Sogitec 4X
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Sogitec 4X
Sogitec 4X (center)
on IRCAM's machine room in 1989

The Sogitec 4X was a digital sound processing workstation developed by Giuseppe di Giugno at IRCAM (Paris) in the 1980s. It was the last large hardware processor before the development of the ISPW. Later solutions combined control and audio processing in the same computer like Max/MSP. 4X built on the achievements of the earlier Halaphone, capable of timbre alteration and sound localization.[1]

Nicolas Schöffer was one of the first users to build his composition method[2] with this computer.


  1. ^ Taruskin, Richard (2009). Music in the Late Twentieth Century. p. 478. ISBN 9780195384857.
  2. ^ Nicolas Schöffer (December 1983). "V A R I A T I 0 N S sur 600 STRUCTURES SONORES — Une nouvelle méthode de composition musicale sur l' ORDINATEUR 4X". Leonardo On-Line (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-04-17. L'ordinateur nous permet de franchir une nouvelle étape quant à la définition et au codage des sons, et permet de créer des partitions qui dépassent en complexité et en précision les possibilités d'antan. LA METHODE DE COMPOSITION que je propose comporte plusieurs phases et nécessite l'emploi d'une terminologie simple que nous définirons au fur et à mesure : TRAMES, PAVES, BRIQUES et MODULES.

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