Solnechnogorsk
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Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk

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Sovetskaya Square in Solnechnogorsk
Sovetskaya Square in Solnechnogorsk
Flag of Solnechnogorsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Solnechnogorsk
Coat of arms
Location of Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk is located in Russia
Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk
Location of Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk is located in Moscow Oblast
Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°11?N 36°59?E / 56.183°N 36.983°E / 56.183; 36.983Coordinates: 56°11?N 36°59?E / 56.183°N 36.983°E / 56.183; 36.983
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtSolnechnogorsky District[1]
TownSolnechnogorsk[1]
Town status since1938
Area
 o Total11 km2 (4 sq mi)
Elevation
195 m (640 ft)
Population
 o Total52,944
 o Estimate 
(2018)[3]
51,919 (-1.9%)
 o Density4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 o Capital ofSolnechnogorsky District[1], Town of Solnechnogorsk[1]
 o Municipal districtSolnechnogorsky Municipal District[4]
 o Urban settlementSolnechnogorsk Urban Settlement[4]
 o Capital ofSolnechnogorsky Municipal District[4], Solnechnogorsk Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
141501-141508, 141516, 141530
OKTMO ID46652101001

Solnechnogorsk (Russian: , lit. sunny mountain town) is a town and the administrative center of Solnechnogorsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Moscow-St. Petersburg Highway and the Moscow-St. Petersburg railway, on the coast of Senezh Lake, 65 kilometers (40 mi) northwest from Moscow. Population: ;[2];[7].[8]

It was previously known as Solnechnaya Gora (until 1938).

History

Originally a village named Solnechnaya Gora ( ?), it was granted town status and renamed Solnechnogorsk in 1938.[] During World War II, Solnechnogorsk was briefly occupied by the German Army from November 24 to December 12, 1941. It was one of the towns that was captured in the northern pincer of the attempted German encirclement of Moscow.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Solnechnogorsk serves as the administrative center of Solnechnogorsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-five rural localities, incorporated within Solnechnogorsky District as the Town of Solnechnogorsk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Solnechnogorsk is incorporated within Solnechnogorsky Municipal District as Solnechnogorsk Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy

Industry in the town is represented by a metal construction factory, a glass-works, a sports fishing business, holiday homes, sport centers, children's summer camps, and ski lodges.

Culture

There is a museum of local lore in the town. Not far from Solnechnogorsk is the estate of Shakhmatovo that once belonged to a prominent Russian poet Alexander Blok; a museum of him has been opened there.

Military

The town is the headquarters for the Main Centre for Missile Attack Warning. The Russian Ground Forces relocated the 18th Motor Rifle Brigade here from the Baltics from 1993 until the brigade was disbanded in 1998.

Notable people

The town is the birthplace of the former Soviet hockey player Viktor Shalimov.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #27/2005-OZ
  5. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • ? ? ?. ? No123-  28 2010 ?. « ? - ? ? ?», ? . ? No252-  26 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? - ? ? ?». : " ? ? ", No10, 30 ? 2010 ?. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • ? ?.  No27/2005-  21 2005 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? », ? . No227/2011-  29 ? 2011 ?. «? ? ? ? "? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? "». ? ? ?  ?. : "? ?. ", No22, 8 ? 2005 ?. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #27/2005-OZ of January 21, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Solnechnogorsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #227/2011-OZ of December 29, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Solnechnogorsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).


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Solnechnogorsk
 



 



 
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