Technical Death Metal
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Technical Death Metal

Technical death metal (also known as tech-death) is a musical subgenre of death metal that began and developed in the early- to mid-1990s, with particular focus on challenging, demanding instrumental skill and complex songwriting.

History

Technical experimentation in death metal began in the late 1980s and early 1990s by bands such as Death, Atrocity, Atheist and Cynic.[2]

Some of the distinct features of this genre include dynamic song structures, complex and atypical rhythmic structures, abundant use of diminished chords and arpeggios, frequent employment of odd time chord progressions and constant use of string skipping on the guitars. Bass lines are usually complex and the drums are extremely fast-paced with abundant use of blast-beats and other extreme drumming techniques.

One of the key works that cemented this subgenre was Atheist's debut album Piece of Time, released in 1989, which took death metal into a more intricate level while incorporating influences ranging from jazz fusion to progressive metal. In 1991, New York's grindcore-influenced Suffocation released their debut album Effigy of the Forgotten, which focused on pairing speed and brutality with a "sophisticated" sense of songwriting. Atheist's second album, Unquestionable Presence, Pestilence's third album, Testimony of the Ancients; and Death's fourth album, Human, were all released that very same year. Human and later Death albums have proven especially influential on later 1990s technical death metal bands.[2]

List of bands

The band Necrophagist performing in Germany in 2010
Band Country Formed Notes
Anata Sweden 1993 [3]
Archspire Canada 2009
Arsis U.S. 2000 [2][4]
Atheist U.S. 1984 [2]
Atrocity Germany 1985 [5]
Augury Canada 2001 [6]
Becoming the Archetype U.S. 1999 [7]
Beneath the Massacre Canada 2004 [8][9]
Between the Buried and Me U.S. 2000 [10]
Beyond Creation Canada 2005 [11]
Brain Drill U.S. 2005 [6][12][13][14]
Burning the Masses U.S. 2005 [15]
Cephalic Carnage U.S. 1992 [16]
Coprofago Chile 1993 [17]
Cryptopsy Canada 1992 [2][18][19][20]
Cynic U.S. 1987 [2]
Death U.S. 1983 [2][21]
Decapitated Poland 1996 [22]
Decrepit Birth U.S. 2001 [23]
Despised Icon Canada 2002 [24]
Dying Fetus U.S. 1991 [25]
Extol Norway 1994 [26]
The Faceless U.S. 2004 [27]
Gojira France 1996 [28]
Gorguts Canada 1989 [2][29]
In Battle Sweden 1996 [30]
Into the Moat U.S. 2001 [31]
Knights of the Abyss U.S. 2005 [32]
Man Must Die United Kingdom 2002 [33]
Necrophagist Germany 1992 [2][34]
Neuraxis Canada 1994 [2][35]
Nile U.S. 1993 [36]
Nocturnus U.S. 1987 [37]
Obscura Germany 2002 [6]
Odious Mortem U.S. 1998 [38]
Origin U.S. 1997 [39]
Pestilence Netherlands 1986 [40]
Psycroptic Australia 1999 [41][42][43]
Punish Switzerland 1996 [44]
The Red Chord U.S. 1999 [45]
Revocation U.S. 2006 [46]
Revulsed Australia 2010 [47]
Rings of Saturn U.S. 2009 [48]
Spawn of Possession Sweden 1997 [49]
Structural Israel 2015 [50]
Suffocation U.S. 1989 [51]
Trigger the Bloodshed United Kingdom 2006 [52]
Ulcerate New Zealand 2000 [53]

