The Commercial Press
Get The Commercial Press essential facts below. View Videos or join the The Commercial Press discussion. Add The Commercial Press to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
The Commercial Press

The Commercial Press
FoundedFebruary 11, 1897; 122 years ago (1897-02-11) in Shanghai
Productsbooks, newspapers, magazines
Number of employees
260 in 25 departments

The Commercial Press (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Sh?ngwù Yìnsh?gu?n) is the first modern publishing organisation in China.


Commercial Press building after Japanese bombing in 1932

In 1897, 26-year-old Xia Ruifang and three of his friends founded The Commercial Press in Shanghai. The group soon received financial backing and began publishing books.[1] In 1914, Xia attempted to buy out a Japanese company that had invested in the Commercial Press. Four days later he was assassinated. There was much speculation as to who was behind the assassination; no one was ever arrested for the crime.

Commercial Press was bombed by the Imperial Japanese Army during the January 28 Incident. The bombing destroyed its headquarters in Zhabei, Shanghai, as well as the attached East Library and its collection of tens of thousands of rare books.[2]

At the turn of the century Commercial Press became a major publisher of textbooks. Today it is headquartered in Beijing and continues as an active publishing house of Chinese language learning materials including dictionaries, textbooks, pedagogical texts, and a cultural magazine called The World of Chinese.[3]


In 1902 it was set up with a forward attitude toward both Chinese and Western studies.

In 1903 it became China's first primary education textbook publisher. It later produced 2,550 secondary school textbooks that became popular in the country.

In 1904 it launched the "Eastern Miscellany" (?) with editor-in-chief ().

In 1907 the press moved to an 80-acre (320,000 m2) new plant.

In 1909 it launched the "Education Magazine" (?).

In 1910 it launched "The Short Story Magazine" (?).

In 1911 it launched the "Youth Magazine" (?).

In January 1914, the founder of Commercial Press, Xia Ruifang, was stabbed to death.[4]

In 1914 it set up a branch in "Hong Kong Museum" of the same year. It also launched the "Students' Magazine" (?).

In 1915 it printed the first dictionary.

In 1916 it set up a branch in Singapore.

In 1921 with Hu Shih's recommendation, Wang Yunwu () became the general manager modernising it into a business. The first edition of Zhongguo renming dacidian was published.

In 1924 it opened the "Commercial Press Oriental Library".

On 28 January 1932, the January 28 Incident occurred. The Japanese aircraft bombed the Commercial Press in conjunction with the Oriental Library. Imperial Japanese army would occupy Shanghai the next day. TCP resumed operation in 1932-08-01.

In 1949, TCP's operation was relocated away from China after Liberation Army had entered Shanghai.

In 1954, the TCP's headquarter was moved from Shanghai to Beijing shifting the focus to academic works published in the West.

In 1993, the separate Commercial Press companies in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and Malaysia established a joint venture to become "The Commercial Press International Limited."

In 2011, the Beijing office was changed into limited liability company ().

When China publishing and Media Holdings Co.,Ltd. () was founded in 2011-12-19, the newly founded company became the parent company.[5]


  • ? (): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • ? (): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • ? (): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • ? (): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • ? (?): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • ? (): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • ? (): Subsidiary of the Beijing branch.
  • The Commercial Press International Co., Ltd. (): Founded in 1993 by The Commercial Press branches in Beijing, Hong Kong, Taipei, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur.[6]
  • The World of English Inc. (?): Founded in 1981.
  • The World of Chinese Magazine ():
  • The Commercial Press (Nanning) Ltd. (())
  • ? (()): Founded in Apr 2011.
  • ? (()?): Founded in 2011.
  • ? (()?): Founded in Jun 2012.
  • ? (()?): Founded in Sep 2012.
  • The Commercial Press Taiyuan Ltd. (()?/): Founded in Jan 2013.
  • ? (()): Founded in Nov 2011.
  • ? (?): Founded in 2009-11-11.

Former subsidiaries

  • Dongfang Tushuguan/Oriental Library (): A library founded in 1925, and was later destroyed in 1932.
Commercial Press in Hong Kong
  • The Commercial Press (Hong Kong) Limited (()?): Founded in 1914 (?/) in Hong Kong as a subsidiary of the Beijing TCP. In 1988-06-10, it was incorporated as The Commercial Press (Hong Kong) Limited (()?). When Sino United Publishing (Holdings) Limited was established, it became a subsidiary of SUP.
  • Commercial Press (HK) Cyberbooks Ltd. (()): Online bookstore for The Commercial Press (H.K.) Ltd. Founded in 1999-03-18 as CP BooksNet. The site was founded in 2000-04-12 with SUNeVision.
  • ? (?): Established in 1924 in Sai Wan, Hong Kong as a printer for TCP's Hong Kong branch. In 1933, it was moved to North Point. In 1980, it was merged with ? () and ? () into C & C Joint Printing Co., (H.K.) Ltd. (()?).
  • Hong Kong Educational Publishing Company (): Established in 1979 as a textbook and reference publisher.
  • Bloomsbury Books Limited/Bloomsbury Books Ltd.: In November 2005, The Commercial Press (H.K.) Ltd. acquired Bloomsbury Books as an extension of its professional arm serving the legal and business communities in Hong Kong.[7]
  • EdFun Limited (): Established in 2005.
  • The Commercial Press, Ltd. (?): In Sep 1947, TCP's Fuzhou branch manager Ye Youmei entered Taiwan to plan for the branch. In Oct 1947, TCP bought a wooden and brick house in 37 Chongqing South Road 1st Section for the planned Taiwan headquarter. In 1948, the Taiwan branch () began operation. In 1949, the Taiwan branch became an independent entity under the demand from Taiwanese government, and the Chinese name was changed (?). In 1950-10-10, the company completed registration.
  • The Commercial Press (S) Pte. Limited ((?)?/()?): Established in 1916 as the Beijing TCP's Singapore branch. As of 2016, it is a subsidiary of Sino United Publishing (Holdings) Limited.
  • K. L. Commercial Book Company (M) Sdn. Bhd. ((?)?/(?)?): Established in 1956 as the Beijing TCP's Malaysia branch. In 1987, K. L. Commercial Book Company (M) Sdn. Bhd. was registered as a limited liability company operating independently. As of 2016, it is a subsidiary of Sino United Publishing (Holdings) Limited.

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Gao, James Z. (16 June 2009). Historical Dictionary of Modern China (1800-1949). Scarecrow Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-8108-6308-8.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Reed, Christopher Alexander (2003). Gutenberg in Shanghai: Chinese Print Capitalism, 1876-1937. University of Hawaii Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-8248-2833-2.
  5. ^ ?
  6. ^ ?
  7. ^ Bloomsbury Books Ltd - Professional booksellers & library suppliers since 1983


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes