 3 and 23 September 2003, the reader's letters column carried responses from readers saying the editorial was biased.[14][15] An editorial in August 2003 observed that the newspaper was affected by the 'editorialising as news reporting' virus, and expressed a determination to buck the trend, restore the professionally sound lines of demarcation, and strengthen objectivity and factuality in its coverage.[16]

In 1987-88, The Hindu's coverage of the Bofors arms deal scandal, a series of document-backed exclusives, set the terms of the national political discourse on this subject.[17] The Bofors scandal broke in April 1987 with Swedish Radio alleging that bribes had been paid to top Indian political leaders, officials and Army officers in return for the Swedish arms manufacturing company winning a hefty contract with the Government of India for the purchase of 155 mm howitzers. During a six-month period, the newspaper published scores of copies of original papers that documented the secret payments, amounting to $50 million, into Swiss bank accounts, the agreements behind the payments, communications relating to the payments and the crisis response, and other material. The investigation was led by a part-time correspondent of The Hindu, Chitra Subramaniam, reporting from Geneva, and was supported by Ram in Chennai. The scandal was a major embarrassment to the party in power at the centre, the Indian National Congress, and its leader Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The paper's editorial accused the Prime Minister of being party to massive fraud and cover-up.[18]

In 1991, Deputy Editor N. Ravi, Ram's younger brother, replaced G. Kasturi as editor. Nirmala Lakshman, Kasturi Srinivasan's granddaughter and the first woman in the company to hold an editorial or managerial role, became Joint Editor of The Hindu and her sister, Malini Parthasarathy, Executive Editor.[19]

In 2003, the Jayalalitha government of the state of Tamil Nadu, of which Chennai is the capital, filed cases against The Hindu for breach of privilege of the state legislative body. The move was perceived as a government's assault on freedom of the press. The paper garnered support from the journalistic community.[20]

On 21 July 2011, Siddharth Varadarajan, the national bureau chief of The Hindu, was appointed editor of The Hindu (made effective from 30 July 2011), a move that triggered the resignations of three members of the family from their senior editorial positions: N. Ravi resigned as editor, Malini Parthasarathy as executive editor and Nirmala Lakshman as the joint editor. A fourth member of the family, N. Murali, announced his retirement on attaining the age of 65 on 11 August 2011. They remain on the board of directors. Varadarajan was named by N. Ram, the editor-in-chief to succeed him.[21][22]

On 2 April 2013 The Hindu started "The Hindu in School" with S. Shivakumar as editor. This is a new edition for young readers, to be distributed through schools as part of The Hindu's "Newspaper in Education" programme. It covers the day's important news developments, features, sports, and regional news.[23] On 16 September 2013, The Hindu group launched its Tamil edition with K. Ashokan as editor.[24]

On 21 October 2013, changes have been made in Editorial as well as business of The Hindu[25] N.Ravi has taken over as Editor-in-chief of The Hindu and Malini Parthasarathy as Editor of The Hindu. In a consequence, Siddarth Varadarajan has submitted his resignation. N. Ram has become Chairman of Kasturi & Sons Limited and Publisher of The Hindu and Group publications; and N. Murali, Co-Chairman of the company.

During the 2015 South Indian floods, for the first time since its founding in 1878, the newspaper did not publish a print edition in Chennai market on 2 December, as workers were unable to reach the press building.[26]

On 5 January 2016, Malini Parthasarathy, the Editor of the newspaper, resigned with immediate effect. It was reported by the media that she resigned her post, citing "general dissatisfaction" with her performance.[27][27][28] However, she continues to be a Wholetime Director of Kasturi & Sons Ltd.[28]

The newspaper has foreign bureaus in eleven locations - Islamabad, Colombo, Dhaka, Kathmandu, Beijing, Moscow, Paris, Dubai, Washington, D.C., London, and most recently Addis Ababa.[29]

Management

Over the course of its history the Kasturi Ranga Iyengar family has usually run The Hindu through the presence of family in editorial and business operations as well as on the Board. It was headed by G. Kasturi from 1965 to 1991, N. Ravi from 1991 to 2003, and by his brother, N. Ram, from 27 June 2003 to 18 January 2012.[]

