Tennessee Volunteers Football
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Tennessee Volunteers Football

Tennessee Volunteers Football
Tennessee Volunteers logo.svg
First season1891
Athletic directorDanny White
Head coachJosh Heupel
1st season, 1-1 (.500)
StadiumNeyland Stadium
(capacity: 102,455)
Field surfaceGrass
LocationKnoxville, Tennessee
ConferenceSoutheastern Conference
All-time record
Bowl record29–24 (.547)
Claimed national titles6 (1938, 1940, 1950, 1951, 1967, 1998)
Unclaimed national titles8 (1914, 1927, 1928, 1931, 1939, 1956, 1985, 1989)
Conference titles16 (13 SEC, 2 Southern, 1 SIAA)
Division titles6 (1997, 1998, 2001, 2003 2004, 2007)
RivalriesAlabama (rivalry)
Auburn (rivalry)
Florida (rivalry)
Georgia (rivalry)
Georgia Tech (rivalry)
Kentucky (rivalry)
Vanderbilt (rivalry)
Consensus All-Americans40[1]
Current uniform
Tennessee vols football unif.png
ColorsOrange and White[2]
Fight songDown the Field (Official)
Rocky Top (Unofficial)
MascotSmokey X
Marching bandPride of the Southland Band

The Tennessee Volunteers football program (variously called "Tennessee", "Vols" and "UT") represents the University of Tennessee (UT).

The Vols have played football for 128 seasons, starting in 1891; their combined record of 850-402-53 ranks them twelfth on the list of all-time win-loss percentage records .672 and by-victories list for college football programs as well as second on the all-time win/loss list of SEC programs 386-241-33 .612.[3][4] Their all-time ranking in bowl appearances is third (52) and sixth in all-time bowl victories (28), most notably four Sugar Bowls, three Cotton Bowls, an Orange Bowl, a Peach Bowl, and a Fiesta Bowl. They have won 16 conference championships and claim six national titles (including two from major wire-service: AP Poll and Coaches' Poll) in their history. The school's last national championship was in 1998.

The Vols play at Neyland Stadium, where Tennessee has an all-time winning record of 464 games, the highest home-field total in college football history for any school in the nation at its current home venue. Additionally, its 102,455 seat capacity makes Neyland the nation's fifth largest stadium.


Conference affiliations


National championships

Tennessee has been selected as national championships six times from NCAA-designated major selectors (including two from major wire-service: AP Poll and Coaches' Poll).[5][6] Tennessee claims all six national championships.[7][8] The Associated Press (AP) has acknowledged Tennessee as national champions twice (1951, 1998); but the No. 1 Vols lost in the Sugar Bowl following the 1951 season after being named AP and UPI national champions due to the polls being conducted before the bowl season prior to 1965 and 1974 respectively. The 1938 and 1950 championships, while not AP titles, were recognized by a majority and a plurality of overall selectors/polls, respectively.[9][10] Tennessee has also been awarded national championships by various organizations in eight additional years of 1914, 1927, 1928, 1931, 1939, 1956, 1985, and 1989, though the school claims none.[11]

Year Coach Selectors Record Bowl Opponent Result Final AP Final Coaches
1938 Robert Neyland Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, Dunkel, College Football Researchers Association, Houlgate, Litkenhous, Poling, Sagarin, Sagarin (ELO-Chess) 11-0 Orange Oklahoma W 17-0 No. 2 -
1940 Dunkel, Williamson 10-1 Sugar Boston College L 13-19 No. 4 -
1950 Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, National Championship Foundation, Sagarin (ELO-Chess) 11-1 Cotton Texas W 20-14 No. 4 No. 3
1951 Associated Press, Litkenhous, United Press International (coaches), Williamson 10-1 Sugar Maryland L 13-28 No. 1 No. 1
1967 Doug Dickey Litkenhous 9-2 Orange Oklahoma L 24-26 No. 2 No. 2
1998 Phillip Fulmer Associated Press, BCS, FW, National Football Foundation, USA Today 13-0 Fiesta Florida State W 23-16 No. 1 No. 1

Conference championships

Tennessee has won a total of 16 conference championships through the 2018 season, including 13 SEC championships.[12]

