|Historical region||Southern Bukovina|
|o Total||8,553 km2 (3,302 sq mi)|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 230 or (+40) 330|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-SV|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 3.188 billion (2015)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 5,022 (2015)|
Suceava County (Romanian pronunciation: [su't?e?ava]) is a county (Romanian: jude?, German: kreis) of Romania. Most of its territory lies in the southern portion of the historical region of Bukovina, while the remainder forms part of Western Moldavia proper. The county seat is Suceava.
The western side of the county consists of mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group: the Rodna Mountains, the Rar?u Mountains, the Giumal?u Mountains, and the Ridges of Bukovina, the latter with lower heights.
The county's elevation decreases towards the east, with the lowest height in the Siret River valley. The rivers crossing the county are the Siret River with its tributaries: the Moldova, Suceava, and Bistri?a rivers.
The county of Suceava is bordered by the following other territorial units:
The Suceava County Prefecture building from the interwar period (now the History Museum in Suceava)
|Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)||Suceava|
|o Total||1,309 km2 (505 sq mi)|
|o Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
In the Kingdom of Romania, between the early 20th century up to the end of the 1940s, the county had a smaller size and population. The contemporary Suceava county is the result of the merger of other smaller former Romanian counties from the historical province of Bukovina that were functional mostly throughout the interwar period (e.g. R?d?u?i County or Câmpulung County).
The present-day Suceava County also incorporates part of Baia County. As per the administrative reform of 1938 under King Carol II, the whole counties which divided Bukovina in the Kingdom of Romania were united into a bigger land called ?inutul Suceava.
As for the historical interwar Suceava County, this administrative unit was located in the northern part of Greater Romania and in the southern part of the historical region of Bukovina respectively. Its territory is situated entirely within the borders of the current Suceava County, constituting thus the central-eastern part of the contemporary namesake county. During the interwar period, it was the smallest county of Greater Romania by area, covering 1,309 square kilometres (505 sq mi).
In 1938, the county was administratively reorganized into the following districts:
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 121,327, ethnically divided among Romanians (79.5%), Germans (primarily Bukovina Germans but also Zipsers) (8.2%), Jews (5.5%), Poles (2.7%), Ukrainians (1.7%), as well as other ethnic minorities.
By language the county was divided among Romanian (76.5%), German (9.4%), Ukrainian (5.5%), Yiddish (4.3%), Polish (2.5%), as well as other languages. From the religious point of view, the population consisted of Eastern Orthodox (80.1%), Roman Catholic (8.4%), Jewish (5.5%), Evangelical Lutheran (3.3%), Greek Catholic (1.4%), as well as other minor religions.
The county's urban population consisted of 19,850 inhabitants (17,028 in Suceava and 2,822 in Solca), ethnically divided among Romanians (61.5%), Jews (18.7%), Germans (13.9%), Poles (2.6%), as well as other ethnic minorities.
As a mother tongue in the urban population, Romanian (60.4%) predominated, followed by German (18.7%), Yiddish (13.8%), Ukrainian (3.2%), Polish (2.2%), as well as other minor spoken languages. From the religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 60.6% Eastern Orthodox, 18.8% Jewish, 15.3% Roman Catholic, 2.0% Greek Catholic, 1.7% Evangelical Lutheran, 0.7% Baptist, as well as other confessional minorities.
The predominant industries/economic sectors in the county are as follows:
Suceava occupies the first place among the Romanian cities with most the commercial spaces per inhabitant. Notable supermarket chains correlated with the aforementioned economic areas: Metro, Carrefour, Auchan, Selgros, Kaufland, and Lidl (some of the biggest supermarket chains in Romania).
In 2018, Suceava County was designated 'European destination of excellence' by the European Commission. Furthermore, back in 2017, Suceava ranked 3rd in Romania regarding total tourist accommodation capacity.
The main touristic attractions of the county are:
Suceava County has 5 municipalities, 11 towns and 98 communes
During June 2010, Gheorghe Flutur, the president of Suceava County, told the Mediafax news agency that his region was one of the worst hit in the country. In the morning of June 29, relief work was coordinated to deal with flooding that killed 21 people, and caused hundreds to be evacuated from their homes.
Pietrosul Bistri?ei peak, Bistri?a Mountains (1791 m)
Part of the forested Carpathian Mountains near Cioc?ne?ti
Romanian white church in Baia
Solone?u Nou (Polish: Nowy So?oniec) village
Meadows in Panaci
Sturdza manor in Salcea