Straight Outta Compton
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Straight Outta Compton
Straight Outta Compton
The members of N.W.A. look down to the camera and  Eazy-E points a gun to it
Studio album by N.W.A.
Released August 8, 1988 (1988-08-08)
Recorded 1987-1988
Studio Audio Achievements, Torrance, California
Genre
Length 1:00:16
Label
Producer
N.W.A. chronology
Singles from Straight Outta Compton
  1. "Straight Outta Compton"
    Released: July 10, 1988
  2. "Gangsta Gangsta"
    Released: September 5, 1988
  3. "Express Yourself"
    Released: March 27, 1989

Straight Outta Compton is the debut studio album by American hip hop group N.W.A, released August 8, 1988, on group member Eazy-E's record label Ruthless Records. Production for the album was handled by Dr. Dre with DJ Yella. The album has been viewed as the pioneering record of gangsta rap with its ever-present profanity and violent lyrics. This was the group's only release with rapper Ice Cube prior to his 1989 departure. It has been considered to be one of the greatest and most influential hip-hop records by music writers and has had an enormous impact on the evolution of hip hop.[2]

Straight Outta Compton redefined the direction of hip hop, which resulted in lyrics concerning the gangster lifestyle becoming the driving force in sales figures.[3] It was later remastered and re-released on September 24, 2002, containing four bonus tracks. An extended version of the album was released on December 4, 2007, honoring the 20th anniversary of the original album.[4] On April 14, 2015, Universal Music Group reissued the album on a Limited Edition red cassette as part of their Respect The Classics series.[5] In 2003, it was ranked number 144 in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time, the fifth highest ranking for a hip-hop album on the list. In 2017, it was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or artistically significant".[6]

Background

The album reached triple platinum sales status, initially reaching platinum status with no airplay support and without any major tours.[2][7]

As the hip hop community worldwide received the album with a high note, the members of N.W.A became the top stars for the emerging new era of gangsta rap while popularizing the lyrics of Ice Cube and MC Ren. The album also helped to spawn many young MCs and gangsta hip hop groups from areas such as Compton, California, and South Central Los Angeles, as many thought they had the same story to tell and the ability to pursue the career track that N.W.A had taken,[2] hence the formation of groups such as Compton's Most Wanted.[8]

Because of the recurring violent and sexual lyrics and profanity, often specifically directed at governmental organizations such as the LAPD, N.W.A always enjoyed a particular reputation with U.S. Senators and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), as noted in the LP's published notes. This situation persisted over the years with the group's visible head, Eazy-E. One of the reasons for this was "Fuck tha Police", the highly controversial track from the album that resulted in the FBI and the U.S. Secret Service sending a letter to Ruthless Records informing the label of their displeasure with the song's message, and that N.W.A was banned from performing at several venues.[7][9] The FBI letter only helped further popularize the album and N.W.A.; In the group's 1990 song "100 Miles and Runnin'", while the music video shows the crew running from the police, Dr. Dre raps "and now the FBI is all over my dick!" as a response to the FBI's warnings.[10] Also, in his 1990 song "AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted", Ice Cube mocks the FBI with the line "With a pay-off, cop gotta lay off, FBI on my dick, stay off".[11]

Music

Lyrics

The lyrics on the album were written by Ice Cube, MC Ren, and The D.O.C. Some critics of the album expressed their view that the record glamorized Black-on-Black crime, but others stated that the group was simply showing the reality of living in the areas of Compton, California, and South Central Los Angeles. Steve Huey in a retrospective review for AllMusic feels that the lyrics are more about "raising hell" than social criticism, but also feels the album is "refreshingly uncalculated" due to its humor--something he feels is rare in hardcore rap.[2]

Many critics feel that the album's lyrics glamorize gang violence. The Washington Post writer David Mills wrote: "The hard-core street rappers defend their violent lyrics as a reflection of 'reality'. But for all the gunshots they mix into their music, rappers rarely try to dramatize that reality -- a young man flat on the ground, a knot of lead in his chest, pleading as death slowly takes him in. It's easier for them to imagine themselves pulling the trigger". However, Wichita Eagle-Beacon editor Bud Norman noted that "They N.W.A don't make it sound like much fun ... They describe it with the same nonjudgmental resignation that a Kansan might use about a tornado."[12]

