Taiwanese Hangul
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Taiwanese Hangul
Taiwanese Hangul
Taigiganbun.png
Chinese characters "?" written in Taiwanese Hangul
Type
LanguagesTaiwanese Hokkien
CreatorXu Caode (first propose)
Time period
since 1987
Parent systems
Hangul
  • Taiwanese Hangul

Taiwanese Hangul (Hangul: ?; Chinese: ?; pinyin: Táiy? Yànwén; Pe?h-?e-j?: Tâi-gí G?n-bûn) is an orthography system for Taiwanese Hokkien (Taiwanese). Developed and promoted by Taiwanese linguist Xu Caode in 1987, it uses a modified Hangul alphabets to represent spoken Taiwanese, and was later supported by Ang Ui-jin.[1][2] Because both Chinese characters and Hangul are both written in the space of square boxes, unlike letters of the Latin alphabet, the use of Chinese-Hangul mixed writing is able to keep the spacing between the two scripts more consistent compared to Chinese-Latin mixed writing.

Letters

Initials

Bilabial Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Velar Glottal
Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless
Nasal ? [m]
? ? (mo? )
? [n]
? ? (n?i)
? [?]
? ? (ngá)
Stop Unaspirated ? [p]
? ? (pian)
? [b]
? ? (bûn)
? [t]
? ? (t?)
? [k]
? ? (kiû)
? [?]
? ? (gí)
Aspirated ? [p?]
? ? (pho)
? [t?]
? ? (tha?)
? [k?]
? ? (khì)
Affricate Unaspirated ? [ts]
? ? (chan)
? [dz]
? ? (joa?h)
? [t?]
? ? (chiam)
? [d?]
? ? (ji?p)
Aspirated ? [ts?]
? ? (chhut)
? [t]
? ? (chhiú)
Fricative ? [s]
? ? (sa?)
? [?]
? ? (siá)
? [h]
? ? (hí)
Lateral ? [l]
? ? (liú)

Vowels

Monophthongs
Front Central Back
Simple Nasal Simple Simple Nasal
Close ? [i]
? ? (i)
? [?]
? ? (î?)
? [u]
? ? (u)
? [?]
? ? (tiu?)
Mid ? [e]
? ? (lé)
? [?]
? ? (se?)
? [?]
? ? (ko)
? [?]
? ? (o? )
? []
? ? (o?)
Open ? [a]
? ? (cha)
? [ã]
? ? (sa?)
Diphthongs & Triphthongs
Diphthongs ? [a?]
? (ai)
? [a?]
? (au)
? [?a]
(ia)
? [?o]
(io)
? [iu]
(iu)
? [ua]
(oa)
? [ue]
(oe)
? [ui]
(ui)
Triphthongs ? [?a?]
(iau)
? [uai]
(oai)

Coda endings

Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal consonant ? [m]
? (-m)
? [n]
? (-n)
? [?]
? (-ng)
Stop consonant ? [p?]
? (-p)
? [t?]
? (-t)
? [k?]
? (-k)
? [?]
? (-h)
Syllabic consonant
Bilabial Velar
Nasal ? [m?]
? ? (?)
? []
? ? (sng)

Tone markings

No. Hangul Chinese tone name Example
About this soundlisten 
1 ? (yinping)
dark level
kha ?
foot; leg
2 ? (sióng-sia?)
rising
chúi ?
water
3 ? (yinqu)
dark departing
kàu
arrive
4 ? (yinru)
dark entering
bah
meat
5 ? (yangping)
light level
ông ?
king
7 ? (yangqu)
light departing
ti?ng ?
heavy
8 ? (yangru)
light entering
joa?h ?
hot

Different use of Hangul between Taiwanese and Korean

Taiwanese Hokkien Korean
?/?/? /b/, /g/, /?/, /?/ /p?/, /k?/, /t/
?/?/?
? /?/ /t?/
? /?/ /t?/
? /t?/
? /s?/, /t?/
? /o/ or /?/ /?/
? /?/ /o/
? /ai/ /?/
? /au/ /al/
? /?/
? ?/m/, ?// /?i/, /i/, /?/

Examples

Matthew 6:1

Taiwanese Hangul Pe?h-?e-j?
Chinese characters ?

?,,?;
,

Chinese-Hangul
mixed writing
?

?,,?;
,

Chinese-Latin
mixed writing

Lín tio?h,m?-thang?tio?h boeh h?,toà?ê?lín ê;
Lín?án-ne?,lín?b?-tàng tùitio?h

Hangul ?

? ? , ? ? ? ?, ? ? ? ? ? ;
? ? ?,? ? ?

Romanization Koan-he Hêng-si?n ê Kàu-hùn

Lín tio?h kín-s?n, m?-thang ?i-tio?h boeh h lâng khoà?, kò-ì toà lâng ê b?n-chêng hián-s? lín ê si?n-hêng.
Lín n? án-ne chò, lín chi? b?-tàng tùi Thian-h? tit-tio?h pò-siú?.

References

  1. ^ Dong Zhongsi (), , Taiwan Languages and Literature Society
  2. ^

External links


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Taiwanese_Hangul
 



 



 
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