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The T?kaid? (, literally, "eastern sea circuit" or "eastern sea region") is a Japanese geographical term. It means both an ancient division of the country and the main road running through it. It is part of the Gokishichid? system.
The term also refers to a series of roads that connected the capitals ( kokufu) of each of the provinces that made up the region. The fifteen ancient provinces of the region include the following:
In the Edo period, the T?kaid? road (, Eastern Ocean Road) was demonstrably the most important in Japan; and this marked prominence continued after the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate. In the early Meiji period, this region's eastern route was the one chosen for stringing the telegraph lines which connected the old capital city of Kyoto with the new "eastern capital" at Tokyo.
In the modern, post-Pacific War period, all measures show the T?kaid? region increasing in its dominance as the primary center of population and employment.
- ^ Deal, William E. (2005). Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan, p. 83.
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "T?kaid?," Japan Encyclopedia, p. 973.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Goki-shichid?" at p. 255.
- ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
- ^ Smith, Mary C. (1897). "On the T?kaid?," in Life in Asia, pp. 204-210.
- ^ Sorensen, André. (2002). The Making of Urban Japan: cities and Planning from Edo to the Twenty-first Century, p. 171., p. 171, at Google Books