Storojine%C8%9B County
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Storojine%C8%9B County
Jude?ul Storojine?
County (Jude?)
Storojine? County prefecture building of the interwar period.
Storojine? County prefecture building of the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Storojine?
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Storojinet.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Rumania
Historic regionBukovina
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Storojine?
Established18 December 1918 (Decree No. 3715 for the administration of Bukovina)[1]
Ceased to exist1938
Government
 o Typeprefecture
Area
 o Total2,653 km2 (1,024 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total169,894
 o Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Storojine? County was a county (jude?) of Romania, in Bukovina, with the capital city at Storojine?. The area was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940 (after the Soviet occupation of Northern Bukovina) and again in 1944 (after the Soviet occupation of Romania), and has been part of Ukraine since 1991.

History

Following the Union of Bukovina with Romania decided by the General Congress of Bukovina on 15/28 November 191, the Storojine? County was created on 18 December 1918 by the Decree No. 3715 for the administration of Bukovina.[1]

In 1925, according to the Law of Administrative Unification of 14 June 1925, the territory of the county was enlarged with the former Vc?u?i County and parts of Vijni?a County.

In 1938, the county was abolished and incorporated into the newly formed ?inutul Suceava, together with the counties of Hotin, Suceava, Cern?u?i, Dorohoi, R?d?u?i and Câmpulung.[2]

In 1940, following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the Soviet ultimatum on 26 June 1940, Northern Bukovina (including the whole Storojine? County) was occupied by the Soviet Union and incorporated into the USSR (Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukrainian SSR). Storojine? County was re-established (as part of the Governorate of Bukovina [ro]) after Northern Bukovina was recovered by Romania in July 1941, following the invasion of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, in August 1944 the Northern Bukovina was took over again by the Soviet Army and the borders as of 1 January 1941 were confirmed by the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties.

Geography

Neighbours of the county were Stanis?awów Voivodeship of Poland to the west, counties of Cern?u?i to the north-east and R?d?u?i to the south.

Administration

Map of Storojine? County as constituted in 1938.

The county consisted from 3 districts (pli):[3]

  1. Plasa Ceremu?, headquartered at Vc?u?i (Vc?u?i-pe-Ceremu?)
  2. Plasa Flondoreni, headquartered at Storojine?
  3. Plasa R?stoace, headquartered at Vijni?a

Coat of arms

The Coat of Arms depicted 3 trees in the lower half and a deer in the upper half.

Demographics

Population

According to the Romanian census of 1930 the population of Storojine? County was 169,894, of which 45.5% were ethnic Ukrainians, 33.9% ethnic Romanians, 9.0% ethnic Jews, 5.3% ethnic Germans, 4.7% ethnic Poles, as well as other minorities.[4] Classified by religion: 78.1% were Orthodox Christian, 9.1% Jewish, 9.1% Roman Catholic, 1.9% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.[5]

Urban population

In 1930, the urban population consisted of the following: Storojine? with 8,695 inhabitants, Vc?u?i with 6,336, and Vijni?a with 3,799.

In 1930 the urban population of Storojine? County was 18,830, which included 31.9% Jews, 31.2% Ukrainians, 20.2% Romanians, 10.7% Poles, 4.2% Germans and 1.5% Russians by ethnicity, as well as other minorities.[4] This population was classified by religion: Classified by religion: 46.2% were Orthodox Christian, 31.9% Jewish, 14.9% Roman Catholic, 6.3% Greek Catholic. 1.2% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.[5]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Radu S?geat?. "ORGANIZAREA ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL? A ROMÂNIEI - EVOLU?IE. PROPUNERI DE OPTIMIZARE" (PDF) (in Romanian). Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "Organizarea administrativ-teritorial? a României 1864-1989" (in Romanian). bzf.ro. 7 May 2013. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Storojine?
  4. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 430-433
  5. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 736-737

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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