T%C5%8D-on
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T%C5%8D-on

T?-on (, Japanese pronunciation: [to?:o?], "Tang sound"), also pronounced "t?-in",[] are Japanese kanji readings imported from China by Zen monks and merchants during and after the Song dynasty. This period roughly corresponds with the mid-Heian to Edo periods of Japan. During the Muromachi period, they were referred to as "s?-on" (, "Song sound"). Together, they are collectively known as "t?s?-on" ().

Scholars divide t?-on into two groups: those that are based on Zen of the Middle Ages, and those based on the ?baku school of Buddhism of the Middle Ages. The latter are the readings sometimes referred to as "s?-on".

T?-on readings are not systematic, as they were introduced piecemeal from China, often along with very specialized terminology.

Examples of words and characters using t?-on readings include: chair (, isu), futon (), paper lantern (, andon), Ming (?, min) and Qing (?, shin).

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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