Production

The production on the album was generally seen as top-quality for the time,[13] with Dr. Dre's production performing well with the drum machine beats and DJ Yella's turntable scratches. Some critics such as Marley Marl find it somewhat sparse and low-budget given the significance of the album and compared with other producers of the time.[2]

Content

The album's most controversial track, "Fuck tha Police", was partly responsible for the fame of N.W.A as the "World's Most Dangerous Group",[14] and it did not appear on the censored version of the album.[15] The song "Gangsta Gangsta" talks about the danger and violence in South Central and Compton. "Express Yourself" speaks of the ideas of free expression and the constraints placed on performers by radio censorship. Every N.W.A member except DJ Yella recorded a solo song. MC Ren made his solo performance on two songs; "If It Ain't Ruff" and "Quiet on tha Set". Dr. Dre, who mostly produced rather than performed, did a solo effort on the single "Express Yourself". Ice Cube performed on "I Ain't tha 1". Eazy-E's only solo recording was a remix of the song "8 Ball", which appeared on N.W.A's previous album N.W.A. and the Posse. The only guests on the album were Ruthless Records ghostwriter the D.O.C., who appeared on "Parental Discretion Iz Advised", rhyming the intro, and founding N.W.A member Arabian Prince, who contributed minor vocals on "Something 2 Dance 2".

Six tracks from the album were released on N.W.A's Greatest Hits: "Gangsta Gangsta", "Fuck tha Police", "Straight Outta Compton" (extended mix), "If It Ain't Ruff", "I Ain't tha 1" and "Express Yourself".

Critical reception

In a contemporary review for the Chicago Tribune, Greg Kot found N.W.A.'s music "fuller and funkier" than Public Enemy's and their lyrics just as "unforgiving".[17] The Orange County Register noted the explicit language on the album, noting that it made fellow rapper Ice-T "look like a Cub Scout".[25] The review concluded that the album was "curiously uninvolving" and that it "lacks the insight and passion that put the best work by the likes of Boogie Down Productions, Ice-T and Public Enemy so far ahead of the field".[25] The Richmond Times-Dispatchs Mark Holmberg described the album as "a preacher-provoking, mother-maddening, reality-stinks diatribe that wallows in gangs, doping, drive-by shootings, brutal sexism, cop slamming and racism".[12]Newsweek noted that Straight Outta Compton "introduced some of the most grotesquely exciting music ever made", and added that "Hinting at gang roots, and selling themselves on those hints, they project a gangster mystique that pays no attention where criminality begins and marketing lets off".[12]

Following its 2002 re-release, Jon Caramanica of Rolling Stone magazine cited Straight Outta Compton as one of hip-hop's "most crucial albums", calling it a "bombastic, cacophonous car ride through Los Angeles' burnt-out and ignored hoods."[22]

"The lyrics on this record are unrelenting in their unpleasantness," lamented Peter Clarke in Hi-Fi News & Record Review, awarding the album a rock-bottom "D:4" rating. "The cumulative effect is like listening to an endless fight next door. The music on this record is without a hint of dynamics or melody."[26] "In the wake of Public Enemy and KRS-One, it is amazing that something this lightweight could cause such a stir," snorted Charlie Dick in a two-star review for Q. "The all-mouth-and-trousers content is backed up by likable drum machine twittering, minimal instrumentation and duffish production ... This regressive nonsense will be passed off as social commentary by thrill-seekers all across the free world."[21]

Accolades

"It's definitely the best rap record I've ever heard," remarked Sinéad O'Connor. "Of course, I can see why people might be offended by the lyrics. But as a human being and not as a public figure, I'm not offended at all. I realise from reading interviews with people like Ice Cube, when they explain that they're not talking about women in general but about particular women they know, it makes a lot of sense. I think the sound of the record is brilliant. I really like hardcore hip-hop and reggae stuff, so it's right up my flight of stairs."[27]