Year Conference Coach Overall record Conference record
1914 SIAA Zora G. Clevenger 9-0 5-0
1927+ Southern Robert Neyland 8-0-1 5-0-1
1932+ 9-0-1 7-0-1
1938 SEC 11-0 7-0
1939 10-1 6-0
1940 10-1 6-0
1946+ 9-2 5-0
1951+ 10-1 5-0
1956 Bowden Wyatt 10-1 6-0
1967 Doug Dickey 9-2 6-0
1969 9-2 5-1
1985 Johnny Majors 9-1-2 5-1
1989+ 11-1 6-1
1990 9-2-2 5-1-1
1997 Phillip Fulmer 11-2 7-1
1998 13-0 8-0

Division championships

As winners of the Southeastern Conference's Eastern Division, Tennessee has made five appearances in the SEC Championship Game, with the most recent coming in 2007. The Vols are 2-3 in those games.

Year Division Championship Opponent Result
1997 SEC East Auburn W 30-29
1998 Mississippi State W 24-14
2001 LSU L 20-31
2003+ N/A lost tiebreaker to Georgia
2004 Auburn L 28-38
2007+ LSU L 14-21

+ Co-champions

Head coaches

Tennessee has had 24 head coaches since it began play during the 1891 season. Robert Neyland is the leader in seasons coached and games won, with 173 victories in 21 seasons (spread out over three stints). John Barnhill has the highest winning percentage of those who have coached more than one game, with .846. James DePree has the lowest winning percentage of those who have coached more than one game, with .306. Of the 23 different head coaches who have led the Volunteers, Neyland, Wyatt, Dickey, Majors, and Fulmer have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in Atlanta.

Bowl games

This is a list of Tennessee's ten most recent bowl games. Tennessee holds an all-time bowl game record of 29-24 through the 2020 season.[13]

Season Coach Bowl Opponent Result
2003 Phillip Fulmer Peach Bowl Clemson L 14-27
2004 Phillip Fulmer Cotton Bowl Classic Texas A&M W 38-7
2006 Phillip Fulmer Outback Bowl Penn State L 10-20
2007 Phillip Fulmer Outback Bowl Wisconsin W 21-17
2009 Lane Kiffin Chick-fil-A Bowl Virginia Tech L 14-37
2010 Derek Dooley Music City Bowl North Carolina L 27-30 2OT
2014 Butch Jones TaxSlayer Bowl Iowa W 45-28
2015 Butch Jones Outback Bowl Northwestern W 45-6
2016 Butch Jones Music City Bowl Nebraska W 38-24
2019 Jeremy Pruitt Gator Bowl Indiana W 23-22

Logos and uniforms

Tennessee Volunteer jerseys in 2007

The Volunteers began wearing orange pants in 1977 under coach Johnny Majors. His successor, Phillip Fulmer, discarded the pants upon becoming Major's full-time replacement in 1993. The orange pants were worn three times under Fulmer: in the 1999 homecoming game vs. Memphis, the 2007 SEC Championship game vs. LSU, and the 2008 season opener at UCLA. Lane Kiffin wore the orange pants full-time on the road, except for the 2009 season finale vs. Kentucky, and selected home games.

In 2009, the Volunteers wore black jerseys with orange pants on Halloween night against the South Carolina Gamecocks.[14] The Volunteers had originally worn black uniforms from 1911-1920.

On October 5, 2013, the team debuted its "Smokey Gray" uniforms in an overtime loss to the Georgia Bulldogs at Neyland Stadium.[15]

The three new Mach Speed uniforms, which are part of a department-wide contract with Nike that was announced in 2014, introduces a taller, sleeker number font and striping that is half-checkerboard--matching the famous end-zone art at Neyland Stadium.

When current Athletics Director Phillip Fulmer (2018-present) was hired, the uniforms were changed to resemble the 1998 uniforms which the University of Tennessee won the first BCS National Championship in. This look consists of the iconic gloss white helmet with a single wide orange strip down the middle, with the orange power T logo on both sides, the updated Nike Orange and White home and away jerseys, solid white pants and white socks, and black Nike cleats. During this uniform change the checkerboard pattern was removed from the uniforms altogether and the orange pants were also removed from the uniform options as an alternative. In addition to these changes the Nike Smokey Grey alternate uniforms were removed and are not an option to be worn in the 2018 season. The "Orange Britches" were brought back into the uniform in 2019 and worn twice.

