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The Grade II Listed Ironmonger Row Baths were built as a public wash house in 1931. Turkish baths were added in 1938.
The civil parish became officially known as "St Luke's Middlesex". The parish was historically in the county of Middlesex, and was included in the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855. Under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 any parish that exceeded 2,000 ratepayers was to be divided into wards; as such the incorporated vestry of St Luke was divided into five wards (electing vestrymen): No. 1 (12), No. 2 (6), No. 3 (9), No. 4 (12) and No. 5 (9).
Parishes of Finsbury borough in 1911, showing St. Luke's in the east
St Luke's has no formal boundaries - those utilised here are form a rough triangle: City Road and Finsbury Pavement/Finsbury Square to the east, the boundary with the City of London to the south and Goswell Road to the west.
Anchor Yard - after a former inn here of this name
Gard Street - after a member of the nearby Orphan Working School
Garrett Street - after a person of this name who was a member of the local parish vestry Works Committee
Gee Street - after its 1784 builder, Osgood Gee
George Gillett Court - for George Gillett, local politician in the early 20th century
Golden Lane - formerly Goldynglane, thought to be after a local property owner of the name Golding/Golda
Goswell Road - there is dispute over the origins of the name, with some sources claiming the road was named after a nearby garden called 'Goswelle' or 'Goderell' which belonged to Robert de Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk, whilst others state it derives from "God's Well", and the traditional pagan practice of well-worship, or a former 'Gode Well' located here
Hall Street - after James and Joseph Hall who built the street in 1822
Memel Court and Memel Street - the streets here were built by a timber merchant circa 1810 who named them after trade-related activities; Memel was a timber exporting port in Germany (now Klaip?da in Lithuania)
Ropemaker Street - descriptive, after the rope making trade formerly located here
Roscoe Street - thought to be named after a trustee of the Peabody Donation Fund, who redeveloped this former slum area in the 1880s
St Agnes Well - after an ancient well thought to have been located about 200 metres to the east, at the junction of Old Street and Great Eastern Street. Remnants of the well can be found within Old Street station.
Whitecross Street - after a white cross which stood near here in the 1200s
Withers Place - after William Withers, 18th-century property owner
Youngs Buildings - after Francis Young, local 18th-century property owner
Whitecross Street Market
Whitecross Street Market.
Whitecross Street Market is a market with stalls arranged in Whitecross Street and the road closed to traffic. There is a small general market every week day and a larger food market on Thursdays and Fridays, which can be bustling with activity (and queues) on a sunny lunch time. It has occasional food festivals.
The market was formerly one of London's great Sunday markets, and dates to the 17th century; although today, trading is largely limited to lunch times. By the end of the 19th century, the area had become a by-word for poverty and alcohol. It became known as Squalors' Market.
St Luke's Parochial Trust
St Luke's Parochial Trust is an historic charity still operating in the St Luke's area. It has its origins in the gifts of land and money from benefactors to the ancient parish as far back as the 16th century. Nowadays the charity is active in the neighbourhood fulfilling the original charitable purpose of improving the lives of local people. The charity owns and manages a busy community centre on Central Street, from which a wide range of community activities and services are delivered and coordinated.
The community centre was originally the Central Street Board School, one of many Victorian era schools built and managed by the London School Board. The school closed during the Second World War whilst local school children were evacuated to the countryside to avoid the Blitz. The school reopened and operated after the war as the Frank Barnes School for the Deaf until the mid-1970s. St Luke's Parochial Trust purchased the building in 1979, and converted it to a community centre which was opened by the Queen Elizabeth II in 1982.