"Rappers haven't always referred to themselves as 'niggers' on record," remarked Hip Hop Connection, placing it at No.3 on their countdown of rap's best albums. "It came as something of a shock then that here were five politically astute black men calling themselves niggers and their women bitches at a time when Afrocentric rap was the current vogue ... Straight Outta Compton sounded so exciting, insignificant details such as realism and integrity could be overlooked."[28]

In 2003, the TV network VH1 named Straight Outta Compton the 62nd greatest album of all time.[29]

It was ranked ten in Spin magazine's "100 Greatest Albums, 1985-2005".[30]

In 1998, the album was selected as #68 of The Source's 100 Best Rap Albums.[31]

It is the group's only album on Rolling Stones list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (ranked #144), and the first hip hop album ever to get a 5-star rating from them in their initial review. When comedian Chris Rock wrote an article for the magazine about the 25 Greatest Hip Hop Albums of all time in 2005, Straight Outta Compton was number one on his list.[32]

The album is ranked the 112th best of all time by Acclaimedmusic.net.[33]

In 2006, the album was listed in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[34] The same year, Time magazine ranked it as one of the 100 greatest albums of all time.[35]

Q magazine voted it one of the 'Top 50 Titles of 1989'. Alternative Press (7/95, p. 88) ranked it #45 in AP's list of the 'Top 99 of '85-'95'. Vibe (12/99, p. 164) included it in Vibe's 100 Essential Albums of the 20th century. In 2004, DigitaArts included the album's cover in its list of the 25 Best Albums Covers.[36] In 2012, Slant listed the album at #18 on its list of "Best Albums of the 1980s" saying "The juxtaposition of midtempo, Cali-languid grooves and violent wordplay positioned Straight Outta Compton as the sound of the West Coast firing on New York's Fort Sumpter in what would become '90s culture's biggest Uncivil War."[37]

In November 2016, the album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, becoming the first hip-hop album to receive this honor.[38]

Commercial performance

The album first appeared on music charts in 1989, peaking on the US Billboard Top LPs chart at number 37, and peaking on Billboards Top Soul LPs at number 9.[39] It re-entered the charts in 2003, peaking on the UK Albums Top 75 at number 35, and on the Ireland Albums Top 75 at number 20.[40]

The album has sold over three million copies[9][41] and was certified triple platinum on November 11, 2015.[42] It was N.W.A's best-selling album, as their debut, N.W.A and the Posse, was certified gold by the RIAA. Their final album, Niggaz4Life, was certified double platinum by the RIAA. According to Priority Records' calculations, 80% of sales were in the suburbs, beyond the boundaries of black neighborhoods.[41] A week before release of the 2015 biopic film Straight Outta Compton, the album re-entered the Billboard 200 at number 173. It later rose to number 30 due to the popularity of the film, surpassing its original peak position back in 1989 when it peaked at number 37.[43] The album peaked at number 4 following the opening weekend of the movie.[44] On November 11, 2015, the album was certified triple platinum by the RIAA for exceeding sales of 3 million copies in the US.[45]

In popular culture

The album cover and title has been parodied by American cartoonist Bill Holbrook for his Kevin and Kell 2004 collection as "Straight Outta Computers";[46]Welsh novelty hip hop group Goldie Lookin Chain for their 2005 album, Straight Outta Newport;[47]"Weird Al" Yankovic's 2006 album, Straight Outta Lynwood; and Australian grindcore band Blood Duster's 1997 album Str8 Outta Northcote. Punk rock band NOFX released a song titled "Straight Outta Massachusetts" on their Cokie the Clown EP. In the 2014 film 22 Jump Street, Mrs. Dickson states that she's "straight outta Compton" when talking about her and her husband's (played by Ice Cube) backgrounds.[48] In 2015 a bio-pic movie was released about the group, and it was titled Straight Outta Compton.[49]

Artwork

The Miracle Mile Shot is a still photograph of N.W.A. created by L.A. photographer/artist Ithaka Darin Pappas, that was used as the official press photo for the album. It was subsequently printed in hundreds of newspapers and magazines during 1989 (the year of the album's release), including the May 1989 cover of The Source to illustrate the article, "California Rap Hits Nationwide!".[50][51][52][53][54]