The two most recent times the Vols have worn orange pants, they have won with a 17-13 road victory over Kentucky on November 9, 2019, and a 20-10 victory over Mississippi State on October 12, 2019.[16]


Orange and white

UT fans at Neyland Stadium wearing the school colors.

The orange and white colors worn by the football team were selected by Charles Moore, a member of the very first Tennessee football team in 1891. They were from the American Daisy which grew on The Hill, the home of most of the classrooms at the university at the time (now housing most of the chemistry and physics programs et al.).

The orange color is distinct to the school, dubbed "UT Orange", and has been offered by The Home Depot for sale as a paint, licensed by the university. Home games at Neyland Stadium have been described as a "sea of Orange" due to the large number of fans wearing the school color; the moniker Big Orange, as in "Go Big Orange!", derives from the usage of UT Orange.

The color is spot color PMS 151 as described by the University.[17]

In addition to the famous orange and white, UT also has had the little-known Smokey Gray color since the 1930s and debuted the color in the October 5, 2013, rivalry game against Georgia in an alternate jersey.[18]

Orange and white checkerboard end zones

Orange and white checkerboard end zones are unique to Neyland Stadium.

Tennessee first sported the famous checkerboard design in 1964 under Dickey and remained until artificial turf was installed at Neyland Stadium in 1968. They brought the design back in 1989. The idea was inspired by the checkerboard design around the top of historic Ayres Hall.

The checkerboard was bordered in orange from 1989 until natural grass replaced the artificial turf in 1994. The return of natural grass brought with it the return of the green (or grass colored) border that exists today.

Rocky Top

Rocky Top is not the official Tennessee fight song (Down the Field is the official fight song), as is widely believed, but is the most popular in use by the Pride of the Southland Marching Band. The Band began playing the fight song during the 1970s after it became popular as a Bluegrass tune by the Osborne Brothers. The fight song is widely recognized as one of the most hated by opponents in collegiate sports.[19] The song became one of Tennessee's state songs in 1982.


Smokey IX before a November 2007 game against Vanderbilt.

Smokey is the mascot of the University of Tennessee sports teams, both men's and women's. A Bluetick Coonhound mascot, Smokey X, leads the Vols on the field for football games. On game weekends, Smokey is cared for by the members of Alpha Gamma Rho's Alpha Kappa chapter. There is also a costumed mascot, which has won several mascot championships, at every Vols game.

Smokey was selected as the mascot for Tennessee after a student poll in 1953. A contest was held by the Pep Club that year; their desire was to select a coon hound that was native to Tennessee. At halftime of the Mississippi State game that season, several hounds were introduced for voting, all lined up on the old cheerleaders' ramp at Neyland, with each dog being introduced over the loudspeaker and the student body cheering for their favorite. The late Rev. Bill Brooks' "Blue Smokey" was the last hound announced and howled loudly when introduced. The students cheered and Smokey threw his head back and barked again. This kept going until the stadium was cheering and applauding and UT had its mascot, Smokey. The most successful dog has been Smokey VIII who saw a record of 91-22, two SEC titles, and one National Championship.

The Vol Walk

Head coach Johnny Majors came up with the idea for the Vol Walk after a 1988 game at Auburn when he saw the historic Tiger Walk take place. Prior to each home game, the Vols will file out of the Neyland-Thompson Sports Complex, down past the Tennessee Volunteers Wall of Fame, and make their way down Peyton Manning Pass and onto Phillip Fulmer Way. Thousands of fans line the street to shake the players' hands as they walk into Neyland Stadium. Through rain, snow, sleet, or sunshine, the Vol faithful are always out in full force to root on the Vols as they prepare for the game. The fans are always pumped up with Rocky Top played by The Pride of the Southland Band.

The T

The Pride of the Southland is in formation while the UT team runs the T.
5 min video of the opening sequence of a football game

The "T" appears in two special places in Vol history and tradition. Coach Doug Dickey added the familiar block letter T onto the side of the helmets in his first year in 1964; a rounded T came in 1968. Johnny Majors modified the famous orange helmet stripe to a thicker stripe in 1977.

