Special Cities of Japan
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Special Cities of Japan
SapporoHakodate, HokkaidōAsahikawa, HokkaidōAomoriHachinohe, AomoriMorioka, IwateSendaiAkitaYamagata, YamagataFukushima, FukushimaKōriyama, FukushimaIwaki, FukushimaMito, IbarakiTsukuba, IbarakiUtsunomiya, TochigiMaebashi, GunmaTakasaki, GunmaIsesaki, GunmaŌta, GunmaSaitama, SaitamaKawagoe, SaitamaKumagaya, SaitamaKawaguchi, SaitamaTokorozawa, SaitamaKasukabe, SaitamaSōkaKoshigaya, SaitamaChibaFunabashi, ChibaKashiwa, ChibaHachiōji, TokyoYokohamaKawasaki, KanagawaYokosuka, KanagawaHiratsuka, KanagawaOdawara, KanagawaChigasaki, KanagawaSagamiharaAtsugi, KanagawaYamato, KanagawaNiigataNagaoka, NiigataJōetsu, NiigataToyama, ToyamaKanazawa, IshikawaFukuiKōfu, YamanashiNagano, NaganoMatsumoto, NaganoGifuShizuoka, ShizuokaHamamatsuNumazu, ShizuokaFuji, ShizuokaNagoyaToyohashi, AichiOkazaki, AichiIchinomiya, AichiKasugai, AichiToyota, AichiYokkaichi, MieŌtsu, ShigaKyotoOsakaSakai, OsakaKishiwada, OsakaToyonaka, OsakaSuitaTakatsuki, OsakaHirakata, OsakaIbaraki, OsakaYao, OsakaNeyagawa, OsakaHigashiōsaka, OsakaKobeHimeji, HyōgoAmagasakiAkashi, HyōgoNishinomiyaKakogawa, HyōgoTakarazuka, HyōgoNara, NaraWakayamaTottoriMatsue, ShimaneOkayamaKurashiki, OkayamaHiroshimaKure, HiroshimaFukuyama, HiroshimaShimonosekiTakamatsu, KagawaMatsuyama, EhimeKōchi, KōchiKitakyushuFukuokaKurume, FukuokaSagaNagasakiSasebo, NagasakiKumamotoŌitaMiyazakiKagoshimaNaha, Okinawa
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― Designated cities

― Core cities

― Special cities

A special city (, Tokureishi) of Japan is a city with a population of at least 200,000, and is delegated functions[specify] normally carried out by prefectural governments. Those functions are a subset of the ones delegated to a core city.

This category was established by the Local Autonomy Law, article 252 clause 26. They are designated by the Cabinet after a request by the city council and the prefectural assembly.

Because the level of autonomy delegated to special cities is similar to that for core cities, after consultation with local governments the category of special cities was abolished in the revision of the Local Autonomy Act enacted on April 1, 2015, and cities with a population of at least 200,000 may now apply to be directly promoted to core city status. Special cities which have not been promoted may still retain autonomy, and are called special cities for the enforcement period (, Shik?ji Tokurei shi). As a special case, within five years of the abolishment of the category of special cities, i.e. before April 1, 2020, special cities with a population under 200,000 may also apply to be promoted to core city status.[1]

The special cities are not the same as the special wards of Tokyo. They are also different from special cities (, tokubetsu-shi) that were legally established in the Local Autonomy Law between 1947 and 1956, but never implemented. They would have been prefecture-independent cities (in an analogous way, special wards are city-independent wards). They were the legal successors to the 1922 "six major cities" (roku daitoshi; only five were left in 1947 as Tokyo City had been abolished in the war) and precursors to the 1956 designated major cities which have expanded autonomy, but not full independence from prefectures.[2]

List of special cities

As of 1 April 2019, 27 cities have been designated special cities:

Name Japanese Population (2012) Date of designation Region Prefecture
Atsugi 224,181 2002-04-01 Kant? Kanagawa
Hiratsuka 260,061 2001-04-01 Kant? Kanagawa
Ibaraki 276,474 2001-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Isesaki ? 207,253 2007-04-01 Kant? Gunma
J?etsu 202,366 2007-04-01 Ch?bu Niigata
Kakogawa ? 268,175 2002-04-01 Kansai Hy?go
Kasugai ? 306,573 2002-04-01 Ch?bu Aichi
Kasukabe ? 236,976 2008-04-01 Kant? Saitama
Kumagaya 201,814 2009-04-01 Kant? Saitama
Nagaoka 281,101 2007-04-01 Ch?bu Niigata
Numazu 199,883 2000-04-01 Ch?bu Shizuoka
?ta 217,107 2007-04-01 Kant? Gunma
Saga 237,501 2014-04-01 Kyushu Saga
S?ka 244,851 2004-04-01 Kant? Saitama
Takarazuka 227,617 2003-04-01 Kansai Hy?go
Yamato 230,357 2000-04-01 Kant? Kanagawa

References

  1. ^ - ?. soumo.go.jp.
  2. ^ Satoru Ohsugi (2011): The Large City System of Japan Council of Local Authorities for International Relations and Institute for Comparative Studies in Local Governance, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies. - Note: this paper translates tokurei-shi as "special case city" and uses "special city" for tokubetsu-shi

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Special_cities_of_Japan
 



 



 
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