Subcarpathian Voivodeship
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Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Subcarpathian Voivodeship

Województwo podkarpackie
Flag of Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Coordinates (Rzeszów): 50°2?1?N 22°0?17?E / 50.03361°N 22.00472°E / 50.03361; 22.00472
Country Poland
CapitalRzeszów
Counties
Government
 o VoivodeEwa Leniart (PiS)
 o MarshalW?adys?aw Ortyl (PiS)
Area
 o Total17,844 km2 (6,890 sq mi)
Population
(2014)
 o Total2,129,187
 o Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
 o Urban
850,022
 o Rural
1,246,949
ISO 3166 codePL-18
Vehicle registrationR
HDI (2017)0.840[1]
very high · 13th
Websitehttps://rzeszow.uw.gov.pl/
  • further divided into 160 gminas

Podkarpackie Voivodeship or Podkarpackie Province[2] (in Polish: województwo podkarpackie [v?j?'vut?stf? p?tkar'patsk], Slovak: Podkarpatské vojvodstvo, Ukrainian: ? ?), also known as Subcarpathian Voivodeship or Subcarpathia Province, is a voivodeship, or province, in southeastern corner of Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszów. Along with the Marshall, it is governed by the Subcarpathian Regional Assembly. Historically, most of the province's territory was part of the Kingdom of Galicia-Volhynia, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria and the Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the interwar period, it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship.

The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszów, Przemy?l, Krosno and (partially) Tarnów and Tarnobrzeg Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local-government reforms adopted in 1998. The name derives from the region's location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe -- Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia. During the interwar period (1918-1939), Subcarpathian Voivodeship belonged to "Poland B", the less-developed, more rural parts of Poland. To boost the local economy, the government of the Second Polish Republic began in the mid-1930s a massive program of industrialization, known as the Central Industrial Region. The program created several major armament factories, including PZL Mielec, PZL Rzeszów, Huta Stalowa Wola, and factories in other Subcarpathian towns such as D?bica, Nowa D?ba, Sanok, Tarnobrzeg and Nowa Sarzyna.

It is bordered by Lesser Poland Voivodeship to the west, ?wi?tokrzyskie Voivodeship to the north-west, Lublin Voivodeship to the north, Ukraine (Lviv Oblast and Zakarpattia Oblast) to the east and Slovakia (Pre?ov Region) to the south. It covers an area of 17,844 square kilometres (6,890 sq mi), and has a population of 2,096,971 (as at 2006). The voivodeship is mostly hilly or mountainous (see Bieszczady, Beskidy); its northwestern corner is flat. It is one of the most wooded Polish voivodeships (35.9% of total area), within its borders there is whole Bieszczady National Park, and parts of Magura National Park.

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 50 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures as of 30 June 2008)[3]

  1. Rzeszów (179,455)
  2. Przemy?l (66,756)
  3. Stalowa Wola (64,753)
  4. Mielec (60,979)
  5. Tarnobrzeg (49,753)
  6. Krosno (47,455)
  7. D?bica (47,234)
  8. Jaros?aw (40,167)
  9. Sanok (39,110)
  10. Jas?o (37,277)
  11. ?a?cut (18,004)
  12. Przeworsk (15,675)
  13. Nisko (15,534)
  14. Ropczyce (15,098)
  15. Le?ajsk (14,127)
  16. Lubaczów (12,405)
  17. S?dziszów Ma?opolski (12,226)
  18. Nowa D?ba (11,310)
  19. Ustrzyki Dolne (9,383)
  20. Kolbuszowa (9,190)
  21. Strzy?ów (8,709)
  22. Brzozów (7,677)
  23. Rudnik nad Sanem (6,765)
  24. Nowa Sarzyna (6,178)
  25. Dynów (6,058)
  26. Lesko (5,755)
  27. Boguchwa?a (5,712)
  28. Jedlicze (5,645)
  29. Radymno (5,543)
  30. G?ogów Ma?opolski (5,325)
  31. Zagórz (4,988)
  32. Pilzno (4,484)
  33. Soko?ów Ma?opolski (3,962)
  34. Rymanów (3,585)
  35. Pruchnik (3,519)
  36. Tyczyn (3,353)
  37. Ka?czuga (3,187)
  38. Oleszyce (3,089)
  39. Radomy?l Wielki (2,962)
  40. Brzostek (2,597)
  41. Dukla (2,127)
  42. Narol (2,109)
  43. Sieniawa (2,127)
  44. B?a?owa (2,121)
  45. Cieszanów (1,916)
  46. Iwonicz-Zdrój (1,831)
  47. Przec?aw (1,534)
  48. Ko?aczyce (c. 1,500)
  49. Ulanów (1,491)
  50. Baranów Sandomierski (1,440)