The Vols also run through the T. This T is formed by the Pride of the Southland marching band with its base at the entrance to the Tennessee locker room in the north end zone with team personnel holding the state flag and the UT flag, Smokey running in on the field, and the entire UT team storming in to loud cheers and applause from the 100,000-plus Vols fans in Neyland. When Coach Dickey brought this unique and now-famous tradition to UT in 1965, the Vols' locker room was underneath the East stands. The Vols would run through the T and simply turn back to return to their sideline. However, beginning in 1983, the team would make the famous left turn inside the T and run toward their former bench on the east sideline when the locker room was moved from the east sideline to the north end zone. It was announced on January 24, 2010, that the Vols would switch their sideline from the east sideline to the west sideline for all home games from then on. This resulted in the Vols making a right out of the T instead of a left. This change took effect with Tennessee's first home game of the 2010 season against UT-Martin.


Davy Crockett waving the UT flag during a November 3, 2007, game against Louisiana-Lafayette

The Volunteers (or Vols as it is commonly shortened to) derive that nickname from the State of Tennessee's nickname. Tennessee is known as the "Volunteer State", a nickname it earned during the War of 1812, in which volunteer soldiers from Tennessee played a prominent role, especially during the Battle of New Orleans.[20]

Vol Navy

Around 200 or more boats normally dock outside Neyland Stadium on the Tennessee River before games. The fleet was started by former Tennessee broadcaster George Mooney who docked his boat there first in 1962, as he wanted to avoid traffic around the stadium. What started as one man tying his runabout to a nearby tree and climbing through a wooded area to the stadium has grown into one of college football's unique traditions. Many fans arrive several days in advance to socialize, and the Vols have built a large walkway so fans can safely walk to and from the shoreline. UT, the University of Pittsburgh, Baylor University, and the University of Washington are the only schools with their football stadiums built next to major bodies of water.


The Vols' three main rivalries include the Alabama Crimson Tide (Third Saturday in October), Florida Gators, and Vanderbilt Commodores. Tennessee also has a long and important rivalry with Kentucky Wildcats. Since the formation of the SEC Eastern Division in 1992, the Vols have had an emerging rivalry with the Georgia Bulldogs. None of their games have trophies, although Kentucky-Tennessee used to battle over a trophy called the Beer Barrel from 1925 until 1999. From 1985 until 2010, Tennessee held a 26-game winning streak over Kentucky. The streak ended on November 26, 2011 when Kentucky defeated Tennessee 10-7 in Lexington. The Volunteers had important rivalries with the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets, Auburn Tigers, and Ole Miss until Georgia Tech left the SEC and realignment forced them to drop Auburn and Ole Miss from the schedule.


Alabama on offense versus Tennessee in Tuscaloosa during the 2009 season

Despite the heated in-state rivalry with Auburn, former Alabama head coach Bear Bryant was more adamant about defeating his rivals to the north, the Tennessee Vols. The series is named the Third Saturday in October, the date on which the game was historically played. Despite the name, the game was played on the third Saturday just five times between 1995 and 2007. The first game between the two sides was played in 1901 in Birmingham, ending in a 6-6 tie. From 1902 to 1913, Alabama dominated the series, losing only once, and never allowing a touchdown by the Volunteers. Beginning in 1928, the rivalry was first played on its traditional date and began to be a challenge for the Tide as Robert Neyland began challenging Alabama for their perennial spot on top of the conference standings.[21] In the 1950s, Jim Goostree, the head trainer for Alabama, began a tradition as he began handing out cigars following a victory over the Volunteers.[22]

Between 1971-1981, Alabama held an 11-game winning streak over the Volunteers and, between 1986 and 1994, a nine-game unbeaten streak. However, following Alabama's streak, Tennessee responded with a seven-game winning streak from 1995 to 2001. Alabama has won the last 14 meetings from 2007 to 2020. Alabama is Tennessee's third most-played opponent, after Kentucky and Vanderbilt. Tennessee is Alabama's second-most played opponent after Mississippi State.


