Location within Poland
Division into counties
|o Voivode||Ewa Leniart (PiS)|
|o Marshal||W?adys?aw Ortyl (PiS)|
|o Total||17,844 km2 (6,890 sq mi)|
|o Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PL-18|
very high · 13th
Podkarpackie Voivodeship or Podkarpackie Province (in Polish: województwo podkarpackie [v?j?'vut?stf? p?tkar'patsk], Slovak: Podkarpatské vojvodstvo, Ukrainian: ? ?), also known as Subcarpathian Voivodeship or Subcarpathia Province, is a voivodeship, or province, in southeastern corner of Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszów. Along with the Marshall, it is governed by the Subcarpathian Regional Assembly. Historically, most of the province's territory was part of the Kingdom of Galicia-Volhynia, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria and the Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the interwar period, it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship.
The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszów, Przemy?l, Krosno and (partially) Tarnów and Tarnobrzeg Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local-government reforms adopted in 1998. The name derives from the region's location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe -- Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia. During the interwar period (1918-1939), Subcarpathian Voivodeship belonged to "Poland B", the less-developed, more rural parts of Poland. To boost the local economy, the government of the Second Polish Republic began in the mid-1930s a massive program of industrialization, known as the Central Industrial Region. The program created several major armament factories, including PZL Mielec, PZL Rzeszów, Huta Stalowa Wola, and factories in other Subcarpathian towns such as D?bica, Nowa D?ba, Sanok, Tarnobrzeg and Nowa Sarzyna.
It is bordered by Lesser Poland Voivodeship to the west, ?wi?tokrzyskie Voivodeship to the north-west, Lublin Voivodeship to the north, Ukraine (Lviv Oblast and Zakarpattia Oblast) to the east and Slovakia (Pre?ov Region) to the south. It covers an area of 17,844 square kilometres (6,890 sq mi), and has a population of 2,096,971 (as at 2006). The voivodeship is mostly hilly or mountainous (see Bieszczady, Beskidy); its northwestern corner is flat. It is one of the most wooded Polish voivodeships (35.9% of total area), within its borders there is whole Bieszczady National Park, and parts of Magura National Park.
The voivodeship contains 50 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures as of 30 June 2008)
The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).
|1,219||471||169,586||Rzeszów *||Dynów, Boguchwa?a, G?ogów Ma?opolski, Soko?ów Ma?opolski, Tyczyn, B?a?owa||14|
|880||340||133,148||Mielec||Radomy?l Wielki, Przec?aw||10|
|924||357||109,715||Krosno *||Jedlicze, Rymanów, Dukla, Iwonicz-Zdrój||10|
|Stalowa Wola County
|786||303||67,042||Nisko||Rudnik nad Sanem, Ulanów||7|
|1,308||505||57,120||Lubaczów||Oleszyce, Narol, Cieszanów||8|
|520||200||53,730||Tarnobrzeg *||Nowa D?ba, Baranów Sandomierski||4|
|* seat not part of the county|
The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 19.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 15,100 euros or 50% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 59% of the EU average. Podkarpackie Voivodship is the province with the third lowest GDP per capita in Poland.
Rzeszów town hall
Royal Casimir Castle in Przemy?l
Jaros?aw town hall
Open air museum in Sanok
A historic oil well
Autosan bus and coach manufacturer has its headquarters in Sanok
Solina dam is the largest dam in Poland