Administrative division

Subcarpathian Voivodeship is divided into 25 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 160 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area Population
(2006)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
km²
City counties
Rzeszów 77 30 179,455 1
Przemy?l 44 17 66,715 1
Tarnobrzeg 86 33 50,033 1
Krosno 43 17 47,693 1
Land counties
Rzeszów County
powiat rzeszowski
1,219 471 169,586 Rzeszów * Dynów, Boguchwa?a, G?ogów Ma?opolski, Soko?ów Ma?opolski, Tyczyn, B?a?owa 14
Mielec County
powiat mielecki
880 340 133,148 Mielec Radomy?l Wielki, Przec?aw 10
D?bica County
powiat d?bicki
776 300 132,473 D?bica Pilzno, Brzostek 7
Jaros?aw County
powiat jaros?awski
1,029 397 122,368 Jaros?aw Radymno, Pruchnik 11
Jas?o County
powiat jasielski
830 320 115,128 Jas?o Ko?aczyce 10
Krosno County
powiat kro?nie?ski
924 357 109,715 Krosno * Jedlicze, Rymanów, Dukla, Iwonicz-Zdrój 10
Stalowa Wola County
powiat stalowowolski
833 322 109,170 Stalowa Wola 6
Sanok County
powiat sanocki
1,225 473 94,740 Sanok Zagórz 8
Przeworsk County
powiat przeworski
698 269 78,691 Przeworsk Ka?czuga, Sieniawa 9
?a?cut County
powiat ?a?cucki
452 175 77,710 ?a?cut 7
Ropczyce-S?dziszów County
powiat ropczycko-s?dziszowski
549 212 71,220 Ropczyce S?dziszów Ma?opolski 5
Przemy?l County
powiat przemyski
1,214 469 70,882 Przemy?l * 10
Le?ajsk County
powiat le?ajski
583 225 69,235 Le?ajsk Nowa Sarzyna 5
Nisko County
powiat ni?a?ski
786 303 67,042 Nisko Rudnik nad Sanem, Ulanów 7
Brzozów County
powiat brzozowski
540 210 65,254 Brzozów 6
Strzy?ów County
powiat strzy?owski
503 194 61,938 Strzy?ów 5
Kolbuszowa County
powiat kolbuszowski
774 299 61,399 Kolbuszowa 6
Lubaczów County
powiat lubaczowski
1,308 505 57,120 Lubaczów Oleszyce, Narol, Cieszanów 8
Tarnobrzeg County
powiat tarnobrzeski
520 200 53,730 Tarnobrzeg * Nowa D?ba, Baranów Sandomierski 4
Lesko County
powiat leski
835 322 26,613 Lesko 5
Bieszczady County
powiat bieszczadzki
1,138 439 22,213 Ustrzyki Dolne 3
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Protected areas in Subcarpathian Voivodeship include two national parks and 11 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 19.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 15,100 euros or 50% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 59% of the EU average. Podkarpackie Voivodship is the province with the third lowest GDP per capita in Poland.[4]

History

Ethnic groups

Regional costumes of the Pogorzans

Most popular surnames in the region

  1. Mazur:[5] 9,530
  2. Nowak: 9,301
  3. Baran: 8,020

Notable residents

Subcarpathia landscape pictures

See also

References

  • "Central Statistical Office(GUS) - TERYT(National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)". Flag of Poland.svg(in Polish). 01.09.2008. Retrieved . Check date values in: |date= (help)

Notes

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk, T?umaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na j?zyk angielski [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  3. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division (as of December 31, 2008)" (PDF). © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodleg?o?ci 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved . External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  5. ^ Kujawiak, ?l?zak similarly as Krakowiak and Mazur, took its name from the region of origin; " Mazowsze zas?uguje na uwag? ze wzgl?du uzdolnie? kolonizacyjnych ludno?ci, które to plemi? zap?dza?y na Ru? Czerwon?, w ziemi? bialsk?, wi?c w sadyby dawnych Jad?wingów, na Podole. Wsz?dzie jednak?e swoje plemienne cechy, a chocia?by nazw? Mazurzy. Do dzi? dnia (Tatomir Geografija Galicji 1876. str. 59) mi?dzy Rab? a lewym brzegiem Sanu ludno miejscowa nosi nazw? Mazurów, z których cz pod nazw? Gr?bowiaków (Lisowiaków al. Borowców) siedzi mi?dzy Wis, dolnym Sanem po Mielec, i Le?ajsk. Mamy za? ?lady, ?e w 1373 w Sanockiem nad Sanem, z daru ksi?cia W?adys?awa Opolczyka, a wówczas pana Rusi (lwowskiej) otrzyma? wie? Jab?onic? Przybys?aw syn Fala z ziemi czyckiej (AGZ t. VII, str. 15-16)..." [w:] S?ownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów s?owia?skich, Tom VI. III. Etnografia i stosunki spo?eczne. str. 191.

External links

Coordinates: 49°57?24?N 22°10?22?E / 49.95667°N 22.17278°E / 49.95667; 22.17278


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