The Tigers and Vols first met in 1900. Both teams met annually from 1956 to 1991. In 1991, the SEC split into two divisions, ending the rivalry. Both teams continue to meet occasionally, with the last meeting being November 21, 2020 (Auburn 30-17 victory). Both teams have also matched up in two SEC Championship Games, the 1997 SEC Championship Game (Tennessee 30-29 victory) and 2004 SEC Championship Game (Auburn 38-28 victory). Auburn leads the series 29-22-3 through the 2020 season.[23]


Vols vs Gators 2007

The Gators and Vols first met on the gridiron in 1916, and have competed in the same conference since Florida joined the now-defunct Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association in 1912. However, a true rivalry has developed only relatively recently due to infrequent match-ups in past decades; in the first 76 years (1916-1991), the two teams met just 21 times.This changed in 1992, when the Southeastern Conference (SEC) expanded to 12 universities and split into two divisions. Florida and Tennessee were both placed in the SEC's Eastern Division, and have met annually on the football field since 1992. The rivalry quickly blossomed in intensity and importance, as both squads were perennial championship contenders throughout the 1990s. The games' national implications diminished in the 2000s, as first Tennessee and then Florida suffered through sub-par seasons. However, the intensity of each meeting still remains one of the highest in college football. Florida leads the series 30-20 through the 2020 season.[24]


Tennessee/Georgia 2007

The Bulldogs and Vols first met in 1899, a UT victory in Knoxville. The teams, which have played 46 games through 2016, played sporadically over the next several years before playing five straight games from 1907 to 1910, four straight from 1922 to 1925, and then putting the rivalry on hiatus for more than 30 years after the 1937 game in Knoxville, a UT victory. When the two played each other in 1968 in Knoxville, the game ended in a tie (only the second tie game after the 1906 game in Athens). The two teams continued to play each other sporadically through the 1970s and '80s, with Georgia winning four straight games from 1973 to 1988. The Volunteers won at home against the Bulldogs in 1989, a full 52 years after the '37 game. The 1989 game was the last game between the two teams before the SEC split the conference into two divisions, West and East, with South Carolina and Arkansas entering the conference in 1990, effective the 1991-92 basketball season. From 1992 onward, the Vols and Bulldogs have played each other every year, with Georgia having a 5-game winning streak through 2014. Tennessee ended Georgia's streak in 2015 with a 38-31 win over the Bulldogs in Knoxville. Tennessee brought more fireworks in the next year, beating the Bulldogs in Georgia by the score of 34-31, coming from behind to win on a hail mary pass as time expired. That play was considered one of the top plays in all of College Football that year. The largest win came in 2017 when Georgia won 41-0 in Knoxville, resulting in Tennessee's worst home loss in 112 years.[25] The series is led by Georgia 24-23-2 as of the 2019 season.[26]

Georgia Tech

Georgia Tech and Tennessee have played 45 times since 1902; Tennessee has a winning record of 25-17-2. When Georgia Tech was part of the SEC, both teams met very often. When Georgia Tech left the SEC, the annual rivalry still continued until 1987. The two teams renewed their rivalry on September 4, 2017, in a game that ended in a thrilling 42-41 double overtime win by the Volunteers.


Tennessee vs Kentucky 2007

Tennessee and Kentucky have played each other 108 times over 114 years with Tennessee winning 75 to 24 wins by Kentucky (.736). Tennessee has won the most games in Lexington with 35 wins to 14 by Kentucky (.702). Tennessee also has more wins than Kentucky in Knoxville with 45 wins to ten (.787). Tennessee has the most wins in the series at Stoll Field with 19 wins to 11 Kentucky wins (.621). The Series is tied at three apiece at Baldwin Park. Tennessee leads the series at Neyland Stadium with 35 wins to seven Kentucky wins (.792). Tennessee leads the series at Commonwealth Field with 17 wins to three Kentucky wins (.850). Like many college football rivalries, the Tennessee-Kentucky game had its own trophy for many years: a wooden beer barrel painted half blue and half orange. The trophy was awarded to the winner of the game every year from 1925 to 1997. The Barrel was introduced in 1925 by a group of former Kentucky students who wanted to create a material sign of supremacy for the rivalry. It was rolled onto the field that year with the words "Ice Water" painted on it to avoid any outcries over a beer keg symbolizing a college rivalry. The barrel exchange was mutually ended in 1998 after two Kentucky football players died in an alcohol-related crash.


