|Location||2019: Perthshire, Scotland|
|Course(s)||2019: Gleneagles' PGA Centenary Course|
|Tour(s)||Ladies European Tour|
|Month played||August or September|
|2019 Solheim Cup|
The Solheim Cup is a biennial golf tournament for professional women golfers contested by teams representing Europe and the United States. It is named after the Norwegian-American golf club manufacturer Karsten Solheim, who was a driving force behind its creation.
The inaugural Cup was held in 1990, and the event was staged in even number years until 2002, alternating years with the Ryder Cup (the equivalent men's event). As part of the general reshuffling of team golf events after the one-year postponement of the 2001 Ryder Cup following the September 11 attacks, the Solheim Cup switched to odd numbered years beginning in 2003.
The cup is played over three days. Since 2002, there have been 28 matches—eight foursomes and eight four-balls played on days 1 and 2, and 12 singles on the final day. This format is also used in the Ryder Cup. Before 1996, and also in 2000, the Solheim Cup used a similar, but abbreviated format.
|Year||Day 1||Day 2||Day 3||Total|
|1990||4 foursomes||4 fourballs||8 singles||16|
|1992||4 foursomes||4 fourballs||10 singles||18|
|1994||5 foursomes||5 fourballs||10 singles||20|
|1996-1998||4 foursomes||4 fourballs||4 foursomes||4 fourballs||12 singles||28|
|2000||4 foursomes||4 foursomes||6 fourballs||12 singles||26|
|4 foursomes||4 fourballs||4 foursomes||4 fourballs||12 singles||28|
|4 fourballs||4 foursomes||4 fourballs||4 foursomes|
There were 8 players in each team in 1990, 10 in 1992 and 1994 and 12 in the contests since then.
The U.S. team is selected by a points system, with American players on the LPGA Tour receiving points for each top-twenty finish on tour. Through the 2013 event, U.S. citizens born outside the country were ineligible for consideration; beginning in 2015, eligibility for Team USA was expanded to include many more categories of (female) U.S. citizens. For the European team, up to 2005, seven players were selected on a points system based on results on the Ladies European Tour (LET). This allowed top European players who competed mainly on the LPGA Tour to be selected to ensure that the European team was competitive. Since 2007, only the top five players from the LET qualify and another four are selected on the basis of the Women's World Golf Rankings. This reflects the increasing dominance of the LPGA Tour, where almost all top European players spend most of their time. In addition, each team has a number of "captain's picks", players chosen at the discretion of the team captains, regardless of their point standings, though in practice the captain's picks are often the next ranking players.
Team captains are typically recently retired professional golfers with Solheim Cup playing experience, chosen for their experience playing on previous Cup teams and for their ability to lead a team.
|Year||Venue||Winning team||Score||USA captain||Europe captain|
|2019||Gleneagles, Scotland||Europe||14½-13½||Juli Inkster||Catriona Matthew|
|2017||Des Moines Golf and Country Club, Iowa, USA||United States||16½-11½||Juli Inkster||Annika Sörenstam|
|2015||Golf Club St. Leon-Rot, Germany||United States||14½-13½||Juli Inkster||Carin Koch|
|2013||Colorado Golf Club, Colorado, USA||Europe||18-10||Meg Mallon||Liselotte Neumann|
|2011||Killeen Castle Golf Resort, Ireland||Europe||15-13||Rosie Jones||Alison Nicholas|
|2009||Rich Harvest Farms, Illinois, USA||United States||16-12||Beth Daniel||Alison Nicholas|
|2007||Halmstad GK, Sweden||United States||16-12||Betsy King||Helen Alfredsson|
|2005||Crooked Stick Golf Club, Indiana, USA||United States||15½-12½||Nancy Lopez||Catrin Nilsmark|
|2003||Barsebäck Golf & Country Club, Sweden||Europe||17½-10½||Patty Sheehan||Catrin Nilsmark|
|2002||Interlachen Country Club, Minnesota, USA||United States||15½-12½||Patty Sheehan||Dale Reid|
|2000||Loch Lomond Golf Club, Scotland||Europe||14½-11½||Pat Bradley||Dale Reid|
|1998||Muirfield Village, Ohio, USA||United States||16-12||Judy Rankin||Pia Nilsson|
|1996||St Pierre Golf & Country Club, Wales||United States||17-11||Judy Rankin||Mickey Walker|
|1994||The Greenbrier, West Virginia, USA||United States||13-7||JoAnne Carner||Mickey Walker|
|1992||Dalmahoy Country Club, Scotland||Europe||11½-6½||Kathy Whitworth||Mickey Walker|
|1990||Lake Nona Golf & Country Club, Florida, USA||United States||11½-4½||Kathy Whitworth||Mickey Walker|
In the sixteen competitions through 2019, the United States leads the series 10 to 6.