Strident Vowel
Get Strident Vowel essential facts below. View Videos or join the Strident Vowel discussion. Add Strident Vowel to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Strident Vowel
Strident vowel
?᷽
??

Strident vowels (also called sphincteric vowels) are strongly pharyngealized vowels accompanied by an (ary)epiglottal trill, with the larynx being raised and the pharynx constricted.[1][2] Either the epiglottis or the arytenoid cartilages thus vibrate instead of the vocal cords. That is, the epiglottal trill is the voice source for such sounds.

Strident vowels are fairly common in Khoisan languages, which contrast them with simple pharyngealized vowels. Stridency is used in onomatopoeia in Zulu and Lamba.[3] Stridency may be a type of phonation called harsh voice. A similar phonation, without the trill, is called ventricular voice; both have been called pressed voice[]. Bai, of southern China, has a register system that has allophonic strident and pressed vowels.

There is no official symbol for stridency in the IPA, but a superscript ⟨?⟩ (for a voiced epiglottal trill) is often used.[] In some literature, a subscript double tilde (?) is sometimes used,[1] as seen here on the letter ⟨a⟩ (⟨a᷽⟩):

Strident vowel a.svg

It has been accepted into Unicode, at code point U+1DFD.

References

  1. ^ a b The Sounds of the World's Languages, by Peter Ladefoged and Ian Maddieson, Blackwell, 1996, pp. 310-311.
  2. ^ The Phonetics and Phonology of Gutturals: Case Study from Ju/'Hoansi, by Amanda Miller-Ockhuizen, Routledge, 2003, p. 99.
  3. ^ Doke (1936) "An Outline of ?Khomani Bushman Phonetics", Bantu Studies 10:1, p. 68.

Sources



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Strident_vowel
 



 



 
Music Scenes