Thanh Hoa Province
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Thanh Hoa Province
Thanh Hóa Province

T?nh Thanh Hóa
Citadel of the H? Dynasty
Official seal of Thanh Hóa Province
Location of Thanh Hóa within Vietnam
Location of Thanh Hóa within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°0?N 105°30?E / 20.000°N 105.500°E / 20.000; 105.500Coordinates: 20°0?N 105°30?E / 20.000°N 105.500°E / 20.000; 105.500
Country Vietnam
RegionNorth Central Coast
Capital (and Largest city)Thanh Hóa
 o People's Council ChairTr?nh V?n Chi?n
 o People's Committee ChairNguy?n ?ình X?ng
 o Total11,129.5 km2 (4,297.1 sq mi)
 o Total3,640,128
 o Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
 o EthnicitiesVietnamese, Mng, Thai, Th?, Dao, and H'Mông
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes237
ISO 3166 codeVN-21

Thanh Hóa (Vietnamese: [t?aj hw?:] ) is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam. This is a relatively large province, which ranks as fifth in area and as third in population among 63 central administrative subdivisions. Its capital and largest city is Thanh Hóa City. The province is widely called X? Thanh which means Thanh Hóa land in Vietnamese.

Human civilization has existed in Thanh Hóa for about 6,000 years ago, as one of the earliest centers of the ancient Vietnamese. Archaeological excavations have revealed that the first culture presented was the ?a Bút Culture, a culture located along the Sông ?áy river and the Sông Mã river.

Thanh Hóa is located in the middle of North Vietnam and North Central Coast as a transition in many aspects: geology, climate, administrative division and local culture. Thus, these factors show that X? Thanh is a province with many particular local habits and customs and cultures.

Thanh Hóa has two provincial cities, one district-level town and 24 rural districts with an area of 11,133.4 km2 and a population of approximate 3.6 million. S?m S?n city is a famous seaside resort situated 16   km from the Thanh Hóa city centre. Whilst, B?m S?n township is a large industrial centre, especially cement. Nghi S?n is a promising Economic zone, expected to be central of Thanh Hoa's Industrial with large Refinery Factory, Deepwater Seaport and many projects in progress. The province is also home of many ethnic groups, in which the most seven ethnicities are Kinh, Mng, Thái, H'Mông, Dao, Th?, Kh?-mú.


Geographic position

The coordinate was accurately measured as 19°18'N - 20°40'N (from the southernmost point to northernmost point), 104°22'E - 106°05'E (from the westernmost point to easternmost point). It borders the following provinces: S?n La, Hòa Bình, Ninh Bình, Ngh? An, it also neighbors Houaphanh province for 192 km boundary line furthermore.

Administrative divisions

Thanh Hóa is subdivided into 27 district-level sub-divisions:

  • 23 rural districts:
  • 2 district-level towns:

They are further subdivided into 28 commune-level towns (or townlets), 579 communes, and 30 wards.


The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese ??.

External links


  1. ^ [1], Thanh Hoa Overview
  2. ^ [2], Result from Vietnam's 2019 population and housing census

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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