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Sur?in

 -  .jpg
Flag of Sur?in
Flag
Coat of arms of Sur?in
Coat of arms
Location of Sur?in within the city of Belgrade
Location of Sur?in within the city of Belgrade
Coordinates: 44°48?N 20°17?E / 44.800°N 20.283°E / 44.800; 20.283Coordinates: 44°48?N 20°17?E / 44.800°N 20.283°E / 44.800; 20.283
Country Serbia
City Belgrade
Municipality status2003
Settlements7
Government
 o MayorStevan ?u?a[1] (SNS)
Area
 o Urban61.21 km2 (23.63 sq mi)
 o Municipality288.48 km2 (111.38 sq mi)
Population
(2011 census)[4]
 o Municipality
43,819
 o Municipality density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11271
Area code+381 11
Car platesBG
Websitewww.surcin.rs
Map of Sur?in municipality

Sur?in (Serbian Cyrillic: , pronounced [s?rti:n]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. As of 2011 census, it has a population of 43,819 inhabitants.

It is the youngest municipality of Belgrade, as it split from the municipality of Zemun in 2003. Its most important feature is the Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, located just a few kilometers west of the town.

History

The area of the town has been settled since prehistoric times, and archaeological findings from ancient eras are common. So far, it is established that previous settlements existed in the Stone Age, Neolithic, Bronze Age, and Roman era.[5]

From 1991 to 2002, the population of the municipality grew from 35,591 to 38,695. Most of that growth came from the refugees from Yugoslav Wars (mostly Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina). Since many of the refugees were integrated into the Serbian citizenship after 2002, it is to be expected that the official population has grown significantly.

Sur?in was the seat of its own municipality until 1965 when it was annexed to the municipality of Zemun (prior to that, municipalities of Boljevci and Dobanovci were annexed to the municipality of Sur?in). A movement for splitting from Zemun has been very vocal since the 1990s and though it did not fulfill some of the conditions required by the Belgrade City statute for creation of a new municipality (mainly, a population of over 50,000), Belgrade City assembly voted to detach Sur?in from Zemun officially on November 24, 2003. The newly-formed municipality remained under the administration of the municipality of Zemun until the next municipal elections and finally got its own administration on November 3, 2004. However, municipal administration and the overall political situation in Sur?in has been highly unstable ever since.[6][7]

Geography

Sur?in is located in the eastern Syrmia region, 20 kilometers west of downtown Belgrade. It borders the municipalities of Zemun (north) and Novi Beograd (east). The western border of the municipality is the administrative border of the province of Vojvodina, while the Sava river forms the border to the municipalities of ?ukarica (south-east) and Obrenovac (south).

The area of the municipality is flat and marshy as the entire southern section belongs to the floodplain of the Sava. Numerous smaller streams (mostly channeled) flow through the municipality, most notably the Galovica and Jar?ina. Other distinct geographical features are the ponds of Fenek and ?iva?a, a large woody area of Boj?in (Serbian: Boj?inska ?uma) and Progarska ada, one of the largest islands in the Sava.

Sur?in lies just south of the Belgrade-Zagreb highway, on the Belgrade beltway which is expected to allow heavy traffic from the Belgrade's urban core to move directly to the city's southern outskirts (for now, it is the only European capital with a highway going through it)[]. The Syrmian section of the beltway (which separates from the highway at Dobanovci, then goes to Sur?in-Jakovo-Ostru?nica) is already built and operational. A local Belgrade freight railway runs parallel to the beltway.

Crni Lug ("Black Grove") is a low, forested floodplain along the bend of the Sava river, between Progar and Boljevci. It is a patch of an oak forest. Crni Lug is located 30 km (19 mi) from downtown Belgrade and 20 km (12 mi) south of the Nikola Tesla Airport. Part of the region is organized as a hunting ground with a total area of 9.73 km2 (3.76 sq mi), of which 7.2 km2 (2.8 sq mi) is fenced. The venue is known for the organized group wild boar hunting. Apart from wild boar, European deer and roe deer are also being bred in the facility. There are two other hunting grounds in the municipality, Dobanova?ki Zabran ("Dobanovci Grove"), operated by the military, and Donji Srem ("Lower Syrmia").[8]

Settlements

Urban (towns):

Rural (villages):

Demographics

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Sur?in has a population of 43,819 inhabitants. Though in the past the municipality had no urban connection with Belgrade on the east, that is, Novi Beograd's westernmost neighborhood of Ledine connected it to the city, an urban zone has developed along that road, turning Belgrade and Sur?in into one continuous built-up area. Similar developments surround Sur?in which, with the growth of population, grows into a single urban area with Dobanovci (north), Jakovo (south) and Be?men (west).

Ethnic groups

The municipality of Sur?in has Serb ethnic majority, followed by Romani, Slovaks, Croats and other ethnic groups. The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
2011
Serbs 37,866
Romani 1,415
Slovaks 1,254
Croats 373
Muslims 102
Macedonians 95
Yugoslavs 93
Montenegrins 89
Others 2,532
Total 43,819

Administration

Former presidents of the municipality of Sur?in are:

  • 24 November 2003 - 3 November 2004: Vojislav Jano?evi? (b. 1946) (Democratic Party, local community)
  • 3 November 2004 - 24 November 2005: Rajko Matovi? (b. 1960) (Serbian Radical Party)
  • 13 August 2004 - 24 November 2005: Vladimir Aleksandrov (b. 1940) (Serbian Radical Party; not confirmed by the Ministry for local self-rule)
  • 24 November 2005 - August 2012: Vojislav Jano?evi? (Democratic Party)
  • August 2012 - present: Vesna ?alovi? (Socialist Party of Serbia)

Economy

The majority of the population works in agriculture. Extensive farms for pig breeding are located in Sur?in itself while in the smaller settlements the production is mostly for the Belgrade market, growing fruits and early vegetables.

The most important facility is the Belgrade Nikola Tesla airport, opened on April 28, 1962, replacing the old one in Be?anija. The new and modern airport put the small village on the map. The aeronautics museum is also located in the airport complex.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[10]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 386
Mining and quarrying 13
Manufacturing 2,942
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 6
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 78
Construction 691
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 4,506
Transportation and storage 4,879
Accommodation and food services 539
Information and communication 84
Financial and insurance activities 61
Real estate activities 8
Professional, scientific and technical activities 310
Administrative and support service activities 291
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 331
Education 445
Human health and social work activities 331
Arts, entertainment and recreation 109
Other service activities 123
Individual agricultural workers 95
Total 16,228

See also

References

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan ?. Markovi? (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
  1. ^ "SNS SAMOSTALNO U SUR?INU Stevan ?u?a novi predsednik op?tine". Blic. 11 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved .
  3. ^ " ? " (pdf). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved .
  5. ^ http://www.balkaninstitut.com/pdf/izdanja/balcanica/Balcanica_XXXVI_2005.pdf
  6. ^ "Sur?inski obra?un". Press (in Serbian). 2008-03-20. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Ru?e me mafija?i!". Press (in Serbian). 2008-03-20. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Branka Vasiljevi? (5 August 2018). "Lovci u Beograd sti?u porodi?no" [Hunters travel to Belgrade with their families]. Politika (in Serbian).
  9. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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