Suceava County
Get Suceava County essential facts below. View Videos or join the Suceava County discussion. Add Suceava County to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Suceava County
Suceava County

Jude?ul Suceava
Coat of arms of Suceava County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Suceava county highlighted
Coordinates: 47°35?N 25°46?E / 47.58°N 25.76°E / 47.58; 25.76Coordinates: 47°35?N 25°46?E / 47.58°N 25.76°E / 47.58; 25.76
CountryRomania
Development regionNord-Est
Historical regionSouthern Bukovina
CapitalSuceava
Area
 o Total8,553 km2 (3,302 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
(2011)
 o Total634,810
 o Estimate 
(2018)[1]
757,679 Increase
 o Rank8th
 o Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 230 or (+40) 330[2]
ISO 3166 codeRO-SV
GDP (nominal)US$ 3.188 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 5,022 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Suceava County (Romanian pronunciation: [su't?e?ava]) is a county (Romanian: jude?, German: kreis) of Romania. Most of its territory lies in the southern portion of the historical region of Bukovina, while the remainder forms part of Western Moldavia proper. The county seat is Suceava.

Demographics

In 2011, Suceava County had a population of 634,810, with a population density of 74/km2. The proportion of each ethnic group is displayed as follows:[3]

Year County population[4][5]
1948 Steady 439,751
1956 Increase 507,674
1966 Increase 572,781
1977 Increase 633,899
1992 Increase 700,799
2002 Decrease 688,435
2011 Decrease 634,810
2016 (estimate) Increase 743,645

Geography

Most of Suceava County is in southern Bukovina, which is represented by the darker area on this map.

The county lies within the southern part of the historical region of Bukovina, but also incorporates territories from Western Moldavia proper.

In terms of total area, it covers a surface of 8,553 square kilometres (3,302 sq mi), making it thus the second in Romania in this particular regard, just after Timi? County in Banat.

The western side of the county consists of mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group: the Rodna Mountains, the Rar?u Mountains, the Giumal?u Mountains, and the Ridges of Bukovina, the latter with lower heights.

The county's elevation decreases towards the east, with the lowest height in the Siret River valley. The rivers crossing the county are the Siret River with its tributaries: the Moldova, Suceava, and Bistri?a rivers.

Neighbours

The county of Suceava is bordered by the following other territorial units:

Historical county

Jude?ul Suceava
County (Jude?)
The Suceava County Prefecture building from the interwar period (now the History Museum in Suceava)
The Suceava County Prefecture building from the interwar period (now the History Museum in Suceava)
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Suceava
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Suceava.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionBukovina
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Suceava
Established1925
Area
 o Total1,309 km2 (505 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total121,327
 o Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

In the Kingdom of Romania, between the early 20th century up to the end of the 1940s, the county had a smaller size and population. The contemporary Suceava county is the result of the merger of other smaller former Romanian counties from the historical province of Bukovina that were functional mostly throughout the interwar period (e.g. R?d?u?i County or Câmpulung County).

The present-day Suceava County also incorporates part of Baia County. As per the administrative reform of 1938 under King Carol II, the whole counties which divided Bukovina in the Kingdom of Romania were united into a bigger land called ?inutul Suceava.

As for the historical interwar Suceava County, this administrative unit was located in the northern part of Greater Romania and in the southern part of the historical region of Bukovina respectively. Its territory is situated entirely within the borders of the current Suceava County, constituting thus the central-eastern part of the contemporary namesake county. During the interwar period, it was the smallest county of Greater Romania by area, covering 1,309 square kilometres (505 sq mi).

It is bordered on the east by the counties of Dorohoi and Boto?ani, to the north by R?d?u?i County, to the west by Câmpulung County, and to the south by Baia County.

Administrative organization

Map of Suceava County as constituted in 1938.

