|38th Minister of M?ori Affairs|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament|
for Northern Maori
1993 - 1996
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament|
for Te Tai Tokerau
1996 - 1999
|1st Leader of Mauri Pacific|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament|
for National Party list
17 September 2005 - 14 August 2014
Raymond Tau Henare
29 September 1960
Otara, Auckland, New Zealand
|Political party||New Zealand First (1993-1998)|
Mauri Pacific (1998-1999)
|Spouse(s)||Ngaire Elisabeth Brown|
|Relations||Taurekareka Henare (great grandfather)|
Sir James Henare (great-uncle)
|Website||Tauhenare on Twitter|
Raymond Tau Henare (born 29 September 1960) is a former New Zealand M?ori parliamentarian. In representing three different political parties in parliament--New Zealand First, Mauri Pacific and the National Party--Henare served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1993 to 1999 and from 2005 to 2014.
Henare was born in Otara, New Zealand, the son of a 37-year railwayman, on 29 September 1960. Known by his middle name "Tau," Henare's tribal roots are Ng?puhi and what he characterises as "all the North". His involvement in politics can be traced to his family's involvement in politics. Henare's great-grandfather, Taurekareka (Tau) Henare, served in Parliament from 1914 to 1938 alongside notable M?ori politicians such as ?pirana Ngata, James Carroll and Maui Pomare. Henare's great-uncle was M?ori Battalion leader and politician Sir James Henare, who was once considered a candidate to be Governor-General and served as a revered guide and mentor to a young Tau. Henare himself was the brother-in-law to New Zealand M?ori politician Tuku Morgan through Henare's marriage to the sister of Morgan's wife.
As a young boy growing up in Otara, Henare had a contrasting childhood. On one hand, he was told almost before he could walk that his future would be politics, which at times requires statesman-like skills to deal with others. On the other, Otara was "a place where you learn how to survive," and it required Henare to learn "to be strong, stand up and not take a backward step." Looking back on his 1960s childhood in 1996, Henare summed it up as one that "taught me to be proud of who I am." It also later contributed to what he describes as "youthful exuberance" that lead to a 1980s reputation for being a stirrer and a radical.
In Otara, Henare attended Sir Edmund Hillary Collegiate. During Year 11 (Form 5) when he was 16, Henare passed School Certificate, a former New Zealand secondary school qualification for high school students to progress to Year 12. However, Henare was unsuccessful on his New Zealand University Entrance.
After his schooling ended in 1978, Henare worked at a variety of positions, including wool cleaner and wool classer, where he was responsible for separating sheep's wool, organiser for the Northern Clerical Workers' Union under activist and trade unionist Syd Jackson, community worker, advise to the Waitakere City Council, and Department of Internal Affairs adviser. During this period, Henare was unemployed for two years. Also, at the age of 25, Henare was arrested for breaking through a police line and laying a wreath for the Maori Battalion during a royal visit on Anzac Day in 1985.
In addition to being influenced by his upbringing and pre-Member of Parliament work, Henare was influenced during his 20s by Maori culture:
"I mostly remember how Maori culture comforted me and distracted me, the exhilaration of rowing a waka down the Waikato River with 100 others, the voluntary work at the local marae. Hitching to hui across the country and picking up the language along the way, meeting relations for the first time, changing our names."
In connection with Winston Peters (himself half M?ori) establishing the New Zealand First party in July 1993, Henare changed the focus of his activities to politics for the 6 November 1993 election.
|New Zealand Parliament|
|1993–1996||44th||Northern Maori||NZ First|
|1996–1998||45th||Te Tai Tokerau||2||NZ First|
|1998–1999||Changed allegiance to:||Mauri Pacific|
Henare first won election to Parliament in the 1993 election as the New Zealand First candidate for the Northern Maori electorate, a surprising result given Labour's traditional dominance in the M?ori electorates. In defeating incumbent Labour Party member Bruce Gregory, Henare became New Zealand First's second MP, joining Peters in the House. As such, Henare became New Zealand First's deputy leader. His election helped counter the perception that New Zealand First was merely an extension of Peters.
In December 1994, Northern Maori member of parliament Henare supported M?ori tribe's paramount chief Sir Hepi Te Heuheu in Heuheu's refusal to attend a meeting with then Prime Minister Jim Bolger for a roundtable discussion on government proposals to settle Maori claims, reasoning that the government's handling of Maori claims indicated a lack of understanding of the gravity of the issues involved and the meeting would be a public relations exercise. Two months later in February 1995, Henare supported a push to have the United Nations oversee a fiscal envelope negotiation process. by which a monetary cap of $1 billion would be placed in a "fiscal envelope" for use in settling all Treaty of Waitangi grievances. Henare felt that United Nations scrutiny would ensure justice in the face of past treaty breaches and that the Government's forceful approach did not create future resentment.
