Suwa%C5%82ki Governorate
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Suwa%C5%82ki Governorate
Suwa?ki Governorate
Gubernia suwalska
Suvalk? gubernija
Governorate of Russian Empire
Coat of arms of Suwa?ki
Coat of arms
KP gubernia suwalska 1910.svg
Suwa?ki Governorate
 o Coordinates54°5?N 22°56?E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933Coordinates: 54°5?N 22°56?E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933
o Established
o Disestablished
Today part of Poland

Suwa?ki Governorate (Russian: ? , Polish: gubernia suwalska) was a governorate (administrative area) of Congress Poland ("Russian Poland") which had its seat in the city of Suwa?ki. It covered a territory of about 12,300 km².


Suwa?ki Governorate (in light blue)

In 1867, the territories of the Augustów Governorate and the P?ock Governorates were re-organised to form the P?ock Governorate, the Suwa?ki Governorate (consisting mostly of the Augustów Governorate territories) and a recreated ?om?a Governorate.

After World War I, the governorate was split between the Second Polish Republic and Lithuania, mostly along ethnic lines (with an exception of Pu?sk). The Polish part, known as Suwa?ki Region, was incorporated into the Bia?ystok Voivodeship. The Lithuanian region of Suvalkija was named after the governorate.


According to contemporary Russian Empire statistics, from 1889 the Suwa?ki Governorate was predominantly Lithuanian since they comprised 57.8% of the population.[1] Lithuanians formed a majority only in the northern part of the governorate in the counties of Kalvarija, Marijampol?, Naujamiestis, Vilkavi?kis as well as the eastern part of Sejny. Poles were in a majority in the southern part of the governorate in the counties of Suwa?ki, Augustów and in the western part of Sejny.[2]

Population in 1897[3]
Nationality People Percent
Lithuanians 304,500 52%
Poles 134,000 23%
Jews 59,100 10%
Germans 30,500 5%
Belarusians 26,600 5%
Russians 24,500 4%
Others 3,700 .7%
Total 582,900 100%

Administrative divisions

It was divided into seven counties:[4]


  1. ^ ?enavi?ien?, Ieva (1999). "Tautos budimas ir blaivyb?s s?j?dis" (PDF). Istorija. 40: 3. ISSN 1392-0456. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Piotr ?ossowski, Konflikt polsko-litewski 1918-1920 (1996) p.10 and p.15
  3. ^ Nikolajew, Christina Juditha (2005). Zum Zusammenhang zwischen nationaler Identitätsbildung und Katholischer Kirche in Litauen (PDF) (in German). Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen. p. 16.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Jonas Zinkus; et al., eds. (1988). "Suvalk? gubernija". Taryb? Lietuvos enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). IV. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vyriausioji enciklopedij? redakcija. pp. 136-137.

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