Suburban Mobility Authority For Regional Transportation
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Suburban Mobility Authority For Regional Transportation
Suburban Mobility for Regional Transportation
Ride SMART logo.png
SloganRide SMART
Founded1967
HeadquartersBuhl Building
Downtown Detroit, Michigan
Service areaMetro Detroit counties of Wayne, Oakland and Macomb
Service typebus service, paratransit
AllianceDDOT
Routes50
Fleet
Daily ridership44,000[1]
Fuel typebiodiesel
General ManagerCurrently Vacant
WebsiteSMART
A SMART bus along Woodward Avenue.
The Buhl Building in Downtown Detroit is the headquarters of SMART

The Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) is the public transit operator serving suburban Metro Detroit. It partners with the Detroit Department of Transportation. Beginning operations in 1967 as the Southeastern Michigan Transportation Authority (SEMTA), it operates 44 linehaul and three park-and-ride bus routes in Wayne, Oakland and Macomb Counties. Its name was changed to SMART in 1989. As of 2008, SMART has the third highest ridership of Michigan's transit systems, surpassed by Capital Area Transportation Authority and Detroit Department of Transportation. SMART has its headquarters in the Buhl Building in Downtown Detroit.[2]

Some of SMART's routes enter the City of Detroit and serve the Downtown and Midtown cores during "peak hours" (Weekdays, 6-9A.M. and 3-6P.M.). Elsewhere in Detroit city limits, a local ordinance bars passengers from being dropped off on outbound routes, or boarding on inbound routes.[3] This is intended to avoid service duplication with Detroit Department of Transportation, which supplements the city of Detroit with its own bus service.

History

The Michigan Legislature passed the Metropolitan Transportation Authorities Act of 1967, which included the creation of Southeastern Michigan Transportation Authority (SEMTA). SEMTA was charged to take over the ownership and operations of the fractured regional transit systems in Macomb, Oakland, and Wayne counties, including the city of Detroit.[4]

The new authority acquired several suburban transit bus operations including Lake Shore Coach Lines (1971), Pontiac Municipal Transit Service (1973), Dearborn's Metropolitan Transit (1974), Birmingham's Great Lakes Transit (1974), and Royak Oak's Martin Lines (1975). However, the 1967 transportation act did not provide the regional authority with any means to levy taxes.[5] By 1974, the Detroit Department of Street Railways (DSR) had been reorganized as a city department of Detroit, leaving SEMTA only coordination over the suburban services.[4] That same year, SEMTA acquired a commuter train service between downtown Detroit and Pontiac from the Grand Trunk Western Railroad. Due to declining ridership and a lack of funding, the commuter rail service was discontinued in October 1983.

In 1979, SEMTA approved a regional transit plan, which included improved bus service and new rail transit, but the plan was never implemented due to lack of funds.[4] The last commuter rail service was a former Penn Central route, named the Michigan Executive, that ran from the Michigan Central Depot in Detroit to Jackson. Its final operator was by Amtrak, as funded by the State of Michigan. The already pared down Executive service ended in 1984.

Beginning in 1983, SEMTA oversaw the construction of the Detroit People Mover, which was conceived as part of a much larger which consisted of light rail lines and a downtown subway. Mismanagement of the project resulted in tens-of-millions of dollars of cost overruns, causing the federal government to pull out of the project. In 1985, with the half-built project in limbo, the city of Detroit negotiated with SEMTA to take over the project, and it was transferred to the newly created Detroit Transportation Corporation.

From SEMTA to SMART

With little interest in the suburbs for expanding mass transit and Detroit not interested in joining the system, SEMTA was restructured as SMART in 1989, reducing the authority's service area from seven counties to three and excluding the city of Detroit.[4]

In October 2011, the authority cut 22% of its service and laid off 123 employees due to declining property values which fund the system through its millage, and the inability of the authority to reach an agreement with its unions.[4] In January 2018, SMART began operation of its first major service expansion since the 2011 cuts to the system, adding three high frequency, limited-stop bus services branded FAST (Frequent Affordable Safe Transit) along Michigan, Woodward, and Gratiot avenues connecting downtown and Midtown to the Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Wayne County, Pontiac in Oakland County, and Chesterfield Township in Macomb County, respectively.[6]

