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The oldest known population of the Tambov region, the Mordovians-Moksha, formed as a nation of local ethnic groups from the 6th century BC. The first Russian settlers arrived in the pre-Mongol period, but the final settlement occurred in the 17th century. To protect the southern borders of Russia from the raids of the Tatars and the further development of the Black Soil region, the Russian government built the walled cities of Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636). The cities protected the main path of nomad raids on Russian land and paved the way for a quick settlement of the region.
Kozlovsky Uyezd originally existed in the Tambov area. In the course of the administrative reforms of Peter the Great in 1708 and 1719, it became part of Azov Governorate. New administrative divisions established the Tambov Viceroyalty in 1779 and from 1796 Tambov Governorate, with an area of 66.5 thousand km2 divided into 12 uyezds. With almost no change to its boundaries, the Governorate remained in existence until 1928.
An attempt to establish Soviet control over the Tambov area led to the defeat and execution of "Red Sonya" (Sofia Nukhimovna Gel'berg) in the spring of 1918.
Tambov Oblast was finally created from the Voronezh and Samara Oblasts on September 27, 1937. The oblast attained its present form after the separation of Penza Oblast (formerly part of Kuybyshev before joining Tambov) on February 4, 1939.
22,708 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.
^ ? . ? No849 13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No. 20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
^"? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
? ?. No27-? 24 2002 ?. «? ? ?», ? . No378-? 10 ? 2014 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?». ? ? ? ? (15 ? 2002 ?.). : "? ", No115 (22559), 15 ? 2002 ?. (Tambov Oblast Duma. Law #27-Z of May 24, 2002 On the Anthem of Tambov Oblast, as amended by the Law #378-Z of February 10, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Tambov Oblast on the Issues of Using the Official Symbols of Tambov Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication (June 15, 2002).).
? ?. ? No84 30 1994 ?. « ( ) ? ? ? », ? . No591-? 7 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ( ) ? ? ? ». ? ? ? ? ? "? " (6 ? 1994 ?.). : "? ", No233, 6 ? 1994 ?. (Tambov Oblast Duma. Resolution #84 of November 30, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Tambov Oblast of the Russian Federation, as amended by the Law #591-Z of December 7, 2015 On Amending the Charter (Basic Law) of Tambov Oblast of the Russian Federation. Effective as of the day of the official publication in the "Tambovskaya zhizn" oblast newspaper (December 6, 1994).).