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Engels had noted in his writings that Karl Marx had written some mathematics. Yanonskaya found Marx's ''Mathematical Manuscripts'' and she arranged for their first publication in 1933 in Russian. She received her doctoral degree in 1935.
Her work on Karl Marx's mathematical manuscripts began in 1930s and may have had some influence on the study of non-standard analysis in China. In the academia she is most remembered now for her work on history and philosophy of mathematics, as well as for her influence on young generation of researchers. She persuaded Ludwig Wittgenstein when he was visiting Soviet Union in 1935 to give up his idea to relocate to the Soviet Union. In 1968 Yanovskaya arranged for a better publication of Marx's work.
I.H. Anellis, The heritage of S.A. Janovskaja. History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1987), 45-56.
B.A. Kushner, Sof'ja Aleksandrovna Janovskaja: a few reminiscences, Modern Logic, vol.6 (1996), 67-72.
V.A. Bazhanov. Essays on the Social History of Logic in Russia. Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk, 2002. Chapter 5 (bibliography of S.A. Yanovskaya's works is presented here). (in Russian).
B.V. Biryukov and L.G. Biryukova, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Sof'ya Aleksandrovna Yanovskaya. The "Cambridge Genius" becomes acquainted with Soviet mathematicians in the 1930s (in Russian). Logical investigations. No. 11 (Russian), 46-94, "Nauka", Moscow, 2004.