Southern Daly Languages
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Southern Daly Languages
Southern Daly
(generally accepted)
Geographic
distribution
Daly River region, northern Australia
Linguistic classificationProposed language family
Subdivisions
Glottologsout2772[1]
Daly languages.png
The Daly languages (color), among the other non-Pama-Nyungan languages (grey)

  Southern Daly languages. Murrinh-patha is on the coast, Ngan'gityemerri in the interior.

The Southern Daly languages are a proposed family of two distantly related Australian aboriginal languages. They are:

Classification

Southern Daly is a distant and problematic relationship. Murrinh-Patha was once thought to be an isolate, due to lexical data: It has, at most, an 11-percent shared vocabulary with any other language against which it has been compared.[2] However, Murrinh-patha and Ngan'gityemerri correspond closely in their verbal inflections. Green (2003) makes a case that the formal correspondences in core morphological sequences of their finite verbs are too similar (in their complexities and their irregularities) to have come about through anything other than a shared genetic legacy from a common parent language.[3] Nonetheless, lexically they have almost nothing in common, other than cognates in their words for 'thou' (nhinhi and nyinyi) and 'this' (kanhi and kinyi),[4] and it is not clear what could explain this discrepancy.

Vocabulary

The following basic vocabulary items are from Tryon (1968).[5]

no. gloss Tyemeri Ngengomeri
1 head dæpe dæpe
2 hair wi?æ wu?a
3 eyes dæmoy damoy
4 nose dæ?i dæ?e
5 ear dæ?ære dæ?ære
6 tooth dædir dædir
7 tongue dæ?æn ?al?ijiak
8 shoulder tamæmb?r dada
9 elbow mïnmïrpïr dli?iwuwul
10 hand dæmæ dæmæ
11 breasts ?e ?iye
12 back dædære dædære
13 belly dægæ damarde
14 navel dære dære
15 heart kækulkul kækulgul
16 urine waga waga
17 excrete ?ækïn nïkïnmoer
18 thigh dæbe dæbe
19 leg dagare dagare
20 knee dænïn?e dær?n?e
21 foot dæ?ïr dæbir
22 skin agar?ure agaraburo
23 fat aleye adæwe
24 blood ?æ?æn pu?æn
25 bone ame ame
26 man yæde mipuR
27 woman ?alme palme
28 father ?a?a ?a?a
29 mother kala ala
30 grandmother mæ?gæ mæ?gæ
31 policeman wamumur wam?m?
32 spear yawul yawul
33 woomera yagama yagama
34 boomerang ku?u?u? ku?u?u?
35 nullanulla magulbe magulb?
36 hair-belt woy?ær wu?a
37 canoe yænï?gï?e kænægï?e
38 axe bi bi
39 dilly bag waRgaRde waRgudu?
40 fire yæ?ge yæ?ge
41 smoke tawan dawan
42 water kure kur?
43 cloud w? w?
44 rainbow a?emu?ge a?amu?gi
45 barramundi ætælmær awala?ir
46 sea kuru?gur kuri?æwæ
47 river diRpædær kuripædæR
48 stone ?æpe pæpe
49 ground ?i?ir ?i?ïr
50 track mumba mumba
51 dust ba?un pabun
52 sun mire mïre
53 moon diwin diwi?
54 star ?animæ ?animær
55 night kul?e nïmbe ?ani?eye
56 tomorrow ?u?ananï?ge wadænige
57 today dæ?a?e ?aw?r?
58 big kæRæ y?rmïnbade
59 possum awuye awuye
60 dog wowo wowo
61 tail akïme dapuR
62 meat kag? kag?
63 snake æ?æ?go abæ?go
64 red kangaroo ama?e ama?e
65 porcupine a?ane?i?e a?ane?i?i
66 emu ?uRp k?mn?il
67 crow awa?ge awak
68 goanna æmængï? mængi?
69 blue tongue lizard æ?ære æbære
70 mosquito a?u?e a?u?e
71 sugar-bag pï?gïl?a pu?gudlu?
72 camp dædæ dædær
73 black ?ipma ?ipma
74 white bwima?gare boymæm
75 red ?ïl?ïl?ïne pïlbïl?ïne
76 one wokumæ wu?guwæ
77 two fagare wagare
78 when? æ?æ æ?æ
79 what? ?agane ?agane
80 who? kænæ kænæ
81 I ?aie ?aie
82 you ?i?i ?i?i
83 he næm næm
84 grass wur? wuR
85 vegetable food meye miye
86 tree yæw?R yawuR
87 leaf merï?ge mirï?ge
88 pandanus yærïge yærge
89 ironwood mawu? mawu?
90 ripe mibin mibin
91 good yub? yub?
92 bad wulæk wulæk
93 blind palak?im taraw?r?
94 deaf ?amama wa?amama
95 saliva ?araw? ?æræwul

See also

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Daly". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Reid, N.J. Ngan'gityemerri. Unpublished PhD thesis, Australian National University, Canberra, 1990.
  3. ^ Green, I. "The Genetic Status of Murrinh-patha" in Evans, N., ed. "The Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages of Northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region". Studies in Language Change, 552. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, 2003.
  4. ^ Note that Ngan'gityemerri has no nh, and so one would expect it to have ny where its relatives have nh.
  5. ^ Tryon, Darrell T. "The Daly River Languages: A Survey". In Aguas, E.F. and Tryon, D. editors, Papers in Australian Linguistics No. 3. A-14:21-49. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1968. doi:10.15144/PL-A14.21
  • Tryon, D. T. (1968). "The Daly River languages: a survey". Papers in Australian Linguistics. 3: 21-36.
  • Tryon, D. T. (1974). Daly family languages, Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

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