T%C3%A0y Language
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T%C3%A0y Language
Tày
Tho
Native toVietnam
Native speakers
1.63 million (2009)[1]
Latin (Vietnamese alphabet)
Ch? nôm
Language codes
tyz
Glottologtayy1238
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Tày or Tho (a name shared with Cuoi and with various Zhuang languages of China) is the major Tai language of Vietnam, in the northeast near the Chinese border.

Varieties

Tày linguistic varieties include:[2][3]

  • Tày B?o L?c is spoken in B?o L?c District, western Cao Bang province.
  • Tày Trùng Khánh is spoken in Trùng Khánh District, northeastern Cao Bang province.

The Dai Zhuang varieties should perhaps be considered the same language.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
plain pal.
Plosive voiceless p p? t c k
aspirated p? p t? k?
voiced b b? d
implosive ? ?
Fricative voiceless f s x h
voiced v z ?
lateral ?
Nasal m n ? ?
Trill r
Approximant w l j
  • The Cao B?ng Tày dialect is the only variety to have the sounds /j w r ? b d b?/.

Vowels

Front Central Back
High i ? u
High-mid e o
Mid ? ?:
Low-mid ? ? ?
Low a
Diphthongs
Front Back
Close ie uo
  • There are also three semivowels [u? i? ] that mainly occur in syllable-coda position in combination with other vowel sounds. [u? i?] are typically realized as consonant sounds [w j]. [u?] follows front vowels /i e ?/ and central vowels /? a ?/. [i?] follows back vowels /u o ?/ as well as central vowels /? a ?/. However, [] only follows /?/.[4]

Tones

Six tones are present in Cao B?ng Tày:

Tones
a? ?
a?
á ?
? ?
à ?
a?

References

  1. ^ Tày at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Edmondson, Jerold A., Solnit, David B. (eds). 1997. Comparative Kadai: the Tai branch. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 124. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
  3. ^ http://ling.uta.edu/~jerry/research/map.html
  4. ^ V?n Ma, Hoàng (1997). The sound system of the Tày language of Cao B?ng Province, Vietnam. Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit (eds.), Comparative Kadai: The Tai branch: Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington. pp. 221-231.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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