Tennessee vs. Vanderbilt 2007

Vanderbilt and Tennessee have played 108 times since 1892; Tennessee has a winning record of 73-30-5 (.699). When the rivalry first started, Vanderbilt dominated by taking 19 of the first 24 with three ties (.854). Vanderbilt and Tennessee played two games in 1892 both won by Vanderbilt. Tennessee's first victory over Vanderbilt was 1914 in Knoxville 16--14. From 1892 to 1927 Vanderbilt out-scored Tennessee 561-83 (23.4) to (3.4). From the 1928 season, UT has dominated the rivalry with numerous win streaks and since then UT has a record of 71-10-2 (.867). The largest margin of victory for Vandy was by 76 points in 1918 at Old Dudley Field in Nashville, 76-0. Tennessee does not recognize the 1918 team as an official team for them and does not count the loss to their records. So they largest margin of victory by Vanderbilt would be 51 in the 1909 season in at Vanderbilt Stadium. The largest margin of victory for UT was by 65 points in 1994 at Vanderbilt Stadium, 65-0. The longest winning streak without a tie for Vanderbilt is nine from 1901 to 1913. The longest winning streak for Tennessee is 22 from 1983 to 2004.[27]

All-time record

As of 2017 Tennessee is ranked thirteenth all-time won-lost records by percentage and ninth by victories.[3][4] The all-time record is 830-375-53 .682. At Neyland Stadium, the Vols have a record of 464-127-17 (.777).[28]

The UT football season records are taken from the official record books of the University Athletic Association. They have won 13 conference championships and six national titles in their history and their last national championship was in the 1998 college football season.

The Vols play at Neyland Stadium, where Tennessee has an all-time winning record of 464 games, the highest home-field total in college football history for any school in the nation at its current home venue. Additionally, its 102,455 seat capacity makes Neyland the nation's fifth largest stadium.

Hall of Fame

Tennessee boasts the most college football hall of famers in the SEC, seventh most in major college football, and the ninth most of all college football programs, with 24.



Retired numbers

Tennessee has retired eight jersey numbers:[50][51]

No. Player Position Tenure Retired Ref.
91 Doug Atkins DE -1952 2005 [52]
16 Peyton Manning QB 1995-1997 2005 [52]
92 Reggie White DE 1980-1983 2005 [53]
62 Clyde Fuson FB 1942 2006 [note 1]
49 Rudy Klarer G 1941-1942 2006 [note 1]
32 Billy Nowling FB 1940-1942 2006 [note 1]
61 Willis Tucker FB 1939-1940 2006 [note 1]
45 Johnny Majors HB 1954-1956 2012 [55]
  1. ^ a b c d Died in service during the World War II. Number retired prior to the game v Air Force on Sep 9, 2006, with his family attending the ceremony.[54]

Individual award winners


Peyton Manning - 1997[56]
Peyton Manning - 1997[56]
Peyton Manning - 1997[56]
Steve DeLong - 1964[57]
John Henderson - 2000[58]
Peyton Manning - 1997[56]
Michael Munoz - 2004[59]
Eric Berry - 2009[60]


Phillip Fulmer - 1998
Phillip Fulmer - 1998
David Cutcliffe - 1998
John Chavis - 2006
Phillip Fulmer - 2009

Past and present NFL players

Future opponents

Non-division opponents

Tennessee plays Alabama as a permanent non-division opponent annually and rotates around the West division among the other six schools.[156]

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
at Alabama vs Alabama at Alabama vs Alabama at Alabama
vs Ole Miss at LSU vs Texas A&M at Mississippi State vs Auburn

Non-conference opponents

Announced schedules as of July 5, 2019.[157]

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
vs Bowling Green vs Ball State at BYU vs. Oklahoma
vs Pittsburgh at Pittsburgh at Nebraska vs Nebraska
vs South Alabama vs Army
vs Tennessee Tech vs UT Martin


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