TI-class Supertanker
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TI-class Supertanker

MT Hellespont Alhambra in U.S. waters on her maiden voyage 16 May 2002, with nearly 440,000 tons of crude oil.
MT Hellespont Alhambra in U.S. waters on her maiden voyage 16 May 2002, with nearly 440,000 tons of crude oil.
Class overview
Builders: Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering, Okpo-dong, South Korea
Built: 2002-2003
In service: 2003-present
Completed: 4
Active: 4
General characteristics [1]
Type: Ultra Large Crude Carrier
Tonnage:
  • 234,006 GT
  • 162,477 NT
  • 441,893 DWT
Displacement:
  • 67,591 tonnes (66,524 long tons) light
  • 509,484 tonnes (501,437 long tons) full load
Length: 380 m (1,246 ft 9 in) o/a
Beam: 68 m (223 ft 1 in)
Draught: 24.5 m (80 ft 5 in)
Speed: 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph) (laden)
Capacity: 3,166,353 barrels (503,409,900 L)

The TI class of supertankers comprises the ships TI Africa, TI Asia, TI Europe and TI Oceania, where the "TI" refers to the VLCC Tanker Pool operator Tankers International L.L.C. The class were the first ULCCs (ultra-large crude carriers) to be built in 25 years.[2]

By displacement, deadweight tonnage (? cargo mass), and gross tonnage (a formula value based on internal volume, not mass), the TI class ships are smaller only than Pioneering Spirit.

Compared to the TI class, the Maersk Triple E class container ships are longer and have a higher cargo volume, including above-deck containers.

The previous largest ship, the supertanker Seawise Giant, was scrapped in 2010.

History

All four oil tankers were constructed for shipping company Hellespont Group by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering in Okpo, South Korea, in 2002/3. The ships were originally named Hellespont Alhambra, Hellespont Fairfax, Hellespont Metropolis and Hellespont Tara. In 2004 the class was jointly purchased.

In 2004, Belgian shipowner Euronav NV and partners purchased all four ships. Hellespont Fairfax, Hellespont Tara, Hellespont Alhambra and Hellespont Metropolis were renamed TI Oceania, TI Europe, TI Asia and TI Africa respectively [3]

Hellespont Fairfax was the subject of The Discovery Channel's television show Superships, episode "Launching a Leviathan--Hellespont Fairfax".

Hellespont Metropolis cost $89 million in 2002, requiring 700,000 man-hours of direct labor.[4]

Features

The class, each ship powered by a single HSD-Sulzer 9RTA84T-D delivering 50,220 brake horsepower (37,450 kW) at 76 rpm [5], possesses a relatively high service speed (16.5 knots, 30.6 km/h laden, 17.5 knots, 32.4 km/h in ballast), which increases their earning capacity. The steel scantlings are greater than the class minimum.

These ships are wider than the new Panama Canal locks. They also cannot travel through the Suez Canal unless on a ballast voyage.

The coatings in the ballast tanks are protected by two features, a full-time double-scrubbing system supplying drier inert gas to the ballast tanks, and also by the white painted upper hull reflecting the sun's energy. The inert gas system also increases safety. Keeping down the cargo temperatures also minimizes hydrocarbon emissions.[2]

Conversion

In 2009 and 2010, TI Asia and TI Africa met the same fate as the former Knock Nevis and were converted into sophisticated floating storage and offloading (FSO) vessels. The extensive conversions were carried out by EuroNav and Overseas Shipholding Group at Drydocks World - Dubai.[6]


TI Class
No. Ship Flag IMO number Delivery Status Owner Note
1 FSO Asia (effective November 2009)
Ex name(s):
TI Asia (effective July 2004)
Hellespont Alhambra (effective March 2002)
Marshall Islands 9224752 March 2002 In service TI Asia Ltd
(Euronav)
FSO located Al Shaheen oilfield
2 FSO Africa (effective March 2010)
Ex name(s):
TI Africa (effective July 2004)
Hellespont Metropolis (effective June 2002)
Marshall Islands 9224764 June 2002 In service TI Africa Ltd
(Euronav)
FSO located Al Shaheen oilfield
3 TI Europe (effective July 2004)
Ex name(s):
Hellespont Tara (effective November 2002)
France 9235268 November 2002 In service Euronav NV As of 2017 used as floating storage [7]
Located Port of Kuala Sungai Linggi
4 Overseas Laura Lynn (effective March 2015)
Ex name(s):
TI Oceania (effective July 2004)
Hellespont Fairfax (effective April 2003)
Marshall Islands 9246633 April 2003 In service Oceania Tanker Corp
(International Seaways)

Information obtained from IMO GISIS Ship and Company Particulars,[8]MarineTraffic,[9] Euronav and branches,[10] and Subsidiaries of International Seaways[11] 9 June 2018.

See also

References

  1. ^ "TI Europe". Auke Visser´s International Super Tankers. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Hellespont Alhambra". Wärtsilä. 2010. Archived from the original on 3 January 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  3. ^ "Euronav, partners purchase four tankers". Oil & Gas Journal. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "Shipyard Productivity". ThorCon Power. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. ^ "Hellespont to name ULCC's". marinelog.com. Archived from the original on 23 June 2002. Retrieved 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ "List of drydocked FSOs". Drydock World. Archived from the original on 11 January 2011. Retrieved 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ "Statoil charters last of the world's largest oil tankers to hold crude for Asia buyers". Reuters. 28 September 2017. Archived from the original on 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ "GISIS: Ship and Company Particulars". IMO. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "Vessel details". MarineTraffic. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Contact Euronav". Euronav. Archived from the original on 17 April 2017. Retrieved 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ "Subsidiaries of International Seaways". SEC. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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