Southeast Sulawesi
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Southeast Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi
Flag of Southeast Sulawesi
Flag
Coat of arms of Southeast Sulawesi
Coat of arms
Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 3°57?00?S 122°30?00?E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000Coordinates: 3°57?00?S 122°30?00?E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000
Capital
and largest city
Kendari
Government
 o BodySoutheast Sulawesi Provincial Government
 o GovernorAli Mazi
 o Vice GovernorLukman Abunawas [id]
Area
 o Total38,140 km2 (14,730 sq mi)
Population
(mid 2019)[1]
 o Total2,663,700
 o Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Demographics
 o Ethnic groups36% Tolaki
26% Butonese
19% Muna
10% Moronene
5.2% Wawonii
3.5% Chinese
0.3% other
 o Religion96% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.1% Hinduism
0.4% Buddhism
 o LanguagesIndonesian (official)
Buginese (lingua franca)
Cia-Cia, Moronene, Muna, Tolaki, Wakatobi, Wolio (regional)
Time zoneUTC+08 (Indonesia Central Time)
HDIIncrease 0.706 (High)
HDI rank20th (2018)
Websitesultraprov.go.id

Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tenggara, abbreviation: Sultra) is a province on the island of Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of large offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii (formerly called Wowoni), together with smaller islands. The capital is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.

The province has no highway road connecting to the rest of the island, and the primary transportation link is a ferry across the Bone Gulf between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and the port of Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi.

History

From the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century, the region was the site of the Buton Sultanate [zh] (Butung).[]

Geography

Wakatobi Beach

The two major mountain ranges in Southeast Sulawesi are the Tanggeasinua Range and the Mekongga Range.[2] The major rivers are the Lalinda, the Lasolo, and the Sampara.[2][3]

Demographics

The unrevised population of the province was 1,771,951 in the Indonesia 2000 census, increasing to 2,230,569 for the 2010 decennial census (1,120,225 males, and 1,110,344 females) and 2,495,248 for the 2015 Intermediate Census. Konawe Selatan, Konawe, Kolaka and Muna are the four most populous regencies. The latest official estimate (for mid 2019) is 2,663,700.[4] Islam is predominant religion (96,2%).

Most of the population is centered on Buton and Muna islands off the south coast of Sulawesi, and in and around Kendari.

Religion

At the 2010 Census, 96.23% of the population followed Islam.

Religion in Southeast Sulawesi (2010 census)[5]
religion percent
Islam
95.23%
Protestantism
1.84%
Hinduism
2.04%
Roman Catholicism
0.55%
Not Asked
0.20%
Not Stated
0.06%
Buddhism
0.04%
Confucianism
0.03%
Others
0.01%

Ethnic groups

The main ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi are "Tolaki", "Buton", "Muna" etc.

Administrative divisions

Southeast Sulawesi is divided into fifteen regencies (including the five new residencies established in 2013 and 2014) and two autonomous cities, listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census, and the official estimates for 2018:[6]

In 2012-13 the Indonesian Government enacted the creation of 11 new Regencies and Municipalities, including the following in Southeast Sulawesi:

Subsequently on 24 June 2014, the Indonesian Parliament agreed to create three more new regencies: West Muna Regency, South Buton Regency and Central Buton Regency based on consideration of technical, administrative, area, strategic and geopolitic factors.[7]

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate 2018
Capital HDI[8]
2018 estimate
Kendari City 300.9 289,966 334,335 Kendari 0.822 (Very High)
Bombana Regency [9] 3,001.0 139,235 136,582 Rumbia 0.650 (Medium)
Kolaka Regency 3,283.6 208,817 228,970 Kolaka 0.720 (High)
Konawe Regency 4,435.3 213,038 253,659 Unaaha 0.707 (High)
North Kolaka Regency
(Kolaka Utara)
3,391.7 121,340 135,771 Lasasua 0.657 (Medium)
East Kolaka Regency
(Kolaka Timur)
3,634.7 106,415 119,461 Tirawuta
North Konawe Regency
(Konawe Utara)
5,101.8 51,533 64,773 Wanggudu 0.684 (Medium)
South Konawe Regency
(Konawe Selatan)
5,779.5 264,587 306,783 Andoolo 0.675 (Medium)
Peninsula Regencies 28,928.5 1,394,931 1,580,334
North Buton Regency
(Buton Utara)
1,864.9 54,736 62,197 Burangga 0.671 (Medium)
Bau-Bau City 221.0 136,991 154,487 Baubau 0.746 (High)
Buton Regency 1,213.0 94,893 114,596 Pasar Wajo 0.650 (Medium)
South Buton Regency
(Buton Seletan)
509.9 74,707 94,727 Batauga
Central Buton Regency[10]
(Buton Tengah)
958.3 86,112 115,121 Labungkari
Muna Regency 1,922.2 196,645 227,941 Raha 0.684 (Medium)
West Muna Regency
(Muna Barat)
1,022.9 71,632 78,630 Laworo
Konawe Islands Regency[11] 867.6 28,944 34,226 Langara
Wakatobi Regency 559.5 92,995 110,303 Wanci, on
Wangi-wangi Island
0.685 (Medium)
Island Regencies 9,139.3 837,655 992,228

Under discussion is a proposal to create an additional municipality of Raha, on Muna Island. This potential extra municipality, is not separated in the table above.

Transportation

Airports

Ports

  • Antam Pomalaa, Kolaka
  • Ferry (ASDP), Kolaka
  • Ferry Batulo, Baubau
  • Ferry Lagasa, Muna
  • Ferry Pure, Muna
  • Ferry Tampo, Muna
  • Ferry Tondasi, West Muna
  • Ferry Wamengkoli, Central Buton
  • Liana Banggai, Central Buton
  • Maligano, Muna
  • Murhum, Baubau
  • Nusantara, Kendari
  • Nusantara Raha, Muna
  • Pangulu Belo, Wakatobi
  • Samudra, Kolaka
  • Simpu, South Buton
  • Transito Talaga Raya, Central Buton

See also

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Tanggeasinua Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2 March 2015.
  3. ^ TPC M-12 AG, Indonesia (Map) (first ed.). 1:500,000. Director of Military Survey, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom. 1972.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  5. ^ "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  7. ^ Riza Harahap (June 24, 2014). "DPR setujui tiga kabupaten baru di Sultra".
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Bombana Regency is partly peninsula (the areas around Poleang and Rumbia) and partly insular (including most of Kabaena Island).
  10. ^ The Central Buton Regency comprises the southern part of Muna Island and a small southern part of Kabaena Island, but does not include any part of Buton Island.
  11. ^ The Konawe Islands Regency comprises Wawonii Island and small offshore islets.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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