Technical University of Berlin
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Technical University of Berlin

Technical University of Berlin
Logo der Technischen Universität Berlin.svg
MottoWir haben die Ideen für die Zukunft (German)
Motto in English
We've got the brains for the future[1]
TypePublic
Established1770 (Königliche Bergakademie zu Berlin)

1799 (Königliche Bauakademie zu Berlin)

1879 (Königlich Technische Hochschule zu Berlin)

1946 as Technische Universität Berlin
BudgetEUR492,1 million (2017)[2]
PresidentChristian Thomsen (since 2014)
Academic staff
3,120[3]
Administrative staff
2,258[3]
Students35,570[3]
Location, ,
52°30?43?N 13°19?35?E / 52.51194°N 13.32639°E / 52.51194; 13.32639Coordinates: 52°30?43?N 13°19?35?E / 52.51194°N 13.32639°E / 52.51194; 13.32639
CampusUrban
AffiliationsTIME, TU9, EUA, CESAER, DFG, SEFI, PEGASUS, German Excellence Initiative, Berlin University Alliance
Websitewww.tu-berlin.de

The Technical University of Berlin (official name German: Technische Universität Berlin, also known as TU Berlin and Berlin Institute of Technology) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.[4] It was the first German university to adopt the name "Technische Universität" (Technical University).[5]

The university alumni and professor list includes several US National Academies members,[6] two National Medal of Science laureates[7][8] and seven Nobel Prize winners.[9][10][11]

TU Berlin is a member of TU9, an incorporated society of the largest and most notable German institutes of technology and of the Top Industrial Managers for Europe network,[12] which allows for student exchanges between leading engineering schools. It belongs to the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research.[13] The TU Berlin is home of two innovation centers designated by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. The university is labeled as "The Entrepreneurial University" ("Die Gründerhochschule") by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy.[14][15] It is also a member of the Berlin University Alliance.[2]

The university is notable for having been the first to offer a degree in Industrial Engineering and Management (Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen). The university designed the degree in response to requests by industrialists for graduates with the technical and management training to run a company. First offered in winter term 1926/27, it is one of the oldest programmes of its kind.[16]

TU Berlin has one of the highest proportions of international students in Germany, almost 27% in 2019.[17]

History

The Bauakademie, founded in 1799, a forerunner of the Technische Universität Berlin
1899 early Art Nouveau Medal Technische Hochschule Berlin, 100th Anniversary, obverse
The reverse of this medal
Northern front of the Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg (Royal Technical School Charlottenburg) in 1895

On 1 April 1879, the Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg ("TH Charlottenburg") was formed by the governmental merger of the Berlin Building Academy (Königliche Bauakademie, founded in 1799) and the Royal Trade Academy (Königliche Gewerbeakademie, founded in 1827), two predecessor institutions of the Prussian State.

The TH Charlottenburg (Royal Technical Higher School of Charlottenburg) was named after the borough Charlottenburg where it is situated just outside Berlin. In 1899, the TH Charlottenburg was the first polytechnic in Germany to award doctorates, as a standard degree for the graduates, in addition to diplomas, thanks to professor Alois Riedler and Adolf Slaby, chairman of the Association of German Engineers (VDI) and the Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies (VDE).

In 1916 the long-standing Bergakademie Berlin, the Prussian mining academy created by the geologist Carl Abraham Gerhard in 1770 at the behest of King Frederick the Great, was assimilated into the TH Charlottenburg as the "Department of Mining" of the TH. Beforehand, the mining college had been, however, for several decades under the auspices of the Frederick William University (now Humboldt University of Berlin), before it was spun out again in 1860.

After Charlottenburg's absorption into Greater Berlin in 1920 and Germany being turned into Weimar Republic, the TH Charlottenburg was renamed "Technische Hochschule of Berlin" ("TH Berlin"). In 1927, the Department of Geodesy of the Agricultural College of Berlin was incorporated into the TH Berlin. During the 1930s, the redevelopment and expansion of the campus along the "East-West axis" were part of the Nazi plans of a Welthauptstadt Germania, including a new faculty of defense technology under General Karl Becker, built as a part of the greater academic town (Hochschulstadt) in the adjacent west-wise Grunewald forest. The shell construction remained unfinished after the outbreak of World War II and after Becker's suicide in 1940, it is today covered by the large-scale Teufelsberg dumping.