Since 2013 (the 25th anniversary of Straight Outta Compton) and the 2015 release of Universal's feature film Straight Outta Compton about N.W.A., the image has been republished in Rolling Stone, Q Magazine (UK), The Hundreds, Mass Appeal, Los Angeles (magazine), Los Angeles Times, Blitz Magazine (Portugal) etc., and was used as the primary backdrop for the entire NWA segment of the 2016 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony in Brooklyn, New York.[55] The Miracle Mile Shot was used as the DVD cover of the 2015 documentary, Kings Of Compton.[56][57][58][59][60] It has also been merchandised by several international companies including Street Hustlers and Image Club LTD. [61][62]

From Early 2017 until January 2018, The Miracle Mile Shot appeared in the group hip hop photography and culture show, "Hip-Hop : un Age d'Or 1970-1995" (Hip Hop Golden Age 1970-1995), at the Musée d'art contemporain de Marseille in France. The exhibition was curated by artist and hip hop historian, Siba Giba and museum director, Thierry Ollat.[63][64][65]

The Miracle Mile Shot was made on November 11, 1988 at the photographer's small studio-apartment in the Miracle Mile district of Los Angeles. During the same session promotional images of the young female rapper, Big Lady K, and images of Eazy E to promote his album, Eazy-Duz-It (released almost simultaneously with Straight Outta Compton) were also made to prmotoe his album Eazy-er Said Than Dunn.[66][67]

Of the only two or three rolls of film made of N.W.A as a group that day, The Miracle Mile Shot was selected as the press image. It is the only existing image of all five prominent members of the group; DJ Yella, Dr. Dre, Eazy E, Ice Cube and MC Ren without sunglasses and all looking at the camera.

Track listing

No. Title Writer(s) Performer(s) Samples[68][69] Length
1 "Straight Outta Compton"
  • Ice Cube
  • MC Ren
  • Eazy-E
4:18
2 "Fuck tha Police"[70]
  • Ice Cube
  • MC Ren
  • Ice Cube
  • MC Ren
  • Eazy-E
5:45
3 "Gangsta Gangsta"
  • Ice Cube
  • MC Ren
  • The D.O.C.
  • Ice Cube
  • Eazy-E
  • MC Ren
5:36
4 "If It Ain't Ruff"
  • MC Ren
  • MC Ren
3:34
5 "Parental Discretion Iz Advised"
  • The D.O.C. (also for Dr. Dre)
  • MC Ren
  • Ice Cube
  • The D.O.C.
  • Dr. Dre
  • MC Ren
  • Ice Cube
  • Eazy-E
5:15
6 "8 Ball (Remix)"
  • Ice Cube
  • Eazy-E
4:52
7 "Something Like That"
  • MC Ren (also for Dr. Dre)
  • MC Ren
  • Dr. Dre
3:35
8 "Express Yourself"
  • Ice Cube
  • Dr. Dre
4:25
9 "Compton's N the House (Remix)"
  • MC Ren (also for Dr. Dre)
  • MC Ren
  • Dr. Dre
  • "Something Like That" by N.W.A
5:20
10 "I Ain't tha 1"
  • Ice Cube
  • Ice Cube
4:54
11 "Dopeman (Remix)"
  • Ice Cube
  • Ice Cube
  • Eazy-E
5:20
12 "Quiet On tha Set"
  • MC Ren
  • MC Ren
3:59
13 "Something 2 Dance 2"
  • Arabian Prince
  • DJ Yella
  • Dr. Dre
  • Eazy-E
3:23

Personnel

  • Ice Cube - rapping on six songs
  • Eazy E - rapping on seven songs
  • MC Ren - rapping on eight songs
  • Arabian Prince - rapping on one song, keyboards, drum programming on five songs
  • The D.O.C. - rapping on one song
  • Dr Dre - keyboards, drum programming on five songs, rapping on five songs
  • DJ Yella - sampling, drum programming on seven songs, rapping on one song