As of 1930, the county was administratively subdivided into three districts (pli):[6]

  1. Plasa Arbore, headquartered at Arbore
  2. Plasa Dragomirna, headquartered at Dragomirna
  3. Plasa Ili?e?ti, headquartered at Ili?e?ti

In 1938, the county was administratively reorganized into the following districts:

  1. Plasa Arbore, headquartered at Solca (containing 15 villages)
  2. Plasa Bosancea, headquartered at Bosancea (including 36 villages)
  3. Plasa Ili?e?ti, headquartered at Ili?e?ti (including 17 villages)

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 121,327, ethnically divided among Romanians (79.5%), Germans (primarily Bukovina Germans but also Zipsers) (8.2%), Jews (5.5%), Poles (2.7%), Ukrainians (1.7%), as well as other ethnic minorities.[7]

By language the county was divided among Romanian (76.5%), German (9.4%), Ukrainian (5.5%), Yiddish (4.3%), Polish (2.5%), as well as other languages. From the religious point of view, the population consisted of Eastern Orthodox (80.1%), Roman Catholic (8.4%), Jewish (5.5%), Evangelical Lutheran (3.3%), Greek Catholic (1.4%), as well as other minor religions.[8]

Urban population

The county's urban population consisted of 19,850 inhabitants (17,028 in Suceava and 2,822 in Solca), ethnically divided among Romanians (61.5%), Jews (18.7%), Germans (13.9%), Poles (2.6%), as well as other ethnic minorities.[7]

As a mother tongue in the urban population, Romanian (60.4%) predominated, followed by German (18.7%), Yiddish (13.8%), Ukrainian (3.2%), Polish (2.2%), as well as other minor spoken languages. From the religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 60.6% Eastern Orthodox, 18.8% Jewish, 15.3% Roman Catholic, 2.0% Greek Catholic, 1.7% Evangelical Lutheran, 0.7% Baptist, as well as other confessional minorities.[8]

Economy

The predominant industries/economic sectors in the county are as follows:

  • Lumber - producing the greatest land mass of forests in Romania
  • Food and Cooking
  • Mechanical components
  • Construction materials
  • Mining
  • Textile and leather

Suceava occupies the first place among the Romanian cities with most the commercial spaces per inhabitant.[9] Notable supermarket chains correlated with the aforementioned economic areas: Metro, Carrefour, Auchan, Selgros, Kaufland, and Lidl (some of the biggest supermarket chains in Romania).

Tourism

In 2018, Suceava County was designated 'European destination of excellence' by the European Commission.[10] Furthermore, back in 2017, Suceava ranked 3rd in Romania regarding total tourist accommodation capacity.[11]

Suceava medieval seat fortress
Arable lands near the city of Suceava
Typical winter landscape in Suceava County

The main touristic attractions of the county are:

Politics

The Suceava County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition:[12]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 21                                          
  Social Democratic Party 16                                          

Administrative divisions

Suceava (German: Sutschawa)
Gura Humorului (German: Gura Humora)
R?d?u?i (German: Radautz)
Vatra Dornei (German: Dorna-Watra)
Siret (German: Sereth)
F?lticeni (German: Foltischeni)
Solca (German: Solka)
Iacobeni (German: Jakobeny)
Cârlibaba (German: Mariensee/Ludwigsdorf)
Pojorâta (German: Pozoritta)
Ili?e?ti (German: Illischestie)

Suceava County has 5 municipalities, 11 towns and 98 communes

2010 floods

During June 2010, Gheorghe Flutur, the president of Suceava County, told the Mediafax news agency that his region was one of the worst hit in the country. In the morning of June 29, relief work was coordinated to deal with flooding that killed 21 people, and caused hundreds to be evacuated from their homes.[13]

Gallery

Natives and residents

References

  1. ^ "HART? INTERACTIV? - Câ?i mai suntem în România? Popula?ia în fiecare jude? ?i în fiecare municipiu din ?ar?" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002"
  5. ^ a b "Popula?ia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Suceava
  7. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 434-437
  8. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 738-739
  9. ^ https://www.monitorulsv.ro/Local/2018-05-04/Suceava-pe-primul-loc-la-nivel-national-in-privinta-spatiilor-comerciale
  10. ^ Dan Coman. "Flutur a primit, la Bruxelles, premiul ,,Suceava, destina?ie european? de excelen" (in Romanian)". Radio România Interna?ional. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Jude?ul Suceava pe locul trei ca num?r de structuri de primire turistic? dup? Bra?ov ?i Constan?a (in Romanian)". News Bucovina. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe jude?e ?i competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-03. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Suceava_County
 



 



 
Music Scenes