Main building of TU Berlin in 2010

The north section of the main building of the university was destroyed during a bombing raid in November 1943.[18] Due to the street fighting at the end of the Second World War, the operations at the TH Berlin were suspended as of 20 April 1945. Planning for the re-opening of the school began on 2 June 1945, once the acting rectorship led by Gustav Ludwig Hertz and Max Volmer was appointed. As both Hertz and Volmer remained in exile in the Soviet Union for some time to come, the college was not re-inaugurated until 9 April 1946, now bearing the name of "Technische Universität Berlin".

Since 2009 the TU Berlin houses two Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KIC) designated by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology.[19]

Campus

The TU Berlin covers 604,000 m², distributed over various locations in Berlin. The main campus is located in the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. The seven schools of the university have some 33,933 students enrolled in 90 subjects (October, 2015).[20]

Technische Universität Berlin has established a satellite campus in Egypt, the El Gouna campus, to act as a scientific and academic field office. The nonprofit public-private partnership (PPP) aims to offer services provided by Technische Universität Berlin at the campus in El Gouna on the Red Sea.[21]

The university also has a franchise of its Global Production Engineering course - called Global Production Engineering and Management at the Vietnamese-German University in Ho Chi Minh City.[22][23]

Organization

Telefunken-Highrise, the tallest building on campus

Since 4 April 2005, the TU Berlin has consisted of the following faculties and institutes:

Name

The official policy of the university is that its name in English is also Technische Universität Berlin and that its name should not be translated into English. While some sources refer to the university as the Technical University of Berlin, the university itself does not.[31][32].

Faculty and staff

As of 2015, 8,455 people work at the university: 338 professors, 2,598 postgraduate researchers, and 2,131 personnel work in administration, the workshops, the library, and the central facilities. In addition, there are 2,651 student assistants and 126 trainees.[33]

International student mobility is available through the ERASMUS programme or through the Top Industrial Managers for Europe (TIME) network.

Library

Entrance of the main library of Technische Universität Berlin and of the Berlin University of the Arts

The new common main library of Technische Universität Berlin and of the Berlin University of the Arts was opened in 2004[34] and holds about 2.9 million volumes (2007).[35] The library building was sponsored partially (estimated 10% of the building costs) by Volkswagen and is named officially "University Library of the TU Berlin and UdK (in the Volkswagen building)".[36] A source of confusion to many, the letters above the main entrance only state "Volkswagen Bibliothek" (German for "Volkswagen Library") - without any mentioning of the universities.

Some of the former 17 libraries of Technische Universität Berlin and of the nearby University of the Arts were merged into the new library, but several departments still retain libraries of their own. In particular, the school of 'Economics and Management' maintains a library with 340,000 volumes in the university's main building (Die Bibliothek - Wirtschaft & Management/?The Library? - Economics and Management) and the 'Department of Mathematics' maintains a library with 60,000 volumes in the Mathematics building (Mathematische Fachbibliothek/"Mathematics Library").

Notable alumni and professors

Wernher von Braun (1912-1977), graduate, engineer, designer of the first ballistic missile and NASA rockets
Eugene Paul Wigner (1902-1995), graduate, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1963
Carl Bosch (1874-1940), graduate, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1931
Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781-1841), graduate of the Bauakademie, architect

(Including those of the Academies mentioned under History)

Rankings

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[38] 301-400
THE World[40] =82
QS World[39] =147

Measured by the number of top managers in the German economy, TU Berlin ranked 11th in 2019.[41]

According to the research report of the German Research Foundation (DFG) from 2018, TU Berlin ranks 24th absolute among German universities across all scientific disciplines. Thereby TU Berlin ranks 9th absolute in natural sciences and engineering. The TU Berlin took 14th place absolute in computer science and 5th place absolute in electrical engineering.[42] In a competitive selection process, the DFG selects the best research projects from researchers at universities and research institutes and finances them. The ranking is thus regarded as an indicator of the quality of research.[43]