Charts

Chart (1989)[39][40] Peak
position
US Billboard Top LPs 37
US Billboard Top Soul LPs 9
Chart (1991) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[71] 51
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[72] 43
Chart (2003)[39][40] Peak
position
Irish Albums Chart 20
UK Albums Chart 35
Chart (2015-16)[43] Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[73] 8
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[74] 55
French Albums (SNEP)[75] 17
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[76] 36
Irish Albums (IRMA)[77] 7
Italian Vinyl Records (FIMI)[78] 15
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[79] 38
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[80] 54
UK R&B Albums (OCC)[81] 6
US Billboard 200 4

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[82] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[83] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also

References

  1. ^ "Straight Outta Compton - N.W.A - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". AllMusic. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Huey, Steve. "Straight Outta Compton - N.W.A". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  3. ^ Chang, Jeff (2005-01-02). Can't Stop, Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation. Macmillan Publishers. pp. 327-328. ISBN 978-0-312-30143-9. Retrieved 2015. 
  4. ^ Omar Burgess (October 10, 2007). HHDX News Bits: NWA And Eazy-E. HipHopDX. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
  5. ^ "UNIVERSAL ANNOUNCES MORE N.W.A. RE-RELEASES, 'STRAIGHT OUTTA COMPTON' CASSETTE TAPE, FRIDAY 20TH ANNIVERSARY VINYL". gotham-news.com. Gotham News. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "National Recording Registry Picks Are "Over the Rainbow"". Library of Congress. March 29, 2016. Retrieved 2016. 
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  8. ^ Compton's Most Wanted. MP3.com. Retrieved September 30, 2007.
  9. ^ a b Eazy-E Timeline. Eazy-E.com. Accessed October 4, 2007
  10. ^ "NWA - 100 Miles And Running Lyrics". MetroLyrics. Retrieved 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ice Cube - AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted Lyrics". MetroLyrics. Retrieved 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c Ed. Michael L. LaBlanc. (December 4, 2006). "N.W.A." Contemporary Musicians. eNotes. Retrieved October 10, 2007
  13. ^ Butler, Nick. Review: Straight Outta Compton. Sputnikmusic. Retrieved on July 22, 2009.
  14. ^ McDermott, Terry (April 14, 2002). "NWA:Straight Outta Compton pt". Los Angeles Times. Reprinted at Hip Hop News. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  15. ^ "Straight Outta Compton Clean Version". Artist Direct. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
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  18. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. p. 1643. ISBN 0-85712-595-8. 
  19. ^ Hunt, Dennis (March 19, 1989). "N.W.A. 'Straight Outta Compton.' Priority/Ruthless". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016. 
  20. ^ Linhardt, Alex (October 2, 2003). "N.W.A: Straight Outta Compton / Efil4zaggin". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2009. 
  21. ^ a b Dick, Charlie (November 1989). "N.W.A: Straight Outta Compton". Q. London (38). 
  22. ^ a b Caramanica, Jon (October 17, 2002). "Straight Outta Compton : N.W.A." Rolling Stone. New York (907). Archived from the original on November 6, 2007. Retrieved 2009. 
  23. ^ "N.W.A: Straight Outta Compton". Uncut. London (66): 141. November 2002. 
  24. ^ Christgau, Robert (April 25, 1989). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Darling, Cary (March 3, 1989). "Fine Young Cannibals dish out an underdone album". Orange County Register. 
  26. ^ Hi-Fi News & Record Review, December 1989
  27. ^ Rolling Stone, 15 November 1990
  28. ^ Hip Hop Connection, July 1994
  29. ^ "VH1 List of 100 Best Rock Albums". dailycelebrations.com. Retrieved . 
  30. ^ "Spin 20th Anniversary Special, July 2005". rocklistmusic.co.uk. 2005-07-01. Retrieved . 
  31. ^ "The Source's Top 100 Rap Albums of All Time". rateyourmusic.com. Retrieved . 
  32. ^ Chris Rock. Chris Rock's Top 25 Hip Hop Albums. RateYourMusic. Accessed October 6, 2007
  33. ^ Acclaimed Music website. Acclaimed Music. Accessed October 6, 2007.
