Sor-Spitsbergen National Park
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Sor-Spitsbergen National Park
Sør-Spitsbergen National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Sør-Spitsbergen National Park logo.svg
Sør-Spitsbergen National Park locator map.svg
LocationSpitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway
Coordinates77°9?N 16°17?E / 77.150°N 16.283°E / 77.150; 16.283Coordinates: 77°9?N 16°17?E / 77.150°N 16.283°E / 77.150; 16.283
Area8,504 km2 (5,141 km2 land, 3,363 km2 sea)
Established1973
Governing bodyDirectorate for Nature Management
Official nameIsøyane
Designated24 July 1985
Reference no.316[1]

Sør-Spitsbergen National Park (Norwegian: Sør-Spitsbergen nasjonalpark, English: South Spitzbergen National Park) encompasses the southern end of Spitsbergen island in the Svalbard archipelago, Norway. The park was opened in 1973 and includes Wedel Jarlsberg Land, Torell Land and Sørkapp Land. Over 65% of the region is ice cap, with much of the rest tundra.

Important Bird Area

The park contains bird sanctuaries which protect islands with grassy vegetation, freshwater ponds and areas of bare rock. One of these is the Isøyane Bird Sanctuary which has also recognised as a wetland of international importance by designation under the Ramsar Convention. The park has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports breeding populations of barnacle geese (850-950 pairs), common eiders (1000 pairs), black-legged kittiwakes (25,900 pairs) and thick-billed guillemots (over 200,000 pairs).[2]

References

  1. ^ "Isøyane". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ "South Spitsbergen National Park". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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