Notes

  1. ^ "100 Greatest Technical Death Metal Bands And Technical Thrash Metal Bands". 2015-05-08. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Freeman, Phil. "The Man-Machine Will Rock You: The Existential Paradox of Technical Death Metal". The High Hat. Retrieved . 
  3. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Conductor's Departure review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  4. ^ Harris, Chris. "Arsis May Cancel Tour after Trailer Wreck". MTV. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ "Atrocity". laut.de. Retrieved 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Marsicano, Don. "Augury - 'Fragmentary Evidence'". About.com. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Becoming The Archetype - I Am Review". About.com. Archived from the original (Web) on November 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012. 
  8. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: Satyricon, Trivium, Heaven Shall Burn, Brutal Truth & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved . 
  9. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Beneath the Massacre". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ Donnelly, Dave. "The Parallax II: Future Sequence - Between the Buried and Me". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  11. ^ "Beyond Creation". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ Harris, Chris & Widerhorn, Jon. "Brain Drill Raise The Death-Metal Bar; Plus Iron Maiden, Walls of Jericho & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ Bowar, Chad. "February 2008 Best Heavy Metal CDs". About.com. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Apocalyptic Feasting review". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Mind Control - Burning the Masses". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ Adrien Begrand. "Cephalic Carnage Xenosapien". PopMatters. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Coprofago". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ Harris, Chris. "Cryptopsy Drummer Dismisses Sell-Out Claims; Plus Sepultura & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved . 
  19. ^ Robinson, Iann. "Metal File: Hard & Heavy News On Judas Priest, Vader, Fireball Ministry, Children of Bodom, Cryptopsy & More". MTV. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "36 Crazyfists Pounding Away on Next Album; Plus Anthrax, Ipsissimus & More News That Rules, In Metal File". MTV. Retrieved . 
  21. ^ Pratt, Greg. Symbolic review. Revolver. Retrieved . 
  22. ^ "Decapitated". NME. Retrieved . 
  23. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Polarity - Decrepit Birth". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ "Despised Icon review". AllMusic. 
  25. ^ "Dying Fetus Descend into Depravity Review - Review of Descend into Depravity by Dying Fetus". Heavymetal.about.com. 2010-06-14. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved . 
  26. ^ Born, R. "Extol". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2009-09-30. Retrieved . 
  27. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Meshuggah Tour Dates". About.com. Archived from the original on 2009-12-13. Retrieved . 
  28. ^ Lissa Brennan, With French death-metal pioneers Gojira, the lyrics matter as much as the blastbeats, pittsburghcitypaper.ws, October 15, 2009
  29. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Top 5 Most Underrated Death Metal Albums from Charles Elliott of Abysmal Dawn". About.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-23. Retrieved . 
  30. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Kingdom of Fear review". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  31. ^ Falzon, Denise. "The Campaign review". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 2009-06-03. Retrieved . 
  32. ^ Henderson, Alex. "The Culling of Wolves review". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  33. ^ Ogle, Ryan. "No Tolerance for Imperfection (Relapse)". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved . 
  34. ^ York, William. "Epitaph review". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  35. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Thin Line Between review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved . 
  36. ^ Harris, Chris & Wiederhorn, Jon. "Metal File: In This Moment, Behemoth, Nile & More News That Rules". MTV. Retrieved . 
  37. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Nocturnus". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved . 
  38. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Cryptic Implosion review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved . 
  39. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Antithesis review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  40. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Resurrection Macabre review". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  41. ^ Unknown. "PSYCROPTIC: Orangevale Footage Available - Apr. 12, 2009". Blabbermouth.net. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved . 
  42. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Psycroptic". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  43. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Ob(servant) review". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  44. ^ Vanessa. "UNTER DEM RADAR: PUNISH (TECHNICAL DEATH METAL)". Retrieved . 
  45. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Fed Through the Teeth Machine - The Red Chord". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  46. ^ Hartmann, Graham 'Gruhamed'. "No. 45: Revocation, 'Dismantle the Dictator' - Top 21st Century Metal Songs". Loudwire. Retrieved . 
  47. ^ F, Daniel (November 2015). "Revulsed - Infernal Atrocity". Whiskey Soda (in German). Retrieved 2016. 
  48. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Rings of Saturn biography". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  49. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Incurso - Spawn of Possession". AllMusic. Retrieved . 
  50. ^ "Metal Archives - Structural". Metal Archives. Retrieved 2018. 
  51. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. Effigy of the Forgotten. AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  52. ^ Dan Marsicano, "(...) technical death metal ala Suffocation and Nile", Trigger The Bloodshed - 'The Great Depression' at About.com
  53. ^ "Ulcerate: Vermis Album Review - Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 2018. 

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