Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
and largest city
|o Body||Southeast Sulawesi Provincial Government|
|o Governor||Ali Mazi|
|o Vice Governor||Lukman Abunawas|
|o Total||38,140 km2 (14,730 sq mi)|
|o Density||70/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|o Ethnic groups||36% Tolaki|
|o Religion||96% Islam|
|o Languages||Indonesian (official)|
Buginese (lingua franca)
Cia-Cia, Moronene, Muna, Tolaki, Wakatobi, Wolio (regional)
|Time zone||UTC+08 (Indonesia Central Time)|
|HDI rank||20th (2018)|
Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tenggara, abbreviation: Sultra) is a province on the island of Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of large offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii (formerly called Wowoni), together with smaller islands. The capital is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.
The province has no highway road connecting to the rest of the island, and the primary transportation link is a ferry across the Bone Gulf between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and the port of Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi.
From the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century, the region was the site of the Buton Sultanate (Butung).
The unrevised population of the province was 1,771,951 in the Indonesia 2000 census, increasing to 2,230,569 for the 2010 decennial census (1,120,225 males, and 1,110,344 females) and 2,495,248 for the 2015 Intermediate Census. Konawe Selatan, Konawe, Kolaka and Muna are the four most populous regencies. The latest official estimate (for mid 2019) is 2,663,700. Islam is predominant religion (96,2%).
At the 2010 Census, 96.23% of the population followed Islam.
The main ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi are "Tolaki", "Buton", "Muna" etc.
Southeast Sulawesi is divided into fifteen regencies (including the five new residencies established in 2013 and 2014) and two autonomous cities, listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census, and the official estimates for 2018:
In 2012-13 the Indonesian Government enacted the creation of 11 new Regencies and Municipalities, including the following in Southeast Sulawesi:
Subsequently on 24 June 2014, the Indonesian Parliament agreed to create three more new regencies: West Muna Regency, South Buton Regency and Central Buton Regency based on consideration of technical, administrative, area, strategic and geopolitic factors.
|Kendari City||300.9||289,966||334,335||Kendari||0.822 (Very High)|
|Bombana Regency ||3,001.0||139,235||136,582||Rumbia||0.650 (Medium)|
|Kolaka Regency||3,283.6||208,817||228,970||Kolaka||0.720 (High)|
|Konawe Regency||4,435.3||213,038||253,659||Unaaha||0.707 (High)|
|North Kolaka Regency
|East Kolaka Regency
|North Konawe Regency
|South Konawe Regency
|North Buton Regency
|Bau-Bau City||221.0||136,991||154,487||Baubau||0.746 (High)|
|Buton Regency||1,213.0||94,893||114,596||Pasar Wajo||0.650 (Medium)|
|South Buton Regency
|Central Buton Regency
|Muna Regency||1,922.2||196,645||227,941||Raha||0.684 (Medium)|
|West Muna Regency
|Konawe Islands Regency||867.6||28,944||34,226||Langara|
|Wakatobi Regency||559.5||92,995||110,303||Wanci, on
Under discussion is a proposal to create an additional municipality of Raha, on Muna Island. This potential extra municipality, is not separated in the table above.