Duke Spytihn?v with mitre and lance, contemporary depiction in the Svatovítská apokalypsa (Apocalypse of Saint Vitus) manuscript
|Duke of Bohemia|
|Reign||January 1055 - 28 January 1061|
|Died||28 January 1061 (aged 30)|
|Spouse||Ida of Wettin|
|Mother||Judith of Schweinfurt|
He was the eldest son of Duke Bretislav I (d. 1055) and his consort Judith of Schweinfurt. While his father entered into conflict with the Salian king Henry III, young Spytihn?v from 1039 onwards spent several years as a hostage at the German court.
When he succeeded his father as duke, his coronation was celebrated with the first known rendition of Hospodine pomiluj ny, the earliest known song in the Czech language. After his accession to the throne, he went at once to Regensburg to receive imperial confirmation. According to the contemporary chronicler Cosmas of Prague, this loyalty to the Holy Roman Empire did not prevent him from expelling all Germans from his lands, including his mother Judith, and the new anti-German policy continued to his death.
In 1056, Spytihn?v had all the monks driven out of Sazava Abbey, yet despite this, Pope Nicholas II sought the alliance of the Bohemian duke in 1059. Thus, Rome granted Spytihn?v the right to wear the mitre and tunic of a bishop for the annual sum of 100 marks.
His brothers having inherited Moravia, Spytihn?v tried to reduce their authority by arresting 300 Moravian magnates and stripping his brothers of their rights in the province. Thus, Vratislaus of Olomouc fled to Hungary in 1058.
Spytihn?v was succeeded by Vratislaus, who in turn entrusted Moravia to his brother Conrad.
Spytihn?v II, Duke of BohemiaBorn: 1031 Died: 28 January 1061
| Duke of Bohemia