In the 2017 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, globally the TU Berlin ranks 82nd overall (7th in Germany), 40th in the field of Engineering & Technology (3rd in Germany) and 36th in Computer science discipline (4th in Germany), making it one of the top 100 universities worldwide in all three measures.[44]

As of 2016, TU Berlin is ranked 164th overall and 35th in the field of Engineering & Technology according to the British QS World University Rankings. It is one of Germany's highest ranked universities in statistics and operations research and in Mathematics according to QS.[45]

See also

References

  1. ^ "TU Berlin: About the TU Berlin". Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ a b "TU Berlin: Facts & Figures". www.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Facts & Figures". Technische Universität Berlin. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "TU Berlin: Impressum". www.tu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ "Die erste Technische Universität".
  6. ^ "National Academy of Sciences". Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Eugene Wigner - Biographical". Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ Wernher von Braun
  9. ^ "Gustav Hertz - Biographical". Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Fritz Haber - Biographical". Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Carl Bosch - Biographical". Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "T.I.M.E. Top Industrial Managers for Europe". Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ Brainlane - SiteLab CMS v2. "Germany". Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "EXIST competition guide" (PDF).
  15. ^ "Fuer-Gruender 21 Entrepreneurial University".
  16. ^ Jens, Weibezahn (2016). Studienführer für den Studiengang Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen (in German). Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin. doi:10.14279/depositonce-5501. ISBN 9783798328655.
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ Entstehung und Bedeutung UNIVERSITÄTSBIBLIOTHEK Technische Universität Berlin. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  19. ^ "EIT ICT Labs - Turn Europe into a global leader in ICT Innovation". TU Berlin. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "TU Berlin: Facts & Figures". Retrieved 2015.
  21. ^ "TUB Campus El Gouna: Home". Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ "GPE Global Production Engineering: Home". www.gpe.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ "Global Production Engineering and Management". www.vgu.edu.vn. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ I, FSC. "Fakultät I Geisteswissenschaften: Institute und Zentren / Professuren / Fachgebiete". www.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "Fakultät II - Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften: Institute". www.naturwissenschaften.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "Fakultät III Prozesswissenschaften: Institute". www.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ Webmaster. "Fakultät IV Elektrotechnik und Informatik: Institute". www.eecs.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ Lehre, Referat Studium und. "Fakultät VI Planen Bauen Umwelt: Institute". www.planen-bauen-umwelt.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ webmaster. "Fakultät VII Wirtschaft & Management: Einrichtungen". www.wm.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "TU Berlin: Fakultätsübersicht". www.tu-berlin.de. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "TU Berlin: Impressum". www.tu-berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2020.
  32. ^ (in German) https://www.tu-berlin.de/?133132. Retrieved 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "TU Berlin: Facts & Figures". Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ "Universitätsbibliothek TU Berlin: About Us". Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  35. ^ "Universitätsbibliothek TU Berlin: About Us". Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ Universitätsbibliothek der Technischen Universität Berlin. "Universitätsbibliothek TU Berlin: Startseite". Universitätsbibliothek TU Berlin. Retrieved 2015.
  37. ^ (IISS), International Institute for Strategic Studies (2006). "Bhutto was father of Pakistan's Atom Bomb Program". International Institute for Strategic Studies. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 2016.
  38. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2017 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 - Top 500 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2017". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2017.
  39. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2018". 5 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ "World University Rankings". 18 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "An diesen Unis haben die DAX-Vorstände studiert | charly.education". www.charly.education (in German). Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, ed. (18 July 2018), "Förderatlas 2018", Forschungsberichte (in German) (1 ed.), Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, ISBN 978-3-527-34520-5
  43. ^ "Aufgaben der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)". www.dfg.de (in German). Retrieved 2019.
  44. ^ "The Times Higher Education World University Rankings". TU Berlin. 25 March 2019.
  45. ^ "QS World University Ranking". Top Universities. 16 July 2015.

External links


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