Fares

NOTE: all fares are free since mid-March 2020 up to further notice due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The adult cash fare for fixed routes is US$2 or $0.5 for all others, which includes 4-hour pass, if needed. The fare for "park-and-ride" express routes is $2.5, and $1 for children 6-17, seniors, disabled/Medicare. SMART also offers 31-day passes for each of the above fare categories, and a regional monthly pass, permitting unlimited rides on both SMART and DDOT for $49.50. Kids below 3 feet 8 inches (112 cm) tall pay no fare with fare-paying rider; limit 3. When transferring to higher-cost service, the difference must be paid. A 24-Hour pass is $5 or $2 for all others; this includes the QLine & the Detroit People Mover.

On December 1, 2009, SMART raised its fares by $0.50. There was also a $0.50 charge added to regional monthly pass users and DDOT transfers. Fare increases were made to prevent possible cuts in bus services.[7]

Routes

  • 125 Fort Street-Eureka Road
  • 140 Southshore
  • 160 Downriver
  • 200 Michigan Avenue Local
  • 250 Ford Road
  • 255 Ford Road Express
  • 261 FAST Michigan
  • 275 Telegraph
  • 280 Middlebelt South
  • 330 Grand River / Beech Daly
  • 375-telegraph
  • 400 Southfield / Orchard Ridge
  • 405 Northwestern Highway
  • 415 Greenfield
  • 420 Southfield
  • 430 Main Street / Big Beaver
  • 445 Woodward & Maple Limited
  • 450 Woodward Local - Pontiac
  • 460 Woodward Local - Somerset
  • 461 FAST Woodward - Troy
  • 462 FAST Woodward - GLCX/AUBURN MILE
  • 465 Auburn Hills Limited
  • 494 Dequindre
  • 495 John R
  • 510 Van Dyke Local
  • 515 Van Dyke Limited
  • 530 Schoenherr
  • 550 Garfrield
  • 560 Gratiot Local
  • 561 FAST Gratiot - North River
  • 562 FAST Gratiot - North River / DMC/WSU (Weekdays only)
  • 563 FAST Gratiot - Chesterfield
  • 566 Price School
  • 567 New Baltimore / Lenox Shuttle
  • 580 Harper
  • 610 Kercheval / Harper
  • 615 Jefferson
  • 620 Charlevoix
  • 635 Jefferson Express
  • 710 Nine Mile Crosstown
  • 730 Ten Mile Crosstown
  • 740 Twelve Mile Crosstown
  • 790 Pontiac - NORTH HILL FARMS
  • 796 Pontiac - PERRY OPDYKE
  • 760 Thirteen Mile-Fourteen Mile Crosstown
  • 780 Fifteen Mile Crosstown
  • 805 Grand River Park and Ride
  • 830 Downriver Park and Ride
  • 849 Northland Loop Park and Ride
  • 851 West Bloomfield-Farmington Hills Park and Ride

Removed routes

SEMTA Commuter Rail
0.0 mi
0 km
Pontiac
Amtrak
5.1 mi
8.2 km
Bloomfield Hills
6.4 mi
10.3 km
Charing Cross
8.5 mi
13.7 km
Birmingham
12.0 mi
19.3 km
Royal Oak - 12 Mile Road
13.1 mi
21.1 km
Royal Oak - 11 Mile Road
15.4 mi
24.8 km
Ferndale - 9 Mile Road
(8 Mile Road)
19.7 mi
31.7 km
Chrysler Center
(Davison Freeway)
(Chrysler Freeway)
22.2 mi
35.7 km
Milwaukee Junction
(Edsel Ford Freeway)
(Gratiot Avenue)
26.3 mi
42.3 km
Detroit - Renaissance Center

The following routes were removed as part of the introduction of the FAST routes on January 1, 2018.[8]

  • 475 Woodward Limited - Troy
  • 565 Gratiot Limited
  • 598 Gratiot RefleX to Downtown Detroit
  • 599 Gratiot RefleX to DMC/WSU

The following routes were removed as part of the service cuts made on December 12, 2011.[9] The Groesbeck Shuttle still exists as a Connector service, but its early morning fixed route has been removed.