As of 2010, there are 12 directors in the board of Kasturi & Sons.[30]

Managing directors

A close up view of the entrance to Kasturi Buildings, the head office of The Hindu

Editors

Online presence

The Hindu was the first newspaper in India to have a website, launched in 1995.[35]

On 15 August 2009, the 130-year-old newspaper launched the beta version of its redesigned website at beta.thehindu.com. This was the first redesign of its website since its launch. On 24 June 2010 the beta version of the website went fully live at www.thehindu.com.[36]

Reviews

In 1965, The Times listed The Hindu as one of the world's ten best newspapers. Discussing each of its choices in separate articles, The Times wrote: "The Hindu takes the general seriousness to lengths of severity... published in Madras, [it] is the only newspaper which in spite of being published only in a provincial capital is regularly and attentively read in Delhi. It is read not only as a distant and authoritative voice on national affairs but as an expression of the most liberal--and least provincial--southern attitudes... Its Delhi Bureau gives it outstanding political and economic dispatches and it carries regular and frequent reports from all state capitals, so giving more news from states, other than its own, than most newspapers in India... It might fairly be described as a national voice with a southern accent. The Hindu can claim to be the most respected paper in India."[18][37]

In 1968, the American Newspaper Publishers' Association awarded The Hindu its World Press Achievement Award. An extract from the citation reads: "Throughout nearly a century of its publication The Hindu has exerted wide influence not only in Madras but throughout India. Conservative in both tone and appearance, it has wide appeal to the English-speaking segment of the population and wide readership among government officials and business leaders... The Hindu has provided its readers a broad and balanced news coverage, enterprising reporting and a sober and thoughtful comment... [It] has provided its country a model of journalistic excellence... [It] has fought for a greater measure of humanity for India and its people... [and] has not confined itself to a narrow chauvinism. Its Correspondents stationed in the major capitals of the world furnish The Hindu with world-wide news coverage... For its championing of reason over emotion, for its dedication to principle even in the face of criticism and popular disapproval, for its confidence in the future, it has earned the respect of its community, its country, and the world."[18]

Controversy

Headquarters of The Hindu in Anna Salai, Chennai

Bias allegations

In a family feud, one of the editors of The Hindu accused the daily of being left-leaning; and, not as aggressive in its reporting as during the Bofors scandal.[38][39] But some readers have also praised the daily for covering the recent scandals such as Rafale deal controversy without bias.[40][41][42]

