|Governorate of Russian Empire|
|Today part of|| Poland|
Suwa?ki Governorate (Russian: ? , Polish: gubernia suwalska) was a governorate (administrative area) of Congress Poland ("Russian Poland") which had its seat in the city of Suwa?ki. It covered a territory of about 12,300 km².
In 1867, the territories of the Augustów Governorate and the P?ock Governorates were re-organised to form the P?ock Governorate, the Suwa?ki Governorate (consisting mostly of the Augustów Governorate territories) and a recreated ?om?a Governorate.
After World War I, the governorate was split between the Second Polish Republic and Lithuania, mostly along ethnic lines (with an exception of Pu?sk). The Polish part, known as Suwa?ki Region, was incorporated into the Bia?ystok Voivodeship. The Lithuanian region of Suvalkija was named after the governorate.
According to contemporary Russian Empire statistics, from 1889 the Suwa?ki Governorate was predominantly Lithuanian since they comprised 57.8% of the population. Lithuanians formed a majority only in the northern part of the governorate in the counties of Kalvarija, Marijampol?, Naujamiestis, Vilkavi?kis as well as the eastern part of Sejny. Poles were in a majority in the southern part of the governorate in the counties of Suwa?ki, Augustów and in the western part of Sejny.
|Population in 1897|
|County||County Seat||Major Towns|
|Augustów County||Augustów||Lipsk o Raczki o Sopo?kinie|
|Kalvarija County||Kalvarija||Liudvinavas o Alytus o Simnas|
|Marijampol? County||Marijampol?||Balbieri?kis o Pilvi?k?s o Panemun? o Prienai o Zapy?kis|
|Sejny County||Sejny||Kap?iamiestis o Lazdijai o Seirijai|
|Suwa?ki County||Suwa?ki||Baka?arzewo o Filipów o Przero?l o Wi?ajny|
|Naujamiestis County||Naujamiestis||Sudargas o ?akiai|
|Vilkavi?kis County||Vilkavi?kis||Virbalis o Vi?tytis|