In the 1996 election, conducted under the new MMP electoral system, New Zealand First gained fifteen further MPs, and also made a clean sweep of the five M?ori electorates. As deputy leader, Henare was second on New Zealand First's party list behind Peters. He easily won re-election in his electorate, which had been renamed Te Tai Tokerau. When New Zealand First went into coalition with National, allowing a third term of the fourth National government, Henare joined the Cabinet, with his most prominent ministry that of M?ori Affairs. He and the four other New Zealand First M?ori MPs -- Tuku Morgan, Rana Waitai, Tu Wyllie and Tuariki Delamere -- became known as the Tight Five, an allusion to the five tight forwards in a rugby union team.
National and New Zealand First initially worked very well together, but relations became more strained after Jenny Shipley ousted Jim Bolger as National leader and Prime Minister in 1997. In August 1998, the coalition started to become unstable, and internal tensions arose within New Zealand First itself. When Shipley sacked Peters from Cabinet on 14 August 1998, Peters pulled New Zealand First out of the coalition. However, Henare and several other New Zealand First MPs left the party to sit as independents. They offered their support to National, allowing the government to maintain a slim majority. It later emerged that before departing, Henare had mounted an unsuccessful challenge to Peters. Later in 1998, he banded together with four other MPs who had departed New Zealand First (including two other members of the Tight Five, Morgan and Waitai), to form a new party, Mauri Pacific, with himself as the new party's leader. Late in the term, he was criticised for refusing to give Trevor Mallard a chance to speak on the use of the M?ori language in Parliament, because Mallard wasn't M?ori.
In the 1999 election, Henare finished a distant third in his electorate and Mauri Pacific only gained 0.08% of the vote, forcing Mauri Pacific out of Parliament.
In the 2002 election, after Mauri Pacific's dissolution, Henare stood as a candidate for the National Party. He contested the Te Atatu electorate, and was ranked thirty-fifth on National's list. On election day, Henare finished second in Te Atatu, and National did not win enough seats for Henare to return to Parliament.
In the 2005 election, Henare stood again as a National candidate, again contesting Te Atatu and holding the 29th slot on the party list. He expressed agreement with the controversial Orewa speech on race relations made by National Party leader Don Brash. Henare almost doubled his vote from the 2002 election result but still finished a distant second in Te Atatu. However, National's gains in the election were enough to return him to Parliament as a list MP.
In October 2007, Henare had an altercation with Labour Party MP Trevor Mallard outside the debating chamber in Parliament House. In 2008, Henare contested Te Atatu to come in second and be returned as a list MP. During debate on the Auckland Local Government changes in August 2009, it emerged that Henare had sent an email to his colleagues lobbying for the right to vote against part of the legislation, in particular whether there should be Maori seats on the new Auckland super city Council. In that email, Henare remarked about the role of the National Party's coalition partner and the ACT Party. In response to reaction to the email, Henare made a number of challenging remarks about the co-leader of the M?ori Party. In February 2010, Henare's Employment Relations (Workers' Secret Ballot for Strikes) Amendment Bill was drawn from the member's ballot. The bill passed its first reading. In 2011, Henare contested Te Atatu to come in second and be returned as a list MP.
In March 2012, Henare married Ngaire Brown, his long-term partner, in a Parliament select committee room. The wedding celebrant was fellow MP Chris Auchinvole, Paula Bennett spoke, and Parekura Horomia gave the mihi (formal speech). In addition to his public office, Henare presently is a talkback host on Newstalk ZB, an early childhood education consultant, a trustee on the Kura Kaupapa board and the Rutherford College board, and chairman of Tu Tangata education provider.
In late 2012 Henare was looking to replace Lockwood Smith as Speaker, but dropped his bid when he lost the backing of the M?ori Party. The M?ori Party said they were not responsible for the failure of his bid, they were simply canvassing whether it was likely he would be appointed Speaker, and that ultimately they believed that Henare did not have the support.
In April 2014, Henare announced his intention to retire from politics at the 2014 general election, influenced by an expected low list placing.
Henere appeared in Henderson District Court in December 2014 charged with knowingly breaching suppression orders under the Criminal Procedure Act. The charge related to an alleged posting on social media in 2014 of the name of the defendant in the Queenstown suppressed indecency case, when the defendant's identity was subject to a suppression order.
|New Zealand Parliament|
| Member of Parliament for Northern Maori
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Te Tai Tokerau
| Minister of M?ori Affairs
|Party political offices|
|New political party|| Deputy leader of New Zealand First
| Leader of the Mauri Pacific Party