Suleja
Get Suleja essential facts below. View Videos or join the Suleja discussion. Add Suleja to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Suleja
Suleja
LGA and city
Suleja is located in Nigeria
Suleja
Suleja
Coordinates: 9°11?N 7°11?E / 9.183°N 7.183°E / 9.183; 7.183
Country Nigeria
StateNiger State
Government
 o Local Government Chairman and the Head of the Local Government CouncilShuaibu Maje
 o EmirAwwal Ibrahim
Population
(2016)
 o Total260,240
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
ClimateAw

Suleja is a city in Niger State, Nigeria, pop. (2016) local government area, 260,240, just north of Abuja, capital of the Suleja Emirate. It is sometimes confused with the nearby city of Abuja, due to its proximity, and the fact that it was originally called Abuja before the Nigerian government adopted the name from the then Emir Sulayman Barau for its new federal capital in 1976.[1]

It was established in the early 19th century by Mohammed Makau, the last Hausa emir of Zaria and his followers who were fleeing the Fulani jihadists engaged in the conquest of northern Nigeria. Zaria, or Zazzau, was one of the Hausa city/states of Northern Nigeria which were being conquered by the Fulani jihadists under their charismatic Sheik, Usman bin Fodio.

Apart from its closeness to the Nigerian federal capital, it is also recognised as a centre of excellence for traditional West African pottery, namely the world-famous Ladi Kwali Pottery Centre, established by Michael Cardew in 1950[2]. The leading exponent of this school of pottery was Dr. Ladi Kwali, who received worldwide acclaim for her works, the originals of which are on display worldwide[3].

Economy

Discoveries of ancient sculptures of the Nok culture, both at Suleja town and in the Makabolo River bed, have helped prove the influence of Nok on the Yoruba art of Ife. Today Suleja is well known as an exporter of Gbari pottery. Cotton weaving and dyeing, with locally grown indigo, and mat making are traditional activities, but farming remains the chief occupation. Local trade is primarily in agricultural products. In addition to the Pottery Centre, a government secondary school and a hospital are located in the town. The Dorben Polytechnic has a campus in Suleja.[4]

History

The emirate's wooded savanna area of about 2,980 square kilometres (1,150 sq mi) originally included four small Koro chiefdoms that paid tribute to the Hausa kingdom of Zazzau. After warriors of the Fulani jihad (struggle/War) captured Zaria (Zazzau's capital, 220 km (140 mi) north-northeast) about 1804, Muhamman Makau, sarkin ("king of") Zazzau, led many of the Hausa nobility to the Koro town of Zuba (10 km or 6 mi south). Abu Ja (Jatau), his brother and successor as sarkin Zazzau, founded Abuja town in 1828, began construction of its wall a year later, and proclaimed himself the first Sarkin Abuja.

Withstanding Zaria attacks, the Abuja emirate remained an independent Hausa refuge. Trade with the Fulani emirates of Bida (to the west) and Zaria began in Emir Abu Kwaka's reign (1851-77), but, when Abuja's leaders disrupted the trade route between Lokoja (160 km or 99 mi south-southeast) and Zaria in 1902, the British occupied the town. Alluvial tin mining began in Emir Musa Angulu's reign (1917-44).

In 2011, Suleja was hit by several bomb assaults. Ten people were killed on March 3rd. [5] On April 7th, another bomb killed 25 people.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Niger State (Nigeria). Ministry of Information, Social Development, Youth, Sports, and Culture. Information Division. (1986). This is Suleja. [Information Division, Ministry of Information, Social Development, Youth, Sports, and Culture]. OCLC 38682839.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Filson, Frances. Abuja's lady potter. OCLC 50768383.
  3. ^ Rea, Will (2003). "Kwali, Ladi". Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.t048410. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "About Us". Dorben Polytechnic. Retrieved .
  5. ^ 10 feared dead in Suleja bomb blast, Vanguard, visited April 16, 2011
  6. ^ Bomb Explosion At INEC Office In Suleja, THEWILL, visited April 16, 2011

Coordinates: 9°11?N 7°11?E / 9.183°N 7.183°E / 9.183; 7.183


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Suleja
 



 



 
Music Scenes