For instance, many advocates for the rights of Sri Lankan Tamils have accused The Hindu of pro-Sinhalese bias.[43] And following opinion pieces published by the former editor of The Hindu, N. Ram, extolling China's governance of Tibet[44] and other perceived slights, many commentators have claimed a Sinophilic bias. B. Raman, director of the South Asia Analysis Group said, The Hindus " sympathy for China and its policy in recent years of keeping out of its columns any report or article of a negative nature on China is well known" and that it often placed "its columns at the disposal of the Xinhua news agency... without telling its readers that the Xinhua is a mouthpiece of the Chinese Government".[45]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Editorial transition".
  2. ^ "Highest Circulated Daily Newspapers (language wise)" (PDF). Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "About Us News". The Hindu. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ Drèze, Jean; Sen, Amartya (21 February 1991). The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-being. Clarendon Press. ISBN 9780191544460.
  5. ^ Bald, Vivek; Chatterji, Miabi; Reddy, Sujani; Vimalassery, Manu (22 July 2013). The Sun Never Sets: South Asian Migrants in an Age of U.S. Power. NYU Press. ISBN 978-0814786437.
  6. ^ "Expanding footprint". The Hindu. 27 February 2018.
  7. ^ Ramnath, M.S.; Jayshankar, Mitu (22 April 2010). "The Hindu board room becomes a battlefield". Forbes India. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Vizhippunarvu - Kuthusigurusami - Kuruvikarambaivelu - Periyar - Kudiarasu". Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ S. Muthiah (13 September 2003). "Willing to strike and not reluctant to wound". Archived from the original on 29 September 2005. Retrieved 2006.
  10. ^ "Navigation News - Frontline". Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Worldpress.org, the directory of online Indian newspapers and magazines lists The Hindu as "Left-leaning, independent", and its biweekly sister publication Frontline as "Independent biweekly".
  12. ^ Venkatachari Jagannathan (1 June 2003). "Change of guard". Retrieved 2006.
  13. ^ "The job of a reporter is to write news, not to comment". 11 November 2005. Archived from the original on 17 March 2006. Retrieved 2006. An interview with N. Ram, editor-in-chief of The Hindu
  14. ^ "Opinion - Letters to the Editor". 3 September 2003. Retrieved 2006.
  15. ^ "Opinion - Letters to the Editor". 23 September 2003. Retrieved 2006.
  16. ^ "The Hindu". The Hindu. 27 August 2003. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 2006.
  17. ^ "1989: Scandal in India". centennial.journalism.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ a b c "Developing a paper for a new reader". The Hindu. 13 September 2003. Archived from the original on 24 November 2004. Retrieved 2006.
  19. ^ "The Hindu: Very Divided Family". www.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ Onkar Singh (8 November 2003). "Journalists protest TN assembly's arrest of scribes". Retrieved 2006.
  21. ^ Letter from N. Ravi, Editor, on the recent happenings in The Hindu. The Hoot, 20 April 2011
  22. ^ Murali, N (1 September 2011). "N Murali: Double standards on display at Hindu". Times of India. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ Thomas, Liffy (2 April 2012). "The Hindu goes to school". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  24. ^ S. Bridget Leena. "'The Hindu' to launch Tamil newspaper on 16 September". livemint.com/. Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ a b "Changes at the Helm: Editorial and Business". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 21 October 2013.
  26. ^ "Chennai floods: The Hindu not published for first time since 1878". BBC News. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  27. ^ a b Rohan Venkataramakrishnan. "Malini Parthasarathy steps down as editor of the Hindu, saying she has been 'harshly judged'". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ a b c "Resignation of Editor & interim arrangements in place". The Hindu. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ "The Hindu returns to Africa". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  30. ^ Shukla, Archna (25 March 2010). "Battle for control breaks out in The Hindu very divided family". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2010.
  31. ^ "N. Ram to step down as editor-in-chief of The Hindu". Retrieved 2012.
  32. ^ "Siddharth on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016.
  33. ^ "Malini Parthasarathy is the Editor of The Hindu". The Hindu. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ a b "Mukund Padmanabhan is Editor of The Hindu; Raghavan Srinivasan becomes Business Line Editor". The Hindu. 23 March 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  35. ^ "In its 20th year, The Hindu website wins major award". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 26 February 2015. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  36. ^ "Our new website goes fully live on 29 June". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  37. ^ "Newspapers of the World: VI - The Hindu". The Times (56260). 3 March 1965. p. 11.
  38. ^ Lahiri, Tripthi (26 April 2011). "A Family Feud at the Venerable Hindu". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2014.
  39. ^ Chowdhury, Chandrahas (1 February 2012). "India's Top Newspapers Battle for Readers' Hearts and Souls". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2014.
  40. ^ Desk, The Hindu Net (8 February 2019). "Top news of the day: The Hindu's Rafale exposé triggers political storm, Kumaraswamy releases CD of 'Yeddyurappa luring JD(S) MLA', and more". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ "Modi Govt Waived Anti-Corruption Clauses in Rafale Deal: Report". BloombergQuint. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "The Hindu Expose! Rafale deal: Major concession!". Latest Indian news, Top Breaking headlines, Today Headlines, Top Stories | Free Press Journal. Retrieved 2019.
  43. ^ Attack on media: freedom, arrogance and playing with the will of people TamilNet, 16 October 2008
  44. ^ Tibet in the time of high economic growth The Hindu, 3 July 2007
  45. ^ CHINA: As Seen & Interpreted by The Hindu South Asia Analysis Group, 17 August 2009 Archived 13 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine

Further reading

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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