|NOC||Swedish Olympic Committee|
|Competitors||88 (74 men and 14 women) in 14 sports|
|Flag bearer||Melbourne Per Carlesson Stockholm Gösta Boltenstern|
|Summer Olympics appearances (overview)|
|Other related appearances|
|1906 Intercalated Games|
Sweden competed at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia, with the exception of the equestrian events, which could not be held in Australia due to quarantine regulations. Instead, those events were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden.
88 competitors, 74 men and 14 women, took part in 74 events in 14 sports. Swedish athletes won a total of 19 medals at the games, including 3 golds in the equestrian events held in their own country.
|Gold||Gert Fredriksson||Canoeing||Men's K1 1000 m|
|Gold||Gert Fredriksson||Canoeing||Men's K1 10000 m|
|Gold||Petrus Kastenman||Equestrian||Three-Day Eventing Individual|
|Gold||Henri Saint Cyr||Equestrian||Dressage Individual|
|Gold||Adolf Boltenstern Jr.
Henri Saint Cyr
|Gold||Lars Hall||Modern pentathlon||Men's Individual|
|Sailing||Men's 5½ m Class|
|Sailing||Men's Dragon Class|
|Gymnastics||Women's Team Exercise with portable Apparatus|
|Rowing||Men's Coxed Fours|
|Silver||Olof Sköldberg||Shooting||Men's Running Deer, Single & Double Shot|
|Silver||Edvin Vesterby||Wrestling (Greco-Roman)||Men's Bantamweight|
|Silver||William Thoresson||Gymnastics||Men's Floor|
|Bronze||John Ljunggren||Athletics||Men's 50 km Walk|
|Bronze||Ann-Sofi Pettersson||Gymnastics||Women's Side Horse Vault|
|Bronze||John Sundberg||Shooting||Men's Small-bore Rifle, Three Positions|
|Bronze||Per Gunnar Berlin||Wrestling (Greco-Roman)||Men's Welterweight|
|Bronze||Rune Jansson||Wrestling (Greco-Roman)||Men's Middleweight|
|Bronze||Karl-Erik Nilsson||Wrestling (Greco-Roman)||Men's Light Heavyweight|
Men's Team Time Trial
Men's Individual Road Race
Women's 10m Platform
Five fencers, all men, represented Sweden in 1956.
Three male pentathletes represented the Sweden in 1956. Lars Hall won gold in the individual event.