  • 112 Wyandotte Schools
  • 135 Southshore Express
  • 145 Carlysle
  • 150 Allen-Wick
  • 190 Taylor Flyer
  • 196 Peterson Academy
  • 202 Romulus
  • 203 Edsel Ford High School
  • 245 Cherry Hill
  • 265 Warren Road
  • 305 Grand River
  • 385 Orchard Lake
  • 525 Groesbeck Shuttle
  • 559 Auburn Hills-Roseville
  • 655 Grosse Pointe Schools

The following routes were removed prior to 2011 (removal date in parenthesis).

  • 110 West Jefferson / Biddle (September 3, 2007)
  • 115 Fort Street-Northline Road (June 15, 1992)
  • 130 Fort Street-Kennebec Street (December 12, 1995)
  • 165 Airport - Ecorse-Metro Airport-Southgate (May 20, 2002)
  • 185 Wayne Crosstown - Westland-Wyandotte (September 3, 2007)
  • 201 Wayne Road Shuttle (September 3, 2007)
  • 285 Middlebelt (November 27, 2006)
  • 295 Plymouth Road (November 27, 2006)
  • 297 Industrial Drive (November 27, 2006)
  • 300 Grand River (March 24, 1997)
  • 315 Grand River (December 8, 1997)
  • 315 Seven Mile (November 27, 2006)
  • 410 Woodward Local - Northland (November 27, 2006)
  • 435 Crooks Road (December 12, 1995)
  • 440 Woodward & Maple Local (January 2, 2006)
  • 455 Woodward Express - Pontiac (December 12, 1995)
  • 470 Woodward Local - Northland-Berkley (December 12, 1995)
  • 482 Northland-West Bloomfield (December 12, 1995)
  • 485 Woodward Local - 10 Mile (December 12, 1995)
  • 486 Farmington Hills-Detroit (May 20, 2002)
  • 488 Farmington Hills-Northland (May 20, 2002)
  • 492 Rochester Road (December 12, 1995)
  • 498 Stephenson Highway (May 20, 2002)
  • 499 Hilton-Campbell (December 12, 1995)
  • 515 Dodge Park (June 22, 2003)
  • 520 Hoover-Dodge Park (December 12, 1995)
  • 540 Hall Road (May 20, 2002)
  • 625 Charlevoix Express (November 17, 2003)
  • 630 Jefferson Local (November 17, 2003)
  • 750 Pontiac Arrow (January 2, 1990)
  • 750 Pontiac - Huron Street (June 12, 2000)
  • 751 Pontiac - Elizabeth Lake (June 12, 2000)
  • 754 Pontiac - Lakeside Homes (June 12, 2000)
  • 755 Pontiac - Perry Street (June 15, 1992)
  • 757 Pontiac - Carriage Circle (September 3, 1991)
  • 758 Pontiac - Woodland Heights (June 12, 2000)
  • 810 Livonia Park & Ride (November 27, 2006)
  • 820 Livonia Park & Ride (November 27, 2006)
  • 835 Ford Road Park & Ride (December 12, 1995)
  • 753 Pontiac- Baldwin RD
  • Gateway Express (July 6, 2009)

References

  1. ^ SMART hits record ridership levels as mass transit demand grows, by Jon Zemke, MetroMode Online Magazine, published 5/22/2008
  2. ^ "Contact SMART." Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation. Retrieved on November 11, 2009.
  3. ^ Leonard N., Fleming (10 January 2015). "SMART urged to change boarding policy in Detroit". The Detroit News. Jonathan Woling. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e "History of Regional Transit in Southeast Michigan". SEMCOG website. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "Southeastern Michigan Transportation History Part II: The New Regional Transportation Authority Moves Forward". Detroit Transit History. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Lewis, Shawn D. (27 December 2017). "Express bus service links Detroit's downtown to airport". The Detroit News. Jonathan Wolan. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ http://www.smartbus.org/Smart/News+and+Info/Public+Notices/Fare+Increase+and+Transfer+Policy+Change+Effective+December+1+2009.htm
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180325131508/https://www.smartbus.org/About/News/ArtMID/707/ArticleID/268/New-Service-Announcements
  9. ^ http://www.smartbus.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/Service%20Changes%2012-11/Approved%20Service%20Changes%2011-14-11.pdf

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Suburban_Mobility_Authority_for_Regional_Transportation
 



 



 
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