  34. ^ 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die Rocklistmusic. Retrieved October 25, 2007
  35. ^ The All-TIME 100 Albums TIME. Accessed January 4, 2008
  36. ^ Staff (June 14, 2004). The 25 Best Album Covers. DigitalArts. Retrieved on September 27, 2010.
  37. ^ "The 100 Best Albums of the 1980s - Feature - Slant Magazine". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2015. 
  38. ^ http://www.grammy.com/news/grammy-hall-of-fame-adds-25-recordings. Retrieved 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  39. ^ a b c N.W.A - Discography, Charts and Awards. Allmusic. Accessed October 9, 2007.
  40. ^ a b c N.W.A - Straight Outta Compton Chart Positions. aCharts. Accessed October 9, 2007.
  41. ^ a b Straight Outta Compton article. Los Angeles Times. Accessed October 4, 2007
  42. ^ RIAA Searchable database - Straight Outta Compton Archived October 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. RIAA. Retrieved October 10, 2007.
  43. ^ a b HipHopDX (August 17, 2015). "Hip Hop Album Sales: Dr. Dre, Kendrick Lamar & N.W.A". HipHopDX. 
  44. ^ "Luke Bryan's 'Kill the Lights' Spends Second Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200". Billboard. 
  45. ^ "Gold & Platinum". RIAA. Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Straight Outta Computers". PaperBackSwap.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  47. ^ "Goldie Lookin' Chain". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2015. 
  48. ^ "'22 Jump Street': 10 pop-culture references you might have missed". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Retrieved 2015. 
  49. ^ straightouttacompton.com http://www.straightouttacompton.com/#/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  50. ^ http://www.lamag.com/culturefiles/this-is-fresh-two-90s-era-hip-hop-films-revive-l-a-s-rap-glory-days/
  51. ^ https://www.massdrop.com/buy/image-club-limited
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  53. ^ "Two '90s-Era Hip Hop Films Revive L.A.'s Rap Glory Days - Los Angeles Magazine". lamag.com. Retrieved . 
  54. ^ "Former N.W.A Manager Disappointed With Biopic". vibe.com. Retrieved . 
  55. ^ "Ice Cube and Dr Dre join NWA members in Brooklyn as they're admitted to Rock & Roll Hall of Fame". digitalspy.com. Retrieved . 
  56. ^ "Documentary NWA & Eazy-E: Kings of Compton on DVD in January | Cine Outsider". cineoutsider.com. Retrieved . 
  57. ^ "NWA & Eazy-E: The Kings of Compton coming to DVD - Music-News.com". music-news.com. Retrieved . 
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  59. ^ "The NWA Biopic Straight Outta Compton Has Found Its Lead Actors - CINEMABLEND". cinemablend.com. Retrieved . 
  60. ^ "drdre fuckthepolice tupac rapper nwa rocknrollhalloffame hiphop og icecube biggiesmalls raplegends mcren realog compton eazye straightouttacompton gangstas djyella niggazwitattitudes - Instagram(?)". garow.me. Retrieved . 
  61. ^ http://www.palmtreesdtla.com/product/n-w-a
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  67. ^ /www.generaladmission.us/blogs/news/eazy-e-and-ithakas-iconic-photo
  68. ^ "Tracks on Straight Outta Compton - N.W.A. (1988) | SecondHandSongs". secondhandsongs.com. Retrieved . 
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  70. ^ On the album, the obscenity is covered.
  71. ^ Ryan, Gavin (September 5, 2015). "ARIA Albums: The Weeknd Takes Top Spot On Australian Chart". Noise11. Retrieved 2015. 
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  75. ^ "Lescharts.com - N.W.A - Straight Outta Compton". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
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  77. ^ "GFK Chart-Track Albums: Week 37, 2015". Chart-Track. IRMA. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
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  80. ^ "Swisscharts.com - N.W.A - Straight Outta Compton". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  81. ^ "Official R&B Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  82. ^ "British album certifications - N.W.A - Straight Outta Compton". British Phonographic Industry.  Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Enter Straight Outta Compton in the search field and then press Enter.
  83. ^ "American album certifications - N.W.A - Straight Outta Compton". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

Bibliography

External links


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